Home Common Core ELA 9 2014 – ELA3009 A-IC

Which elements are best known for helping performers memorize an epic poem?supernatural elements and poetic languagedetailed descriptions and informal languagerhyme, rhythm, and repetition of certain wordselevated language and lists of historical events C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.”I am Laertes’ son, Odysseus.Men hold me formidable for guile in peace and war:this fame has gone abroad to the sky’s rim.Which is the best paraphrase of this excerpt?Odysseus is the son of Laertes and is widely respected for his cunning. Odysseus is admired at home for his actions during war and peace.Men are frightened of Odysseus because of his strength shown in war.Men greatly dislike Odysseus simply because he is the son of Laertes. A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Plunder we took, and we enslaved the women,to make division, equal shares to all—but on the spot I told them: ‘Back, and quickly! Out to sea again!’ My men were mutinous, fools, on stores of wine. Sheep after sheep they butchered by the surf, and shambling cattle,feasting,—while fugitives went inland, running to call to arms the main force of Cicones.Which is the most effective paraphrase of this excerpt?When Odysseus and his men arrived on the island of Cicones, they enslaved women and feasted on the sheep and cattle they had butchered by the sea.Although Odysseus tells his men that they need to return quickly to the ship, the men are too busy dividing their findings into equal shares for everyone.Odysseus warns his men to return to the ship, but many of the men did not listen and instead ran inland to see what else they could take for themselves.The men continued their acts of greed despite Odysseus’s commands to stop and return to the ship, and the fugitives of Cicones ran inland to fetch help. D
Based on this passage of The Odyssey, one can conclude that the ancient Greeks greatly valued . B
Which event from The Odyssey best highlights the idea that the ancient Greeks greatly disliked greediness?Calypso captures and entertains Odysseus to reward him for resisting her many temptations.The Lotus-Eaters offer Lotus to Odysseus and his men to reward them for their bravery in the Trojan War.Zeus sends dangerous storms to punish Odysseus and his men for their actions on the island of Cicones.The Achaeans lose the battle to Odysseus and his men as punishment for not showing hospitality to their guests. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.He saw the townlandsand learned the minds of many distant men,and weathered many bitter nights and daysin his deep heart at sea, while he fought onlyto save his life, to bring his shipmates home.Which is the most effective paraphrase of this excerpt?Odysseus traveled simply so that he could find his shipmates and bring them home safely.Odysseus learned much and encountered many obstacles on his long journey to bring himself and his men home safely.Odysseus was away from home for a long time and overcame many obstacles during his time at sea.Odysseus and his shipmates spent many long and difficult days at sea during their travels home. B
Which excerpt from The Odyssey best shows that the ancient Greeks greatly valued the idea of home?My home is on the peaked sea-mark of Ithacaunder Mount Neion’s wind-blown robe of leaves, in sight of other islands—Dulichium, Same, wooded Zacynthus—Ithacabeing most lofty in that coastal sea,And this new grief we bore with us to sea: our precious lives we had, but not our friends. No ship made sail next day until some shipmate had raised a cry, three times, for each poor ghost unfleshed by the Cicones on that field.They fell in, soon enough, with Lotus-Eaters,who showed no will to do us harm, onlyoffering the sweet Lotus to our friends—but those who ate this honeyed plant, the Lotus,never cared to report, nor to return:I drove them, all three wailing, to the ships, tied them down under their rowing benches, and called the rest: ‘All hands aboard; come, clear the beach and no one tastethe Lotus, or you lose your hope of home.’ D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.My home is on the peaked sea-mark of Ithacaunder Mount Neion’s wind-blown robe of leaves, in sight of other islands—Dulichium, Same, wooded Zacynthus—Ithacabeing most lofty in that coastal sea,and northwest, while the rest lie east and south. A rocky isle, but good for a boy’s training;I shall not see on earth a place more dear,Read a student’s paraphrase of the excerpt.Odysseus’s home is Ithaca, a rocky island surrounded by other islands. Odysseus considers Ithaca a great place in which to grow up.What key detail should be added to strengthen the student’s paraphrasing of this excerpt?Dulichium, Same, and Zacynthus are all visible to Ithaca.Odysseus holds his home very close to his heart.The islands surrounding Ithaca lie to the east and the south.Ithaca lies under Mount Neion and to the northwest. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.’Out to sea again!’ My men were mutinous, fools, on stores of wine. Sheep after sheep they butchered by the surf, and shambling cattle,feasting,—while fugitives went inland, running to call to arms the main force of Cicones. This was an army, trained to fight on horseback or, where the ground required, on foot. They came with dawn over that terrain like the leavesand blades of spring. So doom appeared to us, dark word of Zeus for us, our evil days.Which central idea should be included in a paraphrase of this excerpt?The forces sent by Cicones to fight Odysseus and his men arrived during the early morning hours.Odysseus and his men feasted on the animals they slaughtered while on the island of Cicones.The forces sent by Cicones to stop the plundering of Odysseus and his men were skilled and powerful.Odysseus views the forces sent by Cicones as punishment from the Greek god Zeus. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.My men stood up and made a fight of it— backed on the ships, with lances kept in play, from bright morning through the blaze of noonso holding our beach, although so far outnumbered; but when the sun passed toward unyoking time, then the Achaeans, one by one, gave way.Which values of the ancient Greeks are most emphasized in this excerpt?bravery and perseveranceexercise and physical fitnesshospitality and friendlinessfreedom and democracy A
Which event from The Odyssey best highlights the idea that the ancient Greeks greatly disliked greediness?Calypso captures and entertains Odysseus to reward him for resisting her many temptations.The Lotus-Eaters offer Lotus to Odysseus and his men to reward them for their bravery in the Trojan War.Zeus sends dangerous storms to punish Odysseus and his men for their actions on the island of Cicones.The Achaeans lose the battle to Odysseus and his men as punishment for not showing hospitality to their guests. C
Which excerpt from The Odyssey best shows that the ancient Greeks greatly valued the idea of home?My home is on the peaked sea-mark of Ithacaunder Mount Neion’s wind-blown robe of leaves, in sight of other islands—Dulichium, Same, wooded Zacynthus—Ithacabeing most lofty in that coastal sea,And this new grief we bore with us to sea: our precious lives we had, but not our friends. No ship made sail next day until some shipmate had raised a cry, three times, for each poor ghost unfleshed by the Cicones on that field.They fell in, soon enough, with Lotus-Eaters,who showed no will to do us harm, onlyoffering the sweet Lotus to our friends—but those who ate this honeyed plant, the Lotus,never cared to report, nor to return:I drove them, all three wailing, to the ships, tied them down under their rowing benches, and called the rest: ‘All hands aboard; come, clear the beach and no one tastethe Lotus, or you lose your hope of home.’ D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Six benches were left empty in every ship that evening when we pulled away from death.And this new grief we bore with us to sea: our precious lives we had, but not our friends. No ship made sail next day until some shipmate had raised a cry, three times, for each poor ghost unfleshed by the Cicones on that field.Which key details should be included in a paraphrase of this passage? Check all that apply.A shipmate cried out three times for each life lost.Six men from each ship lost their lives at Cicones.The ships pulled away from shore during the evening.The men were greatly saddened by the loss of their friends.Many of Odysseus’s men did not escape with their lives D ND E
