Julius Caesar Act 3, scene 2 questions

Why does Brutus tell Cassius to split the group and take half with him? both Brutus and Cassius will speak; to make the crowd more controllable
What does it show about the first and second plebeians that they decide to listen to both speakers and compare stories? they aren’t convinced that they can trust Brutus and Cassius
Why does Brutus repeat the word “honor” three times in the speech? He wants to be straight forward and has always insisted that he is “honest.”
What is the psychology behind Brutus’s statement, If then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer: not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more”? The use of hypothetical makes the assassination sound less real and makes and suggests that Brutus is a friend.
What assumption is Brutus making when he says, “Then none have I offended”? that everyone supports the assassination and has been persuaded by Brutus’s speech
Why does Brutus direct the commoners to a written summary of reasons for killing Caesar? to show that reasons exist and are on record in the Capitol
Why does Brutus say about Mark Antony, “Though he had no hand in [Caesar’s] death, [he] shall receive the benefit of his dying?” to let them know that Antony wasn’t one who “saved” Rome, but Antony, like the commoners, will escape Caesar’s oppression
Why does Brutus comment on the dagger? to show the commoners that he is willing to kill himself if necessary for his country
How does the crowd react to Brutus’s suggestion that he will take his own life? They want Brutus to live and take Caesar’s place.
Why does Brutus decide to leave Antony alone with the crowd and Caesar’s body? to keep the crowd from being distracted by his presence and because Brutus doesn’t see Antony as a threat
Why does Brutus tell the commoners that Antony speaks with his permission? to encourage them to listen to Antony
Why does Antony say, “For Brutus’s sake I am beholding to you”? to pay respect to Brutus and seem humble
Why does Antony say, “I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him,” in this eulogy (where a speaker usually praises the deceased)? it is dangerous for Antony to praise Caesar so Antony uses irony
Why does Antony say, “For Brutus is an honorable man”? to pretend to respect Brutus, though he is being ironic
Why/when does Antony repeat the phrase,”Brutus is an honorable man”? when he give an example when Brutus was ignoble
What two instances when Caesar was not ambitious does Antony cite? 1) Caesar fought for Rome and gave the money/rewards to Rome2) Caesar refused the crown three times
How do the plebeians react to Antony’s examples when Caesar was not ambitious? they agree that those examples show that Caesar was not ambitious
How does Antony’s speech shift direction? Antony mentions the will.
What is the effect of Antony using “if” sentence constructions such as, “if I were disposed to stir/Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage”? makes it sound like he really isn’t trying to incite emotion (same technique that Brutus used earlier)
What is the effect of not telling what is in Caesar’s will but only describing how the people will react? causes growing anticipation to know what is in the will
Why does Antony say twice that he will not read the will? further whets their appetites to hear the contents of the will
What does Antony first reveal about the will? it makes them heirs of Rome
How does the crowd react to Antony’s disclosure that they are heirs of Rome? they say that the conspirators are traitors/murderers and beg him to read the will
Why does Antony say, “I fear it” when commenting on the will? he fears that he has said too much and is pretending that he did not mean to tell the crowd about the will
How does the crow begin to reinterpret Antony’s use of the word “honorable”? they see the irony and no longer think the conspirators are honorable
Why does Antony have the crowd surround Caesar’s body as he prepares to read the will? so they see the dead man who wrote the words
Why does Antony come down off the podium to show the will to the crowd, and why does he tell them to “stand far off”? makes him seem like one of the commoners and strengthen his bond with them; so he can continue reading the will
What is the effect of Antony’s opening line, “If you have tears, prepare to shed them now”? it instructs them on how to react
What is the effect of showing Caesar’s mantle to the crowd? reminds them of the brutal murder and who did it
What is the effect of pointing out each stab wound and naming the person who did it? to remind the people that each of the conspirators is responsible for Caesar’s death
Why does Antony say, “well-beloved Brutus”? reminds the people of Brutus’s betrayal
Why does he call Brutus “Caesar’s angel”? because Caesar loved and trusted Brutus
Why is Brutus’s cut “the most unkindest cut of all”? because Caesar loved and trusted Brutus
What is the effect of Antony’s statement, “Then I and you and all of us fell down”? shows that the conspirators betrayed not only Caesar but also all Romans; makes the betrayal personal
Why does Antony use the word “treason”? to incite emotion
How does the crowd react when Antony calls the assassination “treason”? they praise Caesar and want to kill the conspirators
Why does Antony address the crowd as “good friends, sweet friends”? to show he is just like them and can be trusted
Why does Antony say, “I am no orator”? Antony pretends that isn’t a good speaker like Brutus is.
Why does Antony refer to Caesar’s wounds as “mouths”? to show that the wounds speak volumes
What is the effect of the following diction and syntax: For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth…to stir men’s blood”? repetition of “nor” makes Antony seem blameless; reinforces that he speaking the truth
Why does Antony start and end an important section of the speech with the word “mutiny”? to get the people to focus on mutiny and revolt
How does the crowd respond to Antony’s mention of “mutiny”? The crowd says they will revolt and burn Brutus’s house.
Why does Antony return the crowd’s attention again to Caesar’s will? remind them how much Caesar cared for them and to postpone revolt
What is the effect of listing what Caesar leaves to the people? makes the inheritance sound like a lot
What does Antony’s statement, “Now let it work. Mischief , thou art afoot, Take thou what course thou wilt” mean? let mutiny spread
How does Antony respond when he hears that Octavius has arrived in Rome? He is glad that Octavius is there and wants to meet with him immediately.

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