Hamlet

The Renaissance started in Italy
Hamlet gets sent to England… because he knows too much and to get him killed
Who opens the play as King? Claudius
One of the themes of Hamlet is revenge, the mystery of death, madness
Why was Polonius stabbed to death? Polonius shouted, Hamlet was scared, Polonius was hiding
Where does Polonius hide when Hamlet is talking to Gertrude? Behind the tapestry
Who performed female roles on stage? young boys
How are Shakespearean sonnets constructed? 3 quantrans (4-line stanzas) and a couplet (2-line stanza)
Whose skull does Hamlet hold during Act V, Scene i? Yorick’s
What is a couplet? A stanza with two lines
Who is Gertrude? Hamlet’s mother
(True/False) Laertes kills Hamlet True
What word refers to the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans? Classical
When Hamlet shows his mother a mirror, what does the mirror represent? truth
Hamlet is angry and upset that his father has died and his mother has married Claudius. These emotions are examples of internal conflict
What type of play is Hamlet? Tragedy
The protagonist of the play is Hamlet
What does Hamlet contemplate while he holds the skull? The inevitability of death
What plan do the King and Laertes discuss to kill Hamlet? They plan to set up a duel between Laertes and Hamlet. Either Laertes will honorable kill Hamlet, or, if he survives, the King will poison him
Shakespeare was an actor, playwright, and a poet
The madness is Prince Hamlet is real and made up
Why doesn’t Hamlet kill Claudius when he is praying in the church? He believes if he kills him while he is playing, Claudius will go to heaven
What did Claudius give Norway permission to do? March his army across Denmark to Poland
Cristobal Colon discovered what and in what time? America in 1492
In which country is the play Hamlet set? Denmark
What is NOT one of the reasons why Claudius won’t just throw Hamlet in jail? It was against the law to throw a royal in prison
What is “The Mousetrap”? a play within a play
Humanism is a way of thought that focuses on which of the following? The human potential of achievement
What does the Queen believe to be the reason for Hamlet’s odd behavior? Her marriage and his father’s death
Why doesn’t Hamlet kill Claudius when he’s praying? He doesn’t want Claudius’ soul to go to heaven
“The Pieta” was a Marble statue
In Hamlet’s first soliloquy, what is bothering him most? his mother’s remarriage
Who takes over Denmark? Fortinbras
Who lives in the end? Horatio
What do you call those who study liberal arts back in the Renaissance? Humanists
What is the controversy surrounding Ophelia’s death? whether or not she commited suicide
King Hamlet’s ghost reminds young Hamlet that Gertrude is innocent
He drew the “Mona Lisa” Leonardo de Vinci
Where was Shakespeare born? Stratford-upon-Avon
A soliloquy isa technique primarily used to establish what two things? Characterization and plot
What does Hamlet do to Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? He replaced their letters (which called for Hamlet’s execution) with letters which called for their executions.
Why is Hamlet angry before he meets the ghost? His mom married his uncle right after his father passed
What is the main idea behind Hamlet’s famous speech, “To be or not to be?” He is thinking about killing himself
How many words did Shakespeare invent? 1700
Who dies from the poison? The Queen
Why does the ghost speak to Hamlet? He wants his murder to be avenged
What happens to Hamlet on his way to England? He gets captured by pirates and brought back to Denmark
Who is Laertes? Polonius’ son and Ophelia’s brother
What is Shakespeare’s wife’s name? Anne Hathaway
What does “the play’s the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king” mean and why does Hamlet say it? Hamlet is putting on a play to get proof that Claudius killed the king
How does Hamlet die? The poisoned sword
Hamlet’s plan will work only if Claudius still has the capacity to feel guilt
How does Shakespeare ease the tension in a dramatic work? comic relief
Who says “Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners?” Hamlet
At the end of the bedroom scene, Hamlet asks his mother to not go to Claudius’ bed that night
As opposed to a tragedy, a comedy is considered a what? a play that is humorous and has a happy ending and, sometimes a wedding
Which word is the name “Renaissance” coined from? Rebirth
When a wrong must be corrected or remedied, it is called redress
Who is to be buried in the churchyard and the two gravediggers preparing her grave find it unusual that someone has commited suicide is to be buried on sacred ground? Ophelia
What was a major accomplishment of James I? a new translation of the Bible
How did Hamlet’s father die? Poison was poured into his ear
Who was Queen Elizabeth I’s successor? James I
What demand did Ophelia’s father make of her? to stay away from Hamlet
Who is Hamlet’s girlfriend? Ophelia
In Hamlet’s “To be or not to be” soliloquy, Hamlet concludes that humanity is Fearful of the unknown after death
Who dissected corpses to learn how bones and muscles worked? Leonardo da Vinci
Who is Horatio? Hamlet’s best friend
A major reason for Hamlet’s dilemma is that he is uncertain of the Ghost’s authenticity.
