Hamlet Act 4

Claudius’ distress at Hamlet’s madness? (3 quotes) “There’s matter in these sighs, These profound heaves/You must translate: ’tis fit we understand them.””O come away! My soul is full of discourse and dismay.””Till know ’tis done/Howe’er my haps, my joys were ne’er begun.”
What is Claudius’ instruction to England? “Do it, England,/For like the hectic in my blood he rages/And thou must cure me.”
Claudius’ Machiavellian address of Hamlet’s madness? “Hamlet, this deed for thine especial safety/ (Which we do tender as we dearly grieve/For that which thou hast done), must send thee hence/With fiery quickness.”
Claudius’ selfish reaction to Polonius’ death? “It had been so with us had we been there.”
Claudius on Hamlet’s public popularity? (2 quotes) “He’s loved of the distracted multitude,/Who like not in their judgement but their eyes.””Is the great love the general gender bear him,/Who, dipping all his faults in their affection,/Would, like the spring that turneth wood to stone,/Convert his gyves to graces.”
Claudius’ distress at Ophelia’s madness? (2 quotes) “When sorrows come, they come not single spies,/But in battalions.””Poor Ophelia, divided from herself and her fair judgement,/Without the which we are pictures or mere beasts.”
Claudius’ assertion of Divine Right of Kings? “There’s such divinity doth hedge a king,/That treason can but peep to what it would.”
Claudius’ manipulation of Laertes? (2 quotes) “Why, now you speak/Like a good child and a true gentleman.””Your sum of parts/Did not together pluck such envy from him/As did that one, and that in my regard/Of the unworthiest siege.”
Claudius on Fortinbras? “But this gallant/Had witchcraft in’t, he grew unto his seat,/And to such wondrous doing brought his horse/As had he been incorpsed and demi-natured/With the brave beast.”
Claudius on goodness? “For goodness, growing to a pleurisy,/Dies in his own too much.”
Claudius on impulse acting? “That we would do/We should do when we would: for this ‘would’ changes.”
Claudius’ selfish reaction to Ophelia’s death? “Who much I had to do to calm his rage!”
How does Gertrude describe Hamlet’s madness? “Mad as the sea and wind, when both contend/Which is the mightier.”
What’s Gertrude’ original response to hearing of Ophelia’s madness? “I will not speak with her.”
What is Gertrude’ comment on the happenings of the Danish court? “Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss.”
Gertrude on guilt? “So full of artless jealousy is guilt,/It spills itself, in fearing to be spilt.”
Gertrude’s attempts to defend Claudius? (2 quotes) “But not by him!”C: “Let him go Gertrude.”
Gertrude bearing the news of Ophelia’s death to Laertes? “One woe doth tread upon another’s heel,/So fast they follow. Your sister’s drowned, Laertes.”
Gertrude’s description of Ophelia’s death? (7 quotes) “There’s a willow grows aslant a brook,/That shows his hoar leaves in the glassy stream.””Therewith fantastic garlands did she mark/Of crow-flowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples.””There on the pendant boughs her crownet weeds/Calmb’ring to hang, an envious sliver broke.””When down her weedy trophies and herself/Fell in the weeping brook.” “Her clothes spread wide,/And mermaid-like awhile they bore her up,/Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes,/As one incapable of her own distress,/Or like a creature native and indued/Unto that element.” “Till that her garments, heavy with their drink,/Pulled the poor wretch from her melodious lay/To muddy death.” “Drowned, drowned.”
Hamlet on Claudius’ using of Rosencrantz and Guildernstern? “He keeps them, like an ape, in the corner of his jaw, first mouthed to be last swallowed.”
Hamlet on Claudius’ divine right? (2 quotes) “The body is with the king, but the king is not with the body. The king is a thing-” “Of nothing.””In heaven: send thither to see. If your messenger find him not there, seek him i’th’other place yourself.”
Hamlet describing Polonius in death? “A certain convocation of politic worms are e’en at him.”
