Macbeth

What do the witches state at end of Act 1 Scene 1 Fair is Foul and Foul is Fair
What country’s king is scotland fighting? Norway’s King Sweno
How is Fortune described? Why? as fickle, and like a whore
What two people are revealed as traitors to Duncan in Act I? the thane of Cawdor and Mcdonalwald
Witches cannot kill, but what do they do to make trouble for humans? Equivocate
What is the magic number to wind up a charm used by the Witches? Three
By what three titles do the Witches name Macbeth in Act I scene three? Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, king
What do the witches predict for Banquo children will be kings, he will not, less happy than Macbeth, but happier
What action does Macbeth contemplate in relationship to the Witches’ predictions? Doing nothing, killing Duncan, killing Malcolm
How does the thane of Cawdor die? he repents and asks forgiveness – he is executed by Duncan’s order for treason
What honor does King Duncan give Malcolm? Why is this a problem for Macbeth? Duncan names Malcolm heir to the throne – Prince of Cumberland. This is a problem for Macbeth who wants the honor to be his.
What does Macbeth write to Lady Macbeth in Act I scene five? He tells her about the witches predictions
What is Lady Macbeth’s opinion of Macbeth’s level of ambition? She believes he has some, but lacks the follow through to act on it
Why does Lady Macbeth ask to be unsexed? . To lose all womanly attributes – to gain strength as a man to fulfill her vision of her husband’s ascent to the throne of Scotland
Who is coming to visit Macbeth in his castle during this act? What does this visit show? Duncan – it shows the high respect and honor in which Duncan holds Macbeth
“foul is fair and fair is foul” illustrated by Duncan’s remark about the castle? He mentions how pleasant the castle looks, but inside the Macbeths wait with vile intent
How does Lady Macbeth get Macbeth to take action when he is indecisive? She calls him a coward – the triple dog dare.
What is “the ornament of life?” the crown of kingship
What plan do the Macbeths hatch to murder Duncan? They will blame the regicide on Duncan’s guards; they will put a sleeping potion in the guards’ drinks – they will use daggers to kill Duncan while he sleeps.
What gift does Duncan give to Lady Macbeth? Diamond
What is Macbeth’s response when Banquo mentions he dreamed of the witches? He lies, saying he never thinks of them.
Explain the dagger speech in which Macbeth contemplates killing Duncan,. What does he decide to do? He flip-flops about the act of the regicide – Duncan is a good king, he is kin, he is in Macbeth’s house, he loves Macbeth and gives him honors, promising him more, but Macbeth decides to kill Duncan only for his [Macbeth’s] “vaulting ambition
What animal is referred to as “the fatal bellman?” Owl
Regicide Act of killing a king
When the “…owl screams and the crickets cry,” what concept is illustrated? The chaotic response of Nature to regicide
Why does Lady Macbeth say she cannot kill King Duncan He looks like her father
What is Macbeth feeling after the killing of Duncan? Fear of discovery and watchful
What evidence does Lady Macbeth plant? The bloody daggers on Duncan’s guards she smears blood on the sleeping guards.
what noises do the Macbeths hear that makes them wary? Knocking and a voice
What does Macbeth state will not wash the blood from his hands? all Neptune’s oceans
Porter is put in for what reason Comic Relief
What is nature’s response to regicide? Chaos
Why does Macbeth contend he killed Duncan’s guards? He was so angry at the regicide he felt compelled to get revenge.
Why do Malcolm and Donalbain decide to leave? They suspect they are next to be murdered; they do not know who they can trust
The last line of the act, “That would make good of bad, and friends of foes!” illustrates what theme stated as the last line Fair is Foul and Foul is Fair
Why does Macbeth invite Banquo to a banquet? So he can lure Banquo and Fleance back to the castle at a certain time in order to murder them.
Why does Macbeth ask Banquo so many questions about Banquo’s plans before the banquet? To gage his actions and find out his plans, as well as those of Fleance, to set the murder plot in action.
What fears does Macbeth have about Banquo? He might tell people about the witches, and Banquo’s children are predicted by the Witches to be kings, so Macbeth wants to rid himself of Banquo and his only son, Fleance, to keep the throne for himself.
How does Macbeth convince the two men to kill Banquo? He tells them Banquo has been the cause of all their troubles, and he has treated them unfairly – all lies.
When Lady Macbeth finds Macbeth thinking about the murder of Duncan, what phrase does she use to try to get Macbeth’s mind off the deed? Whats Done is Done
Why does Macbeth not tell Lady Macbeth about his plans to murder Banquo and Fleance? Impress her,show her his skill
Who might the third murderer be, who shows up at the murder scene? Either Macbeth or his Attendant, who knows about the talk with the two murderers.
What goes wrong with the murder plan? Fleance Escapes
Why does Macbeth refuse to sit down at the banquet? He sees the ghost of Banquo sitting in the seat he is invited to sit in.
What excuse does Lady Macbeth make about her husband’s behavior? . She says it is his custom and that he has always acted this way
What does Macbeth tell Lady Macbeth he saw at the banquet? He says he saw a horror, but never directly states exactly what it was.