What does Odysseus do on the island of Cicones that best shows the trait of leadership?After he and his men land on the island and plunder for goods, Odysseus commands them to divide their goods equally amongst themselves.After he and his men land on the island and plunder for goods, Odysseus commands them to return quickly to the ship so they can safely set sail.Because his men disobey when he commands them to stop plundering and return to the ship, Odysseus returns to the ship and hopes the men will follow.Because his men disobey when he commands them to stop plundering and return to the ship, Odysseus refuses to help them fight the army of Cicones. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.My home is on the peaked sea-mark of Ithacaunder Mount Neion’s wind-blown robe of leaves, in sight of other islands—Dulichium, Same, wooded Zacynthus—Ithacabeing most lofty in that coastal sea,and northwest, while the rest lie east and south. A rocky isle, but good for a boy’s training;I shall not see on earth a place more dear,Read a student’s paraphrase of the excerpt.Odysseus’s home is Ithaca, a rocky island surrounded by other islands. Odysseus considers Ithaca a great place in which to grow up.What key detail should be added to strengthen the student’s paraphrasing of this excerpt?Dulichium, Same, and Zacynthus are all visible to Ithaca.Odysseus holds his home very close to his heart.The islands surrounding Ithaca lie to the east and the south.Ithaca lies under Mount Neion and to the northwest. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.At this he gave a mighty sob and rumbled: ‘Now comes the weird upon me, spoken of old.A wizard, grand and wondrous, lived here—Telemus,a son of Euryinus; great length of dayshe had in wizardry among the Cyclopes,and these things he foretold for time to come: my great eye lost, and at Odysseus’ hands.Always I had in mind some giant, armed in giant force, would come against me here.But this, but you—small, pitiful and twiggy—you put me down with wine, you blinded me. Come back, Odysseus, and I’ll treat you well, praying the god of earthquake to befriend you—his son I am, for he by his avowalfathered me, and if he will, he mayheal me of this black wound—he and no other of all the happy gods or mortal men.’Why does the Cyclops invite Odysseus back to the island?He realizes that Odysseus was destined to take his eye.He wants to obey the Greek custom of providing food and shelter to guests.He fears far more harm will come to him if does not befriend Odysseus.He wants to take revenge on Odysseus. A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Neither reply nor pity came from him, but in one stride he clutched at my companions and caught two in his hands like squirming puppies to beat their brains out, spattering the floor.The epic simile in this excerpt shows how helpless Odysseus’s men are in the clutches of the Cyclops.how violently and uncivilized the Cyclops behaves himself.that Cyclops is enormous in comparison to Odysseus and his men.that there is no possible escape for Odysseus and his men. A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.’My ship?Poseidon Lord, who sets the earth a-tremble, broke it up on the rocks at your land’s end. A wind from seaward served him, drove us there. We are survivors, these good men and I.’What motivates Odysseus to tell a lie to the Cyclops?Odysseus knows that Poseidon is the Cyclops’ father.Odysseus is afraid the Cyclops will steal their ship.Odysseus does not want to reveal their only means of escape.Odysseus does not know what has happened to his ship. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Why nottake these cheeses, get them stowed, come back,throw open all the pens, and make a run for it?We’ll drive the kids and lambs aboard. We sayput out again on good salt water!’Ah,how sound that was! Yet I refused. I wished to see the caveman, what he had to offer—no pretty sight, it turned out, for my friends.Odysseus ignores his men’s pleas to return to the ship. As a result, they face terrible consequences. How does Odysseus’s decision defy ancient Greek attitudes and values?A great leader makes decisions that are good for him, no matter how they affect his men.A great leader listens to his men and considers their thoughts and opinions.A great leader has great self-control and makes sound decisions.A great leader takes risks in order to gain more treasure and learn about foreign lands. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.In a smithyone sees a white-hot axehead or an adze plunged and wrung in a cold tub, screeching steam- the way they make soft iron hale and hard—: just so that eyeball hissed around the spike.The use of the epic simile in this excerpt helps the reader understand that the Cyclops only has one eye.how brutal Odysseus and his men are.the size of the wooden spear.how hot the spear actually is D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.’O Cyclops! Would you feast on my companions? Puny, am I, in a Caveman’s hands?How do you like the beating that we gave you,you damned cannibal? Eater of guestsunder your roof! Zeus and the gods have paid you!’According to this excerpt, Odysseusis fearful of the Cyclops.is prideful and overly confident.has been weakened by the Cyclops.has regrets about staying on the island. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Then,his chores being all dispatched, he caught another brace of men to make his breakfast, and whisked away his great door slab to let his sheep go through—but he, behind,reset the stone as one would cap a quiver.What two things are being compared in this epic simile?the door slab to the Cyclops’ sheepthe stone to a quivera brace of men to breakfastthe Cyclops’ chores to the men B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Here are the means I thought would serve my turn:a club, or staff, lay there along the fold—an olive tree, felled green and left to season for Cyclops’ hand. And it was like a mast a lugger of twenty oars, broad in the beam—a deep-sea-going craft—might carry: so long, so big around, it seemed.Based on the epic simile, how should the reader picture the beam of wood Odysseus found in the cave?like a deep-sea-going ship or vessellike an olive tree, just felled and still greenlike the Cyclops, large and widelike the mast of an enormously large ship D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.but Cyclops went on filling up his bellywith manflesh and great gulps of whey,then lay down like a mast among his sheep.What two unlike elements are being compared in this simile?the Cyclops and the mast of a shipthe Cyclops’ belly and his sheepmanflesh and gulps of wheya mast and a flock of sheep A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.’Why nottake these cheeses, get them stowed, come back, throw open all the pens, and make a run for it?We’ll drive the kids and lambs aboard. We sayput out again on good salt water!’Ah,how sound that was! Yet I refused. I wishedto see the caveman, what he had to offer—no pretty sight, it turned out, for my friends.Based on this excerpt, what inference can be made about Odysseus? Check all that apply.Odysseus is a careless leader who does not care about the safety of his crew.Odysseus’s curiosity about the Cyclops is stronger than his good judgment.Odysseus wants to see if the Cyclops has anything to give to him and his men.Odysseus is worried about appearing weak in front of his men. B ND C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.’We are from Troy, Achaeans, blown off courseby shifting gales on the Great South Sea;homeward bound, but taking routes and ways uncommon; so the will of Zeus would have it.We served under Agamemnon, son of Atreus—the whole world knows what cityhe laid waste, what armies he destroyed.It was our luck to come here; here we stand, beholden for your help, or any giftsyou give—as custom is to honor strangers.We would entreat you, great Sir, have a carefor the gods’ courtesy; Zeus will avenge the unoffending guest.’He answered thisfrom his brute chest, unmoved:’You are a ninny,or else you come from the other end of nowhere,telling me, mind the gods! We Cyclopes care not a whistle for your thundering Zeusor all the gods in bliss; we have more force by far.I would not let you go for fear of Zeus—you or your friends—unless I had a whim to.What can be inferred about the Cyclops?He lives in fear of Zeus and all the rest of the Greek gods.He sided and fought with the Trojans during the war.He is eager to provide food and shelter to his guests.He does not live by the same rules and customs as the Greeks. D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Neither reply nor pity came from him, but in one stride he clutched at my companions and caught two in his hands like squirming puppies to beat their brains out, spattering the floor. Then he dismembered them and made his meal, gaping and crunching like a mountain lion—everything: innards, flesh, and marrow bones.What can be inferred about the Cyclops?He has gone hungry for a very long time.He is savage and brutal like a wild animal.He is terrified of Odysseus and his men.He is very similar to his father, Poseidon. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Then,his chores being all dispatched, he caught another brace of men to make his breakfast, and whisked away his great door slab to let his sheep go through—but he, behind,reset the stone as one would cap a quiver.The use of the epic simile in this excerpt helps readers understand thatthe Cyclops has eaten another bunch of Odysseus’s men.Odysseus and his men are still trapped inside the cave.the enormous stone is easily and routinely moved by the giant Cyclops.the Cyclops takes his sheep out to pasture with him in the mornings. C
Read this paragraph.Biology 101 with Professor Ramirez is the most challenging course I have ever taken. Though every inspiring class session includes exhaustive note taking and time-consuming lab work, I enjoy the material. The entertaining lectures are instructive, and all the students remain engaged throughout the hour.Which words from the paragraph support the conclusion that Professor Ramirez is a demanding teacher? Check all that apply.challenginginspiring class sessionexhaustive note takingtime-consuming lab workentertaining lecturesengaged A C ND D
