Hamlet Acts 3-5 Powerpoint

Why does the Queen think Hamlet is mad? Because of his father’s death and his mother’s quick remarriage
Why does Polonius think Hamlet is mad? Because Ophelia ended their relationship
Why do Guildenstern and Rosencrantz think Hamlet is mad? Because of ambition
What is the feeling depending on who is watching you so you act different depending on who is watching you? Panopticon
What does Hamlet say in his soliloquy in act 3? To be or not to be (about existence; our conscience makes us cowards; wanting to do something to Claudius; melancholy is driving him to suicide
T or F: Hamlet sees positivity in Dame Fortune. False
How does Hamlet see death as? Why? pleasant sleep because it would end the heartache and terrible things in life
With sleep comes dreams, but there can be nightmares means… Death could a nightmare for all eternity
What stops people from committing suicide? The fear of the unknown (this causes people to fear death as well)
What is when you use one word and replace it for another? metonymy
What are Hamlet’s indignities of life? he feels oppressed by Claudius, he is insulted by his uncle’s relationship with his mother, the pangs of disprized love (Hamlet and Ophelia or Gertrude and King Hamlet), Law’s delay for the king’s murder, the spurns that patient merit of the unworthy takes
Who is the bureaucrat in Hamlet’s life? Polonius
What does Hamlet believe about suicide? He believes that everyone wants to commit suicide and everyone would if there wasn’t a fear of death
The _____________________ is the only thing that keeps people alive because ____________________. undiscovered country of death; no one returns back to its borders
What makes Hamlet a coward? His general fear of death; his inability to avenge his father’s death; cycle because him thinking he is a coward reinforces the idea that he wants to kill himself
What does Hamlet do when Ophelia tries to return his gifts? He plays speech games
What does Hamlet know he’s doing to Hamlet? He has to know that he is hurting her even though he still loves her or despite the fact that he once did love her
What are the details about the gifts from Hamlet? Gifts may cost a lot but they don’t mean anything depending on the intentions behind it; rich gifts lack poor; true grief is on the inside, true intentions effect the value of one’s actions
What words does Hamlet play the double meaning on? Honest: can mean truthful or chaste; Nunnery: can mean convent or brothel
Why does Hamlet switch topics so often? His diversion is either purposeful or inadvertent
What does Hamlet tell Ophelia that he later reverses? I loved you once; You should not have believed me… I loved you not
How do you asses Ophelia’s response: “I was the more deceived”? She was the more deceived because Hamlet also deceived himself yet she was more
Does Hamlet think Polonius and Claudius are watching him? If he does think they are watching then he is putting on a performance and Ophelia is an innocent victim; If he doesn’t think they are watching then it is authentic rage at women (Gertrude)
What does “we are arrant knaves all; believe none of us” mean? It could mean that he is hinting to Ophelia that she shouldn’t believe anything Hamlet is saying
What is Ophelia’s belief about what Hamlet’s behavior means? She believes his behavior is literally madness
Hamlet under the panopticon Questioned why Rosencrantz and Guildenstern were there; asked Ophelia where her father was
What is slander or injury to someone’s reputation? calumny
What is Hamlet meaning when he says “I’ll give thee this plague for thy dowry?” This is a sexual threat; if you marry your reputation will be ruined no matter what
Who rejects the idea that Hamlet is mad? Polonius
Who senses danger in Hamlet? Claudius
Who is Hamlet’s only ally? Why? Horatio; he has mental and emotional stability (equanimity)
What are the two meanings for “I must be idle”? Hamlet must be “mad” or “unoccupied”
How does Hamlet insult Gertrude as the play begins? He calls her “good mother” which means “step mother”; he points out that Ophelia is more attractive; he refuses to sit by her
How does this strategy of unsettling the audience members work toward Hamlet’s plan? Hamlet is making people not want to be around him which gives him more time to make up a plan
Why does Claudius call for light? guilt
How does Hamlet respond when he finds out the truth of Claudius’ guilt? He says believes the ghost
What is Hamlet like with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? He is aggressive with them and accuses them of trying to “play” him like a recorder; he doesn’t trust them and gets angrier when they ask him what’s wrong
What does Hamlet act like in front of Polonius? What is Polonius’ response? he acts like he sees shapes in the clouds; he acts like he sees them too