When a great or virtuous character has a downfall, the character is called tragic hero
Women in Hamlet are generally viewed as manipulative and untrustworthy
How is polonius killed? Hamlet thinks he might be the king hiding behind the curtains and stabs him
Why was the invention of the printing press so important? It made books available to a wider audience
What is Hamlet’s tragic flaw? He can’t make up his mind
When Hamlet says that “conscience does make cowards of us all,” what does he mean? Thinking too long before acting makes you afraid
Who did Hamlet’s mother, Gertrude, marry? Claudius, her brother in law
What favor does Hamlet ask of Horatio? To watch Claudius during the play to see his reaction
An example of a dynamic character is Hamlet
The Renaissance took place after the Middle Ages
Who killed Hamlet’s father? Claudius
Who is Hamlet’s mother? Gertrude
Where can be found the most Hamlet fragments? First Folio
Who sees the ghost first? Bernardo and Marcellus
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are hired by Claudius to spy on Hamlet because they are his childhood friends and he should trust them
The Queen tells Laertes that Ophelia is dead. How did she die? She has drowned
When Claudius shouts for “lights” before “The Mousetrap” is over, Hamlet is convinced: Claudius murdered Hamlet’s father
Where was the setting? Elsinore, Denmark
The “To be, or not to be” soliloquy is an example of Internal conflict
Gertrude dies from drinking poison
What is Hamlet’s general attitude towards women? He doesn’t trust them
Why does Claudius decide to kill Hamlet? He knows Hamlet is onto him
How do we call a form of literature usually consisting of dialogues between characters? Play
Polonius eavesdrops on Hamlet and Gertrude because He is trying to support the king He doesn’t trust Gertrude’s motherly instinctsHe doesn’t trust Hamlet
Before the dueling match, what does Hamlet do? apologize to Laertes
Why does Hamlet say to Ophelia “get thee to a nunnery”? He is trying to tell her no one will marry her
Which characteristic of Polonius most directly leads to his death? Nosiness
A character who is a direct contrast to another character is foil
When a character has overwhelming or excessive pride it is called hubris
Shakespeare’s plays are categorized in what 3 genres? Comedy, tragedy, history
What is Shakespeare’s rhyme scheme for sonnets? abab cdcd efef gg
What did Hamlet make his friends swear? To not tell anyone that they saw the ghost
When a character speaks while or as if they are alone, what is it called? Soliloquy
What is a quatrain? 4 line stanza
The characteristics of Polonius that has most directly lead to his death is His nosiness and meddling
What are the gravediggers (clowns) doing at the beginning of the act? Digging a grave
What information does Hamlet find in Claudius’ letter to the King of England? Hamlet should be put to death
What are two characteristics of a tragic hero? heroic and flawed
Where does Hamlet tell Ophelia to go? nunnery
What was the religion of the country when Shakespeare was writing? Church of England
It is defined as a humorous use of a word which has two meanings Puns
A tragedy often ends with which of the following? a tragic ending
Who tells Claudius and Laertes about the circumstances surrounding Ophelia’s death? Gertrude
What does Hamlet say will show Horatio’s true friendship to him? Living so that he can bear witness to what happened
How does hearing about Fortinbras’ expedition affect Hamlet? He admires Fortinbras and aims to follow his example
Fortinbras: becomes the King of Denmark
When is it believed that Shakespeare died? April 23, 1616
