Julius Caesar Study Guide

In Scene 1, why are Flavius and Marullus angry with the commoners? they want them to disperse and not celebrate Caesar.
What is the Soothsayer’s advice to Caesar, and how does Caesar react? to beware the ideas of March. Caesar dismisses him.
Explain the difference between the views of Caesar held by Cassius and Brutus Cassius hates him and Brutus loves him
Caesar clearly gives his thoughts about Cassius. What does he say? Caesar thinks Cassius is shady
Explain what Casca recounts about what happened to Caesar. Antony offered Caesar the crown and he turned it down 3 times, even though he really wanted it.
At the end of scene 2, Cassius makes plans. What plans does he make? Why? Forge letters to Brutus to make it look like key figures are supported him so Brutus will join the plot
Describe the strange things Casca sees in the Capital. What does Casca believe about why they are happening? It is raining fire, there’s a lion roaming there, and an owl. He believes conspirators are being warned by the gods.
What do we find out has happened to Flavius and Marullus? Why is this significant? They get silenced or killed. This shows how they want Caesar to be king.
At the end of Act 1, who do we know is a part of the conspiracy against Caesar? Cassius, Cinna, and Casca
Why does Cassius want Brutus to join the conspiracy? Brutus is the favorite of the peopls and because Caesar is very close to Brutus and that would be a sign of betrayal to him.
To what decision does Brutus come to in his orchard, and why? He decides to join the conspiracy to murder Caesar because he think Caesar will abuse his power is he is crowned.
What does Lucius give to Brutus in scene 1? He brings the forged note that has been through the window.
Why doesn’t Brutus want to swear an oath with the conspirators? He thinks oaths are deceitful for men and they are doing something bad.
Why does Metellus want Cicero to join the conspiracy, and why does Brutus not want him to? Because Cicero is old and wise. Brutus doesn’t want him because Cicero does not follow any plan of it’s own.
Why is Cassius for killing Mark Antony, and why is Brutus against it? Brutus tells Cassius that it was best not to kill Mark Antony because he wanted the Roman people to view the assassination of Caesar as an honorable gester. Brutus thought it would diminish Mark Antony’s power.
Of what does Calpurnia try to convince Caesar? Her dreams are omens of tragedy and he should not go to the senate meeting.
Why does Caesar, at first, yield to Calpurna’s wishes? Why does he turn around and change his mind? Decius reinterprets Calpurnia’s dream to entice Caesar to go to the meeting.
What does the note Artimidorus wants to give Caesar say? It warns Caesar of the conspiracy and names the conspirators.
What is ironic about the timing of Caesar’s murder, in relation to what he just proclaimed? – “But I am constant as the Northern Star…” He is destroyed just after proclaiming his magnificence and intractability
What did Caesar mean by “Et tu, Brute? “You too Brutus” Shocked Brutus would apart of the conspiracy
Antony’s servant brings a message to Brutus. What does he say? Antony praises Brutus for being honest and requests to be able to safely see Brutus.
Antony wants to speak at Caesar’s funeral. What reaction does Brutus and Cassius have? Brutus agrees, but Cassius thinks it is dangerous
Under what conditions will Antony speak at the funeral? He must not blame the conspirators, admit he speaks by their permission, and speaks last, after Brutus.
What did Brutus say to the people at the funeral? he told them the assassination was the logical way to do best for the people.
What did Antony say to the people at the funeral in his now “Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears” speech? He contradicts the accusations made by the conspirators and demands that they be put to death for Caesar’s murder.
What did Mark Antony mean by “Now let it work: Mischief, thou art afool, / Take thou what course thou wilt” Mean that he planned for this to happen, that he wants the conspirators to get pay back.
Why did Brutus and Cassius flee Rome? Their lives were in danger after Antony spoke at the funeral.
What is the point of Act 3, scene 3? It graphically shows the violent mood of the crowd.
what does Antony compare Lepidus to? explain Antony compares Lepidus to his own horse and calls him an animal to be trained and used.
What did Brutus accuse Cassius of? What does Cassius claim? Brutus accuses Cassius of accepting bribes and of not sending him money to pay his troops. They cool down and Cassius blames his arguing on his temper.
Who brought the news that Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus have had a hundred Senators killed and that Portia is also dead ? Massala
What does Brutus and Cassius think about meeting in Philippi? Cassius doesn’t think they should meet the opposing armies a Philippi. Brutus does, believing they can gather fresh forces. He claims they are on a “tide” of “fortune” and should strike while they are good and ready.
Who says they will see Brutus at Philippi? Caesar’s ghost
Why does Cassius not think they will win the battle? It is his birthday and he saw birds flying overhead. He views these two things as bad omens.
Who did Cassius ask to hold his sword to be silenced? Pindarus
What sword did Titinious kill himself with? Titinious killed himself with the same sword that Cassius and Caesar died from. He feels that he caused Cassius’s death.
Who held Brutus’ sword to be silenced? Strato
Strato held Brutus’ sword as he ran into it to commit suicide.
Lucilius captured by Antony’s soldiers and pretends to be Brutus
Octavius Caesar The adopted son and heir of Julius Caesar. He is one of the triumvirs who rule the following the death of Caesar.
Artemidorus writes a letter of warning listing the conspirators and conspiracy
Flavius Merellus and Flavius break up a crowd of commoners waiting to witness Caesar;s triumph and are put to silence during the feast of Lupercalia for removing ornaments from Caesar’s statues.
Caesar A successful military leader who wants the crown of Rome.
Casca The first to stab him
Calpurnia The wife of Julius Caesar
Mark Antony He appears first as a confidant and a devoted follower of Caesar, and he rules as part of the triumvirate
Portia The wife of Brutus
Trebnoius Trebonius lures Antony out of the Senate House so that the other conspirators can kill Caesar without having to fear Antony’s intervention. Consequently, he is the only conspirator who does not actually stab Caesar.
Decius Reinterpreted Calpurnia’s dream, and played to Caesar’s ego.
Cinna The conspirator who urges Cassius to bring “noble” Brutus into the conspiracy; he assists by placing some of Cassius’ forged letters where Brutus will discover them
Cassius Leader of the conspiracy and manipulate’s Brutus to join.
Soothsayer- He warns Caesar during the celebration of the feast of Lupercal to “beware the ides of March.” He again warns Caesar as he enters the Senate House.
Brutus manipulated by Cassius
Metellus The conspirator who attracts Caesar’s attention by requesting that his brother’s banishment be repealed, allowing the assassins to surround Caesar and thereby giving Casca the opportunity to stab him from behind.
” These growing feather plucked from Caesar’s wing / Will make him fly and ordinary pitch, / Who else would soar above the view of mean / And keep us all in servile fearfulness.” Flavius
” Why man, he doth bestride the narrow world / Like a colossus, we pretty men / Walk under his huge legs and peep about / To find ourselves dishonorable graves.” Cassius
What is the genre of the story? Tragedy
Who are the tragic heroes? Brutus and Caesar
Why was Caesar a tragic flaw? His pride
Why was Brutus a tragic flaw? He was too trusting
parallelism The repetition of grammatical structure to express ideas that are related or of equal importance
repetition the repetition of words or phrases
rhetorical question Question asked for the persuasive effect rather than the a genuine request for information
Augmented made greater
Conspiracy plot
imminent about to happen
emulation jealousy
mutiny rebellion
oration speech for a formal occasion
slanderous damaging to one’s reputation
covert hidden or secret
chastisement punishment; criticism

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