macbeth

Act 1 Scene 1 three witches -outward manifests of evil esp. the wickedness in one characters heart -thunder and lightening -“fair is foul and foul is fair” reversal of what is good/true/natural -mention Macbeth
Act 1 Scene 2 -war in Scotland (setting); rebellion spearheaded by Macdonwald -king of Scotland (Duncan) hears of bravery of his kinsman, Macbeth, in facing the rebel forces -thane=Scottish noble -Norway assisted in rebellion -king Duncan and his army victorious, mostly due to efforts and bravery of Macbeth -Macbeth to be given title “Thane of Cawdor” after this victory; he does not know it yet
Act 1 Scene 3 -reappearance of 3 witches; mention superstitions about witches in what they have been doing -“so foul and fair a day. . .” (Macbeth say similar words to witches-witches greet Macbeth 3 times 1. Thane of (already true) 2. Thane of 3. King -predict banquo will never be king but his sons will -banquillo is “lesser than Macbeth and greater” -Ross sent by king Duncan to inform Macbeth of his new title-banquet and macbeth shocked -current thane of cawdor to be excited for treason -banquet cautions Macbeth that evil can lead people astray by telling truths that seem attractive (appearance vs. reality)-the “aside”?-macbeth disturbed and shaken by own thoughts in regard to the prophecies -he will allow chance (fate) to crown him king if that is what is to be
Act 1 Scene 4 -thane of cawdor executed at king duncan’s command; king notes that he trusted him and he seemed to be loyal -banquo and macbeth greeted and thanked for service -malcom officially named his father’s heir (as prince of cumberland)-Aside by Macbeth reveals that this will prove a problem if he (Macbeth) wants to be king; references darkness and blindness (to hide any evil/violence he might do)! All head for Macbeth’s castle
Act 1 Scene 5 -Lady Macbeth reads letter from husband about 3 witches and their prophecies; called “partner in greatness” by husband-She worries her husband is too “full of the milk of human kindness” (1.5.17) to do what has to be done to fulfill prophecy; she notes he is ambitious but not wicked; thinks he might be willing tocommit evil deed, but he would rather accomplish his end in a holy manner (all revealed in a soliloquy)-Lady Macbeth will place the idea in his head to do whatever it takes to be King of Scotland-She references a raven.-Another soliloquy- she wishes to be like a man so she will not be swayed from the deadly action she will need to take; wishes not to feel pity and asks for night to come to hide her knife and itsdeeds; Heaven cannot “stop” her if she is obscured-King arrives to stay with them; opportunity to commit the murder, but he is a KINSMAN and a GUEST-tells husband to look like a flower but be a serpent (appearance vs. reality); let her manage the evil deed b/c his face will give him away
Act 1 Scene 6 -Reference to martin (a bird) but also someone easily tricked-Lady Macbeth acts as if eager to please and be of service to the King; he apologizes for inconvenience of sudden visit.-King notes he loves his host and calls Lady Macbeth a “fair and noble hostess”
Act 2 Scene 1 -dark night-no stars in the sky-Banquo is sleepless-“A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, / And yet I would not sleep”-Banquo and Macbeth both awake after King Duncan goes to bed.-Banquo mentions three sisters (witches) and Macbeth lies that he does not think of them/their prophecies.-Macbeth wants to speak of the matter later and asks Banquo to join his cause; Banquo says yes if it does not cause him guilt.-Macbeth soliloquy: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, / The handle toward my hand?”- sees a dagger which leads him to draw his own weapon against Duncan-wishes that he can work silently so as not to be discovered; hears bell (signal from Lady Macbeth)
Act 2 Scene 2 -Lady Macbeth has gotten guards drunk; now feels bold.-she also drugged their drinks-mention of owl (bird imagery)-Lady Macbeth laid out the daggers; would have done the deed herself but Duncan reminds her of her father.-Macbeth reports what he overheard next door– room of Malcolm and Donalbain: laughing in sleep, “Murder!”-He also claims he heard the two pray and he (Macbeth) could not say Amen– state of his soul; commission of murder-thought he heard a voice: “Macbeth does murder sleep”– sleep and sleeplessness (innocent sleep soundly and well).-description of sleep-Lady Macbeth tells him to wash the evidence from his hands; she returns the daggers to the scene of the crime because he says, “I am afraid to think what I have done; / Look on’t again I dare not”-Lady Macbeth will smudge the sleeping guards with Duncan’s blood as evidence of their guilt-Macbeth feels an entire ocean cannot wash his deed away (or the blood from his hands).
