Hamlet Study Guide

____________ said, “Get thee to a nunnery” to _________ Hamlet, Ophelia
who is a foil for Hamlet? Laertes
Where is the setting of the play Elsinore, Denmark
How do Claudius and Laertes plan to kill Hamlet? Laertes will duel Hamlet with a poison sword, and if that doesn’t work, Claudius will give a poisoned drink to Hamlet
soliloquy monologue where the character is thinking aloud
what advice does Laertes give to Ophelia at the beginning of the play? to stay away from Hamlet
Who is still alive at the end of the play? Horatio, Fortinbras
the structure of Hamlet is in what pattern? iambic pentameter
When Hamlet says to Ophelia in Act 3, Scene 1, “Get thee to a nunnery: why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners?” What is he instructing her to do? he tells her not to have kids because they will grow up to be sinners
In Act 4, Scene 4, Hamlet refers to his father as having “Hyperion’s curls” and “an eye like Mars”. What is the literary device that is being used here to demonstrate Hamlet’s high opinion of his deceased father? allusion
When the Ghost instructs Hamlet to avenge his “most foul and unnatural murder”, he cautions Hamlet to….. not mess with his mom
What are the two reasons why Hamlet is upset? his father died and his mom married his uncle
What did the ghost tell Hamlet That he was killed
Why have Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come to the castle? to spy on Hamlet
What is Polonius’s plan for testing his theory about Hamlet’s madness? to have him and Claudius spy on Hamlet and Ophelia and see what happens
How do the King and Polonius decide about Hamlet’s condition after eavesdropping on Hamlet and Ophelia? maybe he’s not as crazy as he seems to be
What does Hamlet want his mother to do? don’t sleep with Claudius
What happens to the King by the end? killed by poisoned sword and drink
What happens to Hamlet by the end? Laertes stabs him with poisoned sword
What happens to Laertes by the end? Hamlet stabs him with poisoned sword
what happens to the Queen by the end? accidentally drinks from poisoned cup and dies
What is the “undiscovered country” referred to in Act 3, scene i, line 81? death, afterlife
The murder of Polonius is the direct result of him crying out because? he cries out because Gertrude cries out
Who is the only person to die from two types of poison? Claudius
Why will Fortinbras probably become the King of Denmark? only one that is alive and Hamlet kinda gave him the rights to the kingdom
In the last scene of the play, Laertes redeems himself in the eyes of the audience by…. apologizing to Hamlet and outing Claudius to everybody
Hamlet hopes the play will show….. that Claudius murdered Hamlet’s dad
Hamlet feels that Gertrude is guilty of…….. incest
Why does Laertes plot the duel? revenge for Hamlet killing his dad
Hamlet feels that he can trust only…… Horatio
What does Hamlet say he wishes it was not against God’s will to commit? suicide
Hamlet is angry because the food for his father’s funeral is being used as food for…… for the wedding
What do Marcellus and Horatio try to stop Hamlet from doing? following the ghost
Hamlet makes Horatio and Marcellus swear they will not tell what happened, even if Hamlet…. starts acting crazy
Hamlet tells Rosencrantz and Guildenstern that Denmark is…. a prison
In Hamlet’s famous “to be or not to be” soliloquy, he wonders what dreams may come….. when we die
Hamlet fears that when he goes to speak with his mother, he may…. break his promise to his dad
Hamlet has a chance to kill Claudius when he is at prayer, but he chooses not to because…… he won’t go to Hell if he is repenting
When Claudius asks Hamlet where the body of Polonius is, Hamlet tells the messenger to see if Polonius is in heaven, but the king himself should look for him in…. Hell
The King tells Laertes that Hamlet has always been jealous of Laertes mastery of ……….. swords
The skull the gravedigger hands Hamlet belonged to…. Yorrick
When the king observes Hamlet’s “madness”, he tells his courtiers to take him to ………. England
Along with Hamlet, who goes to the cemetery when Ophelia is buried? Horatio
Guildenstern’s story about the unicorn is brought on by….. their discussion of what makes something a reality. If one person sees something and no one else witnesses the same thing, then the person may question the reality of what he saw. If two people see the same thing and agree on what they saw, the reality is more firm. If five people all see the same thing it is even more real. Things aren’t real until the majority of people…
What task does Claudius and Gertrude give to R and G? to spy on Hamlet
R and S correctly determine what is wrong with Hamlet by….. a game of question and answer
Which of the following does the Player say makes his existence variable? The Player snaps that uncertainty is normal, and that Guil and Ros aren’t anyone special.
