Hamlet Act 1 #2

Who is on guard duty? Where? Bernardo and Francisco, Marcellus, and Horatio; the entrance to the border between Denmark and Norway
How many times has the Ghost previously appeared? 2 times
After failing to get any information from the Ghost, what action does Horatio propose? tell Hamlet
Why has Horatio been asked to keep watch with the guards? he is a scholar; to make sure they aren’t lying
What is the political situation in Denmark and Norway that has caused the present state of national unrest? Old King Hamlet killed the King of Norway –> the son is planning revenge
What superstitions about ghosts are revealed in the behavior and conversation of Horatio and the guards? they are a bad omen; they mean that there is unrest in the country, a disruption in nature
What three matters of business does King Claudius take up at his first Council session? he announces his marriage to Gertrude and explains why is was fasthe allows Laertes to return to France and holds Hamlet backHe dispatches ambassadors to Norway to stop Fortinabras’ attack
After Horatio and the guards tell him they have seen his father’s ghost, what further action does Hamlet propose? he wants to speak to it; don’t tell anyone
How does Claudius word his speech to the court so as to win approval for his hasty marriage and takeover of the throne? he tries to balance the sadness with happiness
Why is Laertes, but not Hamlet, permitted to leave Denmark? he wants to keep an eye on Hamlet; keep your friends close, but keep your enemies closer
Why are Claudius and Gertrude critical of Hamlet’s dress and behavior? What is Hamlet’s response? they see that he is always wearing black and they think that his mourning is inappropriate; “I’ve been in the sun too much”
How does Hamlet show contempt for Claudius? he refuses to recognize their marriage
A soliloquy is a dramatic convention in which a character voices thoughts while alone on stage. What does Hamlet’s first soliloquy reveal about his state of mind and the real reasons for it? He is sad and hopeless; he hates that his mother remarried two months after his father’s death
What is Hamlet’s reaction to the news brought to him by Horatio and the guards? he wants to speak to the ghost; he is excited
What event brings the family of Polonius together in this scene? they are seeing Laertes off on his voyage
What command does Laertes give Ophelia concerning Hamlet? Be careful around Hamlet, he has a right to court anyone he likes, he owes his duty to the state
The main action in Scene 3 is the giving of advice. What is Laertes’s advice to Ophelia? stay on your guard
What is Ophelia’s advice to Laertes? follow your own advice
Judging by his words and actions in Scene 3, what kind of person does Polonius reveal himself to be? he is mainly concerned with reputation and appearances
What is going on in the castle while Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus await the ghost? Claudius is drinking and partying
What do Horatio and Marcellus fear will happen to Hamlet if he follows the Ghost? it will lead him into destruction
Explain Hamlet’s comparison between the state and an individual. What motivates him to make these remarks? he says that Denmark’s people ar drunkards – a tiny spot of evil ruins reputations; Claudius’ drinking
How does Hamlet manage to break away from his companions in order to be alone with the Ghost? What is his emotional state? he threatens to kill anyone who tries to stop him
What does the Ghost reveal to be the true circumstances of his death? Claudius killed him to be king
What is Hamlet told about Gertrude’s past behavior with Claudius? she has been seduced by Claudius
What does Hamlet make Horatio and Marcellus promise? don’t tell anyone what they saw
How does Shakespeare establish a supernatural aura about the figure of the Ghost? he describes how miserable and unnatural it is
List the three specific commands of the Ghost to Hamlet. seek revenge, don’t corrupt his mind, don’t harm his mother
Overall, how does Hamlet regard the Ghost and the tasks he has been assigned? he takes it seriously and has an intense passion to follow it through
What reasons might there be for Hamlet’s humorous treatment of the Ghost once he has been rejoined by his companions? he doesn’t want them to worry about him
What change in behavior in the future does Hamlet prepare us to expect? he will act strange (crazy)
A great deal happens in Act 1. What is the actual timespan of this act? 1 day
What does Hamlet promise the Ghost? he will remember the ghost
Hamlet is surrounded by people who habitually mask their true selves. Which characters are clearly not what they seem to be? Claudius and Gertrude
What dramatic effect is created by having the Ghost appear first to the soldiers, then to Horatio and then finally to Hamlet? suspense
What future events does Act 1 prepare us to anticipate? Hamlet’s revenge; Claudius’ death

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