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey by Homer.I would not heed them in my glorying spirit, but let my anger flare and yelled:’Cyclops,if ever mortal man inquirehow you were put to shame and blinded, tell him Odysseus, raider of cities, took your eye: Laertes’ son, whose home’s on Ithaca!’This excerpt best supports the conclusion that Odysseus isfrustrated.proud.violent.sympathetic. B
Read the paragraph.Trey repeated the scales. His manipulation of the keys was becoming less of a struggle, and the tuba was making sounds that were almost musical. The low notes still gave him pause, though, so he attempted them again. After countless repetitions, his room boomed with the tuba’s brassy blare. He held the last note until he was out of breath, and as he exhaled, he heard his mother say from downstairs, “That one sounded good!”Based on the evidence provided, readers can conclude that Trey isfrustrateddetermined.talented.impatient. B
Read the paragraph.Rina hustled through the classroom door, found her assigned seat, and sat down. After a few greetings to her friends, she unzipped her bulging binder and began to sort through its pages. She unearthed dog-eared worksheets, highlighted notes, and dated projects; alas, last night’s homework was not in the World History section where she had hoped it would be. As the bell rang, Rina’s fruitless search continued.Based on the evidence provided, readers can conclude that Rina isunconcerned.studious.ambitious.disorganized. D
Which MLA citations are properly cited? Check all that apply.Odysseus’s men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples” (Homer 503).Odysseus’s men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples.” (Homer 503)Odysseus’s men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples” Homer (503).Homer writes that the men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples” (503).Homer writes that the men “went to sleep above the wash of ripples” (Homer 503). A ND D
Read the paragraph.When Allison saw the advertisement for a free basketball clinic at the community center, she knew she would attend. Tryouts for her school team were still a month away, and her jump shot needed work if she wanted to be selected this year. Hours of work with her brother had improved her technique, and her layups were consistent. She could hold her own in neighborhood games of three-on-three, but her outside shots rarely made it through the hoop. Allison hoped that the instruction at the clinic would address this weakness. She marked her calendar for the event and headed out to the driveway.What can readers conclude about Allison? Check all that apply.She wants to play on her school’s basketball team.She has better basketball skills than her brother.She is willing to practice to improve her skills.She has experience playing basketball with her friends.She hopes to learn the rules of basketball at the clinic. A C ND D
Read the excerpt from Part 1 of The Odyssey by Homer.My home is on the peaked sea-mark of Ithacaunder Mount Neion’s wind-blown robe of leaves, in sight of other islands—Dulichium, Same, wooded Zacynthus—Ithacabeing most lofty in that coastal sea,and northwest, while the rest lie east and south. A rocky isle, but good for a boy’s training;I shall not see on earth a place more dear, though I have been detained long by CalypsoBased on the evidence provided, readers can conclude that Odysseuswants to rule his native land.is eager to leave his home.misses his native land.fears for the safety of his home C
What excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey best establishes Odysseus’s weakness?as for myself I took my five best fighters and went ahead.a wineskin full I brought along, and victuals in a bagI wished to see the caveman, what he had to offer—We lit a fire, burnt an offering, and took some cheese to eat C
Read the excerpt from Part 1 of The Odyssey by Homer.They fell in, soon enough, with Lotus-Eaters,who showed no will to do us harm, onlyoffering the sweet Lotus to our friends—but those who ate this honeyed plant, the Lotus,never cared to report, nor to return: they longed to stay forever, browsing onthat native bloom, forgetful of their homeland.I drove them, all three wailing, to the ships, tied them down under their rowing benches, and called the rest: All hands aboard; come, clear the beach and no one tastethe Lotus, or you lose your hope of home.Which line from the excerpt supports the conclusion that Odysseus cares for his men?They fell in, soon enough, with Lotus-Eaters,offering the sweet Lotus to our friends—they longed to stay forever, browsing onI drove them, all three wailing, to the ships, D
Which in-text citation is formatted correctly in MLA style?Odysseus’s men “bent steady to the oars,” Homer (79)Odysseus’s men “bent steady to the oars” (Homer 79).Odysseus’s men “bent steady to the oars.” (Homer 79).Odysseus’s men “bent steady to the oars” (Homer) 79 B
Read the excerpt from Part 1 of The Odyssey by Homer.My home is on the peaked sea-mark of Ithacaunder Mount Neion’s wind-blown robe of leaves, in sight of other islands—Dulichium, Same, wooded Zacynthus—Ithacabeing most lofty in that coastal sea,and northwest, while the rest lie east and south. A rocky isle, but good for a boy’s training;I shall not see on earth a place more dear, though I have been detained long by CalypsoBased on the evidence provided, readers can conclude that Odysseuswants to rule his native land.is eager to leave his home.misses his native land.fears for the safety of his home. C
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey by Homer.We would entreat you, great Sir, have a carefor the gods’ courtesy; Zeus will avenge the unoffending guest.’He answered thisfrom his brute chest, unmoved’You are a ninny,or else you come from the other end of nowhere,telling me, mind the gods! We Cyclopes care not a whistle for your thundering Zeusor all the gods in bliss; we have more force by far.How does this excerpt prove that Odysseus causes his crew’s demise?by explaining his haphazard travelsby describing his loyalty to Zeusby showing his physical weaknessby revealing his ignorant assumptions D
Read the excerpt from Part 3 of The Odyssey by Homer.I made straight for the ship, roused up the men to get aboard and cast off at the stern. They scrambled to their places by the rowlocksand all in line dipped oars in the gray sea.Based on the excerpt, readers can conclude that Odysseus’s menenjoy their leisure time.appreciate their jobs.respect their leader.forge close friendships. C
Read the excerpt from Part 3 of The Odyssey by Homer.so let me tell [Circe’s] forecast: then we diewith our eyes open, if we are going to die,or know what death we baffle if we can. Sirens weaving a haunting song over the seawe are to shun, she said, and their green shoreall sweet with clover; yet she urged that Ialone should listen to their song. Thereforeyou are to tie me up, tight as a splint, erect along the mast, lashed to the mast,and if I shout and beg to be untied,take more turns of the rope to muffle me.’What conclusion about Odysseus (the speaker) is best supported by the excerpt?He trusts Circe’s advice.He remembers the Sirens.He questions his men’s strength.He believes they will succeed. A
Which excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey is cited properly in MLA style?”Last of them all my ram, the leader, came, / weighted by wool and me with my meditations” (Homer 376-377).”Last of them all my ram, the leader, came, / weighted by wool and me with my meditations.” Homer (376-377)”Last of them all my ram, the leader, came, / weighted by wool and me with my meditations” Homer, (376-377).”Last of them all my ram, the leader, came, / weighted by wool and me with my meditations” (Homer 376-377) A
Which excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey best support the conclusion that Odysseus is clever?the rest of you stand by; I’ll make the crossingin my own ship, with my own company,We lit a fire, burnt an offering,and took some cheese to eat; then sat in silence’My name is Nohbdy: mother, father, and friends,everyone calls me Nohbdy.’So with our brand we bored that great eye socketwhile blood ran out around the red hot bar. C
Read this paragraph.Sitting on the porch swing with her eyes closed and her headphones on, Ana saw her mother leaning out of the kitchen door. Her mom gestured for her to remove her headphones and said, “I’d like you to complete your homework before you begin lounging around this afternoon.””I just need a break, Mom,” Ana replied.”There may be time for a break later, but algebra needs your attention now,” insisted her mother as she turned and headed inside.With a deep sigh, Ana removed her headphones. She reached for her discarded backpack, wishing she could have just a little unstructured time.What is the conflict in the excerpt?character versus selfcharacter versus charactercharacter versus societycharacter versus nature B
Read the excerpt from Part 4 of The Odyssey.I happened to glance aft at ship and oarsmen and caught sight of their arms and legs, dangling high overhead. Voices came down to me in anguish, calling my name for the last time.A man surfcasting on a point of rock for bass or mackerel, whipping his long rod to drop the sinker and the bait far out, will hook a fish and rip it from the surface to dangle wriggling through the air:so thesewere borne aloft in spasms toward the cliff.Which statement best explains the simile in this excerpt?Odysseus’s men are compared to fishermen, showing their resourcefulness.Odysseus’s men are compared to fishermen, showing their love of the sea.Odysseus’s men are compared to caught fish, showing their history.Odysseus’s men are compared to caught fish, showing their helplessness. D