What does the Player believe is the nature of truth? “truth is only that which is taken to be true. It’s the currency of living. There may be nothing behind it, but it doesn’t make any difference so long as it is honoured. One acts on assumptions”
The Player states that a play is not concluded until…. Player notes that it couldn’t be because almost everyone is still on their feet.
What is something G says to rid himself and R of guilt concerning Hamlet’s impending execution They rationalize not doing anything (a.k.a. allowing Hamlet’s death), and decide that they are wrapped up in matters beyond their control.
Why have the Tragedians stowed away on the boat? Claudius did not like their play, and they had to flee.
How do R and G come to posses a letter asking the English king to put them to death? Hamlet put it there, thought it was a stage prop
“A little more than kin and less than kind” Hamlet to Poloniusself-explanatory quote
“The play’s the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king.” Hamlethappens during his soliloquy, the play is what will show that Claudius murdered Hamlet, Sr.
“To be, or not to be? That is the question—Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and, by opposing, end them? To die, to sleep—No more” Hamlethe question is: is it better to be alive or dead? Is it nobler to put up with all the nasty things that luck throws your way, or to fight against all those troubles by simply putting an end to them once and for all? Dying, sleeping—that’s all dying is—
“Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought, And enterprises of great pith and moment With this regard their currents turn awry, And lose the name of action.” Hamlet Fear of death makes us all cowards, and our natural boldness becomes weak with too much thinking. Actions that should be carried out at once get misdirected, and stop being actions at al
“Suit the action to the word, the word to the action, with this special observance that you o’erstep not the modesty of nature. For anything so overdone is from the purpose of playing, whose end, both at the first and now, was and is to hold, as ’twere, the mirror up to nature, to show virtue her own feature, scorn her own image,” Hamlet Fit the action to the word and the word to the action. Act natural at all costs. Exaggeration has no place in the theater, where the purpose is to represent reality, holding a mirror up to virtue, to vice, and to the spirit of the times.
“O, from this time forth my thoughts be bloody or be nothing worth!” Hamlet
“Lord, we know what we are but know not what we may be.” Ophelia
“Frailty thy name is woman” Hamlethe thinks his mom is weak for marrying Claudius so soon after her husband died
“Brevity is the soul of wit” Poloniusironic because he always take a while to say things
“madness in the great ones must not unwatched go” Claudius about Hamlet
“Hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain” Gertrude
absurd humor baed on nonsense, illogical situations, or non-sequiturs
non sequitur a statement that doesn’t follow the flow of a normal conversation
anecdotal humor based on personal stories that may be true or partially true, but embellished
off-color humor based on “indecent” topics such as sex or bodily functions
dry humor delivered stolidly, without any expression
gallows humor dealing with tragedy or death, oftentimes with a pessimistic outlook
hyperbolic humor based on extravagant exaggeration
ironic humor that occurs when the opposite of what you expect occurs or is said
incongruous humor in which two things that don’t make sense together are put together
wordplay humor that makes jokes out of the meaning of words
parody humor that imitates the style of a particular writer, artist, genre, etc.
satire humor that often uses irony, sarcasm, or exaggeration to criticize humanity’s stupidity or weaknesses for comic effect
self-depreciating humor in which people target themselves and their weaknesses for comic effect
slapstick humor based on exaggerated physical activity which exceeds the boundaries of common sense, sometimes based on mock violence or bodily harm
theism there is a god that created us and makes life meaningful for us, religion is a framework
naturalism humans react to outside persuasions (heredity, instinct, environment) leaving very little free-will
meta theater refers to plays about plays
existentialism -life is meaningless, humans must create their own meaning- there is no “human nature”– our choices define who we are and each individual is responsible for their choices- we should focus on our individual actions, not on trying to find some larger meaning or order because there isn’t one
determinism in philosophy, theory that all events, including moral choices, are completely determined by previously existing causes. Determinism is usually understood to preclude free will because it entails that humans cannot act otherwise than they do.
post-modernism characterized by broad skepticism, subjectivism, or relativism; a general suspicion of reason; and an acute sensitivity to the role of ideology in asserting and maintaining political and economic power.

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