MACBETH

Fair is foul and foul is fair A1, S1- Literally meaning good is bad and bad is good. Reflects the confusion, chaos and disorder from the start of the play
For brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name A1, S2-Building up Macbeths status. S establishes Macbeth’s high status so that the fall is even sadder
All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter! A1, S3-Witches prophecies for Macbeth; he will become Thane of Cawdor then King. Dramatic irony as audience already know.
That he seems rapt withal Banquo A1, S3- Macbeth is bewildered/entranced by the witches, shows the impact of the witches
Why do you dress me in borrowed robes? A1, S3- repeated image of clothes, M dressing as someone he is not
If chance will have me king, why, chance may crown me without my stir A1, S3 Macbeth does not try to become king: it is clear he already nows what he would have to do.
Thou shalt get Kings, though thou be none A1, S3-witches prophecies for Banquo; he is a better man, his children shall be king
Good sir, why do you start and seem to fear things that do sound so fair? A1, S3-Macbeth is already considering what he will need to do to become king
There’s no art to find the mind’s construction in the face. He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust A1, S4- comment from Duncan is dramatic iron. Links to the theme of deception deliberately hiding your true intentions
Stars hide your fires; let not light see my black and deep desires A1, S4-dark and light imagery, links to theme of description
the prince of Cumberland: that is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap A1, S4-debating whether to fall or or to step over/ what he should do next
…my dearest partner of greatness. A1, S5-shows the equality in Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s relationship at the start of the play, deteriorates as they commit their crimes
yet do I fear thy nature, it is too full o’th’milk of human kindness A1, S5-Lady Macbeth is critical of Macbeth, milk had connotations of innocence and childhood. Fears he cannot achieve his potential.
the raven himself is hoarse that croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan under my battlements A1, S5-animal imagery is linked to death. Lady Macbeth shows her control by referring to the castle as hers, ‘fatal’ shows Duncans demise is inevitable
come you spirits… unsex me here… take my milk for gall A1, S5-asking to replace her milk with poison a disregard for femininity, including basic maternal instinct. This would be highly shocking to the audience
come, thick night, and pall thee to the dunnest smoke of hell, that my knife see not the wound it makes, nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark, to cry ‘Hold, hold’. A1, S5-darkness imagery links to the theme of deception. Despite aligning herself with the devil, Lady Macbeth still fears that heaven could hold her back
look like the innocent flower but be the serpent under it A1, S5-the snake links to the devil and the theme of deception
That I may pour my spirits in thine ear and chastise with the valour of my tongue A1, S5- fill Macbeth with her evil thoughts/ influencing him, she wants him to be ruthless
we will speak further A1,S5-The simple declarative sentence issued by Macbeth, here to show him trying to regain power back over Lady Macbeth. Also it shows him to be considering the idea she has lain out before him.
he’s here in double trust A1,S7-duncan trusts Macbeth for two reasons:first, as his subject and secondly as his host
I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition. A1, S7-Macbeth’s ambition to become king is the only reason he has for killing Duncan
first as I am kingsman and his subject A1, S7-debating whether he should or should not kill Duncan, audience can see his loyalty and is still at a high status
We will proceed no further in this business A1, S7- M now reluctant to kill king Duncan
Was the hope drunk wherein you dressed yourself? A1, S7- LM ridiculing/taunting M. calling him a coward like an overconfident drunk
and live a coward in thine own esteem A1, S7- emasculates him, strips him of his masculinity making him weak, manipulative.
Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums and dashed the brains out had I so sworn A1, S7- supposed to be horrifying, impression that she is so powerful, takes a delicate image and twists it
Screw your courage to the sticking place A1, S7- even if they fail they just have to deal with it
False face must hide what the false heart doth know A1, S7- successfully manipulates M, LM has great influence
is this a dagger which I see before me…? A2, S1-the opening of Macbeth’s soliloquy introduces his internal debate about whether or not he should accept the ‘dagger’ and kill Duncan. His hallucination demonstrates the toll the murder is already having on him
hear it not, Duncan for it is a knell that summons thee to heaven or to hell A2, S1-this rhyming couplet emphasises the finality of Macbeth’s decision. He is aware that he could be condemning Duncan to hell, yet still decides to proceed. Links to his decision to murder Banquo
I think not of them A2, S1-Where Banquo is open and honest, Macbeth lies to Banquo about the fact he hasn’t thought about the witches. He wishes to hide his ambition and doesn’t want to arouse any suspicion.
this is a sorry sight A2, S2-Macbeth is referring to blood on his hands almost right after he kills Duncan. He’s talking to Lady Macbeth.
consider it not so deeply A2, S2-Imperative, telling him what to do, LM is dismissive and she doesn’t care
that which hath made the drunk, hath made me boldwhat hath quenched them, hath given me fire A2, S2-Lady Macbeth’s fearlessness would be extremely shocking
I heard the owl scream and the crickets cry A2, S2-animal imagery, with both animals being linked to death
but wherefore could not I pronounce ‘amen’? A2, S2-Macbeth’s inability to pray demonstrates how he has condemned himself in God’s eyes by committing regicide and killing God’s representative on earth. Therefore upsetting the Great Chain of Being
Macbeth does murder sleep A2, S2-the recurring motif of sleep appears several times, with a lack of sleep being a direct result of bloody deeds and subsequent guilt
infirm of purpose! give me the daggers. A2, S2-Lady Macbeth’s harsh criticism of Macbeth and her clear control over the situation would surprise a contemporary audience
will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? A2, S2-Macbeth’s obsession with the blood demonstrates his instant guilt and descent into madness, later mirrored my Lady Macbeth
my hands are of your colour, but I shame to wear a heart so white. A2, S2- colour imagery demonstrates the contrast between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth; it also maintains the focus on Macbeth’s guilty hands.
a little water clears us of this deed, how easy is it then! A2, S2-Lady Macbeth’s flippant remark contrasts with Macbeth’s comment about Neptune’s oceans and her obsession with her own hands
wake Duncan with thou knocking: I would thou couldst A2, S2- Macbeth instantly regrets his actions
Thriftless ambition, that wilt ravin upThine own life’s means! A2,S4- Ross, uncontrolled ambition=greed, commenting on Malcolm and Donaldbains ambition, rather than Macbeth
…and I fear thou play’dst most foully for it. A3, S1- Banquo is sharing his suspicions about Macbeth
“Our fears in Banquo stick deep, / And in his royalty of nature reigns that / Which would be feared.” A3, S1- ambition takes over Macbeth, no longer guided by unbridled ambition
Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown and put a barren scepter in my grip

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