Macbeth Act 1

Fair is foul, and foul is fair 3 WitchesSpeaking to themselves and each otherOpening of the play. Witches have met to discuss their future meeting with MacbethThe meaning of this is that eerthing that seemed good is bad and everything that seems bad is actually good.
Sleep shall neither night nor day Hang upon his pent-house lid; He shall live a man forbid: Weary se’nnights nine times nine Shall he dwindle, peak and pine: Though his bark cannot be lost, Yet it shall be tempest-tost. First WitchIt is spoken to the two other witchesThey are talking about how they are controlling the winds and curse the man. This shows that the witches are bad news and they are out to hurt everyone. Planning to tell Macbeth about their prophecy and his fate. The witches are casting the spell for Macbeth.
you should be women,And yet your beards forbid me to interpretThat you are so. Banquo3 witchesMacbeth and Banquo have met with the witches for the first timeThe witches’ features, especially their facial hair, stops them from seeing their femininity. This emphasizes that the witches aren’t of this world.
Good sir, why do you start; and seem to fearThings that do sound so fair? BanquoMacbeth and the 3 witchesThe 3 witches are giving Macbeth and Banquo their prophecies. Macbeth has learned that he will become Thane of Cawdor and the King of ScotlandBanquo is questioning Macbeth about why he is so afraid when the prophecy seems to be good – Thane of Cawdor and then King of Scotland
Lesser than Macbeth, and greater.Not so happy, yet much happier.Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none: Each of the witchesBanquoThere were telling Macbeth and the Banquo asked them to talk to him.He will not be king but his sons will be and royalty as well as title will be in their family. Your life not be as successful as Macbeth’s, nor as much of failure. Your children will become king, but you will not. The Witches speak in riddles to reveal this prophecy. These are paradoxes – ideas that seem to be contradictory, but upon closer examination, reveal truth
why do you dress meIn borrow’d robes? MacbethAngus and RossAngus and Ross delivered the news that Macbeth will become Thane of Cawdor just as the witches had predicted.He asks why has been given the title that belongs to someone else, unaware of what had happened and suspicious because of the prophecy. Metaphorically asking why he is wearing the Thane of Cawdor’s clothes if he is not the Thane of Cawdor
And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,The instruments of darkness tell us truths,Win us with honest trifles, to betray’sIn deepest consequence BanquoMacbethThe prophecy that Macbeth will become Thane of Cawdor was fulfilled but Banquo is weary.They often tell you the good that will happen while omitting the bad that will also happen. Sometime evil tells us truth in order to hurt us.
Come what come may,Time and the hour runs through the roughest day. MacbethBanquoMacbeth was talking to himself about the prophecy and has to do fulfill it. Banquo observes that is acting strange. Spoken in an aside.What will come will come no matter what. He is saying let whatever is going to come to me come to me. Reference to the theme of fate. What will be will be – time passes even the most difficult moments
nothing in his lifeBecame him like the leaving it; MalcomKingHe is telling the king about the execution of the old Thane of CawdorHis died in a greater way than he had lived. The son, Malcom, is talking to the king about the Thane of Cawdor dying in a repentant way.
There’s no artTo find the mind’s construction in the face:He was a gentleman on whom I builtAn absolute trust. King DuncanMalcomReplying to Malcom’s description of the great death of King DuncanThere is no way to know what a person is thinking from their appearance. I trusted the thane and he betrayed me. Macbeth enters immediately after this line is spoken – foreshadowing.
Stars, hide your fires;Let not light see my black and deep desires: MacbethHimselfHe is talking to himself about the prophecy and his possible actions.Hide my ambition, not let anyone see his dark inner desires. Reference to theme of fate. This is our first true glimpse at Macbeth’s ambition
I have no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but onlyVaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself MacbethSelfHe is telling himself that it is wrong to kill the king because it is wrong and that he doesn’t have the motives and nerve to actually do it.Although he is ambitious and wants the kings position he doesn’t want to actually follow through and kill him because he knows its wrong to do and he doesn’t actually have the motives to do it. Nothing in him that really makes him want to kill the king, except for his ambition that takes over him. The ambition overtakes him at a pace where he can’t stop it. “vaulting ambition”
But screw your courage to the sticking-place,And we’ll not fail. Lady MacbethMacbethMacbeth states that he will not act on the prophecy but she convincesPut your courage where it is to remain and there is no way we fail

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