Read this paragraph.Claire marveled at her little brother’s flawless dive. It looked effortless now, but she knew he had spent weeks perfecting the arch of his body and the point of his toes. She wanted to have a dive like that—the type people stop and watch. Still, she could not bring herself to attempt it. After all, her brother’s first twenty or so dives had been awful, with knees and elbows flailing. Claire shuddered to imagine looking like that in clear view of the entire pool population. And the whole head-first concept seemed intimidating. She wondered if her hands would reach the bottom of the pool. Maybe some day. But for now, she decided she would just watch.What is the conflict in the excerpt?character versus selfcharacter versus charactercharacter versus societycharacter versus nature A
Read the excerpt from Part 4 of The Odyssey.we saw the funnel of the maelstrom, heardthe rock bellowing all around, and darksand raged on the bottom far below. My men all blanched against the gloom, our eyeswere fixed upon that yawning mouth in fear of being devoured.Which statement best explains the metaphor in this excerpt?The whirlpool is compared to a mouth, showing its decreasing strength.The whirlpool is compared to a mouth, showing its menacing threat.The whirlpool is compared to a sandy beach, showing its proximity.The whirlpool is compared to a sandy beach, showing its familiarity. B
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey.We cried aloud, lifting our hands to Zeus,powerless, looking on at this, appalled;but Cyclops went on filling up his bellywith manflesh and great gulps of whey,then lay down like a mast among his sheep.Which statement best explains the simile in this excerpt?The Cyclops is compared to Zeus because of his size.The Cyclops is compared to Zeus because of his power.The Cyclops is compared to a mast, or flagpole, because of his surrender.The Cyclops is compared to a mast, or flagpole, because of his size. D
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey.’Why nottake these cheeses, get them stowed, come back,throw open all the pens, and make a run for it?We’ll drive the kids and lambs aboard. We sayput out again on good salt water!’Ah,how sound that was! Yet I refused. I wished to see the caveman, what he had to offer—no pretty sight, it turned out, for my friends.What theme is supported by the excerpt?It is important to see new sights.People should indulge their curiosities.It is wise to follow the counsel of trusted friends.People should trust their instincts. C
Read the excerpt from Part 1 of The Odyssey.My men were mutinous,fools, on stores of wine. Sheep after sheep they butchered by the surf, and shambling cattle,feasting,—while fugitives went inland, running to call to arms the main force of Cicones. This was an army, trained to fight on horseback or, where the ground required, on foot. They came with dawn over that terrain like the leavesand blades of spring.What theme is supported by the excerpt?The victors of war earn rewards.The fugitives of war suffer in isolation.Soldiers should take proper care of their horses.Soldiers must be wary of their enemies. D
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey.We would entreat you, great Sir, have a carefor the gods’ courtesy; Zeus will avenge the unoffending guest.’He answered thisfrom his brute chest, unmoved:’You are a ninny,or else you come from the other end of nowhere,telling me, mind the gods! We Cyclopes care not a whistle for your thundering Zeus.What theme is best revealed by this conflict?It is important to use manners in new situations.It is wise to know the enemy you face.Guests should honor the traditions of their hosts.Guests should offer gifts to their hosts. B
What theme is Homer presenting when Odysseus’s men forget about going home after eating the lotus in Part 1 of The Odyssey?Physical superiority is a great advantage.Pleasures make people neglect their long-term goals.The comforts of home are treasured during hardship.Personal reflection brings wisdom and insight. B
Read the excerpt from Part 1 of The Odyssey.Now Zeus the lord of cloud roused in the northA storm against the ships, and driving veils of squall moved down like night on land and sea. The bows went plunging at the gust; sails cracked and lashed out strips in the big wind.We saw death in that fury, dropped the yards, unshipped the oars, and pulled for the nearest lee: then two long days and nights we lay offshore.What theme is best revealed by this conflict?With cooperation, crews can defeat the gods.Dangerous ocean travel claims many lives.Rest is required for all who work hard.People must respect the wrath of the gods. D
What theme is Homer presenting when Odysseus’s men forget about going home after eating the lotus in Part 1 of The Odyssey?Physical superiority is a great advantage.Pleasures make people neglect their long-term goals.The comforts of home are treasured during hardship.Personal reflection brings wisdom and insight. B
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey.A prodigious manslept in this cave alone, and took his flocks to graze afield—remote from all companions,knowing none but savage ways, a bruteso huge, [The cyclops] seemed no man at all of thosewho eat good wheaten bread; but he seemed rathera shaggy mountain reared in solitude.What does the metaphor add to the passage? Check all that apply.a description of the Cyclops’ eating habitsa comparison between the Cyclops and a large land forman illustration of the Cyclops’ cavea visual image of the Cyclops’ sizea comparison between the Cyclops and Odysseus B ND D
Read this paragraph.Claire marveled at her little brother’s flawless dive. It looked effortless now, but she knew he had spent weeks perfecting the arch of his body and the point of his toes. She wanted to have a dive like that—the type people stop and watch. Still, she could not bring herself to attempt it. After all, her brother’s first twenty or so dives had been awful, with knees and elbows flailing. Claire shuddered to imagine looking like that in clear view of the entire pool population. And the whole head-first concept seemed intimidating. She wondered if her hands would reach the bottom of the pool. Maybe some day. But for now, she decided she would just watch.What is the conflict in the excerpt?character versus selfcharacter versus charactercharacter versus societycharacter versus nature A
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey.his chores being all dispatched, he caught another brace of men to make his breakfast, and whisked away his great door slab to let his sheep go through—but he, behind,reset the stone as one would cap a quiver.Which statement best explains the simile in this excerpt?The Cyclops’ effort to catch the men is compared to a simple task, showing his strength.The Cyclops’ effort to catch the men is compared to a simple task, showing his bravery.The Cyclops’ effort to move the stone is compared to a simple task, showing his strength.The Cyclops’ effort to move the stone is compared to a simple task, showing his bravery. C
Read the excerpt from Part 4 of The Odyssey.I happened to glance aft at ship and oarsmen and caught sight of their arms and legs, dangling high overhead. Voices came down to me in anguish, calling my name for the last time.A man surfcasting on a point of rock for bass or mackerel, whipping his long rod to drop the sinker and the bait far out, will hook a fish and rip it from the surface to dangle wriggling through the air:so thesewere borne aloft in spasms toward the cliff.Which statement best explains the simile in this excerpt?Odysseus’s men are compared to fishermen, showing their resourcefulness.Odysseus’s men are compared to fishermen, showing their love of the sea.Odysseus’s men are compared to caught fish, showing their history.Odysseus’s men are compared to caught fish, showing their helplessness. D
Read the excerpt from Part 4 of The Odyssey.and on our starboard beam Charybdis, dire gorge of the salt seatide. By heaven! when shevomited, all the sea was like a cauldronseething over intense fire, when the mixturesuddenly heaves and rises.Which statement best explains the simile in this excerpt?The sea is compared to a boiling pot, emphasizing its churning.The sea is compared to a boiling pot, emphasizing its depth.The sea is compared to heaven, emphasizing its strength.The sea is compared to heaven, emphasizing its size. A
Read this paragraph.Darius was convinced that Kennedy High could improve its morning routine. The student parking lot was a jumble of squealing tires, honking horns, and near-misses with pedestrians. Two hundred students always seemed to arrive moments before the tardy bell, and the result was a recipe for disaster. Still, every time Darius mentioned it to his friends, they laughed it off. He wanted to propose a few early-arriver incentives, such as gym privileges or reduced-cost breakfasts, but nobody seemed concerned.What is the conflict in the excerpt?character versus selfcharacter versus charactercharacter versus societycharacter versus nature C
