Hamlet Review

Groundling A poor person who stands on the ground during the play; no protection from the sun or the rain.
Draconain Harsh ruling/ rules. There were harsh rules with the theater such as no women actors.
Soliloquy One person on stage speaking their thoughts out loud to them-self for the audience to hear but not directed at the audience. Hamlet’s to be or not to be speech.
Iambic Pentameter Contains 10 syllables, stress on syllables, Shakespeare famously wrote his plays in this fashion.
In media res At the beginning of the play, means “in the middle of the story” Hamlet began like this, King Hamlet was already murdered by the time the play began so the story had already began.
Hyperbole Exaggeration. Characters in the play spoke with hyperbole such as king Claudius, “Oh my offence is rank, it stank to Heaven”
Internal conflict When one person is battling with them-self; emotions, mental. Hamlet is battling with himself on whether or not he should kill Claudius.
External Conflict Conflict between two outside forces. Hamlet and Claudius have an external conflict because they are fighting against each other.
Be thou as chaste as ice, as pure as snow, thou shalt not escape calumny. Get thee to a nunnery, go.SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Hamlet. Act 3. Hamlet was talking to Ophelia about her forever being a virgin. Theme: Gender discrimination – how Hamlet treated his mother and Ophelia.
Imperious Caesar, dead, and turn’d to clay, Might stop a hole to keep the wind away.SpeakerActContextConnection to theme -Hamlet. Act 5. Reference to Julius Caesar (emperor who is now dead and dust, as we all will be when we die) Similarity when it comes to ghosts and death. Theme: Death and Decay.
Now cracks a noble heart. Good-night, sweet prince, and flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Horatio, Act 5; Hamlet is dying in Horatio’s arms basically the last words said to Hamlet. Theme: Death (Is Hamlet noble?)
What a piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculty! in forma and moving how express and admirable! in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the beauty of the world! the paragon of animals! And yet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? man delights not me: no, nor woman neither, though by your smiling you seem to say soSpeakerActContextConnection to theme Hamlet. Act 2, Hamlet is talking to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern about how he is sad even though the world is amazing and wonderful. Theme: Death
If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart, absent thee from felicity awhile, and in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, to tell my story. SpeakerAct ContextConnection to theme Hamlet, Act 5; Hamlet is telling Horatio to carry on his story and legacy. Theme: Death
The play’s the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the kingSpeaker ActContextConnection to theme Hamlet, act 2 Hamlet was talking to himself about watching his uncle during the play where a king gets murdered. Theme: spying.
O, my offence is rank, it smells to heaven; It hath the primal eldest curse upon’t, A brother’s murder.SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Claudius. Act 3. Claudius is confessing to himself that he killed his brother, king Hamlet. Theme: Murder/ Death.
Lay her I’ the earth: And from her fair and unpolluted flesh May violets spring!SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Laertes. Act 5. Talking about burying Ophelia and how she is pure. Theme: Death/Suicide
‘Swounds, I should take it, for it cannot be, but I am pigeon-liver’d and lack gall to make oppression bitter, or ere this I should have fatted all the region kites with this slave’s offal. Bloody, bawdy villain! Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindless villain!SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Hamlet, Act 2. Hamlet talking to himself about how he is a “ass” for not making a decision and killing his uncle. Theme: Revenge
To be or not to be: that is the question: Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end them? To die: to sleep; no more; and, by a sleep to say we end the heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks that flesh is heir to, ’tis a consummation devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep; to sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub;SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Hamlet. Act 3. Hamlet is talking about whether it is worth living or if he should commit suicide. Theme: Death/ Suicide.
Doubt thou the stars are fire; Doubt that the sun doth move; Doubt truth to be a liar; but never doubt I love.SpeakerActContextConnection to theme Polonius and Hamlet, Act 2; Polonius reads the poem Hamlet wrote to Ophelia; It is Hamlet’s writing, but Polonius reads it out loud. Theme: Spying. (Is this how Hamlet really feels)

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