Humanities Chap.3

Athens’s Golden Age began and ended, respectively, with victory over the Persians and defeat by Sparta.
Why were the Athenian citizens endowed with so much leisure time? Slaves outnumbered Athenian citizens more than two to one.
The primary duty of women in Athenian society was to produce male offspring for their husbands’ households
Why does Pericles claim in his funeral speech that Athens is “the school of Hellas”? Athens taught all of Greece by its example
Doryphoros, or Spear Bearer was famous throughout the ancient world for its demonstration of the sculptor’s treatise on proportion.
Pericles commissioned the building of the Parthenon to Give thanks to Athena for Athens salvation in the Persian Wars.
The Parthenon’s 40-foot ivory-and-gold statue of Athena was intended to represent Athens’s political power
Socrates differed from the Sophists, most notably, in his emphasis on philosophical wisdom.
Socrates was brought to trial and condemned to death for subversive behavior, impiety, and the corruption of Athens’ youth.
Which of the following statements is true about Plato’s idealistic Republic? The arts would be banned.
Drama was originally associated with the cult of Dionysus.
A common theme of many Greek tragedies is conflict between an individual and the community.
Sophocles’s Antigone opposes her uncle, Creon, because she believes that burying her brother is her democratic right.
Praxiteles’s Aphrodite of Knidos maybe the first Greek sculpture to Represent a fully nude woman
Aristotle considered catharsis to be important to a tragedy because it instigated change in the audience
According to Aristotle, one might attain the “good life” by balancing action between extremes of behavior.
Hellenistic sculpture can be equated with Aristotle’s idea of catharsis because both aim to elicit the viewer’s emotional response
Roman culture traces its origins to the Greeks and the Etruscans.
Etruscan women seem to have had a status equal to men
According to the Etruscan founding myth, why was Rome named after Romulus, not his twin brother Remus? Romulus killed Remus and became Rome’s first king
In the sculpture Augustus of Primaporta, Cupid rides a dolphin at Augustus’s feet to show Augustus’s divine descent from Venus
In addressing what he considered to be a crisis of the demise of family life in Rome, Augustus did all of the following EXCEPT criminalize slavery
The Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace) preeminently celebrates (its not Augustus’s coronation) ( it’s not victory over Carthage)
Virgil composed the Aeneid to provide Rome and Augustus with a suitably grand founding myth.
In Virgil’s Aeneid, why must Aeneas leave Dido, causing her to commit suicide? He owes a duty to the gods to continue on his journey.
Augustus permanently banished the poet Ovid from Rome for writing Ars Amatoria, a guidebook for having affairs.
The Colosseum’s vaulted arches rely on the Roman perfection of concrete.
The Arch of Titus was constructed to commemorate Titus sack of the Second Temple of Jerusalem
Who reveals the truth to Theseus and tells Hippolytus that she will retaliate by punishing the next mortal whom Aphrodite loves? Artemis
Who hangs herself and leaves a note accusing Hippolytus of sexually assaulting her? Phadera
Who announced that she intends to punish Hippolytus for refusing to worship her? Aphrodite
Who killed Hippolytus through a curse from the god Poseidon? Theseus
Who sings a triumphant dirge over a murdered corps? Clytemnestra
Who was taken as war prize following the sack of Troy? Cassandra
What is the title of the list of things accomplished by the divine Augustus? Res Gestae
Which of the following was made entirely of Luna or Carrara marble? Ara Pacis Augustae
Which of the following had a statue of Cleopatra as the Egyptian goddess Isis inside? Temple of Venus Genetrix
Which of the following had inside the cult statues of Mars, Venus, and the divinized Julius Caesar? Temple of Mars Ultor
Which of the following had columns that were replaced by figures of maidens. Forum of Augustus
The shrine of Janus blank kinda of doors (what did they mean if open and if closed) had double doors that when closed, it signaled that peace reigned throughout the Empire.

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