It is known as a literary form in which people suffer or die Tragedy
When an actor is alone on stage revealing his or her thoughts,it is called Soliloquy
The ghost is actually King Hamlet
Who is Hamlet’s best friend? Horatio
How did Polonius die? Accidental homicide
What does Hamlet wear that Gertrude and Claudius dislike? the color black
What happens to Hamlet’s ship while it crosses the North Sea/English Channel? It is attacked by pirates
The difference between the ghost in Act I of the play and the ghost in Act III is that Only Hamlet sees the ghost in Act III; in Act I, other did
(True/False) Comedies are essentially one of the exceptional suffering and calamity leading to the death of the hero False
Gertrude tells Claudius she thinks Hamlet’s changed behavior is because of his father’s death and their hasty marriage
What is iambic pentameter? 10-syllable lines with 5 two-syllable feet
What does Polonius being “at supper” mean? He is being eaten by worms
King Claudius’ aside while trying to pray reveals the heavy guilt of his conscience
When Hamlet strikes through the curtain, he thinks he is killing Claudius
The gravedigger digs up what that belonged to the King’s jester and Hamlet takes the skull, sparking his thoughts on death and its power to ravage even the most wealthy and powerful of people? Digs up a skull
Occurs when the audience has important knowledge that a main character lacks dramatic irony
The English Renaissance is the period between 1485 and 1625
Who is Ophelia? Daughter of Polonius and the sister of Laertes
He created the marble masterpiece of “The Pieta” Michelangelo
Queen Elizabeth I was also known as the Virgin Queen
What is the basic definition of a sonnet? 14-line lyric poem
While the King appears to be praying at the end of scene ii, he is actually Contemplating ways to shed his death Expressing his guilt Feeling trapped
(True/False) Hamlet kills Laertes True
Who says “To thine own self be true,/ And it must follow, as the night day,’ Though canst not then be false any man”? Polonius
Who is Hamlet? Prince of Denmark
In Act I, what do the guards see outside the castle at night? The Ghost of King Hamlet
What provided the major economic support for the Renaissance? wealthy patrons
Who is Ophelia? Daughter of Polonius and the sister of Laertes
Accoring to Hamlet, who is to blame for turning men into monsters? women
Where did the Renaissance begin? Florence, Italy
Where is Claudius sending Hamlet because of his state of mental illness? England
What does Polonius think Hamlet’s problem is? He’s mad with love for Ophelia
(True/False) Hamlet is also his father’s name True
There is something rotten in the state of where? Denmark
A funeral procession approaches, and Hamlet sees the King and Queen and Laertes and asks who has died. Who, hysterical with grief, leaps into the grave? Laertes
The Medici Family were what? patrons of the arts in Florence
An example of a soliloquy from Hamlet To be or not to be
Why does Hamlet request a specific play from the actors? He wants Claudius to show his guilt
Hamlet and Laertes are alike characters, yet they are opposite in qualities. What term describes that? dramatic foils
What does Horatio almost do, as Hamlet is dying? kills himself with poison
Why does the Ghost appear in the bedroom scene? to redirect Hamlet
Claudius dies from drinking poison
What’s the name of Shakespeare’s theatre? The Globe
Who wrote a guide for rulers on how to gain and maintain power? Nicholas Machiavelli
Why didn’t Ophelia get a traditional funeral with ALL of the funeral rites? She as suspected of suicide
Shakespeare wrote his sonnets in iambic penameter

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