Macbeth Act 2 and 3

1. What does Banquo’s inability to sleep say about his character? That he thinks something bad is gonna happen to him.
2. What lies do Macbeth and Banquo tell each other? What does Macbeth offer Banquo? That Banquo says he is sleeping fine and Macbeth says he hadn’t thought about what the witches said. Macbeth offers Banquo his honor for Banquo’s loyalty
3. How does Banquo respond to Macbeth’s request for loyalty? After this scene, how might Macbeth feel about Banquo? He said he will stay loyal and honorable to Macbeth, which made him trust him more.
4. How does Macbeth transform during his soliloquy ? What does this soliloquy reveal about his mental state? He transforms into a wolf-like predator, showing that his mental state is slightly decreasing.
5. To what animal does Macbeth compare himself? Why does he make this comparison? A wolf, because of how they kill what they hunt
A. “Yet, when we can entreat an hour… / We would spend it in some words… / If you would grant the time.” (II.i.22 A: MacbethB: BanquoC: Macbeth is lying and pretending he hasn’t thought about the witches prophecies.
B. “Is this a dagger which I see before me, …/ … Or art thou but a dagger of the mind /…?” (II.i.40 A: MacbethB: HimselfC: He starts to go crazy and can’t decipher if the dagger he sees is real or not
C. “I go, and it is done; the bell invites me.” A: MacbethB: HimselfC: When the bell sounds it would be time to kill Duncan
1. After killing Duncan, why does Macbeth fear eternal damnation? What is the origin of this fear? He fears internal damnation because he thinks he hears the brothers praying while Macbeth killed Duncan. The origin of fear comes from the fact Macbeth is religious and couldn’t say Amen.
2. Macbeth imagines he has murdered sleep. What does he mean? Why is this significant? It means Macbeth won’t be able to sleep because of the guilt he feels.
3. How does Lady Macbeth react to the murder as compared to Macbeth? She is very concerned with the practical matter of hiding the crime, and Macbeth is too worry about the guilt.
4. What does Lady Macbeth say about blood that suggests her attitude about murder? She tells him to stop worrying or he’ll wear himself out, unlike his reaction because he is going crazy because of the guilt
5. How does Macbeth demonstrate regret for his actions at the end of this scene? He shows he regrets his actions by saying that he will be haunted by what he did
A. “Had he not resembled My father as he slept, I had done’t.” A: Lady Macbeth B: Herself C: She would’ve killed Duncan herself but she wasn’t brave enough because he resembled her father
B. “A foolish thought, to say a sorry sight.” (II.ii.21). A: Lady Macbeth B: Macbeth C: She is mocking him because he said the blood on his hands was a sad sight
C. “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood / Clean from my hand?” A: Macbeth B: Himself C: No matter how many times he washes his hands the guilt will remain
1. How do the porter words provide both comic relief and dramatic irony within the play? He is really drunk and is pretending to be guarding the gates of hell which is accurate because everyone within the room he is guarding is dead.
2. How does the porter use personification in his conversation with Macduff? He uses it for the drink by describing what it provokes.
3. How does Shakespeare show the Great Chain of Being in action The king was killed which disrupted the chain causing bad things to happen all over.
4. Describe the actions of three principal characters in this scene: Macduff, Banquo, Lady Macbeth. Macduff:rambunctious, alert, frightened. -Banquo: Denial, Surprised -Lady Macbeth: innocent
5. How does Macbeth potentially ruin Lady Macbeth’s plans? What reason does he give for his actions? He was blinded by passion and wasn’t thinking.
A. “‘Tis not for you to hear what I can speak: / The repetition, … / Would murder as it fell.” A: MacduffB: Lady MacbethC: He is telling Lady Macbeth that she shouldn’t hear the events that took place because as a woman, she wouldn’t survive hearing it.
B. “Had I but died an hour before this chance. / I had lived a blessed time; for from this instant / There’s nothing serious in mortality.” A: MacbethB: AllC: If Macbeth were to die before Duncan, he knows his life would have been blessed.
C. “There’s daggers in men’s smiles: the near in blood, / The nearer bloody.” A: DonalbainB: MalcolmC: They know that the people closest to them can be the one’s trying to kill them
1. Why are Malcolm and Donalbain suspected of being involved in the murder of their father? Because they fled the country
2. What motive is attributed to Duncan’s son? Why is this accusation ironic? So he can become King sooner, even though that’s Macbeth’s motive
3. As described in Scenes 3 and 4, how does sunlight reflect the chaos that Macbeth has caused? Because of what Macbeth did the skies are dim
4. How does Macduff demonstrate that he may be suspicious of Macbeth? He doesn’t come to the Macbeths inauguration as a king and does not come to the dinner
A. “A falcon, towering in her pride of place, / Was by a mousing owl hawk’d at and kill’d.” A: Old ManB: RossC: an animal of lesser status killed the “king” animal
B. And Duncan’s horses, . . . / Beauteous and swift, … / Turn’d wild in nature…” A: RossB: Old manC: The horses felt something bad happening and started going crazy
C. ” God’s benison go with you; and with those / That would make good of bad, and friends of foes!” A: Old manB: Ross and MacduffC: He is wishing them God’s blessing from those who may want to hurt them.
1. What hope does Banquo maintain? What phrase indicates that Banquo suspects Macbeth of wrongdoing? He hopes that his kids will be kings, like the witches predicted. He thinks that he is suspicious of Macbeth, ” I fear thou play’dst most foully for it.”
