how / why Polonius gets involved From this, it seems that he is planning to listen in on their discussion because he feels like Gertrude will be “partial” (biased because he is her son) while talking to Hamlet and then sharing what they discuss. He thinks that if he hears it, he can listen and convey what is said more objectively to Claudius than Gertrude could.eperate answer to this question is that Polonius loves to meddle. Throughout the play, until he is killed, he is constantly trying to analyze Hamlet’s behavior and get to the bottom of it for the sake of Claudius. He seems to love drama. He also volunteers himself to figure out what is bothering Hamlet in Act II, Scene ii. Polonius is also the one who suggests using Ophelia to figure out what is going on with Hamlet in Act III, Scene i, while he, Gertrude and Claudius withdraw and listen along. Polonius wants to prove that he is right about the cause of Hamlet’s madness. After he tells the King and Queen all about his theory that Hamlet is mad because of frustrated love for Ophelia
what the “nunnery” implies Go to a whorehouse
the events of Gertrude’s closet Hamlet is pointing out all the sins gertrude had committed, and how she is disgraces the ghost king hamlet. Hamlet intimidates gertrude, so she cries out that he is going to murder her. Polonius who is hiding behind the curtain, calls for help but gets stabbed behind the curtain by hamlet. King hamlet appears but only hamlet could see him, not gertrude. the ghost tells hamlet to treat gertrude well. Hamlet tells gertrude to not sleep with claudius.
Laertes’ response to Ophelia’s madness Claudius to give him his father. Gertrude tries to calm Laertes, but Claudius tells her to let him rail, that they have nothing to fear from the young man. Claudius manages to placate Laertes until Ophelia returns, singing incoherent snippets of a song about a dead old man. Laertes comments that a “young maid’s wits” are as fragile and “as mortal as an old man’s life.” Ophelia distributes flowers to the assembled people, and exits. Laertes, distraught over his sister’s condition, finally pays complete attention to what Claudius has to say. The King promises Laertes satisfaction in avenging Polonius’ death.
the order of events during the duel he has had to engage Laertes in the business. Osric, a courtier, enters and Hamlet mocks the man’s flamboyance. Osric tells Hamlet that Laertes invites the Prince to duel with him. The King has wagered that Hamlet will win, and Osric is to return and report whether Hamlet will accept. He does. After Osric’s exit, a lord enters with instructions from the King to see if Hamlet wants more time before meeting Laertes. Hamlet says he is ready whenever the King wants to get started. Then the lord tells Hamlet that the Queen wishes him to extend Laertes a pre-duel overture of friendship. Hamlet agrees, and the lord exits.Horatio feels uneasy about the duel and suggests that Hamlet could lose. Hamlet shrugs off any possibility of Laertes’ winning, but says that, in any event, one cannot avoid one’s destiny. Hamlet must do what he must do. All that matters is being prepared for the inevitable. “The readiness is all.”With great flourish, the scene is set for the duel. The King calls Hamlet and Laertes together and has them begin the duel by clasping hands. Hamlet asks Laertes to forgive his earlier acts of madness at Ophelia’s grave. He further claims that his madness, not he himself, is responsible for Polonius’ death, and he begs pardon for the crime. Laertes remains stiff and suspicious in his response, but says he bears Hamlet no grudge.Osric brings the swords, and Laertes makes a show of choosing his; Hamlet asks only if the one he has chosen is the same length as the others. The King sets wine out for the duelists to drink and holds up the cup intended for Hamlet. Laertes and Hamlet fence for a moment until Hamlet asks for a judgment call from Osric the referee. Osric proclaims a hit in Hamlet’s favor, and Claudius holds up Hamlet’s goblet and takes a drink. With high pomp, Claudius drops a pearl, his gift to Hamlet, into the wine.When Hamlet hits Laertes a second time, Laertes protests that it is a mere touch. Claudius assures Gertrude that, “Our son shall win.” Gertrude agrees. She takes Hamlet’s wine, wipes his brow, and offers him a drink, which he refuses. She then toasts her son. Claudius asks her not to drink, but she does and then wipes Hamlet’s brow one more time.Laertes tells Claudius that the time has come to hit Hamlet with the poisoned tip. Claudius disagrees. In an aside, Laertes expresses a reluctance to hit Hamlet, but Hamlet accuses him of dallying and presses for a third bout. The two fight again and Laertes wounds Hamlet with the poisoned tip. Both drop their swords and, in the scuffle, Hamlet grabs Laertes’ sword and Laertes picks up Hamlet’s. Hamlet hits Laertes with the poisoned sword. Gertrude swoons. Hamlet sees the Queen fall and anxiously asks, “How does the Queen?” The King assures him that she is faint because of the blood, but Gertrude cries out that the drink has poisoned her. Outraged, Hamlet orders the doors locked so that the King cannot escape. Laertes