Hamlet Exam Review

“lord hamlet believes so much in him, that he is young, and with a larger tether may he walk than may be given to you” (polonius); he tells ophelia to remember hamlet is young and inexperienced with more freedom to fool around than she does
“this above all: to thine own self be true, and it mist follow, as the night the day, thou canst then be false to any many” (); hamlet believes that being true to yourself will result in being true and just to everyone else. he says that just as the night follows the day, justness to oneself will lead to fairness to any other man. he believes that claudius is not true to himself which is why he is unjust to others
“my lord, he hath importun’d me with love in honored fashion” (ophelia); ophelia is naive and believes hamlet’s proclamations of love are genuine and sincere; she doesn’t realize he is still immature and doesn’t exactly know what he wants
“something is rotten in denmark” (marcellus); the people of denmark believe that the nation is a reflection of the king. since king claudius is a merderer, marcellus (one of the guards) is worried that denmark will fall to his evil. he says this after ghost king hamlet visits him and hamlet
“’tis given out that, sleeping in my orchard, a serpent stung me… the serpent that did stong my father’s life no wears his crown” (hamlet); it is believed that old king hamlet (prince hamlet’s father) fell asleep in the orchard and was stung by a serpent, causing his death. however, old hamlet’s ghost reveals that claudius actually poured poison into his ear in order to ensure that he will go to hell, since he wont have time to ask for forgiveness of his sins
“i will be brief: your noble son is mad: mad call i it:for, to define true madness what is it but to be nothing else but mad?” (polonius); polonius believes that hamlet has driven himself mad over ophelia. he notified claudius and gertrude of this so they can spo on him. hamlet is only acting to be mad, but it begins to become clear that he really starts to go insane
“lord hamlet is a prince out of thy star” (polonius); he is trying to explain why hamlet is going crazy to claudius and gertrude; he told ophelia she was no longer allowed to see hamlet because he is out of her league
“madness in great ones must not unwatched go” (Claudius); claudius begins to realize hamlet is going mad but at the same time is semi-manipulated by polonius who only cares about hamlet’s insanity to satisfy his own curiousity and not for hamlet’s wellbeing.
“the lady doth protest too much me thinks” (Gertrude); she is unaware that the queen in the play represents her adn believes the woman is trying too hard to convince those around of something that is false; hamlet wants gertrude to realize that she is wrong about claudius and that he’s a murderer and she looks ridiculous to those who watch the events unfold
“let me be cruel not unnatural: i will speak daggers to her, but use none: my tongue and soul in this be hypocrites” (lord hamlet); hamlet is furious with his mother, but he doesn’t physically hurt her because the ghost of his father asked him not to. he verbally lets out his anger on his mother
“forgive me my foul murder? that cannot be, since i am still possess’d of those effects for which i did the murder, my crown, my own ambitions, and my queen” (claudius); after hamlet uses the troupe of actors to put on a play depicting the murder of his father, claudius jumps up and exits, proving his guilt. he then decides to pray for forgiveness so he won’t suffer in eternal consequences
“a bloody deed! almost as bad good mother, as kill a king, and marry with his brother” (hamlet); even though hamlet’s father’s ghost tells him to be nice to his mother, hamlet’s rage becomes too much to contain. he is suspicious that his mother was in on his father’s murder (we never find out). he blames her for being a bad mother for marrying so quickly and to her husband’s brother who is a murderer of many
“o hamlet, thou hast cleft my heart in twain” (Gertrude); Gertrude feels hurt and guilty because of Hamlet’s confrontation; it shows that she really feels guilty for betraying hamlet, but she is still divided between hamlet’s love and claudius’. hamlet considers this a betrayal anyways
“thus conscience does make cowards of us all” (hamlet); the audience sees that hamlet is no murderer, and that revenge does not come naturally to him. on several occasions, we see that hamlet has the chance to kill claudius, but he hesitates. though he seeks revenge, he is hesitant to do so because of his conscience
“to sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub” (hamlet); he compares sleep to death and wonders if death’s permanent dream is delightful. he enjoys his happy dreams when he sleeps at night but he wakes into a nightmare everyday. he craves permanent bliss; this is when he contemplates suicide
“frailty, thy name is woman!” (hamlet); polonius gives advice to his son laertes, but he order his daughter ophelia. here we see that women are see as less than men; too fragile and weak to make her own decisions. ophelia ultimately kills herself because she cannot act on her sadness and anger. also, hamlet believes that women are too weak to be independent. this is a testament to his hatred for women
