HUM2210 Western Humanities:Ancient to Renaissance; Chapter 5 Quiz

Why were the Greeks faced with rebuilding Athens after 479 BCE? The Persians had destroyed it
What events began and ended Athens’ Golden Age? Victory over the Persians, defeat by Sparta
Why did the Athenians turn first to rebuilding the agora following the Persian War? They needed a place to practice politics
Why were the Athenian citizens endowed with so much leisure time? Slaves outnumbered Athenian citizens more than two to one
What was the primary duty of women in Athenian society? To produce male offspring for their husbands’ households
Why in part did Sparta form its own Peloponnesian League? Athens’ use of Delian Fund leagues to rebuild its acropolis
Why does Pericles claim in his funeral speech that Athens is “the school of Hellas”? Athens taught all of Greece by its example
Why did fifth-century Greeks not see themselves as at the mercy of the gods? They believed natural forces were knowable, not punishment from a god
How does the Kritios Boy define classical beauty? He shows a lively posture and a sense of action
Why was Doryphoros, or Spear Bearer, famous throughout the ancient world? It demonstrated Polyclitus’s treatise on proportion
Why was entasis, each column swelling about a third of the way up, employed in the Parthenon? To fool the eye against them appearing narrower as they rise
Why today does the Parthenon lie mostly in ruins? In 1687 the Venetians exploded gunpowder the Turks had stored in it
How did Socrates’ view of the good, true, and just disagree with that of the Sophists? The meaning of these things was not relative
Why was Socrates brought to trail and condemned to death? Subversive behavior, impiety and corruption of Athens’ youth
Why was Socrates not a staunch defender of democracy? He believed that most people were incapable of exercising good government
Which of the following statements would be true about Plato’s idealistic Republic? The arts would have been banned
With which cult was drama originally associated? The cult of Dionysus
What is the central subject of most Greek tragedies? Conflict between individual and his or her community
Why does Sophocles’ Antigone oppose her uncle, Creon? She believes that burying her brother is her democratic right
What qualities define Hellenistic art? Animation, drama, and psychological complexity
Why was Praxiteles’ Aphrodite of Knidos such a sensation? She may be the first fully nude female in Greek sculpture
According to Aristotle, how could a person come to know universal truths? By observing the material world itself in which reality exists
Why did Aristotle consider catharsis to be so important to a tragedy? It instigated change in the audience
According to Aristotle, how might one attain the “good life”? Balancing action between extremes of behavior
Why can Hellenistic sculpture be equated with Aristotle’s idea of catharsis? Both aim to elicit viewer emotional response
Why can it be claimed in the chapter’s “Continuity and Change” section that even though Rome conquered Greece in 146 BCE, Greece “ruled” Rome culturally? The Romans greatly admired and even copied Greek art

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