IV – What is the following an example of:Death lies on her like an untimely frost upon the sweetest flower of all the field Simile
I – Who wants to marry Juliet? Paris
I – Who is Romeo in love with at the beginning of the play? Rosaline
I – What is Benvolio’s advice when it comes to Rosaline? Go Find Another Woman
I – Who teases Romeo about dreams? Mercutio
I – What does Mercuito think about dreams? He says that you should not believe in them – They are false
I – Who is related to the Prince? Mercutio and Paris
I – What fictional fairy does Mercutio refer to when he talks about not believing in dreams? Queen Mab
II – What does Romeo say is envious or jealous of Juliet? Moon
II – Who knows about the new love affair between Romeo and Juliet? Friar Lawrence and the Nurse
II – What does Romeo ask Friar Laurence to do? Marry he and Juliet
II – What nickname is given to Tybalt? Prince of Cats
III – How does Mercutio “keep in character” as he lies dying? He makes jokes/Makes fun of Tybalt
III – How does Juliet respond to her mother’s announcement of the upcoming marriage to Paris? She does not want to marry Paris
III – Who does Juliet turn to for guidance at the end of ACT III? Friar Lawrence
III – How does the Prince say that he has been personally affected by the families fighting? He lost Mercutio
IV – After Juliet consents to marry Paris, what is the next thing that she needs to do? Be in her room alone
Why does Juliet become furious with the nurse? She says that Juliet should marry Paris
III – What is Romeo going to do while Friar Lawrence smoothes things over for Romeo? Hide in Mantua
III – Who is the most optimistic person in the play? Friar Lawrence
III – What does Romeo say has more rights than he does now that he is banished? Insects, Mouse, Dog, Cat, Flies
III – Which day was Paris originally going to marry Juliet? Thursday
IV – Who changed the wedding day to Wednesday? Lord Capulet
III – In the beginning of ACT III, why does Romeo refuse to fight with Tybalt? He is now family
III – Who killed Tybalt? Romeo
IV – Who finds Juliet “dead”? Nurse
IV – When Juliet is preparing to drink the potion she drives herself to hallucinate what? Tybalt’s ghost attacking Romeo
III – What does Lord Capulet threaten to do to Juliet if she doesnt follow the plan of marrying Paris? Disown Juliet
II – What is the subject of Tybalt’s letter to Romeo? Challange Romeo to a Duel
I – The bird analogy that Benvolio uses to describe Rosaline and other women is? Swan to a Crow
II – What piece of information does the Nurse inadvertently give to Romeo? Count Paris want to marry Juliet
II – What is the Friar collecting that can be positive and negative? Flowers
II – Who continues to heed the warning that the couple should “slow down”? Friar Lawrence
** – What is the setting of Romeo and Juliet? Verona, Italy – 14th Century
I – Who is the young man who asks Capulet’s permission to woo Juliet? Paris
I – Which family employs Sampson and Gregory? Capulets
I – Why does Capulet’s servant complain about his errand to invite guests to the party? He can’t read
I – At the party, who does Romeo ask and get confirmation of Juliet’s identity? Nurse
I – How does Tybalt identify Romeo at the party? His voice
** – What was the name of the rebirth or renewed interest in the arts, commerce, science and philosophy throughout Europe? (Hint: It is also known as the “flowering of intellectual activity.”) The Renaissance
Who says:I do apprehend thee. Obey, and go with me; for thou must die. Paris
Who says:For all this same, I’ll hide me hereabout. His looks I fear, and his intents I doubt. Balthasar
Who says:Thou detestable maw, thou tomb of death, gorged with the dearest morsel of the earth, thus I enforce thy rotten jaws to open, and in despite I’ll cram thee with more food. Romeo
Who says:O, I am slain! If though be merciful, Open the tomb, lay me with Juliet. Paris
Who says:O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust and let me die. Juliet
IV – Who says:Thy face is mine, and thou hast slandered it. Paris
IV – Who says:I’ll send a friar with speed to Mantua, with my letters to thy lord. Friar Laurence
IV – Who says:My heart is wondrous light, since this same wayward girl is so reclaimed. Lord Capulet
IV – Who says:The heavens do lower upon you for some ill; Move them no more by crossing their high will Friar Laurence
Who says:Alas, my liege, my wife is dead tonight! Grief of my son’s exile hath stopped her breath. Lord Montague
IV – Who says:O son, the night before thy wedding day hath death lain with thy wife. See, there she lies, flower as she was, deflowered by him. Death is my son-in-law, Death is my heir; my daughter he hath wedded. I will die and leave him all. Life, living, all is Death’s. Lord Capulet