reveals the murder plot to Hamlet and explains that the poisoned sword now rests in Hamlet’s hands.In a fury, Hamlet runs the sword through Claudius, yelling, “Venom to they work.” Before Claudius dies, Hamlet pours the poisoned wine down the King’s throat. Hamlet then goes to Laertes, who is nearly dead. The two forgive one another so that neither will prevent the other from entering heaven. Laertes dies, and Horatio rushes to Hamlet’s side.Hamlet tells Horatio that he is dead, and asks that Horatio “tell my story.” Osric announces the sound of an approaching army, which means that Fortinbras has arrived in Denmark after attacking the Poles. Hamlet tells Horatio to ensure that the Danish crown passes to Fortinbras.With the words “The rest is silence,” Hamlet dies. Horatio wishes him a gentle rest and turns his attention to Fortinbras and the English ambassadors, who have also arrived to announce that the English government has executed Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Fortinbras, appalled by the sight of the mayhem that greets him, “with sorrow” recognizes his right to wear the crown of Denmark, which Horatio will corroborate with Hamlet’s words.Fortinbras orders that Hamlet be given military honors, “with music and rite of war.” He orders his soldiers to carry the bodies out, and the play ends.
the moments of Hamlet’s procrastination “The time is out of joint; O cursed spite That I was ever born to set it right!””In these words, I presume, is to be discovered the the key to Hamlet’s entire course of action. To me it is clear that Shakespeare attempted to disclose, in the present instance, the effects of a great deed laid upon a soul unequal to the performance of it. In this view the entire play seems composed, it appears to me. An oak-tree is planted in a costly vase, which should have borne only lovely flowers in its bosom; the roots spread, the vase is shattered. A supremely attractive, pure, noble and most moral nature, without the strength of nerve which goes to constitute the hero, sinks beneath a burden which it neither can bear nor cast aside. All duties to him are holy, — this one too hard. That which is impossible is required of him, — not the inherently impossible, but the impossible to him. He twists and turns, and tortures himself; he advances and reacts; is ever reminded and self-reminding; and at the last all but does lose sight of his purpose, yet ever without restoring his peace of mind.” He indulged in any pretext for the glorious power of doing nothing, thinking the matter over again, and gaining a conscientious-looking excuse for delaySo strongly has Shakespeare carried out this idea, that two of the most terrible passages in the play are the result. One of these is the passage in which Hamlet, finding the King at prayers in his closet, refuses to kill him, because his soul would then go to heaven, but says that he will wait until lust and sin come back, and when his soul would be at the door of hell. He is perpetually putting it off, because he is not ready, because he has not done thinking about it. Would it be executing judgment, to kill a man who did not know he was about to be killed? Should the executioner strike his victim from behind? And with what looks like the perfection of malice, like the outcome of demoniacal passion, Hamlet says he will not kill him now, lest he should send him to heaven, but will kill him at some time favourable for his going to hell.
Yorick’s purpose Hamlet’s constant brooding about death and humanity comes to a (grotesque) head in the infamous graveyard scene, where Hamlet holds up the unearthed skull of Yorick, a court jester Hamlet knew and loved as a young boy. The skull itself is a physical reminder of the finality of death.
Fortinbras’ deeds / role Fortinbras – The young Prince of Norway, whose father the king (also named Fortinbras) was killed by Hamlet’s father (also named Hamlet). Now Fortinbras wishes to attack Denmark to avenge his father’s honor, making him another foil for Prince Hamlet.Fortinbras was a parallel to hamlet. Fortinbras later becomes king of denmark becuase he will carry on Hamlets purpose. Hamlet admires him
Claudius Shakespearean criminals lack the simple clarity of absolute evil. Claudius is a perfect example of a quintessential Shakespearean antagonist.Whereas he recognizes that he his “offense is rank” and “smells to heaven,” he also admits that he will not make amends with God because he refuses to give up what his crime has bought him. He is willing to take the consequences of his actions.The mark of a great Shakespearean antagonist is how completely he mirrors the protagonist both ultimately sacrifice humanity and humaneness in the acquisition of their goals.What makes Claudius a villain is that he is wrong, and Hamlet is right. Claudius is a sneak who murdered and lied. Hamlet commits his murders in the open and suffers the pangs of his own conscience. Claudius subverts his conscience and refuses to ask for divine forgiveness. Hamlet seeks contrition and absolves himself of guilt before he dies; Claudius receives no absolution and seeks none. Hamlet will spend eternity in Heaven; Claudius will burn in Hell.
