Macbeth Act 1 Scene 7

“if it were done…quickly” It/tis – Macbeth cannot articulate/mention the word murder – reveals anxiety etc.Done – is repeated 3 times – If this act is carried out Macbeth is keen that certain events (murder) can take place as quickly as possible.Monosyllabic except for the adverb ‘quickly’ – emphasis on quickly suggestions his need for having events concluded soon. Staccato/abrupt highlights tension within Macbeth.
“He’s here in double trust…first…then…not bare the knife myself” Extended sentence structure clarifies/determines clear rational for Duncan’s innocence.List – ‘first’ ‘then’ – Highlights yet again Duncan’s positive qualities.’not bear the knife myself’ – Not at the beginning line/monosyllabic apart from ‘myself’ – Macbeth very aware this is not an act he should be carrying out.Link to theme of order/disorder.
“I have no spur…vaulting ambition” ‘I have no spur’ – monosyllabic/use of ‘no’ – yet again Macbeth knows within himself he should not even consider the murder.’Only vaulting ambition’ – adjective vaulting shows Macbeth knows that uncontrolled ambition is wrong/use of the word ambition itself clarifies he is entirely aware of what may be driving him- thus responsible for his actions.
“we will proceed no further in this business” Alliteration of ‘we will’/ use of ‘we’/ definite use of ‘will’ – Macbeth makes a strong/good statement that they will both forget any potential murder.’no further’/ highlights point above – Macbeth appears to make clear there will be no further changes in the plan/planning.’Business’ – as previously euphemism demonstrates Macbeth cannot articulate the word assassination.
“when you durst do it, then you were a man” Monosyllabic – brutal challenge by Lady Macbeth.’When…then’ – time frame clarifies Macbeth’s past bravery, current cowardice – comma emphasises the word ‘then’.Repetition of ‘you’ – emphasises how direct Lady Macbeth is being and clearly shows Macbeth is being challenged.Link to theme of masculine/feminine – power/ability.
“And dash’d the brains out” Monosyllabic – Emphasises the brutal nature of what she is saying.’dash’d’ – Graphic verb – reinforces brutal image Lady Macbeth is conjuring up.
“If we should fail” ‘If’ – indicates change of direction from Macbeth.’Should Fail’ – Indicates that Macbeth’s focus is now on going forward with the murder.Monosyllabic/short sentence – suggests anxiety, nervousness, dread of future consequences.
“But screw your courage to the sticking-place, and we’ll not fail” Counters Macbeth’s fear – again 3 monosyllabic words.’Courage’ – Suggests moving forward with death of Duncan is a positive thing.’We’ll’ – Again uses manipulation, this time to reinforces that she and Macbeth are a team.
“I am settled and bend up each corporal agent to this terrible feat.” ‘Settled’ – Macbeth has finally(?) made his mind up5 of the first 6 words are monosyllabic – Further emphasises settled’terrible feat’ – Adjective terrible highlights Macbeth being well aware of immoral impact of his actions – again reinforces responsibility.
“False face must hide what the false heart doth know.” Paradox – Shows complicated nature of appearance vs reality.Links with opening scene.Ominous close to scene – suggests events will not go well.

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