IV – Who says:Give me, give me! O, tell me not of fear! Juliet
IV – Who says: I will confess to you that I love him. Juliet
Who says:Here’s to my love! O true apothecary! Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss I die. Romeo
Who says:Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew. Paris
Who says:Death, that hath sucked the honey of thy breath, Hath had no power yet upon thy beauty. Thou art not conquered. Beauty’s ensign yet is crimson in thy lips and in thy cheeks, and death’s pale flag is not advanced there. Romeo
Who says:All this I know, and to the marriage her nurse is privy; and if aught in this miscarried by my fault, let my old life be sacrificed, some hour before his time, unto the rigor of the severest law. Friar Laurence
Who says:By my brotherhood, the letter was not nice, but full of charge, of dear import, and the neglecting it may do much danger. Friar Laurence
Who says: Such mortal drugs I have; but Mantua’s law is death to any he that utters them. Apothecary
Who says:Then I defy you, stars! Romeo
Who says:There is thy gold—worse poison to men’s souls, doing more murder in this loathsome world, than these poor compounds that thou mayst not sell. I sell thee poison; thou has sold me none. Romeo
IV – Who says:Farewell! God knows when we shall meet again. Juliet
IV – Who says:What if this mixture do not work at all? Shall I be married then tomorrow morning? Juliet
Who says:Put this in any liquid thing you will and drink it off, and if you had the strength of twenty men, it would dispatch you straight. Apothecary
Who says:Come cordial and not poison, go with me to Juliet’s grave; for there must I use thee. Romeo
IV – Who says:O’ look! Methinks I see my cousin’s ghost seeking out Romeo, that did spit his body upon a rapier’s point. Stay, Tybalt, stay! Romeo, I come! This do I drink to thee. Juliet
IV – Who says:I’ll not to bed tonight; let me alone. I’ll play the housewife for this once Lord Capulet
** – When a line has 10 syllables, this is an example of what? Iambic Pentameter
** – When two words are used in contrast to each other to convey a particular meaning, we see an example of what? Oxymoron
** – When a recurring theme or image is used, we see an example of what? Motif
** – When two characters’ personalities are complete opposites to further enhance character development, we see an example of what? Foil
** – When human characteristics are given to inanimate objects, we see an example of? Personification
** – A 14 line poem with the rhyme scheme of abab, cdcd, efef, gg, is what kind of poem? Sonnet
** – When a character is completely alone on stage expressing his/her thoughts and emotions, we see an example of? Soliloquy
** – A pair of rhymed lines is an example of what? Couplet
** – When one work of literature is referenced in another work, we see an example of what? Allusion
** – When a character speaks in an undertone so only the audience can hear, we see an example of what? Aside
** – How many lines does a sonnet have? 14
** – When a character gives a long uninterrupted speech when other characters are present, we see an example of what? Monologue
** – When comparing two unlike things using “like” or “as” is an example of what? Simile
** – When comparing two unlike things without the use of “like” or “as” as well as lengthier than a sentence? Extended Metaphor
** – What kind of irony is used when the audience knows something a character does not? Dramatic Irony
** – When the audience experiences great anxiety or stress and the scene switches to something humorous to relieve this intensity, we see an example of what? Comic Relief
II – Whose hands does Romeo leave his fate in when he agrees to go to the party? God’s
II – Who claims to be the “drudge and toil” in Juliet’s delight? Nurse
II – What is the following an example of:Dido a dowdy, Cleopatra a gypsy, Helen a hero hildings and harlots? Allusion
II – What excuse does Juliet use to sneak away and marry Romeo? Confession
The character who says, “What drawn, and talk of peace! I hate the word as I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee.” Tybalt
A play in which the main character suffers a downfall Tragedy
A young count and relative of the Prince; Capulet orders Juliet ot marry him or to leave the household; Romeo is forced to kill him at the Capulet tomb. Paris
Servant of the Capulets; he and Gregory inadvertently renew the feud Samson
A character who provides a contrast of another character. Tybalt is one to Romeo Foil
