hamlet act 3

VOCABULARY ….
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing end them. fate
But with much forcing of his disposition. personality
Read on this book; That show of such an exercise may colour your loneliness. illustrate
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, and thus the native hue of resolution is sicklied over with the pale cast of thought, and enterprises of great pitch and moment with this regard their currents turn away and lose the name of action. true character
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, and thus the native hue of resolution is sicklied over with the pale cast of thought, and enterprises of great pitch and moment with this regard their currents turn away and lose the name of action. important things
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, and thus the native hue of resolution is sicklied over with the pale cast of thought, and enterprises of great pitch and moment with this regard their currents turn away and lose the name of action. get mixed up
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time, the oppressor’s wrong, the proud man’s contumely, . . . haughtiness
You should not have believed me; for virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock . . . enter into
He shall go with speed to England, for the demand of our neglected tribute. money
[He] is in his retirement marvelous distempered. . . . rather with choler. anger
I will speak daggers to her but use none. talk cruelly
O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven. foul
QUESTIONS ….
What do Rosencrantz and Guildenstern report to the king and queen about Hamlet? That he feels confused and refuses to say why. He was pleased that the actors were coming.
Describe the meeting between Ophelia and Hamlet in scene i. How does he react when she returns his gifts? He doesn’t realize that he gave her gifts. Hamlet is mad at her for giving them back and he tells her he never loved her.
Read the following dialogue:Hamlet: You should not have believed me; for virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock but we shall relish of it. i loved you not.Ophelia: I was the more deceived.Hamlet: Get thee to a nunnery! Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am indifferent honest, but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me. . . . We are arrant knaves all; believe none of us. Go thy ways to a nunnery.What reason does Hamlet give for rejecting Ophelia? That he is corrupt and if he can’t have her, no one can.
Ophelia says of Hamlet, “O, what a noble mind is here overthrown!” What conclusion has she reached about him? She is convinced that he is crazy.
After having secretly viewed the meeting between Ophelia and Hamlet, what do Polonius and the king conclude about Hamlet? What does the king want to do about Hamlet? What does Polonius suggest? That there’s something more that’s making him crazy. The king wants to send him to England. Polonius wants to hide and have the queen question Hamlet.
At the beginning of scene ii, Hamlet instructs the players in acting techniques. (Shakespeare is probably letting Hamlet speak for him regarding acting methods.) List four pieces of advice Hamlet gives the actors. 1. don’t exaggerate2. don’t use to many hand gestures 3. keep emotion moderate and smooth4. don’t speak to loud
A common device in drama of Shakespeare’s time was the dumb show. The dumb show is a short piece of silent action or mime which summarizes the play or scene that follows it. Describe the dumb show that precedes The Murder of Gonzago? King and queen together. King falls asleep. Murderer pours poison in kings ear. Queen finds dead king. Gives into kings brother after comforting.
A couplet is a pair of rhyming verses, usually of the same length. All the lines in The Murder of Gonzago are written in couplets with end-rhymes (the rhyme occurs at the end of the verse lines). Look back through Hamlet. Give two examples of other places in which Shakespeare uses couplets. Act 1 scene 2: Hamlet, line 85 and 86.Act 2 scene 2: Hamlet, line 546 and 547.
When Hamlet asks his mother how she likes the play, Gertrude responds, “The lady doth protest too much, methinks.” What does she mean? She sees her reflection in the actor.
While viewing the play, Ophelia tells Hamlet “You are as good as a chorus.” In classical Greek tragedies, what was a chorus? Why does Ophelia say this to Hamlet? A group of actors that would comment on the play. He commented on the play the whole time just like a chorus would.
How does Claudius respond to the poisoning scene in the play? What does this mean to Hamlet? He calls for lights and runs out the room. Hamlet knows he’s guilty.
Immediately after the play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern try once again to determine the reason for Hamlet’s apparent madness. To what does Hamlet compare their attempts? Do you think Hamlet’s anger is justified? Explain your answer. Like an instrument. I think it is because his “friends” are helping the person that killed his dad.
Claudius decides to send Hamlet to England immediately. Why? For the safety of others.
What does Hamlet do when he sees Claudius unarmed and kneeling in apparent prayer? Why does he take this action? He draws his sword to kill him. But stops because he wants to kill him while he’s sinning.
