Hamlet – Quotes & Analysis JAK

Repetition of “too” “O, that this too too solid flesh would melt”
first suicidal thoughts “the Everlasting had not fix’d his canon ‘gainst self slaughter!”
second soliloquy – struggling with the conflicting philosophy of his father’s ghost and his own changing philosophy “Prompted to [his] revenge by heaven and hell” “Fie upon’t, foh!”
Rhetorical question ‘What a piece of work is man’. Statement reflects the beginning of Hamlet’s humanist praise, revealing his inner meditative self; Shakespeare’s ultimate admiration of towards the human condition reflecting’s his value for the complexity of this world and the individual. Furthermore this is reinforced with the statements and simile ‘How infinite in faculty! And ‘In action how like an angel’ “What a piece of worm is man” “How infinite in faculty! And in action how like an angel”
Shakespeare however then casts radical pessimism, doubt and uncertainty revealing the tainted, outer patriarchal world as Hamlet perceives the Earth as a ‘goodly frame’ and ‘sterile promontory’ highlighting the traditional medieval sense of fate, and god’s superiority over man’s inferiority. “goodly frame” “sterile promontory”
Furthermore Shaekespeare reveals the influence of this outer world though Hamlets melancholic state. Emotively articulates “I have of late—but wherefore I know not—lost all my mirth” to reveal his diminished sense of happiness and joy within the world. “I have of late – but wherefore I know not – lost all my mirth”
Lastly Shakespeare use’s the juxtaposition of the question “…” to compare the noble essence of which humans are made, with the most basic and lowest of element in the earth, dust which shows the potential humanism offered as well as the lack of morality that already existed. The soliloquy then ends with the syntax of ‘…’ to reinforce Hamlets negative view of his tainted world “What is this quintessence of dust?” “man delights not me”
Shakespeare exemplifies this, highlighting Hamlets initial understanding of death within his Act 1. Here, in his first soliloquy, Hamlet is already fixated on morality as he regrets that a “…’ has been fixed by the ‘…’. Highlighting through his exclamatory statement a sense of disappointment, as he can’t release himself from mortal pain as it forbidden by the Church, revealing death to hamlet as something that goes beyond a simple physical death. Consequently this highlights Hamlets abstract understanding, as he sees death as an evaporation and escape from everything. “canon ‘gainst self-slaughter!” “everlasting”
Shakepeare takes this idea to greater depths, sparking a philosophical internal debate as Hamlet struggles between the advantages and disadvantages of existence. This is seen within one of his most famous soliloquys within Act 3, as he asks through the rhetorical question “to be or not to be” Here Hamlet contemplates which is more preferable, to suffer in ones own mind or to take a stand against ‘a sea of trouble’ Shakespeare thus reveals death to Hamlet is an intoxicating temptation as it is can shuffle off ones mortal skin and allow them to “…”. But that sleep is given the feminine allure of a siren, “…” offering connotations of death as a sexual and spiritual release. Thus Shakespeare contemplates the human capacity for endurance, positioning the responder to wonder why we suffer, rather than give into mortal pain. “to be or not to be” “Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer. The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,. Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,. And, by opposing, end them?” “sleep” “a consummation devoutly to be wish’d”
Shakespeare further reveals Hamlets disillusionment with death through existential debate, further contemplating that the experience of death itself maybe worse than life itself This is evidenced in the biblical allusion “…” as it reveals the influence of the church that explicitly forbids suicide, as it would result in eternal damnation of the soul. “the wages of sin in death”
Therefore Shakespeare reveals Hamlets struggle and disillusionment with death and morality through his use of soliloquy to engage the responder, as Hamlet’s uncertainties parallel those of each generation’s youth. Thus the play continues to engage audiences.
This is first seen within Act IV as Hamlet explains death in the most crude and irreverent ways. He “…? “We fat all. Creatures else to fat us, and we fat ourselves for. Maggots”?Through life we fatten livestock for our food, By which we make ourselves fat but in the end we are but food for worms?

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