“Dove-feathered raven” is an example of this Oxymoron
The character who says, “Saw you Romeo today? Right glad I am he was not at this fray.” Lady Montague
A character’s personality trait that leads to his or her downfall Tragic flaw
The character who says, “O, She doth teach the torches to burn bright!” Romeo
The character who says, “In one respect I’ll thy assistant be; for this alliance may so happy prove to turn your households’ rancor to pure love.” Friar Lawrence
A speech made by a character who is alone on stage Soliloquy
Friar Lawrence’s Messeenger could not deliver the messege to romeo because the messenger was in this Quarentine
Romeo’s Servant who brings to him the news of Juliet’s (seeming) death Balthezar
Nephew of Lord Montague and good friends with Romeo. He attempts to stop the renewal of the feud. His name means good will. Benvolio
Adjective used in the prologue to described the ill-fated Romeo and Juliet. Star-crossed
Lord Capulet moves the wedding between Juliet and Paris to this day thereby affecting Juliet’s plan Wednesday
Mercutio makes a pun of this word as he dies Grave
Young girl Romeo believes he loves before he meets Juliet Rosaline
Juliet’s advisor; old woman who has cared for Juliet since her birth. Nurse
The character who says, “Good pilgrim you do wrong your hands too much.” Juliet
“That which we call a _____/by any other name would smell as sweet” Rose
Lady Montague dies of this Grief
The character who says, “Hang, beg, starve, die in the streets!” Lord Capulet
Town to which Romeo flees to avoid the death penalty Mantua
Romeo uses this to kill himself Poison
Queen of the fairies described at length by Mercutio Mab
Type of pet that Juliet wishes she could make romeo and thus keep him near her at all times bird
A person who makes and sells medicine and drugs; Romeo obtained a vial of poison from such a person Apothecary
Juliet asks the Nurse to give this to Romeo after he has killed Tybalt Ring
The character who says, “Two households, both alike in dignity, in fair verona where we lay our scene, from ancient grudge break to new mutiny, where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.” Chorus
A disconnect between what a character believes to be true and what the audience knows to be true. Dramatic irony
This occurs when the speaker means something different than what he or she syas; sarcasm is one kind. Verbal irony
The prince substitued this punishment for that of Romeo’s death, provided Romeo was not caught in Verona; term for being exiled from one’s home country; banishment
When lord capulet sees juliet in her death-like sleep, he says that Paris will not be her groom because Juliet has married_______ Death
The character who says, “See what a scourge is laid upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love. And I, for winking at your discords too, have lost a brace of kinsmen. All are punished.” Prince Escelus
Songbird; bird that sings at break of day; when Romeo is preparing to leave for exile, he and Juliet debate whether the bird they hear is this type or a nightingale. Lark
The character who says. “A scratch, a scratch. Marry, ’tis enough.” Mercutio
City in northeastern italy; primary setting of the play. Verona
Name of the friar who was unable to deliver Friar Lawrence’s message to romeo Friar John
Romeo protagonist of the play. He is a “star-crossed” lover, whose love for Juliet is tragic. He drinks poison and dies because he thinks Juliet is dead (WSS:Tony)
Prince Escalus Prince of Verona. He wants to stop the feud between the Montagues and Capulets. He banishes Romeo for Tybalt’s death. His relatives, Count Paris and Mercutio, die as a result of the feud.(WSS:Detective Shrank)
Mercutio a relative of the Prince and friend of Romeo. Nurse thinks he is a rude boy. Before he is killed by Tybalt while defending Romeo, he curses both families. (WSS:Riff)
Count Paris a noble gentleman that wants to marry Juliet. He is a relative of the Prince. Before she meets Romeo, Juliet agrees to get to know him. He is killed by Romeo in the vault at the end of the play (WSS:Chino)
Benvolio Romeo’s cousin and friend. He tries to stop the fighting in the play. He tells the Prince how Mercutio and Tybalt were slain. Later he tells the Prince what led to Romeo’s death.
Juliet Lord Capulet’s 13-year-old daughter and Romeo’s wife. She defies her parents. She is a “star-crossed lover” that kills herself with a knife when she finds Romeo dead of poison. (WSS:Maria)
Nurse Juliet’s confidante and messenger. She is a loyal but strange-looking person. At first she speaks well of Romeo then tells Juliet to marry Paris.
