Hamlet Act one

What year was Hamlet written? 1599-1601
What story was Hamlet based on? -7th century scandinavian piece-“Histoires Tragiques” by French writer Francois de Belleforest-Hamlet by Thomas Kidd
Brief overview of what was happening in the 16th-17th Century Elizabethan Renassaince. -National pride & naval triumph over Spanish-Golden Age Renassaince: rebirth of fine art, poetry, music, literature-exploration & expansion of other countries-lots of disease and death-Protestant vs Catholics w/ Protestant reformation
4-5 customs and traditions of the time -Printing Press invented-arranged marriages and contracts-many feasts, fairs, festivals-interest in supernatural, prosecution of witches-playwrights borrowed ideas for plays from earlier literary work
What country is Hamlet set in? Denmark
What time period? -Previking times(9-10th centuries)-but looks like 16-17th
What type of play is it? Revenge tragedy
How many acts are in the play? 5
What was the name of Shakespeare’s theatre in London? Shakespeare’s Globe Theater
5 other plays written by Shakespeare Romeo & Juliet, Macbeth, A Midsummer’s Night Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, The Tempest
Couplet a pair of united lines that rhyme and are in the same meter
blank verse a verse without rhyme
dacty one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables. one long syllable followed by two short syllables
double dactyl 2 dactyl, 8 line poem, 2 stanzas
Prose not poetry; written language in its ordinary form without structure
dramatic foil character who contrasts with another character to highlight particular qualities
climax the most intense, exciting, important apex of the novel
soliloquy part of a play in which a character speaks one’s thoughts aloud when by oneself
tragic flaw character defect that causes his downfall
lambic pentameter line of verse with five metrical feet, each with one short unstressed syllable followed by one long stressed syllable
aside remark by a character heard by audience unheard by other characters
Oedipus complex theory of unconscious sexual desires aroused in a young child for the parent of the opposite sex and a wish to exclude the parent of the same sex
comic relief comic episodes or a character in a dramatic work that offsets more serious section
violets faithfulness and modesty and short life/hasty death
rosemary rememberance
pansies thought
fennel flattery and deceit
columbine ingratitude and male infidelity and mistakes
rue regret and adultery and suffering
daisy innocence
What is the mood of the opening scene? eerie, suspicious, suspenseful established by short dialogue and fast paced conversation and fear of the ghost
how are we informed of the elder Hamlet’s death the guards speak about how the ghost looks like the former King Hamlet
Why is a strict watch being maintained they were preparing for war with Norway
Why is Horatio being included in the next watch he wanted to seem for himself the ghost that looked like the former King Hamlet
what was the outcome of the conflict between king hamlet and king fortinbras of norway hamlet won and slayed King Fortinbras
What does Claudius reveal about how his fortunes have changed with his brother’s death he now is married to his brother’s wife and is the king of Denmark,
what problems does claudius need to address in this passage he talks about how fortinbras tried to attack denmar, he married his brother’s wife very shortly, his fortunes have changed and he needs to be careful on what he says
how does claudius respond to Hamlet in this scene he refuses hamlet to go back to school in europe because he is the next heir to the throne, also he is depressed and acting strange, and the king tells him to snap out of it
what hint do we get that claudius may be under obligation to polonius? when laertes asks to leave denmark, Claudius first asks if he has Polonius’ permission and then tells him to go when Polonius does
what actual facts do we learn from Hamlet’s first soliloquy? the king has barely been dead for 2 months, he is severely depressed,
Who is Polonius, Laertes, Ophelia? Laertes and Ophelia are brother and sister and Polonius their father, Hamlet is in love with Ophelia
what advice does laertes give opohelia about hamlet to stay away from him because he might be a player, he could be telling all the girls flattery
What order does Polonius give Ophelia he agrees with laertes and tells her not to see hamlet anymore because he doesn’t think hamlet treats her right
4 things polonius advises his son? -listen more than you speak-don’t by quick to pick a fight, but once in one, hold your own-be friendly to people, but don’t overdo it-spend money on clothes of quality, not flashy
what does hamlet seem to be saying about the behavior at court he doesn’t approve of some of the traditions, that other countries criticize them for their loud partying; drunkenness distracts them from their achievements
what point does Hamlet make about men in general and how they are judged? a tiny little flaw can make you be judged for the rest of your life

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