Hamlet Quotes–mediocre quizlet–might help

Who’s there? -Barnardo to Francisco- Barnardo and the whole of Denmark are on edge and suspicious after the death of king Hamlet. They ‘fraid the ghost finna make his #RETURN
2. Thou art a scholar. Speak to it, Horatio. Marcellus to Horatio. Marcellus, a low guard, believes that because Horatio is educated, he is better suited to communicate and understand the ghost’s intentions. Seems legit
Now, sir, young Fortinbras,Of unimprovèd mettle hot and full,Hath in the skirts of Norway here and thereSharked up a list of lawless resolutesFor food and diet to some enterpriseThat hath a stomach in ‘t…. Horatio speaks of how Fortinbras has raised an army and intends to attack Denmark. Fortinbras’s situation parallels that of Hamlet. Like Hamlet, Fortinbras’s father has been killed in war and his uncle has taken the throne. However, Fortinbras is effectively Hamlet’s foil, for while Hamlet struggles throughout the play to act and avenge his father’s death, Fortinbras exhibits right away the daring and action to avenge his own father’s death.
Do not forever with thy vailèd lidsSeek for thy noble father in the dust.Thou know’st ’tis common, that all that lives must die…. -Gertrude – says that death is common to Hamlet. But in reality is the death of your father a common occurrence? No. Gertrude is saying that Hamlet needs to stop grieving the death of his father to such an extent.
I have within which passes show,These but the trappings and the suits of woe. Hamlet feels really really badly and the “trappings” or “suits” of his woe will never truly capture the pain that he feels inside. His dark mourning clothes aren’t able to express his sadness.
Tis an unweeded gardenThat grows to seed. Things rank and gross in naturePossess it merely. That it should come to this:But two months dead—nay, not so much, not two.So excellent a king, that was to thisHyperion to a satyr This is Hamlet in his first soliloquy talking about the disappointment he experiences due to his mother’s marrying Claudius. Things are rank and gross because it is awful that she would do such a thing.
…frailty, thy name is woman! -Hamlet speaks of his mother and how she seems weak and dependent to marry Claudius. The quote contributes to Hamlet’s low poor perception of women. Gertrude is so weak that she quickly takes on Claudius after the King’s death. Also fuels Hamlet’s judgement and disdain for his mother, Ophelia, and women.
He was a man. Take him for all in all,I shall not look upon his like again. -Hamlet, lamenting the loss of his father directly before. Horatio reveals to Hamlet that Horatio, Barnardo, and Marcellus have all seen the ghost of Old Hamlet.
This above all: to thine own self be true,And it must follow, as the night the day,Thou canst not then be false to any man. -Polonius – ironic because Polonius isn’t truthful even though it’s good advice for his son. Reflects the dissembling nature of Polonius’s character as well as relates to his desire to weasel his way into the court/position of power.
it is a customMore honored in the breach than the observance.This heavy-headed revel east and westMakes us traduced and taxed of other nations.They clepe us drunkards and with swinish phraseSoil our addition. -Hamlet. Here he discusses the festivities that the King takes place in late into the night. He says that these feasts sully the name of Denmark and causes those looking in at the Danes to see them as drunkards. He states that this custom of feasting would be more honored in breaking it (in the breach) than in observing it.
So oft it chances in particular menThat for some vicious mole of nature in them,As in their birth wherein they are not guilty[…] … That these men,Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect…Shall in the general censure take corruptionFrom that particular fault. -Hamlet. Same speech as #10, uses the metaphor of the mole (not typically a menacing creature) to convey that the vicious nature is below the surface of these men or not readily apparent. “Shall in the general….fault” means that often that “vicious mole of nature” will overshadow the good of a person and cause the public opinion of them to be that they are corrupt.
Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. Marcellus– the ghost has just appeared, and Marcellus is commenting on the foreboding atmosphere that surrounds the political hierarchy of Denmark. If a low soldier guard like Marcellus who is completely uneducated can recognize that something is wrong in Denmark, then the situation must be bad. Rotten references diseases. As if to say that Denmark has been infected with a disease of some sort. Theme of disease. (caused by Claudius’ unjust killing of the King)
I could a tale unfold whose lightest wordWould harrow up thy soul, freeze thy young blood,Make thy two eyes, like stars, start from their spheres…. -Ghost. The Ghost here, after stating that he is forbidden to to share the details of the place in which he is trapped, says that if he were able to tell Hamlet anything, the horrendous nature of the place would be harrowing.