Friar Laurence a priest and and plant expert that agrees to marry Juliet and Romeo so their families’ feud will end. He devises a plan so the lovers can be together, but the plan doesn’t work
Themes of Romeo and Juliet tragedy, conflict, marriage, love
balcony n. an area with a wall or bars around it that is joined to the outside wall of a building on an upper levelThis scene is one of the most famous scenes of all plays.
apothecary one who prepares and sells drugs for medicinal purposes. Like a modern drugstore pharmacistIn the story, he sells Romeo the poison because he needs the money
foreshadowing hints or clues in the story that show how the story will end.
Metaphor Comparison stated without “like” or “as”ex:when Romeo says Juliet is the sunex: “[The light] is the east and Juliet is the sun.”
Personification giving human characteristics to nonhuman subjectsex: The giant wave angrily swallowed the small ship.ex: The morning smiles on the frowning night.
alliteration repetition of beginning sound in poetryex: Broncos Beat the Bearsex: Tears for Tybaltex: Monstrous Murder
Rosaline the girl Romeo is in “love” with at the beginning of the play
illiterate a person that can’t read or write. Romeo finds out about the party from a Capulet servant that can’t read.
plague any epidemic disease with a high death rate. This was a problem during Shakespeare’s time. The Friar’s letter does not reach Romeo in time because the person delivering it gets quarantined because of this disease.
vault a room where the bodies of people from the same family are put after their death
To which city does Romeo go after being exiled from Verona Mantua
Why is Romeo exiled For killing Tybalt
Who performs Romeo and Juliet’s marriage Friar Lawrence
Where do Romeo and Juliet meet At Capulet’s feast
Who kills Mercutio Tybalt
Who discovers Juliet after she takes Friar Lawrence’s potion Nurse
How and where does Romeo commit suicide With poison in Juliet’s tomb
Why is Friar John unable to deliver Friar Lawrence’s message to Romeo in Mantua He is held inside a quarantined house, and is unable to leave
Why does the Apothecary agree to sell Romeo poison He is poor, and needs the money
With whom is Romeo madly in love for the first two scenes of the play Rosaline
Why does Tybalt first challenge Romeo to a duel He is offended that Romeo shows up at the Capulet ball
When Paris states his interest in marrying Juliet, Juliet’s father Tells Paris that Juliet is still too young to marry
After killing Tybalt, Romeo flees to Friar Lawrence’s cell
When Juliet objects to marrying Paris, her parents are angry
When Romeo hears that Juliet is dead, he immediately decides to kill himself
Why does Paris attack Romeo at the tomb He thinks Romeo is planning some villainy
How does the Prince react to the tensions between the Capulets and the Montagues He insists that both must end their hostilities
Romeo goes to the Apothecary to Buy poison to kill himself
At the beginning of the play, Romeo’s parents are worried about him because he Seems unaccountably sad and gloomy
What will happen if Juliet refuses to marry Paris Juliet’s father will disown her
Which is the only thing that might be considered a “good” result of this tragedy The end of the family feud
is Juliet a Montague or a Capulet? Capulet
is Romeo a Montague or a Capulet? Montague
who is Romeo in love with at the beginning of the play? Rosaline
how old is Romeo? 16-18 years old.
why does Benvolio want Romeo to go to Capulet’s dinner party? Benvolio is worried about Romeo because of Rosaline who doesn’t love Romeo, wants Romeo to go because he wants Romeo to meet new girls
How old is Juliet at the beginning of the play? when is her birthday? about 13 years old. birthday August 1st.
how does Mercutio die? Mercutio is defending Romeo against Tybalt. Romeo tries to break up the fight, but Tybalt manages to stab Mercutio underneath Romeo’s arm, wounding him so badly he dies from it soon after.
how does Tybalt die? after Tybalt kills Mercutio, Romeo avenges his friend by sword fighting Tybalt and killing him.
why is Romeo banished, and where does he go? Romeo is banished from Verona for killing Tybalt, so he hides out in Friar Lawrence’s office before finally fleeing to Mantua
how does Paris die? Romeo kills him because Paris challenges him after catching him in Verona after he was exiled.
how does Lady Monague die? (Romeo’s mom) “from grief” as her husband says, because her son Romeo was exiled from Verona.