Laertes A student in Paris, Laertes is Polonius’ son and Ophelia’s brother; he returns from school because of King Hamlet’s death, leaves to go back to Paris, and then returns again after his own father’s murder.Hamlet and Laertes presumably grew up together, fencing with one another and confiding in one another. Then Hamlet went away to Wittenberg and Laertes to Paris, parting the friendship. Still, Hamlet refers to Laertes as “a very noble youth.”Hamlet recognizes what Shakespeare has made abundantly clear throughout the play, that Laertes is Hamlet’s foil. He mirrors Hamlet but behaves in the opposite manner. Where Hamlet is verbal, Laertes is physical; where Hamlet broods, Laertes blusters. Laertes’ love for Ophelia and duty to Polonius drive him to passionate action, while Hamlet’s love for Gertrude and duty to King Hamlet drive him to passionate inaction. In Laertes resides the picture of what Hamlet could be if the sound of his own words did not mesmerize him.
The Ghost Spirit of the late King Hamlet, condemned to walk the earth until his soul is cleansed of its sins.
“The Mousetrap”
Ophelia Daughter of Polonius, sister of Laertes, Ophelia is beloved of Hamlet.We do know that Ophelia is torn between two contradictory poles. Her father and brother believe that Hamlet would use her, that he would take her virginity and throw it away because she could never be his wife. Her heart has convinced her that Hamlet loved her, though he swears he never did. To her father and brother, Ophelia is the eternal virgin, the vessel of morality whose purpose is to be a dutiful wife and steadfast mother. To Hamlet, she is a sexual object, a corrupt and deceitful lover. With no mother to guide her, she has no way of deciphering the contradictory expectations.When she lies to Hamlet and tells him that Polonius is home when he is concealed in the room eavesdropping, Ophelia proves she cannot live in both worlds. She has chosen one, and her choice seals her fate.The dilemma also forces her into madness. She has no way to reconcile the contradictory selves her men demand that she be and still retain an equilibrium. Ophelia’s desperation literally drives her crazy, and she has no means with which to heal herself.
Gertrude Prince Hamlet’s mother, King Hamlet’s widow, King Claudius’ wife.Gertrude is a shadowy character with little substance on which to hang a characterization. We can examine her through what others say about her more than through what she says.That she is “th’imperial jointress” to the throne of Denmark indicates that she wields some power and suggests that Claudius’ decision to marry her had political implications. Yet Hamlet indicts all women by calling her fickle — “frailty, thy name is woman.” We see through Hamlet the picture of a woman who one day lived obediently and in the shadow of one king to whom she was devoted. The next day she allies herself in love and politics with the polar opposite of the man she formerly called husband.The ghost of King Hamlet calls her his “most seeming virtuous queen.” He entreats Hamlet to “Leave her to Heaven / And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge / To prick and sting her.” These words could imply that she has reason to be guilty, that she is not blameless.When Rosencrantz and Guildenstern arrive at Elsinore, she tells them that they have been sent for because of the way Hamlet “hath talked of you,” and she promises them compensation fit for ” a king’s remembrance.” She exhibits apparent sincerity in her concern for Hamlet, and yet, even after Hamlet has told her what he knows about Claudius, even after he has shared his fears of the trip to England, even after Hamlet has clearly proven that something is rotten in the state of Denmark, she never opposes Claudius to protect Hamlet. Unless, as some critics believe, she drinks the poisoned wine as an act of maternal protectiveness. Does she know the wine is poisoned? When “the Queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet” is she deliberately drinking to prevent Hamlet’s death?
Fortinbras King of Norway, bound to avenge his father’s death by the Danes’ hands.