What theme is Homer presenting when Odysseus has his men tie him so that he will ignore the call of the Sirens in Part 3 of The Odyssey?With strength and planning, one can resist temptation.Loyalty and devotion to the gods lead to success.People should be wary of the comforts wealth brings.It is important to be prepared with the necessary tools. A
Read the excerpt from Part 2 of The Odyssey.’Why nottake these cheeses, get them stowed, come back,throw open all the pens, and make a run for it?We’ll drive the kids and lambs aboard. We sayput out again on good salt water!’Ah,how sound that was! Yet I refused. I wished to see the caveman, what he had to offer—no pretty sight, it turned out, for my friends.What theme is supported by the excerpt?It is important to see new sights.People should indulge their curiosities.It is wise to follow the counsel of trusted friends.People should trust their instincts C
Which is a step in making and checking predictions while reading?listing characters and their personality traitsconnecting clues to background knowledgeinterpreting symbols within figurative languageidentifying setting and plot in the literature B
Jackson is making predictions about The Odyssey as he reads this excerpt.”Now one thing more. If son of mine you are and blood of mine,let no one hear Odysseus is about.Neither Laertes, nor the swineherd here,nor any slave, nor even Penelope.But you and I alone must learn how far the women are corrupted; we should knowhow to locate good men among our hands,the loyal and respectful, and the shirkerswho take you lightly, as alone and young.”Jackson makes the prediction that Odysseus and Telemachus will take the suitors by surprise. Which detail best supports his prediction?take you lightlylocate good menlet no one hearlearn how far C
When making a prediction about reading, students should make a(n) about what is likely to happen next. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.”Stranger,you are no longer what you were just now!Your cloak is new; even your skin! You areone of the gods who rule the sweep of heaven!Be kind to us, we’ll make you fair oblation and gifts of hammered gold. Have mercy on us!”Which is a symbol in this excerpt?the gold giftsthe ruling godsthe new cloakthe kind stranger C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.But when he knew he heardOdysseus’ voice nearby, he did his best to wag his tail, nose down, with flattened ears, having no strength to move nearer his master.And the man looked away,wiping a salt tear from his cheek:What does the dog, Argus, represent in this excerpt?loyaltysadnessillnessignorance A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.The noble and enduring man replied:”No god. Why take me for a god? No, no.I am that father whom your boyhood lackedand suffered pain for lack of. I am he.”Held back too long, the tears ran down his cheeksas he embraced his son.Based on this excerpt, what is the best prediction about the future relationship between Telemachus and Odysseus?Telemachus will imitate Odysseus.Telemachus will reject Odysseus.Telemachus and Odysseus will fight to the death.Telemachus and Odysseus will work together. D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Reaching the gate, Odysseus and the forester halted and stood outside, for harp notes came around them rippling on the air as Phemios picked out a song. Odysseus caught his companion’s arm and said:”My friend, here is the beautiful place—who could mistake it?”In this excerpt, the harp’s music is a symbol of Odysseus’spatience and endurance.long journey back home.reunion with old colleagues.happiness upon returning home. D
Which Greek values are found in The Odyssey? Check all that apply.technologyloyaltyhospitalityself-controlcelebrityfamilyefficiency B C D ND F
Which excerpt from The Odyssey demonstrate the importance of hospitality in Greek society?Here is a poor man come, a wanderer,driven by want to beg his bread, and everyonein hall gave bits, to cram his bag—onlyAntinous threw a stool, and banged his shoulder”Suppose Athena’s arm is over us, and Zeusher father’s, must I rack my brains for more?””The cruel belly, can you hide its ache?How many bitter days it brings!”Odysseus only shook his head, containingthoughts of bloody work, as he walked on,then sat, and dropped his loaded bag againupon the door sill. A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Treated as rubbish now, he lay at lastupon a mass of dung before the gates—manure of mules and cows, piled there untilfieldhands could spread it on the king’s estate. Abandoned there, and half destroyed with flies,old Argus lay.What functions as a symbol in this excerpt?a mulethe kingOdysseusArgus D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.”My friend, here is the beautiful place—who could mistake it?Here is Odysseus’ hall: no hall like thisSee how one chamber grows out of another;see how the court is tight with wall and coping;no man at arms could break this gateway down!”This excerpt is an example of which value important to ancient Greek society?homefamilystrengthglory A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.”Stranger,you are no longer what you were just now!Your cloak is new; even your skin! You areone of the gods who rule the sweep of heaven!Be kind to us, we’ll make you fair oblation and gifts of hammered gold. Have mercy on us!”What is the symbolism of the new cloak in this excerpt?The new cloak represents Odysseus’s love for his wife, Penelope, and his grown son, Telemachus.The new cloak represents Odysseus’s great wealth and successful journey.The new cloak represents Odysseus’s transformation from a weary traveler to the returning hero.The new cloak represents Odysseus’s changed character from innocent young man to power-hungry ruler. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.The noble and enduring man replied:”No god. Why take me for a god? No, no.I am that father whom your boyhood lackedand suffered pain for lack of. I am he.”Held back too long, the tears ran down his cheeksas he embraced his son.Based on this excerpt, what is the best prediction about the future relationship between Telemachus and Odysseus?Telemachus will imitate Odysseus.Telemachus will reject Odysseus.Telemachus and Odysseus will fight to the death.Telemachus and Odysseus will work together. D
Which is a common symbol of love and commitment?a national flaga white dovea wedding ringa music note C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Then, throwinghis arms around this marvel of a fatherTelemachus began to weep. Salt tearsrose from the wells of longing in both men,and cries burst from both as keen and fluttering as those of the great taloned hawk, whose nestings farmers take before they flyThis excerpt is an example of which value important to ancient Greek society?hospitalitygenerosityperseverancefamily ties D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Reaching the gate, Odysseus and the forester halted and stood outside, for harp notes came around them rippling on the air as Phemios picked out a song. Odysseus caught his companion’s arm and said:”My friend, here is the beautiful place—who could mistake it?”In this excerpt, the harp’s music is a symbol of Odysseus’spatience and endurance.long journey back home.reunion with old colleagues.happiness upon returning home. D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Treated as rubbish now, he lay at lastupon a mass of dung before the gates—manure of mules and cows, piled there untilfieldhands could spread it on the king’s estate. Abandoned there, and half destroyed with flies,old Argus lay.What functions as a symbol in this excerpt?a mulethe kingOdysseusArgus D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.But when he knew he heardOdysseus’ voice nearby, he did his best to wag his tail, nose down, with flattened ears, having no strength to move nearer his master.And the man looked away,wiping a salt tear from his cheek:What does the dog, Argus, represent in this excerpt?loyaltysadnessillnessignorance A
Which would be most helpful when comparing Penelope with Odysseus and how they changed in The Odyssey?It would be most helpful to consider Penelope’s actions toward her servants.It would be most helpful to consider Odysseus’s words to his men.It would be most helpful to consider both characters’ reactions to the suitors.It would be most helpful to consider both characters’ physical appearance. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.But the man skilled in all ways of contending,satisfied by the great bow’s look and heft, like a musician, like a harper, whenwith quiet hand upon his instrumenthe draws between his thumb and forefingera sweet new string upon a peg: so effortlesslyOdysseus in one motion strung the bow.According to this excerpt, how has Odysseus changed over the course of his adventure?He has become more humble and patient in battle.He has learned to play the harp very beautifully.He has found several new ways to string a bow.He has slowly become less satisfied with his skills. A
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Few men can keep alive through a big surfto crawl, clotted with brine, on kindly beachesin joy, in joy, knowing the abyss behind: and so she too rejoiced, her gaze upon her husband,her white arms round him pressed as though forever.From which part of Odysseus’s epic journey is this excerpt taken?his call to adventurehis road of trialshis supreme ordealhis return home D
