Hamlet Act 4

KING CLAUDIUSO heavy deed!It had been so with us, had we been there:His liberty is full of threats to all;To you yourself, to us, to every one.Alas, how shall this bloody deed be answer’d?It will be laid to us, whose providenceShould have kept short, restrain’d and out of haunt,This mad young man: but so much was our love,We would not understand what was most fit;But, like the owner of a foul disease,To keep it from divulging, let it feedEven on the pith of Life. Where is he gone?QUEEN GERTRUDETo draw apart the body he hath kill’d:O’er whom his very madness, like some ore92Among a mineral of metals base,Shows itself pure; he weeps for what is done.KING CLAUDIUSO Gertrude, come away!The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch,But we will ship him hence: and this vile deedWe must, with all our majesty and skill,Both countenance and excuse. Ho, Guildenstern!Re-enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERNFriends both, go join you with some further aid:Hamlet in madness hath Polonius slain,And from his mother’s closet hath he dragg’d him:Go seek him out; speak fair, and bring the bodyInto the chapel. I pray you, haste in this.Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERNCome, Gertrude, we’ll call up our wisest friends;And let them know, both what we mean to do,And what’s untimely done…Whose whisper o’er the world’s diameter,As level as the cannon to his blank,Transports his poison’d shot, may miss our name,And hit the woundless air. O, come away!My soul is full of discord and dismay. scene 1between claudius and gertrude-very beginning of act-hamlet killed polonius and is taking his body away-the queen and king are meet up to discuss hamlet’s madness in the castle tone: irritateddominant character: claudius
HAMLETThat I can keep your counsel and not mine own.Besides, to be demanded of a sponge! whatreplication should be made by the son of a king?ROSENCRANTZTake you me for a sponge, my lord?HAMLETAy, sir, that soaks up the king’s countenance, hisrewards, his authorities. But such officers do theking best service in the end: he keeps them, likean ape, in the corner of his jaw; first mouthed, tobe last swallowed: when he needs what you havegleaned, it is but squeezing you, and, sponge, youshall be dry again.ROSENCRANTZI understand you not, my lord.HAMLETI am glad of it: a knavish speech sleeps in afoolish ear.ROSENCRANTZMy lord, you must tell us where the body is, and gowith us to the king.HAMLETThe body is with the king, but the king is not withthe body. The king is a thing– Scene 2between hamlet and r and g-hamlet is talking with r and g-r and g were spent by the king to go get hamlet and retrieve the body-hamlet has just hid the bodytone: insulting, mocking, whimsical dominant character: hamlet
KING CLAUDIUSNow, Hamlet, where’s Polonius?HAMLETAt supper.KING CLAUDIUSAt supper! where?HAMLETNot where he eats, but where he is eaten: a certainconvocation of politic worms are e’en at him. Yourworm is your only emperor for diet: we fat allcreatures else to fat us, and we fat ourselves formaggots: your fat king and your lean beggar is butvariable service, two dishes, but to one table:that’s the end.KING CLAUDIUSAlas, alas!HAMLETA man may fish with the worm that hath eat of aking, and cat of the fish that hath fed of that worm.KING CLAUDIUSWhat dost you mean by this?HAMLETNothing but to show you how a king may go aprogress through the guts of a beggar.KING CLAUDIUSWhere is Polonius?HAMLETIn heaven; send hither to see: if your messengerfind him not there, seek him i’ the other placeyourself. But indeed, if you find him not withinthis month, you shall nose him as you go up thestairs into the lobby.KING CLAUDIUSGo seek him there.To some AttendantsHAMLETHe will stay till ye come. Scene 3between hamlet and claudius -claudius was just talking to r and g about their conversation with hamlet-r and g could not get hamlet to tell him what was wrong-claudius wants to talk with hamlet-then r and g enter with hamlettone: sarcasticdominant character: hamlet
KING CLAUDIUSHamlet, this deed, for thine especial safety,–Which we do tender, as we dearly grieveFor that which thou hast done,–must send thee henceWith fiery quickness: therefore prepare thyself;The bark is ready, and the wind at help,The associates tend, and every thing is bentHAMLET -For England.HAMLETFor England!KING CLAUDIUSAy, Hamlet.HAMLETGood.KING CLAUDIUSSo is it, if thou knew’st our purposes.HAMLETI see a cherub that sees them. But, come; forEngland! Farewell, dear mother.KING CLAUDIUSThy loving father, Hamlet.HAMLETMy mother: father and mother is man and wife; manand wife is one flesh; and so, my mother. Come, for England! Scene 3between hamlet and claudius -claudius was just talking to hamlet about where polonius was -hamlet was being super sarcastic and will not tell claudiustone: serious mockingdominant character: hamlet
HAMLETI’ll be with you straight go a little before.Exeunt all except HAMLETHow all occasions do inform against me,And spur my dull revenge! What is a man,If his chief good and market of his timeBe but to sleep and feed? a beast, no more.Sure, he that made us with such large discourse,Looking before and after, gave us notThat capability and god-like reasonTo fust in us unused. Now, whether it beBestial oblivion, or some craven scrupleOf thinking too precisely on the event,A thought which, quarter’d, hath but one part wisdomAnd ever three parts coward, I do not knowWhy yet I live to say ‘This thing’s to do;’Sith I have cause and will and strength and meansTo do’t. Examples gross as earth exhort me:Witness this army of such mass and chargeLed by a delicate and tender prince,Whose spirit with divine ambition puff’dMakes mouths at the invisible event,Exposing what is mortal and unsureTo all that fortune, death and danger dare,Even for an egg-shell. Rightly to be greatIs not to stir without great argument,But greatly to find quarrel in a strawWhen honour’s at the stake. How stand I then,That have a father kill’d, a mother stain’d,Excitements of my reason and my blood,And let all sleep? while, to my shame, I seeThe imminent death of twenty thousand men,That, for a fantasy and trick of fame,Go to their graves like beds, fight for a plotWhereon the numbers cannot try the cause,Which is not tomb enough and continentTo hide the slain? O, from this time forth,My thoughts be bloody, or be nothing worth! Scene 4hamlet soliloquy -hamlet was just talking with the captain-the captain has come to tell hamlet that fortinbras wants to lead his troops through Denmark into Poland-they want to get landtone: self depricatingdominant character: hamlet
