Lord of the Flies– Literary Terms

Diction A writer or speaker’s choice of wordsWhen Simon encounters the Lord of the Flies, Golding’s choice of words evokes the imagery of death, decay, and destruction.
Parable A short, allegorical story that teaches a moral or religious lesson about lifeThere might not be any Parables in the Lord of the Flies.
Allegory A story in which the characters, settings, and events stand for abstract or moral concepts.The whole book represents an allegorical story as the character purvey the Golding Moral: The shape of society must depend on the ethical nature of an individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable.
Alliteration Repetition of the same or very similar consonant sounds in words that are close together in a poem “To keep a clean flag of flame flying on the mountain” Pg 41
Allusion Reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or pop cultureLord of the Flies as compared to the demon Beelzebub. The demon is also know as: “The Lord of the Flyers” or “The Lord of the Flies.”
Analogy Comparison made between two things to show how they are alike in some respectsAn analogy in the Lord of the Flies could be how the way Jack and his choir crew are dressed and walk similar to how Hitler was like.
Anecdote Very brief account of an incidentWhen Piggy is killed. Piggy is killed by a boulder that incidentally happens very briefly.
Antagonist The character or force that struggles against or blocks the protagonistJack is an antagonist. He struggles against the protagonist, Ralph. Like when they vote for a chief, Jack goes against Ralph.
Archetype A pattern or model that serves as the basis for different, but related, versions of a character, plot, image, or themeSee Quizlet for all the archetypes and their correlations to the book.
Assonance Repetition of similar vowel sounds that are followed by different consonant sounds, especially in words that are close together in a poem”A school of tiny, glittering fish flick hither and thither.” Pg 12
Direct Characterization When a writer does not allow you to decide for yourself about a character, you are told exactly what he is likeWhen Golding tells us Jack has red hair and is wearing an elaborate choir robe when we first meet him.
Indirect Characterization When a writer allows you to make your own judgment about a character”The boy with fair hair”. Golding allows the reader to make their judgment on Ralph with the word fair hair. This is because someones connotation of fair hair could be different.
Static Character A character who does not change much in the course of a storyPiggy is a static character because he does not change mentally or physically throughout the book.
Flat Character We can name only one or two traits about these charactersRoger is a flat character. His only trait is that he was cruel to others from the beginning to the end of the book.
Round Character Characters like real people, they have many difference character traits, which sometimes contradict one anotherSimon is a round character because he always wanted to help Piggy but he questioned the existence of the beast.
Dynamic Character A character who changes as a result of the story’s eventsJack is a dynamic character because he was civil at the beginning of the book but descends to savagery by the end of the book.
Climax Moment of great emotional intensity or suspense in the plotWhen Simon is killed. The boys becoming more scared of the Beast leads up to the the climax when Simon is killed, trying to tell the boys about the Lord of the Flies.
Conflict A struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions.The conflict is the boys id: uncoordinated instinct trends. The boys slowly resort to there id rather than staying in the superego where they would be
External Conflict A struggle against some outside force, society, or some natural force.The external conflict of the story would be man’s inhumanity towards man. Jack and Roger are willing to kill for power and that is the conflict against Simon, Ralph, and Piggy.
Internal Conflict A conflict that takes place entirely within a character’s own mindThe internal conflict would be the id for the Lord of the Flies. What describes someone’s moral is if they are superego but when they descend to id they resort to their primal instincts. The struggle to stay in a superego state is everyone’s internal conflict.
Connotation All the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggestsThe shell is valuable for its ability to call everyone together, and is therefore a symbol of leadership and civilization.
Denotation The literal dictionary definition of a wordThe shell has monetary value.
Epiphany A moment of sudden insight or revelation that a character experiencesSimon realizing that there is no beast and that it is all just a dead pilot would be considered an epiphany.
Epithet An adjective or other descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place, or thingPiggy being called Piggy would be used as an epithet because it is used to characterize him.
Fable A very brief story in prose or verse that teaches a moral or a practical lesson about lifeThere might not be any fables in the Lord of the Flies.
Fairy Tale A type of folktale that features supernatural elements such as spirits, talking animals, and magicThere might be no Fairy Tales in the Lord of the Flies.
Simile A comparison between two things using the words “like” or “as””The boys lay, panting like dogs.” pg. 41
Metaphor A comparison in which “X” IS “Y,” it does NOT use “like” or “as””‘Fat lot of good we are,’ said Ralph. ‘Three blind mice.'” pg. 93
Personification Giving human characteristics to non-human entities”…, but on the other fire thrust out savage arm of heat…” pg. 41
Hyperbole Figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or to create a comic effect”[A] conch; ever so expensive. I bet if you wanted to buy one, you’d have to pay pounds and pounds and pounds–he had it on his garden wall.”
Onomatopoeia Use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaningRalph pretends to machine-gun piggy in the first chapter, screeching the word “Sche-aa-ow”.