Being reunited with Penelope is which part of Odysseus’s epic journey?his road of trialshis supreme ordealhis transformationhis return home D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.Now from his breast into his eyes the ache of longing mounted, and he wept at last, his dear wife, clear and faithful, in his arms,longed foras the sunwarmed earth is longed for by a swimmer spent in rough water where his ship went downunder Poseidon’s blows, gale winds and tons of sea.Few men can keep alive through a big surfto crawl, clotted with brine, on kindly beachesin joy, in joy, knowing the abyss behind:How does this excerpt from the end of the story show that Odysseus has changed in the course of his adventure?He is overly confident in his ability to conquer Poseidon.He values home and family more than personal glory.He misses the opportunity to sail in stormy seas.He is happiest when in command of a difficult battle B
Fighting the suitors with his son Telemachus is which part of Odysseus’s epic journey?his road of trialshis supreme ordealhis transformationhis return home B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey about Odysseus and his son in battle.Telemachus swerved around him, leaving the long dark spear planted in Amphinomus. If he paused to yank it out someone might jump him from behind or cut him down witha swordat the moment he bent over. So he ran—ran from the tables to his father’s side and halted, panting, saying:”Father let me bring you a shield and spear, a pair of spears, a helmet. I can arm on the run myself; I’ll give outfits to Eumaeus and this cowherd. Better to have equipment.”How do Telemachus’s actions in battle compare to his father’s?Telemachus is more impulsive than Odysseus in battle.Telemachus is more hesitant than Odysseus in battle.Both Telemachus and Odysseus are quick-thinking in battle.Both Telemachus and Odysseus are arrogant in battle. C
Odysseus is called to adventure when he . D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.He dropped his eyes and nodded, and the prince Telemachus, true son of King Odysseus, belted his sword on, clapped hand to his spear,and with a clink and glitter of keen bronzestood by his chair, in the forefront near his father.Which theme do these lines support?Appearances are often very deceptive.Teamwork builds strength and unity.Making snap judgments is unwise.Overconfidence can lead one to danger. B
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.But when he knew he heardOdysseus’ voice nearby, he did his best to wag his tail, nose down, with flattened ears, having no strength to move nearer his master.And the man looked away,wiping a salt tear from his cheek: but he hid this from Eumaeus.Which theme do these lines support?Loyalty and fidelity are precious traits.Overconfidence can lead one to danger.Making snap judgments is often very unwise.Love and family make a homecoming worthwhile. A
One theme found throughout The Odyssey is that help often comes when least expected.Which lines from the text best support this theme?Some god guided usthat night, for we could barely see our bowsin the dense fog around usAll hands aboard; come, clear the beach and no one tastethe Lotus, or you lose your hope of home.My men were mutinous, fools, on stores of wine. Sheep after sheep they butchered by the surf, and shambling cattleThe servants armed themselves, and all three took their stand beside the master of battle A
Learning patience and humility is which part of Odysseus’s epic journey?his road of trialshis supreme ordealhis transformationhis return home C
Dynamic characters are those who in important ways over the course of a story. A
Odysseus is an example of a dynamic character becausehe is gone from home for years and misses his family.he experiences success in battle and is assisted by the gods.he has been a beloved literary hero for hundreds of years.he changes in important ways over the course of his journey. D
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.He dropped his eyes and nodded, and the prince Telemachus, true son of King Odysseus, belted his sword on, clapped hand to his spear,and with a clink and glitter of keen bronzestood by his chair, in the forefront near his father.Which theme do these lines support?Appearances are often very deceptive.Teamwork builds strength and unity.Making snap judgments is unwise.Overconfidence can lead one to danger. B
Which would be most helpful when comparing Penelope with Odysseus and how they changed in The Odyssey?It would be most helpful to consider Penelope’s actions toward her servants.It would be most helpful to consider Odysseus’s words to his men.It would be most helpful to consider both characters’ reactions to the suitors.It would be most helpful to consider both characters’ physical appearance. C
Read the excerpt from The Odyssey.But the man skilled in all ways of contending,satisfied by the great bow’s look and heft, like a musician, like a harper, whenwith quiet hand upon his instrumenthe draws between his thumb and forefingera sweet new string upon a peg: so effortlesslyOdysseus in one motion strung the bow.According to this excerpt, how has Odysseus changed over the course of his adventure?He has become more humble and patient in battle.He has learned to play the harp very beautifully.He has found several new ways to string a bow.He has slowly become less satisfied with his skills. A
Being reunited with Penelope is which part of Odysseus’s epic journey?his road of trialshis supreme ordealhis transformationhis return home D
A theme is the conveyed in the text. B
Which sentence shows the correct use of a common homophone?They’re still not finished with the project that was due yesterday.Their are a number of great books about the Civil War in the library.They said they would put away all of there clean clothes before school.I think I saw an entire flock of wild parrots sitting in the trees over their. A
Use the thesaurus entry for interpret to answer the question.interpretverbDefinition: to explain somethingSynonym: clarify, clear up, demystifyAntonyms: confuse, obscureverbDefinition: to understand somethingSynonym: construe, decipher, graspAntonyms: misinterpret, misunderstandverbDefinition: to perform in a way that shows thought and feelingSynonyms: adapt, depict, enact, representUse the thesaurus entry and context clues to choose the best synonym for interpret as it is used in the sentence below.I decided to use my art to show how I interpret the tragedy of the Vietnam War.demystifyobscuremisunderstandrepresent D
Use the dictionary entry for crude to answer the question.crudecrude [‘krüd] adjfrom Latin crudus1. the quality of being unchanged from the original state2. the quality of being primitive or uncultured3. the quality of being blunt or offensive4. the quality of being rough in executionWhich sentence correctly uses the word crude as it is defined? Check all that apply.Despite their hard work, the miners were only able to find a small amount of crude minerals in the mine they were excavating.Kenzo became much more polite and crude after the teacher spoke to his parents about how poorly he had been behaving in class.The architect drew a crude sketch of his designs to give his clients a general idea of what he wanted to build.The audience booed the comedian off the stage because his crude jokes were very inappropriate.The baker decorated the wedding cake with flowers made of sugar that were so crude that they looked like real flowers. A C ND D
Use the dictionary entry for lore to answer the question.lorelore [‘lor] nounfrom Old English leornian1. something that is taught2. something that is learned3. a body of knowledge or tradition4. the space between the eye and the bill in a bird5. the space between the eye and the mouth in a reptile or fishWhich definition of lore best matches the most common definition given by the dictionary entry?a talea superstitiona lessona face C
Which sentence shows the correct use of a common homophone?The art teacher thought you’re drawing was exceptionally detailed.Some of the neighbors just saw you’re dog running down the street.I think you left your biology notebook on the bleachers yesterday.If you want to finish the assignment, your going to need another pen. C
Use the dictionary entry for crude to answer the question.crudecrude [‘krüd] adjfrom Latin crudus1. the quality of being unchanged from the original state2. the quality of being primitive or uncultured3. the quality of being blunt or offensive4. the quality of being rough in executionWhich sentence correctly uses the word crude as it is defined? Check all that apply.Despite their hard work, the miners were only able to find a small amount of crude minerals in the mine they were excavating.Kenzo became much more polite and crude after the teacher spoke to his parents about how poorly he had been behaving in class.The architect drew a crude sketch of his designs to give his clients a general idea of what he wanted to build.The audience booed the comedian off the stage because his crude jokes were very inappropriate.The baker decorated the wedding cake with flowers made of sugar that were so crude that they looked like real flowers. A C ND D