how does Romeo die? because of the potion Friar Lawrence gave Juliet, she appears to be dead. Romeo thinks she actually IS dead since he did not know what was going on, having been exiled. rather than live without his love, he drinks a poison he bought from a poor Apothecary in Mantua. The poison kills him instantly
how does Juliet die? after 42 hours, the potion finally wears off. she wakes to find Romeo dead, so she stabs herself with his sword. Romeo and Juliet both commit suicide.
who are Sampson and Gregory? two foolish Capulet servants who are responsible for the opening fight.
who is “the Nurse”? Juliet’s wet nurse; the Nurse breastfed her and is practically Juliet’s mother because her real mother doesn’t pay much attention to her.
who is Mercutio? the Prince’s relative and one of Romeo’s best friends. one of the most extraordinary characters in all of Shakespeare, he overflows with imagination, wit, and a love for a sexually twisting wordplay. he doesn’t believe in love, and wants to convince Romeo to view love as a simple matter of sexual appetite.
who is Peter? another Capulet servant; he cannot read and is a horrible singer. he laughs at the nurse when Mercutio is making fun of her
who is Balthasar? Romeo’s faithful servant in Mantua. he is the one who unknowingly brings Romeo the news of Juliet’s supposed death.
who is Friar Lawrence? close friend of both Romeo and Juliet, he agrees to marry them in secret. an expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions and herbs, he gives Juliet a potion that will make her appear dead so that she can escape her life to be with Romeo.
who is Abraham? a Montague servant, who fights with Sampson and Gregory in the 1st fight in the play
who is Tybalt? a Capulet and Juliet’s cousin. he is vain, aggressive, and hot tempered. he lives to fight the Montagues, and dies fighting Romeo.
who is Paris? Prince Escalus’s noble relative. he is promised Juliet’s hand in marriage. after he is promised Juliet, he acts very presumptuous toward her, as if they are already married
who is Prince Escalus? the prince of Verona. he exiles Romeo, and is the seat of political power in Verona. he repeatedly warns the Capulets and Montagues that if they keep fighting, they will be severely punished
who said, “and too soon marred are those so early made…my will to her consent is but a part. and she agreed within her scope of choice, lies my consent and fair according voice.” ? Capulet (Juliet’s dad)
who said, “nay, i am the very pink of courtesy…come between us, good Benvolio. my wit faints.” ? Mercutio(“the pink” = pink flower, suggesting female sexual organs aka vagina…remember Mercutio likes sexual wordplay)
who said, “nay, if our wits run the wild-goose chase, i am done, for thou hast more of the wild-goose in one of thy wits than, i am sure, i have in my whole five. was i with you there for the goose?” ? Mercutio
who said, “thou wast never with me for anything when thou wast not there for the goose…nay, good goose, bite not.” ? Romeo
Who is Friar John messenger who could not get message to romeo because he was stuck in a sick man’s home.
What danger does Romeo risk in entering the Capulet’s Orchard? If he gets caught, he will be killed.
Before parting after the balcony scene, what decision do Romeo and Juliet make? They promise to get married
Why does Tybalt send a letter to Romeo tybalt wants to challenge romeo to a dual (sword fight) because he came to the Capulet’s party
In the balcony scene, Romeo compares Juliet to the…. sun
What does Juliet mean when she says “Wherefore art thou Romeo?” Why are you called “Romeo”? any other name would be just as nice
Why does Capulet move up the date of Juliet’s marriage to Paris He wants to bring joy to the sad time, curing Juliet of her sadness over the death of Tybalt, and strengthen his political ties with the Prince, whose kinsman is Paris.