Hamlet The crown prince of Denmark who returns from the university in Wittenberg, Germany, to find his father dead, his mother married to the king’s brother Claudius, and Claudius newly self-crowned King.The paradox of Hamlet’s nature draws people to the character. He is at once the consummate iconoclast, in self-imposed exile from Elsinore Society, while, at the same time, he is the adulated champion of Denmark — the people’s hero. He has no friends left, but Horatio loves him unconditionally. He is angry, dejected, depressed, and brooding; he is manic, elated, enthusiastic, and energetic. He is dark and suicidal, a man who loathes himself and his fate. Yet, at the same time, he is an existential thinker who accepts that he must deal with life on its own terms, that he must choose to meet it head on. “We defy augury. There is special providence in the fall of a sparrow.”Hamlet not only participates in his life, but astutely observes it as well. He recognizes the decay of the Danish society (represented by his Uncle Claudius), but also understands that he can blame no social ills on just one person. He remains aware of the ironies that constitute human endeavor, and he savors them. Though he says, “Man delights not me,” the contradictions that characterize us all intrigue him. “What a piece of work is a man! How noble in reason, how infinite in faculties, in form and moving how express and admirable, in action how like an angel, in apprehension how like a god!”
Horatio A commoner, Horatio went to school with Hamlet and remains his loyal best friend.Horatio epitomizes the faithful friend. He only questions Hamlet’s judgment once, when Hamlet confides the fates of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Otherwise, Horatio supports every rash decision Hamlet makes.Horatio is the man Hamlet wants to be. He is intelligent, but not driven by his intellectual creativity. Horatio seems to accept the world as it is handed to him where Hamlet is driven by his impulse question all apparent truthsHoratio loves Hamlet so much that he would rather impale himself on his own sword than live on after Hamlet’s death. Hamlet passionately demonstrates his own deep love and admiration for Horatio in his request that Horatio tell Hamlet’s story. Hamlet trusts his friend enough to leave him the task of finding the words that will divine the truth. For Hamlet, entrusting the task to Horatio declares his love better than expressing that love through any of Hamlet’s poetry or philosophy. Action has at last spoken louder than words.
Rosencrantz / Guildenstern Classmates of Hamlet’s in Wittenberg. Claudius summons them to Elsinore to spy on Prince Hamlet.
Elsinore, Denmark The setting of William Shakespeare’s play Hamlet is the fictional town of Elsinore, which is also the name of the castle referenced in Hamlet. The actual name of the castle referenced in the play is Kronborg Castle, a real castle located on an area of land between Sweden and Denmark. Although it is never stated by Shakespeare, it is assumed that the Elsinore castle referenced in Hamlet is Kronborg Castle in Denmark because of its location. As a result of the success of the play, the castle referenced in Hamlet became very popular.
Polonius The elderly Lord Chamberlain, chief counselor to Claudius.Polonius may be elderly and demented, but he must have been at least politically adept. He admits that he is not a man of great prestige, and yet he has risen to be counselor to the King. Presumably, he counseled King Hamlet as well.
The Player’s Speech / Priam’s Death Hamlet feels inadequate and frustrated with his own lack of action. The Player is able to generate and convey passion and emotion in his speech about Hecuba’s grief over the death of Priam, yet this situation is not a real one; the Player is just acting. Hamlet, on the other hand, has real cause to feel grief and to act, yet he has done nothing. He asks what would the Player do “Had he the motive and the cue for passion/That I have?” So he questions himself: “Am I a coward?” And he declares that so far all he done to achieve the vengeance the Ghost wants is to use words.Ah, but words! That fact gives him the idea of using the play-within-a-play to reenact the murder scene and watch Claudius’ response. If the king even flinches, Hamlet will know that Claudius is guilty and thus have the evidence he’s been seeking that the Ghost speaks truth. Hamlet will use words “to catch the conscience of the king” and lay a trap for Claudius.
The Everyman both works seemed to be focused on one person’s point of view. In Everyman, the plot revolves around Everyman and his search for a companion. In Hamlet, the story concentrates on the Prince Hamlet and his efforts to avenge his father. If both of these stories were written as novels, they would be told from first person point of view. Another similarity between the plays is the awareness of death and the mortality of the main character. In Everyman, Death the character comes to Everyman to tell him that he has sinned and will die. This appearance serves as a reminder to the audience that Everyman is indeed human and will pass on. From this respect, Death parallels to the ghost of King Hamlet in Shakespeare’s play. King Hamlet, after being murdered by his brother (now King Claudius), appears as a ghost to his son and asks him to seek revenge for his death. In both instances, these deceased characters (who are both supernatural) speak to the main characters about deaths and dying. In literature and drama, the term everyman has come to mean an ordinary individual, with whom the audience or reader is supposed to be able to identify easily, and who is often placed in extraordinary circumstances.