When Hamlet is alone, before he goes in to see his mother, what does he say? He tells himself to not let Nero enter his soul (the emperor Nero murdered his mother); this is an allusion
Where does Rosencrantz and Guildenstern take Hamlet? England
Why does Hamlet not kill Claudius during prayer? He doesn’t want him to go to heaven when he dies (he wants more than revenge, he wants a man’s soul; this is an example of his hubris)
What is the irony of Hamlet not killing Claudius during prayer? What role does Hamlet play here? Claudius is unable to ask for forgiveness because he knows that what he did was so wrong; Hamlet plays the role of God
What causes Hamlet to become physical with his mother? His anger regarding her betrayal
What could be so threatening about the idea of forcing Gertrude to see her “inmost part”? She will be forced to accept that she has betrayed her late husband by marrying his brother
What are Hamlet’s instructions to Gertrude? Don’t let the King tempt you back to bed, pinch your cheeks, call you pet names, make you disclose that I’m not mad in the head, but mad in craft (cunning)
Why does Hamlet have a more “purposeful” tone after his talk with Gertrude? because he has finally vented some of his frustration, finally taken action
What do Hamlet’s final words on Polonius show? It shows his disdain for him
What is Hamlet’s hamartia? His indecisiveness
What is the perieteia? Occurs in Act 3 Scene 3 when Hamlet sees Claudius praying alone and he hesitates to kill him; Hamlet’s hesitation cause the upcoming catastrophe
What causes Hamlet’s downfall? His lack of action taken
What does Hamlet do with Polonius’ body? He hides it
What does Hamlet call Rosencrantz? a sponge meaning Claudius is just using him; Rosencrantz won’t get anything out of it
Why can’t Claudius kill Hamlet? People love Hamlet because he is attractive; he can’t kill him without alienating all the people that love him
What is the logic of Hamlet’s conceit about Polonius “being at supper”? We fatten the cows to feed us. By feeding the cows, we end up fattening ourselves. When we die, maggots eat us–> maggots are on top
Why does Hamlet call Claudius his mother? He knows it will upset him
What does Claudius want to happen to Hamlet in England? He hopes that the English kill Hamlet when he arrives
What is the difference between Hamlet and Fortinbras? Hamlet is indecisive; Fortinbras is a foil to Hamlet, he is decisive and driven
What does Hamlet say in his last soliloquy? God made us and gave us the compacity to understand and ability to reflect on experience and learn from it; he didn’t give a reason to grow moldly; Hamlet is saying that we need to use the gift we are given; thinking too much on something is 1/4 wisdom and 3/4 coward; He admires Fortinbras leading his army to gain land and that he isn’t afraid of anything; Fortinbras has ambition (wants the land); true greatness is not a matter of rushing into action for any trivial cause, but when honor is at stake, it is a noble act; having a father murdered is not trivial; is his honor at stake? Yes; he says his thought will be bloody from this moment on; this is sentimental for hamlet because he seems to be motivated thanks to Fortinbras
How does Ophelia act when she is mad? She sings folk songs to the Q and K;
How does Laertes react to his father’s death? He is angry and vengeful; he says that this world and the next do not matter
What is the difference between Hamlet and Laertes? L doesn’t care about heaven and hell but H is consumed by the thought of them
What is the difference between Laertes, Hamlet, and Fortinbras as avenging sons? Hamlet can’t do anything; Fortinbras is about to send all of his truth to death for honor; Laertes is done with the BS
What does Rosemary represent? remembrance and faithfulness
What does pansy represent? thought and faithfulness
What does fennel represent? flattery
What does columbine represent? ingratiated and faithfulness, emblem of deceived lovers, foolishness
What does rue represent? adultery (gives to queen); general repentance of all transgression of women
What does the english daisy represent? innocence (no innocence here)
What does the sweet violet represent? faithfulness and fidelity (insults king and queen)
Why were the pirates nice to Hamlet? they expected a reward in return
What is in Hamlet’s letter to Claudius? mentions that he got no money and he will beg for his pardon and tell his story on how he got back
What is Claudius’ plan? L and H have a fencing match; L has a poisoned sword; They poison wine for Hamlet; The king is playing off Laertes’ emotions ; says if L isn’t willing to follow the King’s plan then he didn’t truly love his father
What happens to Ophelia? She falls out of a willow tree and dies; later they call it a suicide because she didn’t try to save herself
How does Laertes react to his sister’s death? He weeps (men don’t weep because it’s “feminine”); Shakespeare link’s masculinity to emotion