Is Paris aware of Juliet’s true feelings for him? No, he loves her very much and believes she is merely shy and respectful
What fears does Juliet have before taking the potion? that it won’t work and she’ll die, or she’ll wake up alone with the dead bodies in the tomb
Why does Mercutio fight with Tybalt? He knows that Tybalt is planning to fight Romeo and he wants to stick up for Romeo
After Romeo is banished, what is the nurses advice to Juliet? Marry Paris, he is a good match
When Paris sees Romeo in the graveyard, what does he assume? That Romeo is there to vandalize the tomb
How does Montegue plan to honor Juliet? build a golden statue
Prologue Arguably Shakespeare’s most famous play with the complete title of ‘The Most Excellent and Lamentable Tragedy of…’ begins with a Prologue which establishes that this play will be a tragedy and that the children of two feuding families, Romeo of the Montague family and Juliet of the Capulet family, will both love and die in the course of this play…
Act I Sampson and Gregory, servants to the Capulets and Abraham and Balthasar, servants to the Montague family start a street fight, which is joined by Benvolio (Montague) and Tybalt (Capulet). Escalus, the Prince of Verona who angrily learns of this fight, declares a death penalty for further feuding between the two families. Romeo we learn is lovesick; Rosaline, the object of his affections will not requite (return) his love. His friend Benvolio tells Romeo to look at other girls… Meanwhile Capulet is keen for Paris to marry his daughter Juliet and plans a party to be held later that night. Romeo and friends decide to turn up uninvited, Romeo hoping to see Rosaline, whom he still pines for…Lady Capulet discusses the idea of marriage to Paris with Juliet. Juliet keeps her options open. The Nurse wishes Juliet every possible happiness…Meanwhile Mercutio attempts to cheer a lovesick Romeo up, telling him to be rough with love if need be. At the Capulet’s party, Romeo who is disguised by a masque (mask), falls in love with Juliet on sight. Capulet stops Tybalt from attacking Romeo at his party, telling him there will be other opportunities. Both Romeo and Juliet learn that they are each enemies of the other’s family…
Act II Ignoring the danger, Romeo scales the Capulet’s wall to be near Juliet, the woman he cannot forget… Unnoticed in Juliet’s orchard, Romeo learns of Juliet’s love for him. After declaring their feelings for each other, the two decide to marry. Juliet will send Romeo a messenger in the morning to make plans for their wedding…The very next day, we meet Romeo’s friend, Friar Laurence. He wonders how Romeo can forget Rosaline so quickly but agrees to marry the two since he hopes this marriage it will end the long running Montague / Capulet feud…Romeo catches up with his friends Mercutio and Benvolio. Juliet’s messenger, the Nurse, arrives and the wedding is set for later that day. The Nurse brings Romeo “cords” or ropes which will allow Romeo to climb into Juliet’s bedchamber as her husband later that night… ends with Romeo and Juliet’s marriage.
Act III Benvolio and Mercutio (both Montagues) meet Tybalt (Capulet). Tybalt attempts to provoke Romeo into fighting. Mercutio fights Tybalt and is killed. Romeo then kills Tybalt. Escalus, the Prince of Verona banishes Romeo from Verona threatening death should he ever return. Juliet learns of Romeo killing Tybalt and despite being torn between her loyalty for her family and Romeo, mourns her husband Romeo’s banishment. Romeo learns of the banishment order, realizing he will not be able to see Juliet again. Friar Laurence suggests Romeo go to Juliet’s bed chamber to comfort his wife… Capulet, who does not know of Romeo and Juliet’s marriage, decides that the marriage of Juliet to Paris must now proceed, bidding his wife to make Juliet aware of Paris’ love for her. The day of the marriage has been decided; it will be Thursday. We learn that Romeo has spent the night with his Juliet. Juliet who is now already secretly married to Romeo, learns that she is to marry Paris. She tries to fight her father’s wishes, failing to dissuade him. Juliet decides to commit suicide if all else fails…
Act IV Paris reveals that the wedding will occur on Thursday. Juliet is cold to Paris. Friar Laurence tells Juliet to take a potion simulating death, allowing Romeo to take her away, unopposed to Mantua since everyone will think she is dead at the Capulet’s ancient vault or burial ground. Capulet makes plans for Juliet’s wedding. Juliet, who has decided to drink Friar Laurence’s potion, no longer opposes the wedding, delighting Capulet. Hearing this good news, Capulet, who is keen to have Juliet marry Paris decides to move the wedding forward. It will now be on Wednesday morning, not Thursday as previously planned…Juliet succeeds in sleeping alone which allows her to take the potion in privacy. Juliet worries about the Friar’s intentions before the potion takes effect and she falls asleep…Lady Capulet and the Nurse are busy making preparations for the wedding. It is 3 o’clock in the morning and now Capulet hearing music announcing Paris’ arrival, tells the Nurse to wake Juliet. The Capulet’s learn that their daughter Juliet is dead. The wedding preparations are changed to those of a funeral.
