Hamlet Act 1-3

Bernardo, Francisco and Marcellus Who are the members of the King’s guard
Hamlet’s close friend that studied with him at the University. He is very loyal to Hamlet. Who is Horatio?
The father of Hamlet and the King of Denmark until he dies. He appears as a ghost at night. Who was King Hamlet?
Bernardo saw the ghost of King Hamlet. What had Bernardo seen at a prior watch?
Marcellus thinks Horatio should speak to the ghost because he will know what to say to him. He is a “scholar” and is educated. He’s also a great friend of Hamlet. Why does Marcellus think Horatio should speak to the ghost?
His father was killed by King Hamlet. He wants to reclaim the land that his father lost to King Hamlet. He wants to fight the King of Denmark and go to war to get them back. He has gathered men from different areas of Norway to help him. What does young Fortinbras want to do?
They want to tell young Hamlet that they have seen the ghost of his father. They think the ghost will speak to his son. Who do the soldiers/guards want to tell about the ghost?
The King of Denmark and the Uncle of Hamlet. He is the antagonist or the bad guy. He is the brother of King Hamlet. He married Queen Gertrude, Hamlet’s mother and King Hamlet’s wife shortly after the King’s death. Who is King Claudius?
The Queen of Denmark. She is Hamlet’s mother. She married Claudius shortly after her husband died. She loves Hamlet. Who is Queen Gertrude?
He is the Lord of the court and an advisor to King Claudius. He is also the father of Laertes and Ophelia. Who is Polonius?
The son of Polonius and the brother of Ophelia. He wants to go back to France. Who is Laertes?
He has written a letter to the King of Norway that he wants Cornelius and Voltimand to deliver. The King of Norway is Fortinbras’s Uncle. He is an old man who doesn’t know what Fortinbras is planning. The King of Norway has the power to stop Fortinbras from going to war. Where does Claudius send Cornelius and Voltimand?
The King tells Hamlet that he should not be so sad that his father died. Life must continue to go on. He also tells him that he does not want him to return to Wittenburg University to study. He wants him to stay in Denmark and to think of him as Hamlet’s father. What does the King tell Hamlet?
1. Hamlet is upset because his father died.2. Hamlet is also upset because his mother married his Uncle very quickly after his father died, less than a month. Hamlet is upset for two reasons. What are they?
Horatio tells Hamlet that he saw the ghost of his father. He was dressed for battle and looked very sad. What news does Horatio bring Hamlet?
Hamlet decides to see the ghost and talk to him. What does Hamlet decide to do after he hears Horatio’s news?
He tells her to stay away from Hamlet. Hamlet will take advantage of her. She should not believe him when he says he loves her. Hamlet will be King of Denmark, he is royalty and she is not. What is Laertes’ advice to Ophelia?
He tells Laertus not to say what he is thinking and to think before he acts. He should hold onto his friends and not to be quick to make new friends. Don’t pick fights, but if you are in one, fight well. Listen to many people, but talk to few. Don’t borrow or lend money. Don’t have too much fun. What is Polonius’ advice to Laertes?
She will stay away from Hamlet. At the end of Scene III, Ophelia agrees to “obey.” What will she do?
The ghost tells Hamlet that Claudius killed him. He poured poison into his ear when he was in the garden and he died. He also stole his wife Gertrude. He asks Hamlet to seek revenge and kill Claudius, but not to hurt Gertrude. God and her guilt will take punish her. What does the ghost tell Hamlet?
1. He makes him swear to not tell anyone what they saw. Hamlet talking to the ghost of his father2. He tells them that he will pretend to be crazy and they can not say it is because he saw the ghost of his father and talked to him. Hamlet swears Horatio to two things. What are they?
In the beginning of the act who does Polonious send to spy on Laertes? Why? Polonius sent Reynaldo to spy on his son because he doesn’t trust his child It seemed to be a thing that most fathers have done because Hamlet’s father, Claudius had also been spying on him
What is Polonius’ excuse for Hamlet’s behaviour and why does he think this? Hamlet is mad due to being rejected by Ophelia Polonius read the letters that Hamlet wrote for Ophelia: “Doubt thou the stars are fire…”. Hamlet loves Ophelia and he does not want her to assume otherwise
Why is Denmark a prison to Hamlet? What is really stopping him from simply leaving Elsinore? Hamlet feels that he is in prison because he feels suffocated, helpless and guilty for putting off the vengeance of his father and is unable to leave of this.
“This most excellent canopy…why, it appeareth nothing to me but a foul and pestilent congregation of vapors.” Who said it and to what is the significance? Hamlet to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. The beautiful “canopy “is the sky and air which is nothing more to him now than disease-filled Significance: shows the way that Hamlet sees the world -completely corrupted since his father’s death symbolizes the moral corruption the state of Denmark is in as a result of the inhumane Claudius
Do you think that Hamlet has been procrastinating his revenge on his uncle or is he just being careful? Explain. Hamlet has been procrastinating his revenge on his uncle has thought about how he is not the kind of person who would do something bad to someone else “Haste me to know ‘t, that I…” Shows how he doesn’t want to only trust the ghost and he needs more proof
Why does Hamlet tell Rosencrantz and Guildenstern they are welcome [to Elsinore] three times in this act? 1st time, he welcomes them because it’s his friend Other two times, he does it as an insult because he learns that they are spies
King: ” O, ’tis true! How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience. The harlot’s cheek beautied with plast’ring art Is not more ugly to the thing that helps itThan is my deed to my most painted word.O heavy burden!What does this speech show about the king? That he feels guilty about his sins.
Why does Hamlet repeatedly tell Ophelia to go to a nunnery? He thinks she is a slut.
What does Hamlet ask Horatio to do during the play? Watch Claudius.
“O heavens, die two months ago, and not forgotten yet? Then there’s hope a great man’s memory may outlive his life half a year.” he is bringing up the subject of his father’s memory right before the play since the whole play has been set up to reenact the death of King Hamlet and try to trap Claudius in guilt.
From the scene of the play we see, focusing purely on the words of the script, who does it actually appear Hamlet is targeting in his satirical lines? What does it show about his true feelings for that character?
Why does Hamlet refuse to kill the king when he has a chance to? When does he decide will be the best time to do so? He is praying so he would go to heaven. He will wait until the king is doing something sinful so he will go to hell.
Polonius is always quick to eavesdrop on others. How does this nosy characteristic get him in trouble in Scene 4? Hamlet kills him
What does Hamlet tell the Queen he will do on his upcoming journey with his friends? What character trait is revealed by his actions? Do you think was always a part of his personality or did it recently evolve because of his father’s death?

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