Why do the gravediggers speak in only prose? It represents low social status
Who are they digging the grave for? Ophelia (Hamlet doesn’t know that)
What do the gravediggers think about Ophelia’s burial? They believe that she is having a christian burial (even though it was a suicide) because she has high social status
Why is Hamlet’s address to the skull symbolic? the discovery of the skull brings awareness that everyone will disintegrate at one point (everyone no matter how rich will be brought to the same level); death is concrete to Hamlet and not spritual
What is the manner of the gravedigger’s answers to Hamlet’s questions? Paronomasia: the conversation relies on puns; these puns create humor through obfuscation (making something obscure)
Why does Hamlet next conjecture about Alexander’s end in the grave? Even Alexander the great couldn’t avoid death; all men are equal because we all die
Why is Laertes upset about Ophelia’s ceremony? He thought it was too short (priest says it was a suicide so it was short and it was only buried on sanctified ground because the king orders it)
What did the queen hope for Ophelia? that she married Hamlet
What does Hamlet do after reading the letter meant for England? He changes his name to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern; he discovers that Claudius wanted England to kill Hamlet
True or False: We get a hint that Hamlet knows that the end is near and he is okay with that. True
Who is the King betting on? Hamlet
What is tautology? needless repetition of the same idea in different words
What is Hamlet saying about his possible death? He is saying if he must die now, it will be in God’s hands
What is the split identity? Hamlet and Hamlet’s madness
Does Claudius consciously sacrifice the Queen or is he unable to think of a way to stop her? Maybe; he would have to reveal his plan
What is the order of events in the fencing scene? Gertrude dies (wine), Laertes dies (sword), Claudius dies (wine and sword), Horatio tries to kill himself but Hamlet won’t let him, Hamlet dies last (sword)
Is Hamlet acting in the end? I don’t think so because if he were mad he wouldn’t have tried to stop Horatio from killing himself and he sounded more normal towards the end
Who does Hamlet say shall be king? Foritnbras
What does Fortinbras order as King? Have soldiers bear Hamlet to the stage; Hamlet should have a proper soldier burial; Fortinbras takes responsibility; says Hamlet would’ve been a noble King
Catastrophe everybody is dead
Anagnorisis final self-awareness
catharsis release of emotions; pity (death) and fear (watching your family kill/destroy itself)
What is the turning point? Hamlet had a chance to kill Claudius but he didn’t because he realized he can’t be God
Where is the Predicament? Act 1
Where is there psychomachia and hamartia? Act 2
Where is there peripeteia and hamartia? Act 3
Where is there catastrophe, anagnorisis, and catharsis? Act 5
What is the Great Chain of Being? everyone has its place; divinely ordained hierarchical order meaning it is created by God; if you do something to mess it up the result is chaos; depends on how much “spirit” you have; status is unchanged
What is the Wheel of Fortune? the unpredictable nature of fate
What is the Oedipal Complex? refers to a child’s unconscious desire for the opposite-sex parent, thought of as a necessary stage of psycho sexual development
What is providence and fate? Providence: everything ends with death despite one’s actions
What is the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words? Alliteration
What is excessive pride in oneself? Conceit
What is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable? Metaphor
What is the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman? Personification
What is the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind? Simile
What is an expression to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference? Allusion
What is the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect? Dramatic irony
What is a term used when a speaker directly addresses someone or something that isn’t present in the poem? Apostrophe
What is when words express something contrary to the truth or someone says the opposite of what they really feel or mean? Verbal irony
What is a question asked in order to create a dramatic effect or to make a point rather to get an answer? Rhetorical question
What is a play on words; a pun? Paronomasia
What is exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally? Hyperbole
What is a pithy observation that contains a general truth? Aphorism
What is a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sounds alike but have different meanings? Pun
What is a seemingly absurd or self-contradictory statement or proposition that when investigated or explained may prove to be well founded or true? Paradox

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