Macbeth act 1

“plant thee…to make thee full of growing” -Duncan Act 1 scene 4extended metaphor to show that Duncan thinks it’s his duty to nurture ppl who are loyal to him
“he confessed his treasons… a deep repentance…” Duncan act 1 scene 4 on talking about Macdonald’s deathshows he died in a dignified way as he confessed his sins, religious context
“There’s no art to find the mind’s construction in the face. He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust” Duncan act 1 scene 4 on Macdonald to Macbethdramatic irony as Macbeth is taking the title of a man who betrayed Duncan and Duncan trusts Macbeth just as muchforeshadowing as Macbeth has a similar fate at the end
“but signs of nobleness like stars shall shine on all deservers” Duncan act 1 scene 4idea of natural rewarding fate
“That is a step on which I must fall down or else o’erleap” -macbeth aside act 1 scene 4macbeth must kill malcom or overstep malcome becoming king
“stars hide your fires let light not see my black and deep desires” macbeth act 1 scene 4juxtaposes Duncan,theme of appearance vs reality
“have we eaten on the insane root” Banquo act 1 scene 3
“The instruments of darkness tell us truths….. to betray in deepest consequence” Banquo act 1 scene 3realised witches are being deceptive
When the battle’s lost and won Witches, Act 1, Scene 1paradoxcreates tensionanticipationtrochaic tetrameter
Fair is foul and foul is fair, hover through the fog and filthy air Witches, Act 1, Scene 1enforces idea of supernaturalparadoxunnatural rhyming couplets make it sinisteralliteration assonancecould be talking about the battle
What bloody man is that? Duncan act 1 scene 2 foreshadows beheadingcyclical structurebrutality to contrast scene 1
The merciless Macdonald, worthy to be a rebel
‘brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name’ act 1 scene 2
smoked with bloody execution act 1 scene 2hyperbolic destription praising Macbeth’s actions
Valour’s minion…….,memorise another Golgotha….., Bellona’s bridegroom act 1 scene 2shows Macbeths bravery, sacrifice
ne’er shook hands nor bade him farewell act 1 scene 2shows Macbeth’s ruthless nature, dismissive nature
unseamed him from the nave to th’chaps brutal nature act 1 scene 2
go pronounce his present death…. what he hath lost noble Macbeth hath won Duncanact 1 scene 2 reinforces how brutal the world isputs a low value on lifeno sentimentality given
I’ll drain him dry as hay Witches talking about a sailor’s wife who won’t give them chestnuts so she will curse her husbandact 1 scene 3foreshadowing macbeth’s end where he is mentally physically and morally drained
Sleep shall neither night nor day Act 1 Scene 3 witchesforeshadows Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s lack of sleep later on due to guiltdisrupts natural processes of life shows witches’ ability to disrupt the natural ordersleep is needed to keep mentally and physically fit
though his bark cannot be lost, yet it shall be tempest tossed act 1 scene 3 witches on the sailor’s curse they will cast on himwitches cannot take a life or make anyone do anything they want byt can make situations worseshows how they can deceive Macbeth but they can’t really make him do anything
So foul and fair a day I have not seen Act 1, Scene 3 – Macbeth similar entry to witchesforeshadows the paradoxal elements in Macbeth’s life
Good sir, why do you start and seem to fear things that do sound so fair? Banquo to Macbeth act 1 scene 3suggests Macbeth has already thought about being king
who neither beg nor fear your favours nor your hate Banquo to Witchesact 1 scene 3Banquo reacts to witches differently to Macbeth showing contrast
Lesser than Macbeth, and greater Act 1, Scene 3 Witch to Banquo suggesting he is greater as he is not driven mad by greed or ambition
Stay, you imperfect speakers, tell me more Act 1 Scene 3 Macbeth to witchesimperative shows his demanding curiosity. He is interested in the future ans wants to control the witches
Cannot be ill, cannot be good Macbeth act 1 scene asideMacbeth thinks there is both good and bad in the witches prophecies He is wrestling with his conscience and is torn between loyalty to the king and his ambition
against the use of nature Macbeth aside act 1 scene 3he realises himself that killing the king is unlawful
Present fears are less than horrible imaginings Macbeth aside Act 1 scene 3his thoughts are scary and shows he has a conscience
If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me without my stir Macbeth act 1 scene 3 asideMacbeth thinks he can become king naturally without doing anything if fate wants him to be king
My dearest partner of greatness Macbeth calls L.M that in his letter act 1 scene 5shows their close relationship, LM is very powerful as it was not patriarchal for a woman to be on an equal footing to mencould show Macbeth is weak willed and needs a woman to help him make decisions
too full o’th’milk of human kindness LM act 1 scene 5she is scorning Macbeth’s good qualities as it won’t make him king
I may pour my spirits in thine ear and chastise with the valour of my tongue all that impeds thee from the golden round LM act 1 scene 5She will persuade Macbeth to killemotional imagery showing her manipulative naturemetonymy of the crown and being king
“The raven himself is hoarse that croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan LM act 1 scene 5gothic language dark omensonomatopoeia make it seem sinistera natural sign of bad thinga to come
Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here Act 1, Scene 5 Lady Macbeth supernatural relations as if casting a spell by using imperatives transgression of gender, symbolism of women being the weaker sex, incapable of murderimperatives – urgency – desperation – recurrence of ‘un’: cannot undo actions
Make thick my blood LM act 1 scene 5 she needs courage to persuade Macbeth to do it. Or do it herself. she doesn’t want to feel regret or remorse
Come to my woman’s breasts and take my milk for gall, you murd’ring ministers. LM act 1 scene 5straying from nature’s purpose of a woman to care and tend for a child for build up of personal strength. shocking emotional language to the audience
Come, thick night, and pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell LM act 1 scene 5 evil imagery, idea of concealment
Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark LM act 1 scene 5light and dark imagery, echoing Macbeth’s “let light not see my black and deep desires”
Look like the innocent flower, but be the serpent under’t Act 1, Scene 5 – Lady Macbeth religious imagery, original sinlook innocent and hide your evil intentionsmetaphor of confusion
must be provided for LM act 1 scene 5double meanings, dramatic irony preparing for the murder/ preparing for the feast
“We will speak further” Macbeth act 1 scene 5shows his power as a man simple imperativeshows his interest in LM’s plan
to alter favour ever is to fear LM act 1 scene 5means ‘a guilty face reveals itself’ and is emphasising the idea of deception
This castle hath a pleasant seat. The air nimbly and sweetly recommends itself unto our gentle senses. Duncan Act 1 scene 6dramatic irony as he is praising the beauty he is going to be murdered inhe is speaking warmly to LM and feels safe in the castle
honoured hostess/ fair and noble hostess Duncan- Act 1 scene 6portraying LM’s image as a hostess to be a welcoming delightful one
your majesty loads our house LM act 1 scene 6she is being obsequious and syncophantic to Duncan luring him into a false sense of security so that he suspects nothing
“If it were done when ’tis done, then ’twere well it were done quickly.” Macbeth’s 1st soliloquy act 1 scene 7monosyllabic sentence discordant rhetoric”if” shows his uncertaintyMacbeth is in conflict with himself whether to kill Duncan or nothe wants to get the deed over and done with
trammel up the consequence soliloquy Act 1 scene 7Macbeth wants to complete his aim of becoming king
surcease….. this blow……even-handed justice….his taking off….horrid deed all euphemisms used by Macbeth act 1 scene 7 to cover up his inner desire to killalso shows the struggles he has with his conscience
bloody instructions which being taught return to plague th’inventor Act 1, Scene 7 – Macbeth – fears moral consequences – humility – psychological state, the deed may come back to haunt him
His virtues will plead like angels trumpet-tongued against the deep damnation of his taking off Macbeth on Duncan being a good virtuous kingsemantic field on benevolence eg virtues, angels (meek)-parallel language, juxtaposition of angels with images of hell, death and violence , shows Macbeth’s conflict with his conscience-religious imagery-alliteration and harsh consanant sounds emphasises the horridness of the deed
I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition (Macbeth soliloquy) He has no reason to hate or kill Duncan except his own ambitions; Duncan is a good king he decides his ambition is a vaulting one, only to gain something for himself at the end and realises it will end in disaster
We will proceed no further in this business. Macbeth makes a decision act 1 scene 7 and confirms that he will not kill Duncan
golden opinions Macbeth act 1 scene 7Duncan has been good to Macbeth
green and pale… coward…when you durst do it,then you were a man… be so much more the man LM act 1 scene 5she is insulting Macbeth and attacking his masculinity to manipulate him into killing DuncanMacbeth’s entire reputation is founded on his bravery and courage but LM doesn’t see him as courageous without him committing the crime
I would, while it was smiling in my face, have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out,had I so sworn as you have done to this LM act 1 scene 7LM is hungry for power and wouldn’t think twice about killing for her ambitionShe rejects her femininity to prove how remorseless/evil she is as if goading MacbethThis is a shocking moment for the Jacobean audience as women were meant to be maternal and this juxtaposes society’s view
If we should fail? Macbeth act 1 scene 7Macbeth questioning what will happen if the murder failshe is allowing LM to take control and to tell him what the plan is, rather than to decide himself
We fail? But screw your courage to the sticking place and we’ll not fail. Act 1 scene 7 Lady Macbeth telling Macbeth to stand firm almost in a scornful, incredulous sarcastic tone
Bring forth men-children only, for thy undaunted mettle should compose nothing but males. Macbeth to LM act 1 scene 7a compliment, she should only have male children as her spirit is like a man-targeted at jacobean audiences who would not be surprised at how LM is presented
I am settled, and bend up each corporal agent to this terrible feat. Macbeth to LM act 1 scene 7LM has successfully persuaded Macbeth to kill but he still thinks the deed is sinfulshows his indecisive nature
False face must hide what the false heart doth know Macbeth to LM act 1 scene 7suggests the deed is not true to him, he has fallen under the manipulation of his wifeMacbeth doesn’t want it to be known that he is inbolved wigh the plotfirst time Macbeth is telling LM to do something, where he takes charge of the deed

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