Catharsis catharsis takes place when Hamlet engages in a sword fight with Laertes in ACT 5. sc. 2 because the audience is well aware of the fact that Laertes and Claudius have conspired against Hamlet by agreeing to have him drink from a poisonous cup and to poison the blade as another precaution to insure Hamlet’s death in ACT 4. sc. 7. This causes the audience to sympathize with Hamlet because he does not deserve to die in such a deceiving manor, especially because he has agreed to play a fair game, unlike his contenders, Laertes and Claudius. Catharsis: definitionthe process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed emotions.
The Theological / Philosophical questions Much of this story outlines struggles between Catholic and Protestant understandings of relationships to God and action. These were the theologies extant at the time Shakespeare was writingIn the play, Laertes and France represent a more Catholic viewpoint.What you or I might think is most important would be the question of murder. Is it divinely ordained or at least divinely accepted? This is a revenge play, certainly not new with Shakespeare. It’s not a particularly Christian theme, although at this point the Church certainly accommodated the fact that this was a brutal and treacherous world. But, I can’t really think of any place that Jesus said, “Go, get him!” However, the Greco-Roman gods and goddesses were very jealous of one another, and frequently quite violently eliminated rivals and wrongdoers.Hamlet was a Stoic. He was not a passion-filled man. He was a thinker. He was being educated in Wittenburg, where Luther had taught at some 60 years before the writing of this play. Stoicism was one of the revived Greek philosophies at that time. Weighing and deliberating would have been appropriate.Stoicism as discussed in the Standard Dictionary of Philosophy (and to my shame, Wikipedia) concerned itself with the active relationship between cosmic determinism (Fortinbras’ claim) and human freedom, (Hamlet the Elder) and the belief that it is virtuous to maintain a will (called prohairesis) that is in accord with nature. The Stoics considered destructive emotions to be the result of errors in judgment, and that a sage, or person of “moral and intellectual perfection,” would not undergo such emotions.[1] Because of this, the Stoics presented their philosophy as a way of life, and they thought that the best indication of an individual’s philosophy was not what a person said but how he behaved. As a Protestant, Hamlet would have rejected Purgatory. So his father’s appearance would have been really problematic. If this were a true seeing, then the notion of Purgatory, antithetical to all his beliefs, was true, ergo Catholicism was right. If it were the devil, well then, hell was well accepted by both! But the ghost could be listened to if Purgatory existed. The words of the Father to enact age-old justice for revenge must be heeded.In the mind of a young Protestant, ghosts could only exist because Purgatory existed.
Fate / Destiny For the Greek Sophocles, fate far overpowers human will; the harder a man works to avoid his fate, the more surely he catapults forth into that very fate.Oedipus eventually resigns himself to his failure by saying, “Oh G-d! It has come true. Light let this be the last time I see you.” Having accepted his powerlessness, the only recourse left to him is to blind himself so that he may symbolically escape his failure. Unlike the Christian tragic hero, nothing motivates Oedipus to change the course of his life or make amends. He has disobeyed the gods by exhibiting too much pride, and he must now acquiesce to the will of the gods and accept his punishment
what Bernardo and Francisco are doing at the beginning of the play On a dark winter night outside Elsinore Castle in Denmark, an officer named Bernardo comes to relieve the watchman Francisco. In the heavy darkness, the men cannot see each other. Bernardo hears a footstep near him and cries, “Who’s there?” After both men ensure that the other is also a watchman, they relax. Cold, tired, and apprehensive from his many hours of guarding the castle, Francisco thanks Bernardo and prepares to go home and go to bed.Shortly thereafter, Bernardo is joined by Marcellus, another watchman, and Horatio, a friend of Prince Hamlet. Bernardo and Marcellus have urged Horatio to stand watch with them, because they believe they have something shocking to show him. In hushed tones, they discuss the apparition they have seen for the past two nights, and which they now hope to show Horatio: the ghost of the recently deceased King Hamlet, which they claim has appeared before them on the castle ramparts in the late hours of the night.Horatio is skeptical, but then the ghost suddenly appears before the men and just as suddenly vanishes. Terrified, Horatio acknowledges that the specter does indeed resemble the dead King of Denmark, that it even wears the armor King Hamlet wore when he battled against the armies of Norway, and the same frown he wore when he fought against the Poles. Horatio declares that the ghost must bring warning of impending misfortune for Denmark, perhaps in the form of a military attack. He recounts the story of King Hamlet’s conquest of certain lands once belonging to Norway, saying that Fortinbras, the young Prince of Norway, now seeks to reconquer those forfeited lands.The ghost materializes for a second time, and Horatio tries to speak to it. The ghost remains silent, however, and disappears again just as the cock crows at the first hint of dawn. Horatio suggests that they tell Prince Hamlet, the dead king’s son, about the apparition. He believes that though the ghost did not speak to him, if it is really the ghost of King Hamlet, it will not refuse to speak to his beloved son.