Use the dictionary entry for lore to answer the question.lorelore [‘lor] nounfrom Old English leornian1. something that is taught2. something that is learned3. a body of knowledge or tradition4. the space between the eye and the bill in a bird5. the space between the eye and the mouth in a reptile or fishWhich definition of lore best matches the most common definition given by the dictionary entry?a talea superstitiona lessona face C
Which sentence shows the correct use of a common homophone?The art teacher thought you’re drawing was exceptionally detailed.Some of the neighbors just saw you’re dog running down the street.I think you left your biology notebook on the bleachers yesterday.If you want to finish the assignment, your going to need another pen. C
Use the dictionary entry for crude to answer the question.crudecrude [‘krüd] adjfrom Latin crudus1. the quality of being unchanged from the original state2. the quality of being primitive or uncultured3. the quality of being obvious4. the quality of being rough in executionWhich word best defines the word crude?polishedundevelopedskilledmature B
Use the dictionary entry for lore to answer the question.lorelore [‘lor] nounfrom Old English leornian1. something that is taught2. something that is learned3. a body of tradition4. the space between the eye and the bill in a bird5. the space between the eye and the mouth in a reptile or fishUse context clues to choose the sentence that best uses the third definition of the word lore.Jasmine’s grandmother passed all of the family’s lore on to the younger generation.The measurement of the lore told us exactly what bird species we had found on the island.In his personal library, the retired gardener stored his handmade volumes of plant lore. The lizard’s green lore was slightly darker in color than the rest of its face and body. A
Use the thesaurus entry for assess to answer the question.assessverbDefinition: to make a judgment about somethingSynonyms: appraise, judge, test, valueAntonyms: guess, ignore, neglectWhich word is another possible synonym for the word assess?evaluatedecideregardapply A
Use the thesaurus entry for mediate to answer the question.mediateadjDefinition: occupying a middle positionSynonyms: central, intermediate, medium, middleAntonyms: extreme, farthest, outermost, utmostverbDefinition: to get something by working with both sides in a disputeSynonyms: interpose, intercede, interveneAntonyms: avoid, disregard, ignore, overlookUse the drop-down menu to choose a synonym for the word mediate as it would be used in this sentence.After looking at much of the evidence, Arlo took a(n) stance on the issue, believing that there was no absolute right or wrong. A
Use the thesaurus entry for abstract to answer the question.abstractnounDefinition: a summary of points in brief formSynonyms: summary, brief, digest, synopsisverb Definition: to make a summary ofSynonyms: summarize, outlineadjective Definition: expressing a quality apart from an object, without a direct representationSynonyms: theoretical, conceptual, nonrepresentational, idealWhich is a possible synonym for the word abstract as it is used in this sentence?The medical students were asked to abstract the information in the related case studies.synopsissummarizeidealconceptual B
Use the dictionary entry for crude to answer the question.crudecrude [‘krüd] adjfrom Latin crudus1. the quality of being unchanged from the original state2. the quality of being primitive or uncultured3. the quality of being obvious4. the quality of being rough in executionUse context clues to choose the sentence that best uses the fourth definition of the word crude.Rather than being subtle, Selma was rather crude in the way she conducted herself at the meeting.Elijah and his brother quickly built a crude shelter that would keep them warm and dry through the night.Thelma’s knowledge of art and poetry showed the rest of the diners that she was far from crude.There was oil to be found on the property, but it was crude and would need to be processed. B
Which sentence shows the correct use of a common homophone?This morning, Shelly wore a pear of gloves to school.I had a sandwich, some cheese, and a pear for lunch.Eduardo ate all of the apple, but he did not like the pair.Ravi noticed that the pair tree in the yard was in full bloom. B
Which homophone best completes the sentence?Though I prefer to eat fruit, I enjoy vegetables ________.youryou’retootwo C
Use the thesaurus entry for assess to answer the question.assessverbDefinition: to make a judgment about something;to impose a feeSynonyms: appraise, charge, fine, judge, test, valueAntonyms: guess, ignore, neglect, pardonWhich synonym best replaces the word assess in the sentence below?We asked the antiques dealer to assess the value of the clock before we decided to sell it.appraisechargefinetest A
Use the dictionary entry for lavish to answer the question.lavishla•vish [‘la-vish]from Middle French lavasseadj1. given in large amounts2. having a very rich and expensive qualityverb1. giving or using in large amountsUse context clues to choose the sentence that best uses the last definition of the word lavish.There was a lavish amount of food and drinks set upon the table.Finn noticed the lavish nature of the items in the jewelry store.For his birthday, his friends would lavish him with many gifts.According to the papers, the wedding was a lavish affair C
Use the thesaurus entry for labyrinth to answer the question.labyrinthnounDefinition: a place that has many confusing paths and passages; something that is extremely difficult to understandSynonyms: entanglement, puzzle, webWhich sentences contain possible synonyms for the word labyrinth? Check all that apply.The business venture became such a tangle that everyone agreed to go separate ways.It would take days to get to the other side of this jungle of vines, hedges, shrubs, and weeds.Emma was determined to find the way through this maze of pathways, tunnels, and bridges.Perhaps, Julian would not have gotten lost if he had brought a map or a compass.After spending several days in the wilderness, the group of explorers was happy to be back home A B ND C
Which would most likely be found in informal writing?scholarly languagecomplex sentencesopinion statementslengthy descriptions C
Which statement should be revised for a more formal tone?Greek mythology was created as a way for ancient people to explain the world around them.Roman mythology was comparable in many ways to Greek mythology, although different names were used.Poseidon, the coolest of the Greek gods, ruled the seas with his awesome tri-tip fish spear.The story of Persephone’s capture by Hades was used to explain the annual change of seasons. C
Which is an effective research question in developing an essay topic?Who are some important Greek heroes?Who are Hercules’s mother and father?What is the most interesting story based on a Greek myth?What is the story of Hercules, and what lesson does it teach? D
Jacob receives the writing prompt below.Write an informative essay about an event in Greek mythology. Summarize the plot, and explain how the myth has influenced modern culture.He decides to write about an event involving Odysseus. Which are effective research questions to best develop his topic?Where was Odysseus born? What are the names of his parents? Where did he travel on his journey?What is the name of Odysseus’s biggest battle? What is his most important quality?What happened in Odysseus’s attempt to capture Troy? What impact has this had upon modern life?Who was Odysseus? Why is he important? How has he influenced today’s society? C
Darcy receives the writing prompt below.Write an informative essay about a hero in Greek mythology. Summarize his or her life, and explain how this character is a true hero.She decides to write about Perseus. Which are effective research questions to best develop this topic?What was the name of Perseus’s biggest enemy? How was this enemy conquered?Who are the members of Perseus’s family? How did his father help or hurt him? Why is he a hero?What events shaped Perseus’s life? How did he overcome obstacles and prove himself a hero?Who was Perseus? Why is he important? What can be learned from his story? C
Dana receives the writing prompt below.Write an informative essay about the first woman in Greek mythology, Pandora. Summarize her myth and explain the impact of her story on today’s culture.Dana’s first research question is “What events occurred in the myth of Pandora?” What should her second research question be, and what would be the most credible source for research?Dana should ask, “What are some modern examples of Pandora’s influence?” using an encyclopedia entry for research. Dana should ask, “What are some modern examples of Pandora’s influence?” using a blog for research.Dana should ask, “What was the effect of Pandora’s box upon Greek culture?” using an encyclopedia entry for research.Dana should ask, “What was the effect of Pandora’s box upon Greek culture?” using a blog for research. A
Sammy will paraphrase an article for his class. To paraphrase correctly, Sammy mustuse language taken directly from the article.include quotation marks around the author’s words.restate the ideas of the article in his own words.find well-written phrases and quote them directly. C
