What are Shakespeare’s birth and death dates? 1564-1616
Where did Shakespeare live? Stratford on Avon, England
When was Hamlet written? 1600-1601
Who was the monarch during this play? Elizabeth I
History of the Danes Historiae Danicae
Who wrote Ur-Hamlet (“regarding Hamlet”)? Thomas Kyd
A story with origins in Norse Legend and has the same plot as Hamlet is? Anolothi
1. Hamlet, the victim of external difficulties -Claudius is too powerful2. Hamlet, the Sentimental Dreamer -too much thinking, not enough action3. Hamlet, the victim of Excessive Melancholy -clinically depressed, mentally unstable Possible interpretations of Hamlet’s Character
4. Hamlet, the victim of an Oedipus Complex -has an unhealthy love to his mother (FREUD)5. Hamlet, motivated by ambition -will do anything to be king6. Hamlet, misled by the Ghost -not an honest ghost, revenge Possible Interpretations of Hamlet’s Character
Justice and RevengeDestiny and Purpose of LifeMadness and SanityAppearance vs Reality Role of WomenRights and Duties of KingshipPoison and Corruption (Decay and Disease) Major Themes found in Hamlet
the Act I structure name in the Shakespeare 5 Act Play Exposition
The Act II structure name in the Shakespeare 5 Act Play Rising Action
The Act III structure name in the Shakespeare 5 Act Play Climax and Dramatic Reverse
The Act IV structure name in the Shakespeare 5 Act Play Falling Action
the Act V structure name in the Shakespeare 5 Act Play Catastrophe
Revenge MotiveInternal and External ConflictsComic ReliefTragic Hero/Flaw/MistakeSupernatural ElementChange Happenings Elements of a Shakespearan Tragedy
three steps taken for a perfect revenge 1. victim must be tortured mentally and physically2. victim must be damned after death3. victim who takes revenge must damn his/her own soul
3 Steps Claudius has taken to gain the throne 1. murdered King Hamlet2. married Queen Gertrude3. held a fake election-swung by Polonius`
where did Hamlet go to college? Wittenburg, Germany
why do the guards think Horatio can speak to the ghost? he speaks Latin
Name all 8 of the people dead by the end of the play 1. Hamlet 2. Gertrude 3. Claudius 4. Polonius 5. Laertes 6. Ophelia 7. Rosencrantz 8. Guildenstern
Drownssignificance- she allows herself to be taken away by the current of the river, just like how she has lived-manipulated by Laertes and Polonius how Ophelia dies
Hamlet stabs him while spyingsignificance- he thinks spying is always the answer but it leads to his demise. how Polonius dies
Hamlet forges a letter to England telling England to kill ______?? Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Who are Hamlet’s foils? Fortinbras and Laertes
Who Says to whom….”A little more than kin and less than kind” (act 1) Hamlet to himself
Who says to whom…”O, that this too too solid flesh would melt” (act 1) Hamlet to himself
who says to whom…”Frailty, thy name is woman” (act 1) Hamlet to Gertrude
who says to whom…”To thine own self be true, neither borrower nor lender be” (act 1) Polonius to Laertes
who says to whom…”Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” (act 1) Marcellus to Horatio
…..”The serpent that did sting thy father now wears his crown” (act 1) Ghost to Hamlet
……”There are more things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio, than are dreamed of in your philosophy” (act 1) Hamlet to Horatio
….”and thus do we, by indirection find directions out” (act 2) Polonius to Reynaldo
…”Brevity is the soul of wit” (act 2) Polonius to King and Queen
…”The play’s the thing” (act 2) Hamlet to himself
…”Through this madness, yet there’s method in it” (act 2) Polonius to himself
…..”There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so” (act 2) Hamlet to Rosencrantz
…”What a piece of work is man, how noble in reason how infinite in difficulty” (act 2) Hamlet to Rosencrantz
..”O, what a rogue and peasant slave am I” (act 2) Hamlet to himself
…”To be or not to be” Hamlet to himself
” to the noble mind rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind” Ophelia to Hamlet
“The lady doth protest too much methinks” Queen to Hamlet
“Why look you now how unworthy a thing you make of me. you would play upon me; you would seem to know my stops; you would pluck out the heart of my mystery” Hamlet to Guildenstern
“I will speak daggers to her, but use none” Hamlet to himself
“My words fly up, my thoughts remain below” Claudius to himself
“oh what a rash and bloody deed is this” Gertrude to Hamlet
“I must be cruel only to be kind” Hamlet to Gertrude
“Let it work, for ’tis the sport to have the engineer hoise with his own petar and ‘t shall go hard…” Hamlet to Gertrude
“He’s loved of the distracted multitude who like not in their judgment, but their eyes” Claudius to himself
“from this time forth my thoughts be bloody or be nothing worth” Hamlet to himself
“No place indeed should murder sanctuarize revenge should have no bounds” Claudius to Laertes
“Alas poor Yorick. I knew him, Horatio” Hamlet to a skull
“Sweets to the sweet” Queen to Ophelia’s corpse
“There’s a divinity that shapes our end..rough hew them how we will” Hamlet to Horatio
“The readiness is all” Hamlet to Horatio
“Report me and my cause aright to the unsatisfied” Hamlet to Horatio
“Now cracks a noble heart” Horatio to himself
What is an example of upsetting the “Great Chain of Being” Claudius killing his brother
4 reasons that ghosts return 1. good deed2. warning for the country3. buried treasure4. tell of their death
name of the castle Elsinore
which role did Shakespeare usually play the ghost
3 requests of the ghost 1. avenge his death2. leave Gertrude to heaven3. take care of yourself
4 plotting scenarios 1. Reynaldo spies on Laertes2. Ros and Guild spy on Hamlet3. King and Polonius spy on Hamlet and Ophelia4. Hamlet makes the play sound like his father’s death
what role did Polonius play? Julius Caesar
what instrument does Hamlet want Guildenstern to play recorder
what is the climax? when Hamlet doesn’t kill Claudius in the chapel
what is the dramatic reverse in act 3 Hamlet killing Polonius
what 2 things does Hamlet ask of his mother 1.don’t sleep with Claudius2. don’t tell anyone that Hamlet isn’t crazy
after seeing Fortinbras’s army, what does Hamlet promise to himself? to take more action
how does Hamlet come back into Denmark by a pirate ship
2 reasons the king can’t prosecute Hamlet 1. Queen loves him2. people love him
2 ways to kill Hamlet 1. poison the tip of Laertes’s sword2. poison the wine
what is the comic relief gravedigger scene
what 3 “jokes” are used puns, riddles, melapropisms
2 things the “comic relief” scene offers 1. viewpoint of commoners2. gets the audience ready for death
who is Yorick the court jester
why won’t the Priest carry out the funeral? Ophelia might have committed suicide
who is the court fop-wants to put on heirs on what to do/ how you should act in the court Osric
what if Hamlet doesn’t fence? he will be put on trial
who drinks the poison wine first? Gertrude
what does Gertrude say with her last breath? the wine is poisoned
how does Hamlet kill Claudius stabs himmakes him drink the wine
2 decisions when Hamlet is king 1. Horatio must stay alive to tell the truth2. Fortinbras should be the new king
how does the play end Fortinbras’s army invades and carries Hamlet’s body out like a king

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