Hamlet on circle of life? (2 quotes) “Your fat king and your lean beggar is but variable service, two dishes but to one table. That’s the end.””Nothing but to show you how a king may go a process through the guts of a beggar.”
Hamlet’s criticism of Fortinbras’ fighting? (2 quotes) “Two thousand souls and twenty thousand ducats/Will not debate the question of this straw?””This is th’impostume of much wealth and peace.”
Notables from “How all occasions do inform against me?” (6 quotes) “What is a man,/If his chief good and market of his time/Be but to sleep and feed? A beast, no more.””Whose spirit with divine ambition puffed/Makes mouths at th’invisable event,/Exposing what is mortal and unsure/To all that fortune, death and danger dare,/Even for an egg-shell.””Rightly, to be great/Is not to stir without great argument,/But greatly to find quarrel in a straw/When honour’s at the stake.””How stand I then,/That have a father killed, a mother stained/Excitements of my reason and my blood,/And let all sleep, while to my shame, I see/The imminent death of twenty thousand men,/That for a fantasy and a trick of fame/Go to their graves like beds, fight for a plot/Whereon the numbers cannot try the cause.””O, from this time forth,/My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth!”
What is the captain’s confession on Fortinbras’ fighting? “We go to gain a little patch of ground/That hath in it no profit but the name.”
How does the gentleman describe Ophelia in madness? (2 quotes) “Spurns enviously at straws, speaks things in doubt/That carry but half sense.””Her speech is nothing/Yet the unshaped use of it doth move/The hearers to collection.”
Ophelia’s singing? (7 quotes) “He is dead and gone, lady,/He is dead and gone.””And I a maid at your window,/To be your valentine.””Then up he rose, and donned his clo’es,/And dupped the chamber door,/Let in the maid, that our a maid/Never departed more.””Young men will do’t, if they come to’it,/By cock, they are to blame.””So would I ha’ done, by yonder sun,/An thou hadst not come to my bed.””And will he not come again?””No, no, he is dead;/Go to thy death-bed,/He never will come again.”
What does Ophelia state to Claudius? “Lord we know what we are, but know not what we may be.”
What does Ophelia say to the court? “We must be patient, but I cannot choose but weep to think they would lay him i’th’cold ground.”
What flower does Ophelia give to the King? What does it represent? Fennel and columbines-“There’s fennel for you, and columbines.”Fennel representative of flattery, and once you pick fennel, if withers quickly.Columbines is representative of male adultery, foolishness and ingratitude.
What flowers does Ophelia give to Laertes? What do these represent? “There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance, pray you, love, remember – and there is pansies, that’s for thoughts.”Rosemary representative of faithfulness, as are pansies
What flowers does Ophelia give the Queen? What do these represent? “There’s rue for you, and here’s some for me; we may call it a herb of grace on Sundays. O, you must wear your rue with a difference.”Rue symbolic of adultery and everlasting suffering. At the time, rue was seen as a cause of abortions so v loaded.
What other flowers does Ophelia see in the court? “There’s a daisy, I would give you some violets, but they withered all, when my father died.”Daisies were representative of innocence. No innocence in Denmark’s court.Violets were representative of faithfulness or fidelity. Faded when Polonius died…
What is Laertes’ opening address of the king? “O thou vile king,/Give me my father.”
What does Laertes state on being calm? (2 quotes) “That drop of blood that’s calm proclaims me bastard,””To hell allegiance! Vows to the blackest devil!/Conscience and grace to the profoundest pit!/I dare damnation.”
What is Laertes’ impulse reaction to seeing Ophelia mad? “O heat, dry up my brains, tears seven times salt/Burn out the sense and virtue of mine eye!”
What does Laertes state on killing Hamlet? (2 quotes) “It warms the very sickness in my heart/That I shall live and tell him to his teeth/’Thus diest thou'””To cut his throat i’th church.”
How does Laertes react to his sister’s death? (2 quotes) “Too much of water hast thou, poor Ophelia,/And therefore I forbid my tears.””I have a speech o’ fire that fain would blaze,/But that this folly doubts it.”

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