Which statement should be revised for a more formal tone?Artemis wasn’t great to have around because she’s the one who brought death and disease everywhere.Artemis and Apollo, her twin brother, were armed with bows, quivers, and arrows in battle.Artemis never fell in love and remained unmarried, remaining a symbol of purity and holiness.Artemis was considered the goddess of wild animals, hunting, and the natural world. A
Which is an example of a direct quotation?According to my research, Zeus was instrumental in starting and ending the entire Trojan War.Greek scholars agree that Zeus frequently changed form so that he could influence others.Dr. W. Wharton explains, “Zeus was the king of the gods, ruler of sky, weather, law, and fate.”Artists usually portray Zeus as a strong man with a dark beard, a lightning bolt, and scepter. C
Lucas is given the paragraph below to read and paraphrase.Achilles, a powerful Greek warrior, was thought to be immortal because he had been submerged in the River Styx during infancy. However, because his mother dipped him into the water while holding his heel, he was left vulnerable in that small spot. Today “Achilles’ heel” refers to a weakness that can lead to downfall.Which is the best paraphrase of the paragraph?Because he was dipped in the River Styx, Achilles was thought to be immortal. Unfortunately his mother held him by the heel, and he was weak in that area. An “Achilles’ heel” is a weakness that can lead to downfall.”Achilles’ heel” is a term used to describe a weak spot. The phrase comes from the story of a Greek soldier who was thought to be unbeatable—but was actually vulnerable.Today the phrase “Achilles’ heel” refers to a weakness that can lead to downfall. This refers to the story of a powerful Greek warrior who had been submerged in the River Styx during childhood.The article says, “Achilles, a powerful Greek warrior, was thought to be immortal because he had been submerged in the River Styx during infancy.” It explains the meaning of “Achilles’ heel.” B
.Elizabeth receives the writing prompt below.Write an informative essay about the Greek hero, Theseus. Summarize his victory over the Minotaur, and identify his heroic characteristics.Elizabeth’s first research question is “How did Theseus overcome the Minotaur?” What should her second research question be, and what would be the most credible source for research?Elizabeth should ask, “Which traits show Theseus’s heroism?” using a newspaper article published in 1990 for research.Elizabeth should ask, “Which traits show Theseus’s heroism?” using a current article from a scholarly website for research.Elizabeth should ask, “How does Theseus’s heroism impact modern life?” using a newspaper article published in 1990 for research.Elizabeth should ask, “How does Theseus’s heroism impact modern life?” using a current article from a scholarly website for research. B
A formal tone is most appropriate to use in . B
Emily is writing an essay on Demeter, Greek goddess of the harvest. Which website is most credible for research as she develops her topic?a blog post found at www.myfavoritegoddesses.coman article published by www.mythologymuseum.organ advertisement at www.demeterwheatshop.coman anonymous comment at www.greekschool.edu B
Spencer needs to revise his essay to use a more formal tone.One cool fact I found studying Greek mythology is the connection to modern names. For instance, my hometown, East Sparta, Ohio, is named after the home of the awesome Greek warriors!Which revision of Spencer’s essay best uses a formal tone?One interesting fact I found studying Greek mythology is the connection to modern names. My hometown is East Sparta, Ohio, which is named after the home of the fierce Greek warriors.Isn’t it interesting how Greek mythology connects to modern names? East Sparta, Ohio, for instance, is named after Sparta in Greece, which you know is home to the strong Greek warriors.An interesting fact about Greek mythology is its connection to many modern names. One example is East Sparta, Ohio, a town that takes its name from the home of Greece’s famous warriors.Have you noticed how many modern names come from Greek mythology? I didn’t know until now that my hometown, East Sparta, Ohio, is named after the home of some very fierce Greek warriors. C
Lucas is given the paragraph below to read and paraphrase.Achilles, a powerful Greek warrior, was thought to be immortal because he had been submerged in the River Styx during infancy. However, because his mother dipped him into the water while holding his heel, he was left vulnerable in that small spot. Today “Achilles’ heel” refers to a weakness that can lead to downfall.Which is the best paraphrase of the paragraph?Because he was dipped in the River Styx, Achilles was thought to be immortal. Unfortunately his mother held him by the heel, and he was weak in that area. An “Achilles’ heel” is a weakness that can lead to downfall.”Achilles’ heel” is a term used to describe a weak spot. The phrase comes from the story of a Greek soldier who was thought to be unbeatable—but was actually vulnerable.Today the phrase “Achilles’ heel” refers to a weakness that can lead to downfall. This refers to the story of a powerful Greek warrior who had been submerged in the River Styx during childhood.The article says, “Achilles, a powerful Greek warrior, was thought to be immortal because he had been submerged in the River Styx during infancy.” It explains the meaning of “Achilles’ heel.” B
Which is an effective research question in developing an essay topic?Who are some important Greek heroes?Who are Hercules’s mother and father?What is the most interesting story based on a Greek myth?What is the story of Hercules, and what lesson does it teach? D
Sammy will paraphrase an article for his class. To paraphrase correctly, Sammy mustuse language taken directly from the article.include quotation marks around the author’s words.restate the ideas of the article in his own words.find well-written phrases and quote them directly. C
Elise needs to revise her essay’s conclusion to use a more formal tone.Hera is a Greek goddess you should get to know. I like her because she’s strong, smart, and beautiful.Which revision of Elise’s conclusion best uses a formal tone?Hera isn’t just an ordinary Greek goddess. She’s powerful because she’s beautiful, smart, and really strong.Readers should become familiar with the Greek goddess, Hera. Her strength, wisdom, and beauty set her apart from other Olympians.I think Hera is the greatest of the Greek goddesses. She’s not just beautiful, she’s also smart and strong.Everyone who reads about Hera knows that she is a beauty. She also has strength and wisdom to boot! B
Jacob receives the writing prompt below.Write an informative essay about an event in Greek mythology. Summarize the plot, and explain how the myth has influenced modern culture.He decides to write about an event involving Odysseus. Which are effective research questions to best develop his topic?Where was Odysseus born? What are the names of his parents? Where did he travel on his journey?What is the name of Odysseus’s biggest battle? What is his most important quality?What happened in Odysseus’s attempt to capture Troy? What impact has this had upon modern life?Who was Odysseus? Why is he important? How has he influenced today’s society? C
Which are examples of symbols? Choose all that apply.a peace signan Olympic torcha stop signan American flaga white dovea smiley face B D ND E
Use the thesaurus entry for migrate to answer the question.migrateverbDefinition: to move from one place to anotherSynonyms: drift, journey, rove, shift, wanderAntonyms: sojourn, stay, stop, haltWhich sentence contains another antonym for the word migrate?Looking for work, many unemployed people began to roam the land.I think I will stroll down the street to visit the Sanchez family today.Kit and Helen decided to remain in the small town and open a coffee shop.Yuchi chose to trek across the mountains by himself rather than with a group. C
Read this excerpt from The Odyssey.”Oh, Nan, they are a bad lot; they intendruin for all of us; but Antinous appears a blacker-hearted hound than any.Here is a poor man come, a wanderer,driven by want to beg his bread, and everyonein hall gave bits, to cram his bag—onlyAntinous threw a stool, and banged his shoulder!”Based on previous knowledge of Greek values, what prediction can best be made about Antinous’s future?Antinous’s friends will rally around him, and he will be victorious in battle.Antinous will gain great power and win the heart of Penelope at last.Antinous’s friends will turn on him, and he will suffer for his actions.Antinous will become a poor man and wanderer like Odysseus. C
Grant receives the writing prompt below.Write an informative essay about the Greek hero, Jason. Summarize his unhappy youth and explain how he overcame obstacles to become great.Grant’s first research question is “What happened in Jason’s early life?” What should his second research question be, and what would be the most credible source for research?Grant should ask,”What was the name of the witch who assisted Jason?” using a book about Greek mythology for research.Grant should ask,”What was the name of the witch who assisted Jason?” using a wiki page on Greek mythology for research.Grant should ask, “How did Jason defeat his challenges and gain success?” using a book about Greek mythology for research.Grant should ask, “How did Jason defeat his challenges and gain success?” using a wiki page on Greek mythology for research. C

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