Lord of the Flies – Chapter 4 Questions

What is the daily life like on the island at this point in the novel? The chapter opens with a general description of the island’s changes throughout the day and the boys’ responses to each day’s cyclical progression.
How is power and control divided on the island? Describe the political system that has been established here. They identify a leader, select symbols that give their society-building enterprise significance, establish rules and norms, and make attempts to fulfill their basic human needs while maintaining workable relationships with one another.
Describe the reaction of various characters to killing the pig. How does this play into the conflict examined earlier in the story? The hunters, having actually managed to catch and kill a pig, are so excited and crazed with bloodlust that they barely hear Ralph’s complaints. When Piggy shrilly complains about the hunters’ immaturity, Jack slaps him hard, breaking one of the lenses of his glasses. Jack taunts Piggy by mimicking his whining voice. Ralph and Jack have a heated conversation.
What role do Roger and Maurice play in this section of the book? Analyze their characterization and potential role later in the story. They are there to antagonize the littluns. They cruelly stomp on a sand castle the littluns have built. Roger even throws stones at one of the boys, although he does remain careful enough to avoid actually hitting the boy with his stones.
How do the boys change when they paint themselves to hunt the pig? The paint acts as a disguise, almost changing them into different people completly. They act savage. They hunt down the pig and are able to kill it this time.
What do the boys on the beach see on the horizon? Smoke from a ship.
What do the boys on the beach realize has happened to the fire? The hunters have let it go out in order to go hunt down the pig.
How does Jack change after he kills the pig? Jack’s blood-lust and thirst for power have overwhelmed his interest in civilization. Whereas he previously justified his commitment to hunting by claiming that it was for the good of the group, now he no longer feels the need to justify his behavior at all. Instead, he indicates his new orientation toward savagery by painting his face like a barbarian, leading wild chants among the hunters, and apologizing for his failure to maintain the signal fire only when Ralph seems ready to fight him over it.
How do Simon, Ralph, and Piggy think power should be used? Simon, Ralph, and Piggy represent the idea that power should be used for the good of the group and the protection of the littluns—a stance representing the instinct toward civilization, order, and morality.
How do Roger and Ralph think power should be used? Roger and Jack represent the idea that power should enable those who hold it to gratify their own desires and act on their impulses, treating the littluns as servants or objects for their own amusement—a stance representing the instinct toward savagery.

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