Hamlet Acts 4&5

(Ophelia’s flowers): Rosemary and Pansies To: LaertesFor: remembrance of her and Polonius
(Ophelia’s flowers): Columbines and Fennel To: King and QueenFor: adultery and foolishness
(Ophelia’s flowers): Rue To: King and QueenFor: suffering and sorrow
(Ophelia’s flowers): Daisy To: herselfFor: innocence, gentleness, heartbreak, and unreturned love; Hamlet broke her heart
(Ophelia’s flowers): Violets To: no one; they withered awayFor: faith and faithfulness
“The body is with the King, but the King is not with the body. The King is a thing-“ Hamlet to R&GPolonius is responsible for killing Polonius because he was in on Polonius spying on him; the title of “king” is meaningless; the king will soon be dead
“Hide fox and all after!” Hamlet to R&GHide and seek reference
What is Hamlet’s hamartia? Over-thinking things and being indecisive
“Do it, England, for like the hectic in my blood he rages, and thou must cure me. Till I know ’tis done, howe’er my haps, my joys will ne’er begin.” King to himselfKill him, king of England! Hamlet is like a disease I cannot get rid of. I won’t be happy until he is dead, no matter how lucky I am.
“Follow her close; give her good watch, I pray you.” King to HoratioKeep an eye on Ophelia since she’s acting crazy
“To hell, allegiance! Vows, to the blackest devil!” Laertes to KingHis loyalty to the king can go to hell. He is angry and spiteful about his father’s death, who he currently blames on the King
“Thought and afflictions, passion, hell itself/ She turns to favor and to prettiness.” Laertes to KingOphelia makes sadness, torment, suffering, and hell look pretty in comparison to her withering state of mind
“O heavens, is ‘t possible a young maid’s witsShould be as mortal as an old man’s life?” Laertes to KingIs it possible that a young woman’s mind could fade away as easily as an old man’s life?
“Convert his gyves to graces—so that my arrows,Too slightly timbered for so loud a wind,Would have reverted to my bow again,And not where I had aimed them.” King to LaertesWhy he couldn’t punish Hamlet; the people of Denmark love him, so anything the king does to Hamlet ends up making him look bad; the people would see the severity of the punishment and not the crime
Term for an unexpected plot twist to save a hopeless situation Deus ex Machina
“No place indeed should murder sanctuarize; Revenge should have no bounds.” King to LaertesIt’s true, no place, not even a church, should offer refuge to that murderer (Hamlet). Revenge should have no limits.
“Thou dost lie in’t, to be in’t and say it is thine. ‘Tis for the dead, not for the quick; therefore thou liest.” Hamlet to the gravediggerThe gravedigger lying in the grave, being in it and saying it’s his. It’s for the dead, not the living. So the gravedigger is lying (play on words over who the grave is for/ownership of the grave)
Irony in the gravedigger saying he builds the strongest houses The gravedigger says the graves will last until doomsday, which while only a figure of speech, foreshadows that a “doomsday” will be near; situational irony
The gravedigger talking to Hamlet about Hamlet is considered… Dramatic irony
“Now get you to my lady’s chamber, and tell her, let her paint an inch thick, to this favor she must come.” Hamlet to Yorick (the jester when Hamlet Sr. was king)Yorick needs to go tell Gertrude that no matter how much makeup she puts on her face, she’ll end up like him someday (dead). This will get a laugh out of her
“The potent poison quite o’ercrows my spirit.” Hamlet to HoratioThe poison is killing me
“Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, sweet prince, and flights of angels sing thee to thy rest.” Horatio to Hamlet as he is dyingNow a noble heart is breaking. Good night, sweet prince. May hosts of angels sing you to sleep
“Take up the bodies. Such a sight as thisBecomes the field, but here shows much amiss.” Fortinbras to HoratioA sight like this suits a battlefield, but here at court it shows that much went wrong.
Themes and Motifs 1. Deception/Appearance and Reality2. Melancholy, Madness, and Sanity3. Passion and Reason4. Decay and Corruption5. Revenge6. Misogyny7. Mortality DR, MMS, PR, DC, R, Mis, MortDoctor MiaMi’S Public Relations in DC Really Misuses Mortality
Parts of a Russian Tragedy 1. Secret murder2. Ghostly visitation3. Murder/disguise/manipulation between murderer and avenger4. Descent into madness5. An eruption of violence6. A catastrophe
Significance of the number of people who are dead at the end of the play 9 people are dead; symbolizes Dante’s 9 levels of heaven, hell, and purgatory

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