KING CLAUDIUSFollow her close; give her good watch,I pray you.Exit HORATIOO, this is the poison of deep grief; it springsAll from her father’s death. O Gertrude, Gertrude,When sorrows come, they come not single spiesBut in battalions. First, her father slain:Next, your son gone; and he most violent authorOf his own just remove: the people muddied,Thick and unwholesome in their thoughts and whispers,For good Polonius’ death; and we have done but greenly,In hugger-mugger to inter him: poor OpheliaDivided from herself and her fair judgment,Without the which we are pictures, or mere beasts:Last, and as much containing as all these,Her brother is in secret come from France;Feeds on his wonder, keeps himself in clouds,And wants not buzzers to infect his earWith pestilent speeches of his father’s death;Wherein necessity, of matter beggar’d,Will nothing stick our person to arraignIn ear and ear. O my dear Gertrude, this,Like to a murdering-piece, in many placesGives me superfluous death. Scene 5cladious monologue-the king was talking with Ophelia-she is going crazy and keeps saying random songs-the king is trying to understand and tak with Gertrude bout how long she has been like this-Ophelia leaves and horatio follows hertone: hopeless, defeated, overhwelmeddominant character: claudius
LAERTESHow now! what noise is that?Re-enter OPHELIAO heat, dry up my brains! tears seven times salt,Burn out the sense and virtue of mine eye!By heaven, thy madness shall be paid by weight,Till our scale turn the beam. O rose of May!Dear maid, kind sister, sweet Ophelia!O heavens! is’t possible, a young maid’s witsShould be as moral as an old man’s life?Nature is fine in love, and where ’tis fine,It sends some precious instance of itselfAfter the thing it loves.OPHELIASingsThey bore him barefaced on the bier;Hey non nonny, nonny, hey nonny;And in his grave rain’d many a tear:–Fare you well, my dove!LAERTESHadst thou thy wits, and didst persuade revenge,It could not move thus.OPHELIASingsYou must sing a-down a-down,An you call him a-down-a.O, how the wheel becomes it! It is the falsesteward, that stole his master’s daughter.LAERTESThis nothing’s more than matter.OPHELIAThere’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance; pray,love, remember: and there is pansies. that’s for thoughts.LAERTESA document in madness, thoughts and remembrance fitted.OPHELIAThere’s fennel for you, and columbines: there’s ruefor you; and here’s some for me: we may call itherb-grace o’ Sundays: O you must wear your rue witha difference. There’s a daisy: I would give yousome violets, but they withered all when my fatherdied: they say he made a good end,– Scene 5Laertes and Ophelia and king and queen-Laertes is talking with the king and queen-Laertes is asking the king about his fathers death-the king tries to make known it wasn’t his fault-Ophelia enters and is going crazytone: anxious, revengeful, mournfuldominant character: laertes
KING CLAUDIUSO, for two special reasons;Which may to you, perhaps, seem much unsinew’d,But yet to me they are strong. The queen his motherLives almost by his looks; and for myself–My virtue or my plague, be it either which–She’s so conjunctive to my life and soul,That, as the star moves not but in his sphere,I could not but by her. The other motive,Why to a public count I might not go,Is the great love the general gender bear him;Who, dipping all his faults in their affection,Would, like the spring that turneth wood to stone,Convert his gyves to graces; so that my arrows,Too slightly timber’d for so loud a wind,Would have reverted to my bow again,And not where I had aim’d them. Scene 7King and Laertes-Laertes and the king are in the castle-Laertes discusses how he doesn’t understand why the king hasn’t done anything to hamlet for he was originally trying to kill himtone: defensivedominant character: Claudius
KING CLAUDIUSWhat should this mean? Are all the rest come back?Or is it some abuse, and no such thing?LAERTESKnow you the hand?KING CLAUDIUS’Tis Hamlets character. ‘Naked!And in a postscript here, he says ‘alone.’Can you advise me?LAERTESI’m lost in it, my lord. But let him come;It warms the very sickness in my heart,That I shall live and tell him to his teeth,’Thus didest thou.’KING CLAUDIUSIf it be so, Laertes–As how should it be so? how otherwise?–Will you be ruled by me?LAERTESAy, my lord;So you will not o’errule me to a peace.KING CLAUDIUSTo thine own peace. If he be now return’d,As checking at his voyage, and that he meansNo more to undertake it, I will work himTo an exploit, now ripe in my device,Under the which he shall not choose but fall:And for his death no wind of blame shall breathe,But even his mother shall uncharge the practiseAnd call it accident. Scene 7King and Laertes-The king has just received a letter -it is from hamlet saying he is going to come back from England-before the king and laetes were talking about why he hasn’t done anything to hamlet-the king asks Laertes a lot of questions giving him the power…trying to make killing hamlet sound like lertes’ ideatone: plottingdominant character: Claudius

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