misogyny hatred, dislike, and mistrust of women
pestilence disease
asunder divided; torn apart
umbrage insult
churlish rude
gibe insult
pun use of words that are alike in sound but different in meaning
foil to keep from success
aside giving the audience information about characters
iambic pentameter rhythmic pattern
soliloquy a monologue done when the actor is alone (to be or not to be speech)
“To be or not to be, that is the question” Hamlet; deciding whether he should live or die
“And this above all: to thine own self be true” Polonius; above everything stay true to yourself
“Though this be madness, yet there be method in it” Hamlet; theres a method behind all the crazy things that he’s saying and doing
“There is nothing good nor bad, but thinking makes it so” Hamlet; there’s nothing truly good or bad but once it’s labeled as good or bad it stays that way
“The lady doth protest too much, methinks” Gertrude; If you’re accused of something you shouldn’t ramble on about it because then you’ll seem more guilty
“Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind” Ophelia; his kind words don’t mean anything if he doesn’t treat you right
“Something is rotten in the state of Denmark” Marcellus; something must be terribly wrong if a ghost is showing up here
Why did Hamlet return home from college? Because of his fathers funeral, his mothers remarriage, and his uncles coronation
What did Gertrude do that bothers Hamlet? Married his uncle Claudius right after his fathers death
What did Laertes’ warn his sister about? Not to trust Hamlets promises of love, he may not be able to even marry her since he is the prince
What news does the ghost bring? that Claudius murdered Hamlets father
What is Hamlets reasoning for his madness? he wants to act crazy to get information from his uncle about the murder
Cornelius and Voltimand bring what news from Norway? that Fortinbras has been arrested and promised not to attack Denmark
What is Polonius’ theory of Hamlets strange behavior? that he is madly in love with Ophelia and it’s driving him to insanity
What is Hamlets reason for testing the ghost? he wants to make sure that it’s really his father and not just a devil trying to get him to kill
What is Hamlets plan to find out if the ghost is telling the truth? he puts on a play reenacting his fathers death and is going to watch for Claudius’ reaction which will tell him the truth
What famous speech does Hamlet give in act 3? the to be or not to be speech
Why wouldn’t Hamlet kill Claudius while he was praying? because Hamlet didn’t want him to go to heaven
How does Polonius die? Hamlet stabs him while he’s spying on Hamlet and Gertrude talking
Why is Hamlet mad at Rosencrantz and Guildenstern? he says because they’re “sponges” to the king meaning they do anything that he wants and once he’s done with them he’ll throw them to the curb
How does Ophelia die? after going crazy because of her fathers death she then drowns in a brook; everyone assumes it was suicide
How does Hamlet get off the ship going to England? he makes friends with pirates that take him back to Denmark
How do Rosencrantz and Guildenstern die? Hamlet finds a letter from Claudius to England saying that they should hang him when they get to England so he throws out that letter and writes a new one saying to kill Rosencrantz and Guildenstern after they arrive
How did Hamlet die? Laertes strikes him with the poisoned sword during their fencing match
How does Gertrude die? she drinks the poisoned drink that was meant for Hamlet in celebration of him
How does Laertes die? Hamlet switches swords not knowing about the poison and strikes Laertes with his own sword with the poison on the tip
How does Claudius die? as Laertes is dying he tells Hamlet about how it was all Claudius’ plan to kill him so he strikes Claudius with the sword and forces him to drink the poisoned drink that killed Gertrude
Where does Hamlet go to school? Wittenberg
What does Hamlet call Polonius? a “fish monger”

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