Julius Caesar Act IV & V

1. What did Antony, Octavius and Lepidus gather to discuss? They were deciding which Romans should live or die. They wanted to eliminate anyone who could cause them trouble.
2. To what does Antony compare Lepidus? He compares him to his own horse and calls him an animal to be trained and used.
3. What problem has developed between Cassius and Brutus? How is it resolved? Cassius was offended that Brutus did not seriously consider his letters on behalf of Lucius Pella. Brutus said Cassius should not have written on behalf of such a man and he goes on to accuse Cassius of accepting bribes himself. It is resolved (after a great deal of name-calling and threats to fight) by the end of their conversation. Brutus basically holds to his position and lets Cassius talk himself out.
4. What news did Messala bring Brutus? He brought news that Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have had a hundred Senators killed and that Portia also is dead.
5. For what reasons does Brutus want to lead his armies to Philippi? (a) They can gather fresh forces as they march to Philippi (b) That the enemy is increasing and his army is at a high point ready to decline, and (c) They are on a “tide” of “fortune” and should strike while they are on a good tide. (Note that it is ironic that Brutus’ decision to move early is the key to his defeat. If he had waited, the outcome may have been different.)
6. What message did Caesar’s ghost bring Brutus? He said he would see Brutus at Philippi.
1. Why did Pindarus stab Cassius? Cassius ordered Pindarus to kill Cassius after he believes Titanius has been captured by the enemy. (Note the irony that Titanius was in fact NOT captured; rather, he was being congratulated by his own side.)
2. What causes Titinius to say, “The sun of Rome is set!”? He learns of Cassius’ death.
3. Who do the soldiers believe they have captured in Scene IV? Who is it really? They believe they have captured Brutus, but they have actually captured Lucilius.
4. How does Brutus die? Brutus runs on his own sword. He recognizes defeat and refuses to give Antony the “honor” of killing him.
5. Why did Antony say Brutus was the “noblest Roman of them all”? All the other conspirators killed Caesar of envy or for personal gain. Brutus truly believed he was doing the right thing for his countrymen.

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