Lord of the Flies Chapter 4 – Painted Faces and Long Hair

What seems to be happening regularly at midday? Many hallucinate
For what alleged reason do some of the boys smear themselves with colored clay? To camouflage themselves from the pigs
What does Piggy want the boys to make? A sundial
What does Simon see that excites everyone? Smoke from a passing ship
What does Roger do that upsets the littluns? Destroys their sandcastle
What gives Littlun Henry so much pleasure as he pokes at the small forms of life in the pool with a stick? He made little rivers to control where he wanted the transparencies to go. He enjoyed it because it gave him a sense of power and control.
What keeps Roger from actually hitting Henry with the stones he throws at the smaller boy? “the taboo of the old life.” Civilization taught him that it was wrong to throw rocks at little kids.
What reason does Jack give for applying the colored clay to his face? Camouflage from the pigs while hunting.
Why couldn’t the boys signal the ship that Ralph spotted on the horizon? The hunters let the fire burn out.
Where were Jack and his choir when Ralph spotted the smoke on the ship? They were killing a pig.
Why does Jack attack Piggy, and what is the result of the attack? Jack attacks Piggy because Piggy blamed him for letting the fire go out. This made him mad so he smacked Piggy on the head, and Piggy’s glasses flew off and broke.
What is Jack’s reaction when Simon gives Piggy the meat? He became angry at Simon and cut off a piece of meat and threw it at Simon’s feet.
Why do Roger and Maurice kick over the sand castles of the younger children? They simply act out of meanness. They do, however, destroy both a bit of happiness and a reminder of the boys’ previous existence. Roger “led the way,” indicating his growing sadism. (Pg. 60)
Why does some sort of excuse come to Maurice’s mind? In his old life when he did things like this, he had to have some excuse to tell the adults. His guilt feelings are behavioral responses conditioned by society.
What is symbolized by the distinction in Golding’s coined words “biguns” and “littluns”? In the simplest terms, the boys are now speaking sloppily, losing a bit more of their individuality and civilization. Sam and Eric conveniently become one, their individuality blotted out by combining their names into “Samneric.” Golding has created a dualistic society, each side unconcerned with the actions and well-being of the other. The stage is being set for the upcoming violence.
What literary terms are used in the following quotations: “The sun gazed down like an angry eye”? (Pg. 58) Personification, giving the sun the ability to see, and simile, comparing it to an eye with the word “like” are the two terms.
Why, according to the narrator, does Roger not throw the rocks to hit Henry? What comment is made about civilization? How is it foreshadowing? Apparently he would like to, but he is prevented from doing so by the “invisible yet strong taboo of the old life. Round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law.” Civilization not only does not acknowledge Roger anymore, but also “was in ruins;” this foreshadowing points to the future disintegration of the island civilization. (Pg. 62)
In what sense does putting on the mask free Jack? Why might this liberation bode ill for the others? “The mask…behind which Jack hid, liberated [him] from shame and self-consciousness.” (Pg. 64) Since it is because of shame, fear of retribution, and self-consciousness that we do not treat others badly, a loss of these qualities means that Jack may treat others harshly when he is concealed. The disguise is one of savagery and a primitive existence. It doubly removes him, not only from his acts, but also from the constraints of civilization.
What creates the barrier between Jack and Ralph? Because Jack left the fire watch to go hunting, the signal fire went out. The ship on the horizon might have rescued them if the fire had been tended.
What bloodthirsty chant has become part of their hunting ritual? “Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood.” (Pg. 69)
What two worlds does the narrator say that Jack and Ralph depict? Jack represents “the brilliant world of hunting, tactics, fierce exhilaration, skill;” Ralph represents “the world of longing and baffled commonsense.” (Pg. 71)

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