Hamlet Act 4

Go, captain, from me greet the Danish king./Tell him that by his license Fortinbras/Craves the conveyance of a promis’d march/Over his kingdom. You know the rendezvous./If that his Majesty would aught with us,/We shall express our duty in his eye,/And let him know so.I will do’t my lord. Fortinbras speaking to the Captain Us- Fortinbras army, NorwayHim- HamletGo ask Hamlet for permission to travel through his lands so we can attack Poland
The nephew to old Norway, Fortinbras Norway CaptainMetonymy He is telling Hamlet who is commanding the army
Truly to speak, and with no addition,/We go to gain a little patch of ground/That hath in it no profit but the name./To pay five ducats, five, I would not farm it;/Nor will it yield to Norway or the Pole,/A ranker rate, should it be sold in fee. CaptainWe- Norway armyI- CaptainWe are going to fight over a worthless piece of landIt is not worth ‘five dollars’Nobody would pay for it
Two thousand souls and twenty thousand ducats/Will not, debate the question of this straw,/This is th’ imposthume of much wealth and peace,/That inward breaks, and shows no cause without/Why the man dies. I humbly thank you, sir. HamletThis- Land/War for the landThe man- The soldiersHe says that humans act so violently for something they care so little about, they have little gainHe cares so much about his father, but he still can’t act violentlyMotivates him to avenge his father’s death
God buy you, sir. CaptainYou, sir- Hamlet
Will’t please you go, my lord? Rosencrantz My lord- HamletLet’s get to the boat
I’ll be with you straight – go a little before. HamletYou- R + GI- Hamlet I will be there in a minute I need to say my soliloquy
How all occasions do inform against me,/And spur my dull revenge! HamletPersonificationMe- HamletI keep being motivated to do it, but I still can’t
What is a man,/If his chief good and market of his time/Be but to sleep and feed? HamletRhetorical questionsHis, Man- AnyoneWhat good is someone if all they do is sleep and eat
Sure He that made us with such large discourse,/Looking before and after, gave us not/That capability and godlike reason/To fust in us unus’d. HamletHe- GodUs- HumanityPeople do not use their capability God didn’t make us capable, for us to not use it
A thought which quarter’d hath but one part wisdom and ever three parts coward – HamletDescription of his planIt is a smart plan, but I am too scared to follow through with it
I do not know/Why yet I live to say, “This thing’s to do,”/Sith I have cause, and will, and strength, and means/To do’t. HamletI- HamletIt- KillHe can’t figure out how or when to do it. He only lives still to get revenge. He has the ability to do it, but can’t bring himself to.
Witness this army of such mass and charge,/Led by a delicate and tender prince, HamletPrince- Fortinbras This army is so courageous and he shows disdain because he wants the same courage.
Exposing what is mortal and unsure/To all that fortune, death, and danger dare,/Even for an egg-shell. HamletEggshell- Piece of landThey are going to die over something as worthless as an eggshell.
How stand I then,/That have a father kill’, a mother stain’d,/Excitements of my reason and my blood,/And let all sleep, HamletMy- HamletFather- King HamletMother- GertrudeI have so many bad things and I still can’t fight for what I want.
while to my shame I see/The imminent death of twenty thousand men,/That for a fantasy and trick of fame/Go to their graves like beds, fight for a plot/Whereon the numbers cannot try the cause HamletI- HamletMen- ArmyFantasy- NothingThey die, like it’s as easy as going to sleep. They fight for nothing.
O, from this time forth,/My thought she bloody, or be nothing worth! HamletSlant rhymeCoupletIrony- He has been thinking about killing the entire timeMy-HamletFortinbras has inspired him to take action. From now on his thoughts will be violent. Full of resolve, but nothing has changed Thoughts not actions.
I will not speak with her. Gertrude to King and Gentleman and HoratioHer- OpheliaIn media reisWhy won’t she speak with Ophelia
There’s tricks i’ th’ world, and hems, and beats her heart,/Spurns enviously at straws, speaks things in doubt/That carry but half sense. Gentleman to King and QueenOphelia thinks her father’s death is suspicious.Truth in Ophelia’s ramblings
Her speech is nothing,/Yet the unshaped use of it doth move/The hearers to collection, they yawn at it,/And botch the words up fit to their own thoughts. Gentleman to King and QueenOphelia is saying crazy things, but people are listening and spreading rumorsThe more Ophelia talks, the more people believe her
‘Twere good she were spoken with, for she may/strew/Dangerous conjectures in ill-breeding minds. HoratioPeople will jump to conclusionsWe need to talk to her
[Aside.] To my sick soul, as sin’s true nature is,/Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss,/So full of artless jealousy is guilt,/It spills itself in fearing to be spilt. GertrudeMetaphor of a cup- the truth will spill out at the worst timeSmall incidents will lead to a great tragedyForeshadow
“He is dead and gone, lady, Ophelia singing to herselfReflecting on her father’s death
[Sings.] “White his shroud as the mountain snow” – Ophelia singingShe appears to be crazy
“Larded with sweet flowers Ophelia singingFirst image of Ophelia and flowers
They say the owl was a baker’s/daughter. Lord, we know what we are, but know not what/we may be. God be at your table! Ophelia Metaphor
Conceit upon her father. ClaudiusOphelia’s grief is because of her father’s death
“To-morrow is Saint Valentine’s day, Ophelia singingRomantic love songsGrief- HamletShe has a broken heart
[Sings.] “By, Gis, and by Saint Charity,/Alack, and fie for shame! OpheliaShe feels betrayed and heartbroken
“Quoth she, Before you tumbled me,/You promis’d me to wed.””So would I ‘a’ done, by yonder sun,/And thou hadst not come to my bed.” Ophelia singingShe feels betrayed, heartbrokenGirls lose their virginity, thinking a guy will marry them after, and then they don’t

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