the mood of the opening scene Cold, dark and ominous
What Fortinbras wants His dad Old Fortinbras, former King of Norway, made a bet with Old Hamlet and wound up losing his life and some important Norwegian territory in the process. Naturally, young Fortinbras now has to reclaim the land his father lost.
What Polonius says to his children Although Prince Hamlet regards Polonius with contempt, and although the old man does seem foolish on more than one occasion, his advice to his son is full of sound practical wisdom. No doubt this wisdom is coming from Shakespeare himself and he is only using Polonius as his spokesman. For instance, Shakespeare twice cautions young people to be very careful about what they say to others.” Don’t say what you’re thinking, and don’t be too quick to act on what you think. Be friendly to people but don’t overdo it. Once you’ve tested out your friends and found them trustworthy, hold onto them. But don’t waste your time shaking hands with every new guy you meet. Don’t be quick to pick a fight, but once you’re in one, hold your own. Listen to many people, but talk to few. Hear everyone’s opinion, but reserve your judgment. Spend all you can afford on clothes, but make sure they’re quality, not flashy, since clothes make the man—which is doubly true in France. Don’t borrow money and don’t lend it, since when you lend to a friend, you often lose the friendship as well as the money, and borrowing turns a person into a spendthrift. And, above all, be true to yourself. Then you won’t be false to anybody else. Good-bye, son. I hope my blessing will help you absorb what I’ve said.”
Horatio and Marcellus’ attempt When the Ghost returns Horatio and Marcellus attempt to speak to the ghost. The ghost does not answer, so they try to detain it. they strike at the ghost with their spears but they are just jabbing at air. a rooster crows just as the ghost was going to reply he disappears becuase of being startled by the rooster crowHoratio decides to tell prince hamlet that they had just seen the ghost of his father
Hamlet’s response to the ghost
EVERYTHING the ghost reveals His time is short before he must return to Purgatory. He cannot share any of the secrets of life in Purgatory, but he has a tale of woe he desperately needs to pass on to his son. Before he will give Hamlet any details, however, he charges the Prince to avenge his murder. The words of the Ghost horrify Hamlet, for they confirm his fears. Hurrying because he can “scent the morning,” King Hamlet tells his son that Claudius seduced his seemingly virtuous queen, and then crept to where his brother lay napping and poured a lethal poison in King Hamlet’s ear. The poison quickly curdled King Hamlet’s blood, robbing him of both his life and the opportunity for absolution.The Ghost tells Hamlet to “Remember me,” but only after he instructs him to leave Gertrude alone. So Hamlet must wrest retribution only from Claudius. The Ghost exits, leaving Hamlet incensed. Hamlet answers the worried calls of Horatio and Marcellus, telling them nothing specific but demanding that they both take an oath to tell no one what they have seen and heard. In confidence, Hamlet tells Horatio that he will pretend to be mad so that he may spy on his mother and uncle. After Horatio has sworn allegiance, Hamlet bids the departed Ghost to rest and then curses his fate before exiting with the other men.
Gertrude’s behavior Gertrude is shallow, and thinks only about her body and external pleasures. Like a child she longs to be delighted. We do not see much of her in daily activity, but if we could we would see a woman enraptured by trinkets and fine clothes, soft pillows and warm baths. Gertrude is also a very sexual being, and it is her sexuality that turns Hamlet so violently against her. The Ghost gives Hamlet, who is already disgusted with his mother for marrying his uncle such a short time after his father’s death, even more disturbing information about the Queen:Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast,With witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous gifts,–O wicked wit, and gifts that have the powerSo to seduce!–won to his shameful lustThe will of my most seeming-virtuous queen.
Claudius’s sass
Informitory a type of nonfiction writing that conveys information about something, which means it is factual. Many examples of informational writing can be found in newspapers, almanacs, and reference books.
Expository writing a type of writing that is used to explain, describe, give information, or inform.

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