Act 2 Scene 3 -porter awakened; he speaks in prose (lower class) and provides comic relief as well-Macduff is at the door/gate; seeks Macbeth and he was told to callon Duncan that morning.-Lennox reports that the night was unruly– excessively windy; possible earthquake; bird of night (owl) made a great clamor-Macduff discovers murdered corpse.-Lady Macbeth awakens and Macduff fears telling a “gentle lady” such news– irony!-Macbeth pretends to mourn; kills guards–“O, yet I do repent me f my fury, /That I did kill them.”-Claims that haste of his “violent love” made him do it; reason was overwhelmed.-Lady Macbeth “faints” from grief and shock.-Malcolm and Donalbain resolve to flee– fear for their safety as they are heirs; M. to England and D. to Ireland”There’s daggers in men’s smiles” – appearance vs. reality
Act 2 Scene 4 -Old man and Ross discuss unnatural happenings the night of the murder– Great Chain of Being has been disturbed1. Day but it is dark as night2. Horses eat each other.3. Mousing owl kills a hawk.-(All are against the natural order).-Macduff reports that Malcolm and Donalbain fled– all assume they are suspects in the murder.– this is also against nature (fratricide)-Ross notes that this means Macbeth becomes king.-Macbeth goes to Scone to be crowned; Macduff returns home to Fife
Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo notes that all of the witches’ predictions have come to pass for Macbeth BUT he worries: “I fear / Thou play’dst more foully for ‘t”. Fair and foul He grows suspicious; Macbeth fears him as he was present for the initial prophecies is a man of sound morals Macbeth asks a series of strange questions of Banquo—Are you riding? Where? What time? With Fleance? Macbeth calls Malcolm and Donalbain “our bloody cousins” and accuses them of PARRICIDE (murder of father– -not fratricide). Macbeth’s soliloquy: “Our fears in Banquo stick deep” because he is a man of wisdom and valor; he fears no one but Banquo, so he says. What if I sacrificed all—including “MINE ETERNAL JEWEL” (soul) for nothing—as Banquo’s sons are to be kings (see same soliloquy). Macbeth meets with two murderers; he convinces them that Banquo has wronged them (and him) and must die. They agree to commit the evil deed that night. Fleance must die too
Act 3 Scene 2 Lady Macbeth asks why her husband dwells alone with his thoughts. Her advice: “Things without remedy / Should be without regard: what’s done is done”. He cannot sleep until he has killed the “snake” that he has merely wounded (all who oppose him or stand in the way of his contentment as king). There is a feast that night; Lady Macbeth reminds her husband to look cheerful and innocent. “And make our faces vizards [masks] to our hearts”. Appearance vs. reality Macbeth hints at coming of night and a “deed of dreadful note” (Banquo’s murder) but will not tell Lady Macbeth what he means: “Be innocent of the knowledge, dearest chuck, / Till though applaud the deed”. He calls upon night to come and hide his planned murder. Images of birds (crows and falcons).
Act 3 Scene 3 Three murderers lie in wait for Banquo; they kill him but Fleance escapes. Banquo cries for his son to “Fly . . . fly, fly fly!”
Act 3 Scene 4 Banquet hosted my Lady Macbeth and her husband Murderer arrives to update Macbeth– -Banquo is dead but Fleance escaped. Macbeth hears the news and comments in an ASIDE: “There the grown serpent[Banquo] lies; the worm that’s fled / Hath nature that in time will venom breed, / No teeth for th’ present”. Lady Macbeth coaches her husband on how to behave as host; he is distracted by other business. Macbeth claims the table is full; he sees Banquo’s GHOST sitting in his chair. Lady Macbeth explains Macbeth’s odd behavior with a lie: “My lord is often thus, / And hath been from his youth”. Macbeth parrots her later in the scene: “I have a strange infirmity, which is nothing / To those who know me” . At each mention of Banquo, Macbeth “invites” his ghost back and his strange behavior begins again. Ghost final exits, and Macbeth says, “I am a man again”. More bird references (magpies and crows) They note that Macduff did not attend. Macbeth vows to return to the three witches to know more. “I am in blood / Stepped in so far, that should I wade no more, / Returning were as tedious as go o’er”
Act 3 Scene 5 -skip this
Act 3 Scene 6 Lennox notes that FLEANCE looks like a suspect in his father’s murder (moreparricide—disordered and unnatural); he compares this to the murder of Duncan,presumably by his own children. Lennox mentions Macbeth’s grief over Duncan and how he has managed all things well. He wonders about Macduff; rumor is that Macduff lives in disgrace (and avoids company) because he missed Macbeth’s feast. A lord tells us that Malcolm is in England gathering an army to recover his throne;Macduff is also there to ask the king, as well as the Earl of Northumberland and his son Siward, for help– -they need to restore ORDER in the midst of chaos. They talk of warning Macduff to be careful; they also mention that Scotland is ill (diseased)—Great Chain of Being.