How does Polonius die? Hamlet stabs him.
When the ghost appears in Hamlet in his mother’s chamber, it tells Hamlet, “whet thy almost blunted purpose.” Do you believe Hamlet had lost sight of his purpose? What actions or statements lead you to this conclusion? I do believe that because when he had the chance to kill Claudius he didn’t.
When Hamlet sees the ghost, what does Gertrude think? After the ghost leaves, what does Hamlet ask his mother to refrain from doing? Gertrude thinks that he is having visions. Hamlet asks her to not sleep in the same bed as Claudius and to not talk about their conversation
ANALYSIS ….
Hamlet’s relationship with Polonius seems very different from his relationships and exchanges with other characters. Choose two encounters between Hamlet and Polonius and describe them, pointing out how the exchanges differ from the way in which Hamlet usually treats people. What might account for Hamlet’s attitudes? Hamlet is disrespectful. He mocks him when the players arrive. Hamlet stabs Polonius and says he deserved it.
Claudius says “O, my offense is rank, it smells to heaven.” What offense is he talking about? What is preventing Claudius from praying? How does Claudius describe the state of his soul? Do you think that Claudius is truly repentant? Explain your answer. He is talking about the murder of his brother. He doesn’t think there is a prayer for him to pray. He says his soul is covered in sin. I think he is truly repentant because he wanted to pray and did.
Compare the actions of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern with the actions of Horatio. Who do you think are loyal friends to Hamlet? Explain your answer using examples from this act. I think Horatio is a loyal because he doesn’t spy on Hamlet and lie to him.
Does Gertrude appear to have knowledge of the murder or is she innocent of that knowledge? What did Hamlet see as a sign of her repentance? Explain your answers with examples from the play. She seemed to have knowledge because she wasn’t freaked out or angry at the players. She begs Hamlet for her life and feels guilty.
DIG DEEPER ….
Hamlet’s most famous soliloquy (“to be or not to be…”) is found in scene i. What’s the subject Hamlet is discussing? According to Hamlet, why do people endure pain and injustice when there seems to be an “answer”? Do you agree that it is fear and indecision that hold people to this life? To live or to not live; when people no longer feel wanted on this earth or feel like there is nothing to live for they don’t want to live anymore. I don’t agree.
In his soliloquy, Hamlet obviously desires death. Is the desire for death always wrong? Not always, we are called to this earth to live for God and share His word with others, but some people that have already fulfilled what Christ has called them to do want to die to go be with Him.
In times of suffering, injustice, and death, what hope do believers in Christ have? How might this help you endure suffering? Look forward to being with our Father in Heaven; We can get through it cause Christ is worth it
“My words fly up, my thoughts remain below; words without thoughts never to heaven go”. What does that mean? My words fly up toward heaven, but my thoughts stay down here on earth. Words without thoughts behind them will never make it to heaven.
Do you think Claudius was justified in thinking his prayers did not reach God? How could he change this? I think God still hears His prayers if he was actually praying and meant what he was saying. He should mean what he is saying
Scene i summary: 1. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern report to the king and queen about Hamlet’s behavior2. King asks them to find out his purpose for acting this way3. Gertrude leaves so that the king and P may see Hamlet’s behavior around O (exaggerate loneliness) 4. O gives H back his gifts and he becomes upset and says he no longer loves her 5. P and the king decide to find out what’s really wrong with him
Scene ii summary: 1. Hamlet tells the players what he wants them to sing2. P, G, and R enter. H enters3. King, queen, P, O, and other attendants enter and Hamlet is idle; the play continues 3. Claudius stands up 4. The dumb show follows 5. Hamlet plans to kill Claudius
Scene iii summary: 1. R and G speak about why H is so mentally ill with the king 2. Claudius wants to send H to England with R and G3. P enters and plans to listen to what H says to G4. Claudius has a monologue about the murder 5. Hamlet enters and draws his sword, but leaves; the king leaves
Scene iv summary: 1. P hides and listens to what H says to G 2. G calls for help when she thinks H is going to murder her 3. P moves behind the curtains, and H sees him 4. H stabs P thinking that it’s Claudius 5. Ghost visits H and tells him that he’s lost sight of what he’s supposed to be doing; G thinks that H is crazy, and H asks G to not sleep with Claudius, and H carries P out

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