Hamlet Group 1 Vocab

Antithesis Balancing words, phrases, or ideas that are strongly contrasted, often by means of grammatical structure. A figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences, or ideas, as in “Man proposes; God disposes.” Antithesis is a balancing of one term against another for emphasis or stylistic effectiveness. “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness.”
Tragic Hero The main character in a Greek or Roman tragedy. In contrast with the epic hero (who embodies the values of his culture and appears in an epic poem), the tragic hero is typically anadmirable character who appears as the focus in a tragic play, but one who is undone by a hamartia–a tragic mistake, misconception, or flaw. That hamartia leads to the downfall of the main character (and sometimes all he or she holds dear). In many cases, the tragic flaw results from the character’s hubris,but for a tragedy to work, the audience must sympathize for the main character. Accordingly, in many of the best tragedies, the tragic flaw grows out of some trait we find admirable.
Tragic Flaw a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine.
Tragic Vision In tragedy, there seems to be a mix of seven interrelated elements that help to establish what we may call the “Tragic Vision”:The conclusion is catastrophic.The catastrophic conclusion will seem inevitable.It occurs, ultimately, because of the human limitations of the protagonist.The protagonist suffers terribly.The protagonist’s suffering often seems disproportionate to his or her culpability.Yet the suffering is usually redemptive, bringing out the noblest of human capacities for learning.The suffering is also redemptive in bringing out the capacity for accepting moral responsibility.
Hubris Hubris is extreme pride and arrogance shown by a character that ultimately brings about his downfall. Hubris is a typical flaw in the personality of a character who enjoys a powerful position; as a result of which, he overestimates his capabilities to such an extent that he loses contact with reality
Catharsis Catharsis is the purification and purgation of emotions—especially pity and fear—through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration. A man who killed someone in a drunk driving incident experiences catharsis by volunteering in a children’s shelter.
Auspicious auguring favorable circumstances and good luck
Instrumental serving as a crucial means, agent, or tool
Obsequious Overly submissive and eager to please
Discourse Written or spoken communication or debate
Render Cause to be or become; make.’the rains rendered his escape impossible’
Contrive to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan
Faculties an inherent mental or physical power
Panders Verb-to provide gratification for others’ desires, or exploits, pimps
Fortitude Courage in facing difficulties
Chide To blame; scold

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