2. How is Banquo treated by Macbeth and Lady Macbeth? What does Macbeth want to learn from Banquo? How does Banquo respond? He is treated very nicely by them. Macbeth wants to know where he would be tonight. He asks if he is riding later, when, and if his son would be with him. Banquo says yes, from the afternoon until dinner, and yes.
3. According to Macbeth’s soliloquy, what threatens his future as king? Does Macbeth truly believe the witches’ prophecy? Explain. Banquo’s suspicion threatens Macbeth’s reign as king. He believes the witches’ prophecy because he is afraid that his descendants won’t keep the throne, so he’s willing to kill all threats to it.
4. How does Macbeth persuade the murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance? What reason does he give for wanting to keep secret his connection with the murderers? He doesn’t want to upset Banquo’s friends because those are his friends too
5. How has Macbeth’s planning of Banquo’s murder differed from his planning of Duncan’s murder? Banquo’s Murder was done at night and by 2 other men, Macbeth killed Duncan himself
1. In what way do Lady Macbeth’s words echo Macbeth’s words in the previous scene? Lady Macbeth went on to say, they went through all of this work to not be satisfied which echoes when Macbeth says that he is King but isn’t a secure one, so both talk about how they went through all of that work to still not be satisfied.
2. What is ironic about Lady Macbeth’s statement, “What’s done is done”? she has no idea that the killing spree is going to continue and they will never escape the post-murder stress, they can’t just give up and be super happy.
3. Compare and contrast the feelings of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in this scene. How has Macbeth’s character changed? Macbeth is in a dark place. He isn’t totally okay with committing murder, but he does it anyway so he can get what he wants. Lady Macbeth simply wants to enjoy life at each and every moment, and to live in the moment.
4. How does Macbeth now feel about being a murderer? How do these feelings contrast with his feelings before the murder of Duncan? Macbeth now feels more comfortable with being a murderer than ever before. He thinks it is necessary to protect the throne.
5. How does Act III, scene ii demonstrate the following quote: “What a tangled web we weave, when first we attempt to deceive.”? The more you lie, the more lies you must tell/remember to keep the story alive. The more lies there are, the easier it is to get stuck in the web.
1. How does the inclusion of a third murderer demonstrate that Macbeth feels insecure? He hired two, but added a third just to be extra safe. He’s insecure and is freaking out. Now, more people can mess with his web of lies.
2. What does the audience have to imagine in order to understand the action in this scene? The audience needs to imagine that they’re in a dark forest, emphasizing the craziness of being in a dark forest, where the light in the world is gone due to Banquo’s death. Creepy and disturbing.
3. Explain the meaning of the murderer’s statement, “We have lost/ Best half of our affair.” It means that they only killed Banquo, not Fleance, so they have failed.
4. Do the witches predictions come true? How is Banquo greater and happier than Macbeth? 5. Why is Fleance’s escape especially important to Macbeth? Yes, the predictions tend to come true. Banquo is greater and happier than you because he is at peace and rest, dying with a good reputation.
1. How does Macbeth behave at the banquet? How does Lady Macbeth explain her husband’s behavior? Macbeth goes crazy at the dinner when he sees the ghost. His wife says that it is just a recurring illness
2. How are Lady Macbeth’s words similar to her words in Act I, scene vii? How are they different? she is questioning his manhood in both, and they are different because
3. Besides Banquo, who is absent from the banquet? Why is his absence a serious matter? Macduff is also absent from the banquet. This is dangerous because he had also missed the crowning. It shows he might be suspicious of Macbeth
4. How does Macbeth demonstrate that he is becoming increasingly insecure about his reign as king? He talks to his wife and says they’re in a timeless world. He says he wants to talk to the witches again, and reveals that he has spies in the homes of all his nobles because this way, he’ll be ahead of the game.
5. Explain the following lines in relation to the development of Macbeth as a character: “I am in blood/Stepped in so far that should I wade no more,/ Returning were as tedious as go o’er.” He is saying that he is not in love with killing, but it is necessary and if he stopped, he’d mess everything up, so the killing will continue.
6. How has the relationship between Lady Macbeth and Macbeth changed? They are now separate do to their evil. Macbeth keeps secrets from her. They are now cold and distant towards each other. It was once affectionate, and full of love.
1. What acts of folly does Hecate say Macbeth will commit? She says that he will no longer be like a noble, but more desperate. He will face illusions to make him over-confident, causing confusion and downfall.
2. What does Hecate mean when she states “Security is mortals’ chiefest enemy.” She means that the second somebody feels confident and secure, you can mess with them.
3. According to Hecate, what will be the cause of Macbeth’s downfall? Overconfidence
1. How is verbal irony demonstrated in Lennox’s statements concerning the murders in Scotland? It’s verbally ironic because he is attempting to be sarcastic, but everything that he says is true. He comes very close to accusing Macbeth of murder, but doesn’t because of the trouble he could face with such an act.
2. According to Lennox, where are Macduff and Malcolm? Why are they there? They are in England because they are suspicious of Macbeth and want King Edward’s help to fight him. It may be a rumor, however.
3. How have the people suffered in Scotland during Macbeth’s rule? The people in Scotland suffer because an evil man has taken the throne, and they are neglected. Food is scarce, the sun is gone, and the entire situation is horrible. On top of it all, they lost one of the best leaders out there for no reason.

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