Act 4 Scene 1 -Witches create a potion; oft-quoted “Double, Double, toil and trouble / Fire burn and cauldron bubble”-Macbeth wants to know an answer to a question; does not care what results in nature (disorder).-Three apparitions summoned by witches’; spell1. an armed head (head wearing a helmet)- imagery of war (Macduff)2. a bloody child- imagery of blood (Macduff)3. a child with a crown, holding a tree (Birnam Wood) (Malcolm)-All three visions relate to Macbeth’s future, but he seems not to fully understand and is therefore not asconcerned as he should be.-Vision of 8 kings and Banquo; last in procession holds a mirror– which shows a line of many more-kings (descendants); references 2nd part of witches’ prophecy from Act I; kings carry symbols of kingship in England, Ireland, and Scotland-Macbeth has become cold and heartless– planning death of entire family (Macduffs)-Macduff can be found in England- Lennox unwittingly helps Macbeth with his plot-Plans to kill Macduff and his wife and children- will act without thinking from now on.
Act 4 Scene 2 -Lady Macduff considers her husband dead because she feels he abandoned her and children for his cause-Messenger warns Lady Macduff of approaching danger-Young son of Macduff murder as is Lady Macduff and her other children
Act 4 Scene 3 -Setting: England; outside palace of the King-Macduff notes that they must protect home and family– Scotland emits howls from widows and orphans; “new sorrows / strike heaven on the face”.-Malcolm warns that Macbeth could strike him (Macduff) when he finds out he has sided with Malcolm.-appearance vs. reality; Malcolm: “Though all things foul would wear the brows of grace, / Yet grace must still look so”-Malcolm vows to end the reign of a tyrant and sorrows that Scotland “weeps. . .bleeds. . .and each new day a gash / Is added to her wounds” -Macduff claims no man or demon of hell is as evil as Macbeth. He yet knows nothing of the murder of his family.-Malcolm worries that he may not be fit to be king– too many faults; fears what power will do to him. Says he lacks “king-becoming graces, / As justice, temp’rance, stableness, / Bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness . . “-Macduff bemoans the fate of Scotland; reminds Malcolm of his saintly parents (King and Queen)-Malcolm promises to be the ruler Scotland needs and be directed by Macduff: "What I am truly, / Isthine and my poor country’s to command”-Ross reports that he left Macduff family well and safe (appearance vs. reality) BUT they are killed at Macbeth’s orders.-He has no children. All my pretty ones? / Did you say all? O hell-kite! All? / What, all my pretty chickens and their dam / At one fell swoop?”-Macduff now fully committed to fight– turn grief abaumanto anger.
Act 5 Scene 1 -scene opens at night in Dunsaine Castle (home to Macbeth and Lady Macbeth)-a doctor and gentlewoman are secretly observing Lady Macbeth -ironically, lady macbeth constantly needs a LIGHT by her even though she welcomed darkness to hide her deeds and thoughts earlier in the play -she likely had an emotional or mental breakdown -she is constantly rubbing her hands. Famous speech: ‘out, damned spot! out, i say!”-she reveals duncan’s murder by referring to how much blood is in the old man -she reveals still more–including all of her advice to Macbeth to hide his crimes -she revealed 3 crimes -doctor: “unnatural deeds / do breed unnatural troubles. infected minds / to their deaf pillows will discharge their secrets”. image of order and disorder/natural and unnatural -lady macbeth needs a divine (minister or priest) rather than a doctor–ailment of soul -keeps all “means of annoyance” away from her
Act 5 Scene 2 -macbeth’s troops serve by command NOT out of love (loyalty) -mention of ill-fitting clothing: “now does he feel his title / hang loose about him, like a giant’s robe / upon a dwarfish thief -the soldiers (under Malcom and Macduff) are medicine to the sick country, Scotland. (disease and illness / disorder and order)-macbeth believes in the witches prophecies so he doesn’t think he can be defeated
Act 5 Scene 3 -more bird imagery–geese -reports of 10,000 soldiers reach Macbeth -Macbeth has tired of life; it is wearisome -“I”ll fight, till from my bones my flesh be hacked”-Macbeth demands that the doctor cure Lady Macbeth–just “raze out the written troubles of the brain”. Doctors replies that Lady Macbeth must cure herself-he asks Doctor to purge the disease in his country–IRONY=it is Macbeth himself!
Act 5 Scene 5 -“let every soldier hew him down before a bough / and bear ‘t before him”-Macbeth hears that Lady Macbeth has died -“She should have died hereafter”-famous speech about brevity and futility of life. “Out, out brief candle! / Life’s but a walking shadow. . .”–VERY IMPORTANT -Lady Macbeth killed herself-Macbeth hears that Birnam Wood approaches Dunsinane -“I ‘gin to be weary of the sun”
Act 5 Scene 7 -Macbeth will fight to the death; he still remembers prophecy #2-Macbeth kills young Siward -the castle surrenders but Macbeth will not. “We have met with foes / that strike beside us”
Act 5 Scene 8 -Macbeth claims to be charmed -Macduff reveals that he was born via C-section AFTER his mother died. What the deuce?!?-Macduff and Macbeth fight; Macduff wins. He enters with Macbeth’s head. EWW.-Malcom is hailed as king of Scotland. He concludes the play with his speech: Thanes to be earls for loyal service (as in England); they will call home all exiles. Thanks all who restored order. THE END.

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