Hamlet Act 1-4

What mood is created in the opening scene -Dark, creepy, sinister, suspicious,
What term best describes Hamlet’s disposition throughout most of the play? Odd, unusual, bizzare
After seeing his father’s ghost, Hamlet -Swears to remember & obey the ghost-Refuses to tell anyone what happened & insists that they swear to not reveal what they saw-Makes Horatio & Marcellus swear not to tell that he is gonna act crazy
Who’s story line is parallel to Hamlet’s? -Lion king-Laertes & Fortinbras
Who is the protagonist of the play? Hamlet
Who or what is the antagonist of the play? Claudius
Answers questions referring to the soliloquy by Hamlet in Act I, Scene II
Hamlet makes the allusion to Hyperion in order to: Compare King Hamlet, his father, to Hyperion, to the God of light
It is clear from this soliloquy that Hamlet’s anguish comes mostly from His moms incestuous marriage
Hamlet’s melancholy(depression) in this soliloquy can be attributed to*** -His inaction to seek revenge-His delima over if he should kill Claudius
The speech beginning “Seems, Madam? Nay, it is”(l. 2.76-78,) points to the theme which involves The difference between a things appearance and it’s reality
In her encounters with her brother & her father, Ophelia comes across as Sweet innocent & submissive
In the opening of Act II, Polonius-Reynaldo dialogue serves two purposes: -Introduces the spy theme & exposes Polonius as an inveterate meddler-Polonius is sly & cunning & betrays his spns trust by having Reynaldo spy on him
The messengers have returned and report that Fortinbras needs to march through Denmark on his way to Poland Norway***
Which of the following does NOT describe Rosencrantz & Guildenstern? Regretful that they are spies
Polonius believes that Hamlet is mad over He thinks that Hamlet is mad because he’s crazy with love for Ophelia and she is ignoring him so he is depressed. Polonius then goes to spy on them
In Polonius’ lines 90-92, the statement “brevity is the soul of wit” is, in view of what we know about Polonius, -He is the last person who is brief-Most everything he says is long & overly detailed-He is the least witty of characters
Hamlet requests the players to present what play? Murders of Gonzago
Why does Hamlet want this play performed? -It illustrates his father’s death & if Claudius watches it, he may show signs of guilt-To catch the conscience of the king
Hamlet calls Polonius in Scene ii Hamlet calls him a fishmonger because he is pretending to be crazy & not telling Hamlet the truth
Hamlet’s dialogue with Polonius reveals his preoccupation with: -Dishonesty & corruption-Hamlet is lying to people to make them think he is crazy-Hamlet is pretending to be mad because he is seeing ghosts & he can use it as an excuse to kill Claudius
By the end of Act II, all of the following have been established as motifs except:
The encounter with Ophelia, in which Hamlet say, “Get thee to a nunnery,” suggest that he: -Hamlet is suggesting that Ophelia should be a nun to preserve her from hurting other men. She will have no contact or influence w/men & will prevent her from getting married or having kids-He is cursing all women & thinks that they make men crazy & are corrupt
The tone of Ophelia’s speech is one of a -She is sad, confused, upset, & needs answers-She wonders what happened to Hamlet, someone who used to be the jewel of the Kingdom, but is now a mad man-Sorrowful
The speech reveals that Ophelia has Been hit with the full tragic awareness of what has been destroyed
Hamlet admires Horatio for all of the following -Hamlet trusts Horatio above any of the other characters, valuing him for his even temper -He is loyal & helpful to Hamlet throughout the play-After Hamlet’s death, Horatio remains alive to tell Hamlet’s story-Calm, resolute & rational
During the play that Hamlet has performed, Claudius -Claudius rises & cries out for light-Gets mad & leaves
Hamlet tells Guildenstern that he will not be played like a(n) Flute. Hamlet tells Guildenstern that he will not be manipulated by his friends
Which pair of actors both play a character foil to Hamlet, as seen in Acts 3 & 4? Hamlet & Laertes-Both men seek to avenge a father’s death.-Both love Ophelia & mourn her death.-Laertes moves to seek immediate redress, while Hamlet hesitates & overthinks-Laertes is fooled by Claudius’ duplicity, & endures Polonius’ pomposity; Hamlet sees Claudius’ treachery, & mocks Polonius.Hamlet & Horatio-Hamlet praises Horatio as a just & temperate man, who “is not passion’s slave,” who suffers life’s ups & downs with equanimity-Hamlet is tormented, confused, & appears insane to nearly everyone who witnesses his behavior or hears him speak-He stays calm even when he’s mad-Cautious-Skeptic of ghost-Avoids public display of emotion
When Hamlet strikes through the curtain, he thinks he is killing Claudius
The characteristic of Polonius that has most directly led to his death is His noisness & meddling
The difference between the ghost in Act 1 of the play & the ghost in Act 3 is that -Only Hamlet sees the ghost in Act III; in Act I, others did too-In act 1, the ghost tells Hamlet to avenge his father’s death & attend to his mom who is watching him-In act 3, the ghost guides the audience to a more favorable interpretation of the naive Gertrude who is innocent & unaware of her husband’s actions & is there to remind Hamlet that he has not killed Claudius & must achieve revenge