O villain, villain, smiling, damnèd villain!My tables—meet it is I set it downThat one may smile and smile and be a villain Hamlet – He has figured out that Claudius is a villain and is smiling because he is King. He swears that he will avenge his father’s death.
Your bait of falsehood take this carp of truth;And thus do we of wisdom and of reachWith windlasses and with assays of bias,By indirections find directions out. -Polonius. While instructing Reynaldo to follow Laertes to France, Polonius, who suspects Laertes engages in debauchery in France, asks his servant to spread falsehoods about Laertes visiting brothels and other illicit activities. Polonius hopes that, by observing the reactions of the people who hear this rumor, Reynaldo will be able to tell how Laertes has been conducting himself.
… since brevity is the soul of wit,And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes,I will be brief. Your noble son is mad.”Mad” call I it, for, to define true madness,What is ‘t but to be nothing else but mad? Polonious to Claudius and gertrude, here he explains that Hamlet is mad. However, Polonius contradicts himself a couple times here as he is not at all brief, even though brevity is the soul of wit. His speaking is very ornamented. He is trying to get on the inside of the royal affairs and make himself seem worthy to the king and queen, so he speaks as much as possible.
Though this be madness, yet there is method in ‘t. Classic “Method to the Madness” quotation, this one comes from Polonius in an aside during a conversation he has with Hamlet. Hamlet has just made some snide comments about the book he is reading and how the old men in the book (much like Polonius) have a “lack of wit”. Polonius recognizes that, although Hamlet is clearly MAD, he has some motive and some method behind his craziness that makes him dangerous instead of just being bizarre.
What a piece of work is a man, how noble inreason, how infinite in faculties, in form and movinghow express and admirable; in action how likean angel, in apprehension how like a god: thebeauty of the world, the paragon of animals—andyet, to me, what is this quintessence of dust? -Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern after he asks them to explain why they have been sent to see him, because he suspects they are spying on him. This is ironic, because, although he compares man to things of great beauty and knowledge and describes man as the pinnacle of existence, he ends by saying that man is essentially dust. This is seen as a biblical allusion to “from dust you are made and to dust you shall return” in Genesis, and emphasizes that no matter how great Man is, it really is not much. He is not delighted by R+G.
O, what a rogue and peasant slave am I!Is it not monstrous that his player here,But in a fiction, in a dream of passion,Could force his soul so to his own conceitThat from her working all his visage wanned,Tears in his eyes, distraction in his aspect,A broken voice, and his whole function suitingWith forms to his conceit—and all for nothing! -Hamlet. Hamlet finds himself stunned by the ability of the company of actors to conjure up emotional reactions to events that they have no emotional attachment to. Meanwhile he is not able to conjure up the emotional strength to execute his plan of revenge. This contract bothers him greatly.
he play’s the thingWherein I’ll catch the conscience of the King. Hamlet. Hamlet here is talking about the plan to use the play The Murder of Gonzago to mirror the way in which Claudius killed Old Hamlet. By doing so he hopes to observe Claudius’ reaction and to determine from that Claudius’ guilt.
To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there’s the rub,For in that sleep of death what dreams may come,When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,Must give us pause. Hamlet. In his “To Be or Not To Be” speech, Hamlet, after lamenting the inevitable pain that is endemic to life, discusses what prompts people to endure life-the fear of what comes after death. He likens death to sleep as a release earlier, but then considers the possibility that the dreams in this sleep of death would not be pleasant. With no way to know what comes next, most people choose to continue in painful lives.
Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou beA breeder of sinners? […] Or if thou wilt needs marry,Marry a fool, for wise men know well enough whatMonsters you make of them. Hamlet to sweet sweet Ophelia. He tells her to get herself to a Nunnery shortly after denying his past love for her. He says that he never loved her, which comes as a complete shock to Ophelia, and honestly kinda pisses her off. The nunnery could be a reference to her keeping her chastity, or could be him telling her to get to the whorehouse because she was unfaithful? Not really sure, but he thinks that Ophelia makes a fool of him. This ultimately adds to her insanity? Hamlet knows
O, what a noble mind is here o’erthrown!Th’ expectancy and rose of the fair state,The glass of fashion and the mold of form,Th’ observed of all observers, quite, quite down! Ophelia. Here she believes Hamlet, who has just delivered his series of “get thee to a nunnery” lines, to be insane. She uses a series of epithets (the expectancy and rose of the fair state-heir apparent to; glass of fashion-a mirror of high fashion; mold of form-model of excellent behavior; observed of all observes-one who many people looked to for example) and then goes on to say that he has fallen “quite, quite, down”
Madness in great ones must not unwatched go. Claudius to Polonius after they eavesdropped on the whole ‘get the to a nunnery’ interaction between Hamlet and Ophelia. This quotation is the first time that the king admits that Hamlet is some sort of threat to his crown, and recognizes that his insanity could result in something bad happening to the king. For that reason, he will soon after this send Hamlet to England, as Polonius advises.
