hamlet review

revenge tragedy theme -revenge tragedy- mortality – suicide notions of hamlet – talking to gravediggers – hamlet wonders why we’re here- he comes to term w/ mortality in act 5- fortinbras wants to get revenge
corruption theme – everything is rotten, everything smells, disease, poison, corruption in claudius’ mind
appearance vs reality theme – what we see is not what is real- hamlet appears to be crazy but we know he’s not- the play appears to be a form of entertainment but we know that its a test- dissemblance – to put on a good face- claudius is evil but is a good king – looks like a good king but is a son of a gun (killed his own brother than married his wife)
characterization – hamlet – hamlet second guesses everything but he’s adored by the townspeople- he’s handsome & well liked but has his own demons- he’s too intelligent for his own good – thinks too much
characterization – gertrude – gertrude seems to indicate that she has guilt- she has a lot of issues w/ stuff but doesn’t fight for what she wants
characterization – polonius – never shuts up & is very officious (to be noisy & always getting in ppl’s business)- always spying – he justifies it all – simply just wants to know whats going on all the time
characterization – horatio – love him- he’s sweet, kind & knows how to calm hamlet down – exact opposite of hamlet – he isn’t passionate – not just love but intensity – brave & loyal- his loyalty is proved at end of the play when he’s about to die for hamlet
hamlets source – the history of danes- historia danica compiled by saxlo romantico in 1200 AD
soliloquy – character’s alone on stage delivering his deep thoughts aloud
aside – whispering to someone on stage where no one can hear you or to audience
imagery – disease, corruption, ears – listening, eavesdropping
act v convo between gravediggers – repeat a rumor that ophelia committed suicide & wonder whether she ought to be buried in hallowed ground-gravedigger shows hamlet the skull of yorick, the old king’s jester – hamlet’s amazed – hamlet wonders who they might have belonged to in life – whether it be a lawyer or a courtier
what happens at ophelia’s funeral – act v – laertes argues w/ priest over politeness of burial rites- hamlet declares that he loved ophelia more than 40,000 brothers could- changed command on R&G and said for England to kill them instead -rewrites R&G’s order
Irony theme – polonius is advising his son Laertes to take care of himself & be loyal to his own interests – “this above all: to thine own self be true” – laertes doesn’t take notice of his advice & polonius doesn’t listen to his own
“Something so rotten in the state of Denmark” – act 1 – Marcellus ( officer of palace guard) is indicating to horatio they something evil is happening – foreshadows the events to come – top of political hierarchy is rotting bc fish rot from head to tail
“Frailty, thy name is woman “ – The first of his five soliloquies and is referring to his mother remarried to quickly- Hamlet thinks that she is weak and thinks this of all women
“Though this be madness yet there is method in’t” – spoken by Polonius referring to hamlet- polonius has observed him what’s odd behavior but now sees order in his “madness”- he incorrectly attributes hamlets madness to melancholy surrounding his love for Ophelia
The lady Doth protest too much methinks – spoken by Gertrude while watching a play- she refers to the queen in the play who declares that she will never remarry- ellipses parallel between queen in the play and his mother and asked her how she liked the play- there is irony in her response
To be or not to be soliloquy – hamlets fourth soliloquy- he contemplate suicide and compares the in evitable pain of life with the uncertainty what happens after death
First soliloquy – oh that this too solid flash would melt thaw & resolve itself into a dew- act 1 scene 2- about fathers death & mothers marriage- depressed, suicidal, distressed
Second soliloquy – oh are you host of heaven oh earth what else and Shaw I couple how old my heart- act 1 scene 5- seeking truth of ghosts words- passionate, wants revenge, renewed- horrified by the behavior of Gertrude and Claudius
Third soliloquy – I so god now I am alone oh what a rogue and peasant slave am I- act two scene two- actor in play transforms into another character – belittling himself for the player – players starts crying – thinks self has no courage- transitioning into mad personality, determined, hopeful- Full of lists insults in repetitions of vocab- after watching one of the traveling players deliver a moving speech he berates himself over his inability to avenge his father’s murder
Fourth soliloquy – to be or not to be- no passion, calm, contemplative – act three scene 1- death is to be feared because of its mystery- he has a fear of the unknown
Fifth soliloquy – tis now the very witching time of night- act three scene two- knows of Claudius’ guilt- eager to avenge – least convincing soliloquy- creates tension for the audience
Sixty soliloquy – now might I do it pat down he is praying-act three scene three- debating murder due to imperfect opportunity- hesitant, unsure, patient – Hamlet decides not to kill Claudius well he is praying and claiming that this would send him to heaven- The revenge must involve justice
Seventh soliloquy – how all occasions do inform against me- act four scene four- ready to take action- nervous – Hamlet realizes that thousands of soldiers are ready to die or piece of worthless land but he can’t even take revenge for his own father’s death- that God gave reason to humans so that they may make use of it- it is a turning point for Hamlet when he stops thinking of the past and instead decides to start acting on his thoughts
Settimg Denmark
Time – 12/13th century
Type of play Revenge tragedy
Style of Shakespeare – Rich in imagery- Vivid descriptions that appear to the senses- smell, decay, something rotten in the state of Denmark – under rides notion of decay and corruption- hearing when the king was murdered by something being poured in his ear & the eaves dropping
Allusions – referred to something often biblical- cain and abel – relates to how Claudius killed his brother – Cain killed his brother Abel out of jealousy and was cursed by God – Claudius wonders how he can be forgiven doing something so frowned upon in the Bible- trojan war- we a lube tube Virgil who was the writer of when Hecuba is mourning the death of Priam was killed by Pyrrhus- Hamlet compares his mother with the Trojan queen Hecuba – uses Hecuba to exaggerate the difference between the queen in the play full of grief and sorry and queen Gertrude who remarry quickly and showed little emotion for the death of her first husband (act 2 scene 2)
Under style – Iambic pentameter ( blank verse)- uses irony ( dramatic situational & verbal)- situational – he finally gets to kill Claudius but kills polonius – ironic that laertes gets a taste of his own medicine & dies
“The things the play” Hamlet
Shakespeare’s children Hamnet Susanna Judith
Shakespeare birth place Stratford
Where does laertes go to school France
Who killed priam Prius
Setting Elsanor
Prince of norwsy Fortinbras
Shakespeare’s two confessions Actor and play wright
April 23rd 1616 Hamlet’s birthday and death day at 52 years old
The four greatest tragedies Hamlet king Lear McBeth and Orthello
Hamlet school Wittenberg
Alas poor Yorick Hamlet talking to Horatio
Where Polonius is hiding in Gertrude’s room The arras
Brevity is the soul of wit Claudius is saying that when giving advice or talking intelligently don’t talk too much- in other words that you should use as few words possible when giving knowledge which is the exact opposite of what he does- from act two scene two
Taints not that I mind Said by the ghost- The ghost isn’t happy about Gertrudes “damned incest”- he tells hamlet to keep her out of things anyway- but hamlets obsession with Gertrude is so problematic that the ghost returns in act 3 scene 4 to tell hamlet to lay off his mom
Opening scene of act two Foreshadows too important events that occur within acts two and three
Act three scene iv Gertrude promises she will not tell Claudius anything

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