In the Bedroom scene (scene IV), Hamlet forces Gertrude to look at two pictures: -One of Claudius & one of King Hamlet-He asks what drove her to marry such an evil man
At the end of the bedroom scene, Hamlet asks his mother Not to go to Claudius’ bed that night
In the famous soliloquy by Hamlet, the line “To be, or not to be” is a contemplation over To choose between life & death
Claudius sends Hamlet to England after Polonius’s death to -Murder Hamlet -Claudius saw how Hamlet had intended to kill him but it was Polonius behind the curtain spying on him
Although Hamlet believes that Fortinbras’ foray into Poland is less than admirable, he can still admire Fortinbras because -He sees honor as justification for some impractical actions-He feels loyal sons should carry out revenge-Fortinbras is a prince and a gentleman
What inspires Hamlet’s soliloquy at the end of scene 4? -The account of Fortinbras’ foray into Poland-In Act 4, he sees that 20,000 men are brave enough to walk to certain death over a worthless plot of land
In Ophelia’s mad ramblings, she speaks of Sexual seduction-Broken wedding promises-Death of her father-Impending & anticipated revenge of Laertes in response to her father’s murder
When Laertes bursts into the King’s presence in scene 5, who does he think is responsible for his father’s death? Claudius
Laertes and Hamlet are alike in that -Both have murdered fathers-Both lash out their anger towards Claudius-Both seek revenge for their fathers deaths-Both seek to keep Ophelia safe-Both react similarly at Ophelia’s funeral
What is significant about Ophelia’s madness? -She talks about a bunch of different flowers that all have significant meanings-She lost the 2 most important men in her life;Hamlet & Polonius
How does Ophelia die? She falls off a tree & drowns in the river
The comic dialogue between the two gravediggers in Scene I
The lines to Yorick’s skull
Why is Hamlet offended by Laertes’s expression of grief for Ophelia? -Hamlet was the one who was in love with Ophelia-He says that he would do things for Ophelia that Laertes could never dream of -Laertes leaps into Ophelia’s grave to hold her in his arms. Then, Hamlet leaps into the grave to fight w/Laertes, declaring his own love for Ophelia. Hamlet’s reaction symbolizes his internal struggle of not being able to demonstrate his feelings for Ophelia though he truly loves her while Laertes’ passionate embrace of his dead sister advances the motif of incest in their brother-sister relationship
What happens to Rosencrantz & Guildenstern? Hamlet forged a letter & give it to Rosencrantz & Guildenstern & they are killed instead
Hamlet, Claudius, Laertes, & Gertrude all die from: -Gertrude drinks a poisoned cup that Claudius had meant for Hamlet-Hamlet kills Claudius when he hears Gertrude say the drink was poisoned-Laertes scrapes Hamlets face w/a poisoned sword & he begins to die-Laertes & Hamlet continue sword fighting & after mixing up the swords, Hamlet gets the poisoned one & stabs Laertes in the chest -When Laertes asks for forgiveness, pointing blame to Claudius, he realizes that he was betrayed again & then stabs Claudius
Hamlet’s attitude towards Laertes in the last scene -He asks for forgiveness for killing Polonius-He apologizes for his madness & admits that he was wrong -He compliments Laertes ability to recover quickly & act strong
Hamlet has had many views on death during this play. By the last act, he has come to view death as -He says that death is inevitable & will come now or later-He knows that he is not in control of his fate-His conscious is clear & he is no longer afraid of dying
This character agrees to tell Hamlet’s story Horatio
This character become the new king of Denmark in Act 4 Fortinbras
This character apologizes to Laertes Hamlet
This character swoons during the fencing match Gertrude
This character was driven to madness Hamlet
This character kills Hamlet Laertes
This character orders Hamlet’s death Claudius
T/F the film that we watched followed the play EXACTLY False
T/F Hamlet is Shakespeare’s shortest play False
T/F the role of women was cast in a negative view in the play True
T/F Hamlet is widely considered one of Shakespeare’s greatest works True
T/F Hamlet is a tragedy True
Theme A universal message about life that is developed over the course of the novel
Antagonist The force or person opposing the protagonist
Foil character A character who provides a striking contrast to another character
Climax The turning point of the action
Protagonist The main character in a literary work that must face a conflict.
Conflict A struggle between opposing forces
Motif Any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present throughout the entire body of literature
Soliloquy Speech given by a character while she or he is either alone on stage or among characters who are ignored temporarily
Mood The atmosphere, or feelings in the reader, created by the author
Dramatic Irony When the audience knows something that the characters do not
Exposition The detailed explanation often at the beginning of a literary work that provides pertinent background Information
Allusion A reference to a historical or literary person, place, or event with which the reader is assumed to be familiar

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