…the purpose of playing, whose end, both at the first andNow, was and is to hold, as ’twere, the mirror up to nature…. Hamlet tells the Player that he must present the play exactly as it is with his added lines so that the play “Murder at gonzago’s” mirrors exactly Claudius’ murder of Old Hamlet. Hamlet wants to use this play to confirm that Claudius killed Old Hamlet. This is one of the many ‘mirror’ references
Give me that manThat is not passion’s slave, and I will wear himIn my heart’s core, ay, in my heart of heart, as I do thee. -Hamlet to Horatio. He explains the quality of Horatio’s (that he is not passion’s slave-i.e. He is not subject to random whims and a quick temper) that prompted Hamlet to ask for his help in his “mousetrap” plan.
‘Sblood,Do you think I am easier to be played on than a pipe?Call me what instrument you will, though you canfret me, you cannot play upon me. -Hamlet to Guildenstern and Rosencratz in Act III Scene ii. Hamlet is exposing both Guildenstern and Rosencratz, two men that used to be his best friends in college at Wittenberg, for being spies. As Hamlet calls for the players to bring in actual recorders so that he may start singing, he also accuses these two men of betraying his trust and friendship. He asks them both if they thought he could be so easily manipulated, tricked, or “played” as an instrument. Hamlet states that he can not be tricked by the spies” antics and will rather continue to see through their plot.
‘Tis now the very witching time of night,When churchyards yawn and hell itself breathes outContagion to this world. Now could I drink hot bloodAnd do such bitter business as the dayWould quake to look on. his comes in Hamlet’s 5th soliloquy after he has seen Claudius’ reactions to the play. He is in a ‘murderous mood,’ as JoPa says, and he is ready to kill Claudius. He is more determined than ever. However, he will soon prove to us that his own procrastination brings his downfall. Disease idea
O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven;It hath the primal eldest curse upon ‘t,A brother’s murder. Pray can I not…. Claudius to himself in 3.3 after he has been exposed by the play. Here, he admits to murdering his brother, the only time that he does that in the play. He can not pray for forgiveness because he would have to give up everything that he has gained, which he is not willing to do. However, he tries to pray, which saves him from Hamlet murdering him.
O, what a rash and bloody deed is this!A bloody deed—almost as bad, good mother,As kill a king and marry with his brother. Hamlet speaking to his mother after he has just stabbed Polonius through the Arras. Gertrude points out how awful this murder is, but Hamlet counters by pointing out how awful it was that Claudius killed his own brother. Here, Gertrude finally realizes what Claudius has done to her past husband, and now she feels very bad. Introduction to Gertrude’s being put on BLAST by Hammy Hamlet
O, speak to me no more!These words like daggers enter in my ears. Gertrude to Hamlet in the same scene as above. Hamlet completely exposes his mother in the lines before this, and now she is completely aware of her guilt. Nevertheless, she wishes not to bear it because she realizes how awful her actions have been. This news kills her and changes her.
…I essentially am not in madness,But mad in craft. Hamlet reveals to Gertrude that he is not actually insane, but just acting insane. MIC DROP BITCHES. He exposed her, but then told her not to sleep with Claudius anymore. He advises her to play along with his plan, and lets her in on his plan. She will play along and not interfere. Game changed.
… ’tis the sport to have the enginerHoist with his own petard; and ‘t shall go hardBut I will delve one yard below their minesAnd blow them at the moon. O, ’tis most sweetWhen in one line two crafts directly meet. Again, Hamlet speaking to Queen explaining his situation. He recognized that Rosencrantz and Guildernstern were trying to expose him and follow the kings orders to essentially end him, so he went below them, switched their letters, and brought about their own deaths. He has outsmarted the king and his spies.
