Hamlet Final

Hamlet Prince of Denmark, Gertrude’s son, Ophelia’s boyfriend, thinker, impulsive, sees ghost of father, wants to avenge father’s death, plots to kill Claudius, acts crazy, gets killed by poison
Claudius Hamlet’s uncle, Gertrude’s second husband, King after Hamlet Senior, a jerk, plots to have Hamlet sent away/killed
Polonius Ophelia and Laertes’s father, on Claudius’s court
Gertrude Hamlet’s mother, queen, remarried after Hamlet Senior’s death
Ophelia Hamlet’s girlfriend, innocent, doomed by women inequality, drowned after finding out of father’s death
Laertes Ophelia’s brother, Hamlet’s foil, plots with Claudius to kill hamlet with poison, reconciles before death
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Hamlet’s old school friends, Claudius has them spy on Hamlet, killed because switched letters
Horatio Hamlet’s friend, loyal, lives on to tell Hamlet’s story
Marcellus and Barnardo Guards who told Hamlet of ghost
Fortinbras Prince of Norway whose father was killed by Hamlet Sr., wants to avenge his father’s death, Hamlet’s foil, given throne after Hamlet Jr. dies
Reynaldo Polonius’ servant, sent to France by Polonius to check up on and spy on Laertes
Voltemand and Cornelius Diplomats who Claudius sends to Norway to persuade king not to attack
What is the climax? Act 3-Hamlet decides not to kill Claudius when he sees him praying
Falling action? Act 4-Hamlet is sent to England, Ophelia drowns, Laertes is angry
Resolution Duel, everyone dies, reconciliation of Hamlet and Laertes, Horatio is told to tell this story, Fortinbras rules the kingdom
Comic relief? Grave scene after lots of death, gravedigger (play on words), Hamlet’s wit towards Polonius and Ostric
Aside? A remark that is intended for the audience to hear but not the characters (Hamlet talking sauce about Claudius)
Soliloquy? A character speaking of thoughts aloud when alone (Hamlet-stages of grief, Claudius praying)
Monologue Long speech (King gives speech to people, not true feelings)
Internal conflict? Conflict within oneself (Hamlet’s loss of father affected his mindset greatly, Gertrude’s selfish desires over her son’s grief, Ophelia’s grief for her father)
External conflict? Conflict between a character and an outside force. (Minor-Fortinbras attack on Denmark, Major-Hamlet’s conflict with Claudius)
Yorick’s skull Hamlet’s childhood, fun & good memories, inevitability of death
Flowers innocence, sexuality, temporary, beauty
Ghost Could be Hamlet’s conscience?
Motif of incest/Oedipus complex? mother marrying brother-in-law, Hamlet always talking about Gertrude’s sexualityLaertes and Hamlet fighting over who loved Ophelia more
Motif of Ears and hearing? spying instead of confrontation, poison in Hamlet’s ear to further motif
Motif of death and suicide? once one death happens, more seem to follow, Hamlet contemplates suicide throughout most of play, Ophelia- suicide or not?? passive act
Motif of Misogyny? “Frailty, thy name is women” Hamlet believes that she was never on her own (an act of weakness), “get thee to a nunnery” Hamlet shows anger to Ophelia, sexualized Ophelia during play
Motif of Makeup? God gave you one face and you put on another, surrounded by fakes!!
Motif of acting? Hamlet acting crazy, when the actors come Hamlet wishes he could have as much emotion and passion towards avenging his father’s death as the actor does over a made up storyline
Motif of Mousetrap? Hamlet’s name for the play within a play
Horatio as Hamlet’s foil? Horatio is level-headed while Hamlet is a dreamer/philosopher/poet
Fortinbras as Hamlet’s foil? Fortinbras attacked around Denmark right after father’s death and Hamlet avenged father’s death too
Laertes as Hamlet’s foil? Both of their father’s were murdered
1990 version? -Franco Zeffirelli, Mel Gibson, Helena Bonham Carter (Ophelia)-Meant to look like time period-order switched-Fortinbras character removed-theme of spying
BBC version? -anachronistic costumes-changed setting-language not changed-spying through camera lens
“Goodnight sweet prince” Horatio
“Sweets to the sweet” Gertrude
“To thine own self be true” Polonius
“Tis method in his madness” Polonius
“Something rotten in the state of Denmark” Marcellus/Barnardo
“Conscience doth make cowards of us all” Hamlet
How is Hamlet a tragedy/tragic hero? The audience is able to sympathize with Hamlet (grief over death of father), he is flawed, there is eventually a restoration of order

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