“exchange forgiveness with me noble hamlet: mine and my father’s death come not upon thee, not thine on me!” (laertes); as laertes and hamlet are both dying during the duel, laertes realizes that they must forgive each other and that claudius was using them for his own personal needs. they end up forgiving each other
“revenge his foul and most unnatural murder” (ghost of hamlet’s father); hamlet’s father’s ghost tells him to kill claudius so his murder will be avenged
“o woe is me, i have seen what i have seen, see what i see” (ophelia); ophelia is hearthbroken after hamlet insults her and rejects her. on top of this, her father is murdered. unlike the males in the story, she cannot act on her emotions. while most men would react, she tries to compartmentalize her feelings until she is driven mad and drowns herself in the river
“o my offence is rank; it smells to heave, it hath the primal eldest curse upon’t, a brother’s murder” (claudius); claudius prays for forgiveness after he believes he has been caught for the murder of his own brother. he feels guilty only after knowing that other people knew his sins
three fold revenge 1) hamlet wants revenge for his father’s death2) laertes wants revenge for his father’s death3) fatinbras wants revenge from denmark for his nation and his father’s death
the mousetrap name of the play that hamlet writes and performs to mimick the murder of his father; the point is to make claudius uncomfortable to try to get a reaction out of him that points to his guilt
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern 2 of hamlet’s university friends who are easily manipulated and unloyal to hamlet. they’re called on by claudius and gertrude to keep an eye on hamlet
signet ring ring that gertrude wears to represent her marriage to claudius; hamlet despises it
mountebank swindler that laertes buys the poison from for his sword
elsinore name of the kingdom of king claudius and queen gertrude
osric The foolish courtier who summons Hamlet to his duel with Laertes
yorick King’s jester during Hamlet’s childhood, his skull is pulled from the grave so Hamlet realizes death is the great equalizer (everyone is the same once they’re dead)
hebona a poisonous plant; laertes puts this on his sword
crowing of the rooster symbolizes the new day, the abscence of the rooster’s crow symbolizes trouble in denmark, and as marcellus describes it, “rotten” in denmark
is the ghost of king hamlet a good father? why or why not? could he be classified as a demon rather than a ghost? i consider him a demon because he isn’t just asking hamlet to confront claudius about his father’s murder; he’s asking his son to abandon his morals and commit a sin that effects hamlet spiritually and emotionally. not to mention claudius’ family will certainly be devastated
why does hamlet not kill claudius when he hears claudius’ prayers? he believes that is he kills claudius during prayer that claudius will go stright to heaven. he wants to catch him when he is least expecting it so he won’t have time to pray and will go to hell.
how and why do the sentries behave as they do when they see the ghost? what decisions do they make concerning its presence? the guards are scared of the ghost as they watch him appear and disappear. they believe that he is a demon and they advise hamlet not to trust it (foreshadows hamlet’s internal battles of morals and conscience)
how does hamlet disobey the ghost’s direct command? the ghost tells hamlet to treat his mother with kindness and respect while confronting her. his hatred for women is fueled by his mother’s betrayal so he explodes and becomes verbally abusive. the ghost reappears and reminds hamlet of his orders.
what advice to polonius and laertes give ophelia concerning hamlet? why? they tell ophelia to no get involved with hamlet because they think he’s going to use her. they tell her that he doesn’y love her and only wants to sleep with her with no regard for her emotions. they are trying to protect her because they see through hamlet and know his true feelings about women
discuss the accusations and the discussions of incest in the play. claudius marries his dead brother’s wife, steals his crown, and, in general, snatches his life for himself. hamlet sees this as incest because his uncle is also his father as his mother is also his aunt
explain the comic relief scene. what is its purpose? after the dramatic scenes of poloniu’s death and the new of ophelia’s suicide, shakespeare uses a comic relief scene of 2 grave diggers discussing where ophelia should have a proper burial. its purpose is to relieve the audience of the intensity of the plot
What is Hamlet’s tragic flaw? why do you think this? I believe his tragic flaw is his conscience. throughout the play his conscience is constantly telling him to do conflicting things. one moment he is determined to avenge his father, but when the moment comes, his conscience tells him it’s the wrong decision
is hamlet really insane, or is this a pretense? explain. he starts off pretending to be insane so people think he’s crazy and not trying to plot the murder of claudius, but he soon becomes obsessed with the entire scenario and drives himself into madness
there are 2 mentions of suicide in the play. discuss them. 1) “to be or not to be, that is the question”: hamlet debates ending his life but knows he can’t because he believes he will go to hell if he commits suicide2) ophelia’s drowning: people assume she committed suicide because of her relentless internal unhappiness

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