What is her response to Macbeth’s strange behavior? She tries to calm him and tell the guests it is only temporary, but in the end, she dismisses all the guests.
Where does Macbeth decide to go to gain more information about his fate? From the Witches
Why is Hecate angry with the three witches? They have not included her in their equivocation with Macbeth, and she says Macbeth was already mostly evil – not a real prize of innocence.
Who is planning to send help to vanquish Macbeth from Scotland? King Edward
Why would this person be willing to do this? Edward would want to avenge the death of a fellow king.
Where has Macduff gone? England
What are Macduff intentions? To join forces with Malcolm and bring down Macbeth.
What incantation do the witches state Double, double toil and trouble
What is the incantation intended to do, To double the effort and work to do anything and double the troubles in life
and at whom is it aimed Macbeth
Explain the apparition of the armed head. Beware Macduff
Explain the apparition of the bloody child. No man of woman born can harm Macbeth.” [Macduff]
Explain the apparition of the child crowned with a tree in his hand This represents Malcolm – Macbeth will be safe until “Birnam wood move to Dunsinane.”
Explain the “show of eight kings, the last with a glass in his hand; Banquo’s ghost following.” This represents the descendants of Banquo who become king.
What is Shakespeare’s compliment to King James in this Act? The last descendant has a mirror [glass] that reflects the image of King James I – a complement to the king of Shakespeare’s time as the king was in the audience.
Explain the stagecraft involved. The actor holding the mirror stopped before the king, so the king would see his image reflected.
When Macbeth finds out Macduff has fled to England, what evil plan does he plot? He will murder Lady Macduff, her children and all Macduff’s household.
Why is Lady Macduff angry with Macduff? She believes he is a traitor and has deserted her and his children
What does she tell her son about his father? She tells her son his father is dead.
What does Ross intimate about Macduff’s actions? That Macduff is not a traitor, rather he is courageous.
Explain what theme the following lines relate to, which are spoken by Lady Macduff in Act IV scene 2: I am in this earthly world, where to do harm /Is often laudable, to do good sometime/Accounted dangerous folly…” “Fair is foul, foul is fair.” She is innocent, yet treated badly.
Explain the four reasons Malcolm explains to Macduff about his inability to be a good king. Malcolm says he is worse than Macbeth 2. Malcolm will take all the women of Scotland 3. Malcolm will take all the land and wealth 4. Malcolm has none of the kingly virtues.
Why does Malcolm lie to Macduff about his qualities? He is testing Macduff’s loyalty
14. How many troops are the English sending to Scotland? 10,000
Who will the English general be who will head these troops? Old Siward
What news does Ross bring? The death of Macduff’s wife, children and household.
How does his news affect Macduff’s resolve to fight with Malcolm against Macbeth? It strengthens his resolve to gain revenge.
Explain Lady Macbeth’s sleep walking. She is deeply psychologically troubled over the murder she and Macbeth have committed.
What murders does she reveal? The murders of Duncan, Banquo and Lady Macduff.
Why do the doctor and Gentlewoman agree to keep secret Lady Macbeth’s words? They are loyal to her and feel it is their duty
What is Lady Macbeth referring to when she says, “Out, damned spot!”? The imaginary [figurative] blood on her hands from the murder of Duncan, and perhaps guilt over the others.
Explain the meaning of ill-fitting clothes in this act and in the play in general. The clothes are a reflection of the person’s status in society – they must fit the person’s role and social position. When the ‘clothes don’t fit,’ it means the person is an imposter of sorts – he does not belong in the station [status] reflective of his clothes.
Why is Macbeth still feeling secure, even though he knows troops are invading Scotland? He believes he can not be harmed, based on the Witches’ predictions.
Why does Macbeth not respond to Lady Macbeth’s state of ill health? He is busy with planning against the English’s and Malcolm’s invasion of Scotland.
What is the doctor’s diagnosis of Lady Macbeth’s condition? She must cure herself – there is nothing he can do, for this is a problem with her mind.
Explain how the wood of Birnam moves. Malcolm asks his men to cut boughs and carry them before them toward Macbeth’s castle, Dunsinane. The boughs will hide how many troops there are present.
Explain the make up of Macbeth’s forces. He has drafted and forced people to fight with him; no one wants to support him of freewill.
Explain Macbeth’s view of life as expressed in the “Tomorrow, and tomorrow, and tomorrow…” speech. He is defeated and thinks bad
Why is it dishonorable for Macbeth to kill Young Siward? Young Siward is fighting in his first battle – Macbeth could have spared him – Young Siward does not have the experience or expertise of Macbeth.
Explain the death of Young Siward in terms of his father’s, Old Siward’s, reactions. Old Siward speaks proudly of Young Siward’s courage and sacrifice.
Explain how Macbeth dies. Macduff kills him in one-on-one battle.
who becomes the King of Scotland after Macbeth’s death? Malcom
What is now restored? The Great Chain of Being.

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