Hamlet literary terms/ words

Assay denotation analyze, examine, put to trial
assay connotation to attempt or to find
Beguile denotation to influence by trickery
Beguile connotation to charm or divert
Conceit Very long extended metaphor
Confute denotation to prove to be false
Confute connotation to be wrong by argument or proof
Congeal denotation to change from a soft or fluid state to a solid state
Congeal connotation coagulate
Countenance denotation visage, expression, especially facial expression
Countenance connotation approval or favor; encouragement; moral support.
Diligence denotation steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
Diligence connotation extreme caution in work
Discourse denotation a formal discussion
Discourse connotation any form of communication of thought
Doublet denotation a closely warn outer garnment, covered by mail
Doublet connotation a pair of like things
Emulation denotation jealousy
Emulation connotation rivalry
Gorged denotation consumed to excess, overeat
Gorged connotation A violent mutilation
Hectic denotation characterized by intense, rapid movement
Hectic connotation Crazy, insane actions.
Indulgence denotation to yield to an inclination of desire
indulgence connotation Take more than needed, be greedy
Kindle denotation to light up, illuminate, or to start a fire
Kindle connotation To nurture carefully.
Manifold denotation having numerous, different parts, varied
Manifold connotation a copy
Mirth denotation gaiety, amusement, or laughter
Mirth connotation glee, hilarity
Mitigate denotation to lessen in force or intensity
Mitigate connotation to make milder or more gentle
Moiety denotation half
Moiety connotation an indefinite position
Obsequious denotation severe complacence
Obsequious connotation dutiful
Offal denotation the parts of a butchered animal
Offal connotation mutilation, extreme violence
Partisan denotation a supporter of a person or groupor in military terms: a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy
Partisan connotation a person who shows bias towards a group
Pate denotation crown or top of the head
Pate connotation the brain
Posterity denotation succeeding generations collectively
Posterity connotation all descendants of a person
Quagmire denotation 1. anything soft or flabby2. a situation from which extrication is very difficult
Quagmire connotation an area of miry or boggy ground
Retrograde denotation moving backward or exhibiting an inverse order
Retrograde connotation a renegade
Rivals denotation An extreme hatred between two people or groups
Rivals connotation enemies
Rouse denotation to bring out of a state of rest, to excite
Rouse connotation to start
Sinews denotation the source of power
Sinews connotation resilience
Strewment denotation to scatter or to sprinkle
Strewment connotation disseminate
Sty denotation an enclosure for a thing or an animal
Sty connotation an enclosure for a swine
Suspiration denotation a long deep sigh
Suspiration connotation expressing worry
Tenable denotation capable of being held, occupied, or possessed
tenable connotation capable of being done
Vaunt denotation to speak boastfully, brag
Vaunt connotation to speak vaingloriously of
Wit denotation keen expressions and clever deceptions
Wit connotations cocky and smart
En Media Res starting in the middle. How every scene is not a continuation but rather picking up in the middle of another part.
Synedoche a part of something is used to signify the whole, or (more rarely) the whole is used to signify a part.
Monologue is a lengthy speech by a single person.
Soliloguy Is the act of talking to oneself, whether silently or aloud.
Foreshadow Suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative.
Periodic sentence Is a sentence in which the component parts are so composed that the close of its syntactic structure remains suspended until the end of the sentence.
loose sentence the component members are continuous, but so loosely joined that the sentence would have been syntactically complete if a period had been inserted at one or more places before the actual close
Antithesis Is a contrast or opposition in meaning of contiguous phrases or clauses that manifest parallelism. Or more simply put, the contradiction between two words in the same line.
Parallel structure a similar word order and structure
Oxymoron If the paradoxical utterance conjoins two terms that in ordinary usage are contraries. “O DEATH in LIFE”
Caesura a break in thought or speech, indicated by “—-“
Assonance The repetition of vowel sounds
Consonance The repetition of consonant sounds
Anaphora The deliberate repetition of a word of phrase at the beginning of each one of a sequence of sentences, paragraphs, lines of verse, or stanzas.
Couplet Is a pair of rhymed lines that are equal in length.
Polysyndeton Using many conjunctions to achieve an overwhelming effect in a sentence.
asyndeton The artistic elimination of conjunctions in a sentence to create a particular effect
Analogy The modification of grammatical usage from the desire for uniformity
Apostrophe Is a direct and explicit address either to an absent person or to an abstract or nonhuman entity.
Sarcasm Similar to irony, however it is far more useful to restrict it only to the crude and taunting use of apparent praise and dispraise.
Personification an inanimate object or an abstract concept is spoken of as though it were endowed with life or with human attributes or feelings.
Imperative sentence A sentence with a command
Tricolon The repetition of three consecutive words: “NO NO NO”
Metaphor A word or expression that in literal usage denotes one kind of thing is applied to distinctly different kind of thing, without asserting a comparison.
Chiasmus Is a sequence of two phrases or clauses which are parallel in syntax, but which reverse the order of the corresponding words.
Rhetorical question Is a sentence in the grammatical form of a question which is not asked in order to request information or to invite a reply.
Slant Rhyme Also known as an imperfect rhyme, its almost like an attempt to make it rhyme, but in the end, there was no rhyme.
Inverted syntax where the word order is intentional skewed to induce a particular effect.
Irony A statement in which the meaning that a speaker implies differs sharply from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed.
Prose All discourse that is not patterned into the lines either of metric verse or of free verse.
Allusion A passing reference, without explicit identification, to a literary or historical person, place, or event/
Sticomythia Quick sentences in a conversation, almost like small talk.
Extended Metaphor A very long metaphor, also called a conceit
Juxtaposition The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development.
Dramatic Irony Involves a situation in a play or a narrative in which the audience or reader shares with the author knowledge of present or future circumstances o f which a character is ignorant.
Simile A comparison using “like” or “as”
Polyptoton It’s a stylistic device that is a rhetorical repetition of the same root word, however, each time the word is repeated in a different way.
Deducive reasoning If A=B and B=C, then A=C. Look to the king becoming a fish reference in Hamlet.

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