A man may fish with the worm that hath eatof a king and eat of the fish that hath fed of that worm. The beggar and the king are the same to the worm, to the fish, and to the man that eats it; they are the same in death; foreshadows Hamlet’s plan to kill Claudius; no one escapes death;
…the present death of Hamlet. Do it, England,For like the hectic in my blood he rages,And thou must cure me. Claudius speaks of how he must send Hamlet to his death in England; for Hamlet poses a threat; he is like a disease and the only way to cure him is by killing Hamlet; theme of disease
Truly to speak, and with no addition,We go to gain a little patch of groundThat hath in it no profit but the name. Captain speaks about Fortinbras’s mission to Hamlet; again how Fortinbras acts as foil of Hamlet; Fortinbras finds the energy and motivation to raise a whole army just to take a piece of land that is of no significance; why cant hamlet be moved to avenge his father’s death which has much more significance than Fortinbras’s situation; theme of REVENGe
Revenge should have no bounds. Claudius to Laertes; convincing Laertes that his anger and revenge should be pointed toward Hamlet; Murder should not be safe anywhere even in church; theme of REVENGE; preparing to use Laertes to get rid of Hamlet. Irony in that Hamlet believes there are no bounds to what he will do to avenge his father’s death and kill Claudius
To what base uses we may return, Horatio!Why may not imagination trace the noble dust ofAlexander till he find it stopping a bunghole? Hamlet to Horatio in graveyard scene; recognition that all man dies and returns to the dust from which it came; allusion to bible? no matter if he is a great ruler or not; all end the same no matter the status of the person during his life.
Imperious Caesar, dead and turned to clay,Might stop a hole to keep the wind away. Hamlet to Horatio in Act 5 Scene 1. Basically says that Caesar, once a great ruler, is dead and gone and is now so insignificant that his remains could be used in building walls.
There’s a divinity that shapes our ends,Rough-hew them how we will— Hamlet to Horatio as he explains how he found out about R and G plot on the ship; basically says that although man can make small changes here and there through free will and his own decision, in the end fate rules; possibly foreshadows how he still expects to die; or could be interpreted that the fate was that someone would die in england; he tweaks it slightly to be that G and R die instead of himself REVENGE / TRAP
Why, man, they did make love to this employment.They are not near my conscience. Their defeatDoes by their own insinuation grow. Hamlet to Horatio reflecting on sending G and R to death; he says he does not regret it or feel guilty their death since they basically chose to die by partaking in the evil plot; REVENGE / tRAP; they have fallen to their own TRAP
We defy augury. There is aspecial providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it benow, ’tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will benow; if it be not now, yet it will come. Thereadiness is all. Since no man of aught he leavesknows, what is ‘t to leave betimes? Let be. Hamlet to Horatio as he rejects Horatio’s offer to excuse Hamlet from the fencing match; Hamlet has finally realized and accepted that he is to die as well; he cannot change fate; biblical reference; God has made it clear he is to die, so what does it matter if it happens now or later?
Why, as a woodcock to mine own springe, Osric. Laertes speaking to Osric after he has been stabbed by Hamlet with his own poisoned sword. This line is very ironic because the barbed sword that has stabbed Laertes was meant to kill Hamlet. This quotation also continues the motif of traps that we have seen early in the play such as the players’ play The Murder of Gonzago; The Mousetrap. In this instance, Laertes is the woodcock, a type of small bird, that has been ensnared by a hunter’s trap.
But I do prophesy th’ election lightsOn Fortinbras; he has my dying voice.[…] The rest is silence. Hamlet reveals to Horatio that he is leaving Denmark to Fortinbras; Fortinbras very much so parallels Hamlet and serves as a foil of Hamlet; by giving the throne to Fortinbras, Hamlet in a way is restoring order, for Hamlet intended to retake the throne himself, and Fortinbras is a Hamlet-like figure; Furthermore, Fortinbras is found to be more deserving because unlike Hamlet he is passionate, is quickly moved to action, and is not afraid to try and avenge his own father;s death.
Let four captainsBear Hamlet like a soldier to the stage,For he was likely, had he been put on,To have proved most royal; and for his passage,The soldier’s music and the rite of warSpeak loudly for him.Take up the bodies. Such a sight as thisBecomes the field but here shows much amiss.Go, bid the soldiers shoot. Fortinbras’ entrance at the finale of the sword fight is perfectly timed, and he has both revenge and royalty at the play’s conclusion. In speaking the last line, he signifies that Denmark will enter a new era of completeness: no longer rotten. He is meant to be mirror of Hamlet; Fortinbras has now gotten his revenge and now Denmark can move on. Most significant part, however, is the fact that Fortinbras wants to give Hamlet a soldier’s burial despite Hamlet not being a soldier.

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