Act V In Mantua, Romeo learns of Juliet’s death, deciding to risk his own life by returning to Verona at once to see Juliet one last time. Romeo also buys some poison from a local Apothecary. Friar John explains to Friar Laurence that his letter informing Romeo that Juliet is not dead, did not reach Romeo. Friar Laurence tries again to inform Romeo of his plan and heads off to the Capulet burial chamber where Juliet will soon awaken. Paris mourns his bride that never was. Romeo arrives, opening Juliet’s coffin to look at his love one last time. Paris fights Romeo whom he believes is desecrating Juliet’s grave. Paris dies, Romeo placing him beside Juliet. Romeo takes his poison, kisses Juliet and dies. Friar Laurence arrives too late. Juliet, now awakens, asking for her Romeo. Friar Laurence leaves, leaving Juliet alone. Juliet kisses Romeo and stabs herself, dying. The Prince, Capulets, and Montagues arrive, Balthasar and Friar Laurence explaining all. Escalus scolds the two families who finally end their feud. The play ends with the Prince summarizing this tragic love story.
pun a humorous play on words…Mercutio’s in Act III, when he realizes he has been fatally wounded: “…ask for me to-morrow, and you shall find me a grave man.” Grave meaning “serious”, but in this case, dead.
personification A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes…Juliet: “Arise, fair sun and kill the envious moon”
metaphor a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity…Romeo compares Juliet to the sun (Act II Scene II) “But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks?It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.”
simile a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)…Romeo uses a this in Act I, Scene 4 when he is talking to Mercutio. He compares love to a thorn. He says”Is love a tender thing? it is too rough, Too rude, too boisterous, and it pricks like thorn…”
aside a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage…Romeo uses this as he is listening to Juliet’s soliloquy in Act 2, Scene 2. Inline 27, he says, “She speaks.” He is not talking to Juliet, the only other person on stage. Only the audience is intended to hear this line.
monologue a (usually long) dramatic speech by a single actor
flat characters minor characters that are not very deep and do not undergo any substantial change or growth…The nurse can be considered a this kind of character. Her purpose in the play is to help Romeo and Juliet get married. She is Juliet’s closest confidant, and she meets with Romeo on her behalf to arrange the marriage time and place. But she is more comic relief than a fleshed-out character. Another character of this type is Benvolio. He is the same throughout the entire play, solid, temperate, and loyal. The irony is that others accuse him of being hot-tempered and wild, when they are the hot-tempered ones. This is a classic Shakespearean character type casting…
round characters complex characters, often major characters, who can grow and change…Romeo, Juliet…
verse a piece of poetry…Friar Laurence (counseling Romeo just before marrying him to Juliet): These violent delights have violent ends// And in their triumph die, like fire and powder Which as they kiss consume.// The sweetest honey Is loathsome in his own deliciousness,// And in the taste confounds the appetite.// Therefore love moderately. Long love doth so.// Too swift arrives as tardy too slow. (2.6.9-15)
blank verse unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)…This is verse that is made up of lines that are ten syllables (or five “feet”) long, with the syllables alternating between unaccented and accented. A famous example is Romeo’s speech from Act II, Scene 2: “But, soft, what light through yon-der win-dow breaks?/It is the east, and Juliet is the sun./A-rise, fair sun, and kill the en-vious moon,/Who is already sick and pale with grief/That thou her maid art far more fair than she.
prose ordinary speech or writing without rhyme or meter; referring to speech or writing other than verse… in Act III Scene I, Mercutio speaks in this fashion when he challenges Tybalt and when he is stabbed: “Tybalt, you rat-catcher, will you walk?” “Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man.”
iambic pentameter a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable…The pattern most favored by Shakespeare is iambic pentameter. Iambic pentameter is defined as a ten-syllable line with the accent on every other syllable, beginning with the second one. The rhythm of this pattern of speech is often compared to a beating heart. Examine Benvolio’s final line and count the syllables it contains:”Or manage it to part these men with me.”Replace the words with syllabic count:1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10Replace the words with a ‘da’ sound to hear the heart beat:da-DA da-DA da-DA da-DA da-DANow put the emphasis on the words themselves:Or-MAN age-IT to-PART these-MEN with-ME
What is fate in Romeo and Juliet? The audience knows from beginning that the lovers are doomed. As much as they may try to thwart fate, their destinies are predetermined.
Discuss the use of light versus dark in the play. At the beginning of the play, Romeo is alone and depressed. His father says that his personal darkness is like “adding clouds to more clouds” (1.1.129). But later, his depression lifts when Romeo compares Juliet’s beauty to light, the ethereal quality that defines her: “But soft! What light from yonder window breaks? It is the east and Juliet is the sun” (2.2.2-3).
