Karl Marx, Engels, and the Communist Manifesto

Communist Manifesto A socialist manifesto written by Marx and Engels (1848) describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views. Explains emergence of capitalism while predicting it’s future.
10 Demands of The Communist Manifesto -no private ownership of land -heavy progressive income tax -no rights of inheritance -free public education -abolition of child factory labor -“equal liability of all to labor” -Various state roles in manufacturing, banking, comm., transport, and planning
false consciousness misunderstanding by a class of it’s true interests as a whole. Once the proletariat overcome this they can overthrow bourgeoisie
class in itself class that hasn’t recognized it’s true interests
class for itself a class that knows
Stratification classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions.
Karl Marx and Stratification -all history is the history of class conflict -class defined by place in economic system -ruling class controls means of production -economic system is foundation of the society superstructure is rest of society’s institutions-the superstructure supports the position of the old ruling class.
Dialectical Change major societal change arising from the clash of two opposing ideas. forces, or social contradictions
Weber’s Spheres of Stratification 1) Economic (property)-one’s life chances are based on market 2) Social (prestige)- based on social honor (respect)3)political (power)- influencing other’s behaviors, even in the absence of their consent. *Marx’s most important sphere was economic Weber’s were power and politics.
class (Weber) collection of people affected similarly by the market/economy. Many possible classes with shifting boundaries
status (Weber) social honor, respect, prestige.
state (Weber) an entity which successfully claims a monopoly on the legitimate use of lethal violence.
*mollie orshansky Current poverty lines used by U.S. government attempt to measure absolute deprivationIn 1965 Mollie Orshansky, an economist at the Social Security Administration, developed a household income-based measure There were different thresholds for different household sizes. she found cost of a minimally adequate “economy” food plan.

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