Symbol Person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as wellThe conch is a symbol of authority. It is established in the second chapter how only when you are holding the conch could you talk.
Understatement A figure of speech that consists of saying less than what is really meant, or saying something with less force than is appropriateWhen Ralph causally says how his father would save them since he is in the navy. But in actuality that is a big understatement because it would take a lot of effort and time to find them.
Flashback A scene that interrupts the present action of the plot to “flash backward” and tell what happened at an earlier timeIn chapter 7, Ralph had a flashback to when he is home with his parents in a cottage all snug. This is a flashback because it tells what happened in an earlier time.
Foil A character who is used as a contrast to another characterJack is a foil for Ralph. Ralph is a superego and is civilized while Jack is id and resorts to his primal instinct to kill.
Foreshadowing The use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in a plotPiggy’s reaction to the conch is extravagant. This can be seen as a foreshadowing event to how useful it will later be used for.
Genre The category to which a literary work belongs, examples: epic, novel, short story, drama, poetry, etc.Allegory- it has characters and morals that relate to the real world and Goldings Moral.
Imagery Language that appeals to the five sensesAirplane making a “scar” on the island. This a form of imagery because it shows the image that the plane tore a scar in the trees at the beginning of the book.
Verbal Irony Occurs when a writer or speaker says one thing but really means anotherRalph tries to explain to the naval officer what has happened and remarks that at the beginning they had put on a “good show”. The officer says, “I know. Jolly good show. Like Coral Island.”
Situational Irony Occurs when what happens is different from what we expect to happenboys are stranded on a paradise island and fight war that parallels the one being fought in the larger world
Dramatic Irony Occurs when the audience or the reader knows something that a character in the story doesn’tThe boys left their country, escaping war, but in actuality they caused a war in between themselves.
Maxim A brief, direct statement that expresses a basic rule of human conduct or a general truth about human behavior”We are English, and the English are the best at everything!”
Mood The overall emotion created by a work of literatureThe feeling of abandonment- it is visible when they were abandoned the country because of the war. They also abandon their past lives where their was parents, mentors, and authorities. They also abandon each other into different tribes.
Motif A word, character, object, image, symbol, or idea that repeats and has meaningPink is a motif of the symbol for civilization.
Motivation The reasons that compel the character to act the way he/she doesRalph has the motivation to get off the island and get back to their families. He also wants to have fun like how “Coral Island” is like.
Narrator Person or character telling the storyThe narrator of the story is not described. So we can assume that it is William Golding
Novel A fictional prose narrative, usually of more than fifty thousand wordsThere are no fictional proses narrative, that are usually with more than fifty thousand words
Oxymoron A figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory or opposing ideas”The deafening silence hung over them”
Paradox Statement or situation that seems to be a contradiction but reveals a truthThe beast does not exist yet the littluns are still afraid of it.
Parallelism Repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that state a similar ideaI could not find any parallelism.
Parody The imitation of a serious artistic work for amusement or instructionThe Lord of the Flies is a parody of “Coral Island” and mocks that being stranded on an island as fun.
Plot The series of related events that make up a narrative, such as a story, novel, or epicThese boys are stranded on an island, they have to create civil rules. Although with time to resolve things with savagery. They later get rescued. (Very very short plot)
1st Person Point of View One of the characters is actually the narrator telling the story, using the pronoun “I”There is no 1st Person POV
3rd Person Limited Point of View The narrator, who plays no part in the story, can talk of only one of the charactersThere is no 3rd Person Limited POV
3rd Person Omniscient Point of View The narrator (not a character) reveals the events and characters in the story. The “god-like” narrator can reveal any character’s thoughts and feelings.The whole book is in 3rd Person Omniscient POV
Protagonist Main character in fiction or dramaRalph would be the protagonist because he is the main character that we meet first and he is the main one who looks out for everyone. He gives Jack authority of the choir and supports Piggy.
Satire A kind of writing that ridicules human weakness, vice, or folly in order to bring about social reformThe satire of the book is ridiculing how we descend to our primal instinct in times of great pressure.
Setting The time and place of a story or playWWII on an Island.We know it is in WWII because they crashed onto the island due to an aerial attack on their plane because of the setting.
Stereotype Fixed idea or conception of a character that does not allow for any individualityPiggy is fat so he might be ugly.
Suspense Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a storyWhen Jack and his hunting group of companions are lucking and chasing Ralph at the end of the book.
Theme Central idea of a work of literatureMan’s inhumanity towards man. This is because Simon, Piggy, and almost Ralph is killed.
Tone Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a characterGoldings attitude towards us, the reader, seems neutral. Even in the most mean, dramatic, and sad Golding stays neutral, like when Simon is killed, Golding describes it in an unflinching manner.
Wit A quality of speech or writing that combines verbal cleverness with keen perception, especially of the incongruous (examples: puns, hyperbole, verbal irony, understatement)A pun in the text is the name of the book. Lord of the Flies is the name of a demon.
In Media res In the middle of the actionWhen the book starts right when the plane has crashed.

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