Tybalt A Capulet, Juliet’s cousin on her mother’s side. Vain, fashionable, supremely aware of courtesy and the lack of it, he becomes aggressive, violent, and quick to draw his sword when he feels his pride has been injured. Once drawn, his sword is something to be feared. He loathes Montagues.
Lord Montague Romeo’s father, the patriarch of the Montague clan and bitter enemy of Capulet. At the beginning of the play, he is chiefly concerned about Romeo’s melancholy.
Lady Montague Romeo’s mother, Montague’s wife. She dies of grief after Romeo is exiled from Verona.
Lord Capulet The patriarch of the Capulet family, father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet, and enemy, for unexplained reasons, of Montague.
Lady Capulet Juliet’s mother, Capulet’s wife. A woman who herself married young (by her own estimation she gave birth to Juliet at close to the age of fourteen), she is eager to see her daughter marry Paris. She is an ineffectual mother, relying on the Nurse for moral and pragmatic support.
Paris A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. Once Capulet has promised him he can marry Juliet, he behaves very presumptuous toward, acting as if they are already married.
Friar John A Franciscan friar charged by Friar Lawrence with taking the news of Juliet’s false death to Romeo in Mantua. Friar John is held up in a quarantined house, and the message never reaches Romeo.
Balthasar Romeo’s dedicated servant, who brings Romeo the news of Juliet’s death, unaware that her death is a ruse.
Sampson & Gregory Two servants of the house of Capulet, who, like their master, hate the Montagues. At the outset of the play, they successfully provoke some Montague men into a fight.
Abram Montague’s servant, who fights with Sampson and Gregory in the first scene of the play.
The Apothecary An apothecary in Mantua. Had he been wealthier, he might have been able to afford to value his morals more than money, and refused to sell poison to Romeo.
Peter A Capulet servant who invites guests to Capulet’s feast and escorts the Nurse to meet with Romeo.
The character who plays the role of foil to Tybalt is Benvolio
The Prince warns the Montagues and Capulets that the punishment for more fighting is death
Tybalt can best be described as quick tempered
To his father, Romeo seems to be moody and depressed
Lord Capulet wants his daughter Juliet to marry Paris
Romeo plans to attend the Capulets’ feast to see Rosaline
Romeo’s biggest problem appears to be that he falls in love too easily
When Juliet sees Romeo, she falls in love with him
To profane a religious shrine is to show disrespect
When Benvolio says, “Blind is his love and best befits the dark,” he is referring to an infatuated Romeo
“there lies more peril in thine eye Than twenty of their swords!” is an example of what literary device? hyperbole
Romeo asks Friar Lawrence to perform a marriage
Tybalt’s rancor toward the Montagues was well known; he had bitter resentment toward them
On the street, Tybalt calls Romeo a villain
Romeo’s reaction to Tybalt’s insults is to tell Tybalt that he loves him
When Tybalt draws his sword and Romeo moves to stop him, the result is that Mercutio is struck and dies
What literacy device is used is used in the following: “Beautiful tyrant!” “fiend angelica!” “Dove-feathered raven” “wolvish ravening lamb!”? oxymorons
When Juliet discovers that Tybalt is dead and Romeo is banished, her mood is sorrowful
At the end of Act 3, Scene 5, the Nurse advises Juliet to accept Paris as her husband
Capulet arranges with Paris for a marriage to Juliet
Juliet wants to die when she learns about her upcoming marriage to Paris
When Juliet says, “I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins/That almost freezes up the heat of life,” she is afraid
Juliet’s body is discovered by the Nurse
Capulet says, “Death is my son-in-law,” which is an example of personification
Romeo’s reaction to Balthasar’s news shows that he is taking action without thinking clearly
Romeo goes to the apothecary because he wants to buy poison
The first to arrive at Juliet’s tomb is Paris
Once Juliet awakens, Friar Lawrence plans for her to become a nun
How Juliet dies by stabbing herself
The last person to die in this tragedy is Lady Montague
The Prince’s speech at the end of the play tells the audience that there was never a sadder story than this
Who does Tybalt want to attack at the Capulet’s masked ball Romeo
Which character was a hothead of the Capulets who loved to fight? Tybalt
how Romeo plans to enter Juliet’s room after their wedding rope ladder
what Juliet tells Romeo not to swear by since it changes moon

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