Hamlet (1.2.129-142) “O that this too too solid flesh would melt, thaw, and resolve itself into a dew, or that the Everlasting had not fixed His canon ‘gainst self-slaughter! …’Tis an unweeded garden that grows to seed; things rank and gross in nature possess it merely. … “-Hamlet’s first soliloquy-perceives the world through the darkness he feels-talking about his mother marrying Claudius so quickly after King Hamlet died-Garden of Eden reference: (in decline; no longer fertile; full of despair)-body/natural world in decline-King Hamlet is idealized here
Hamlet (1.2.143-159) Must I remember? Why, she would hang on him as if increase of appetite had grown by what it fed on, and yet within a month–let me not think on’t; frailty, thy name is woman–a little month, or ere those shoes were old with which she followed my poor father’s body…My father’s brother, but no more like my father than I to Hercules…O most wicked speed, to post with such dexterity to incestuous sheets!…”-switches to his mother’s lack of grief-even a beats who has reason would have mourned longer-compares his uncle to his father (father = hero; uncle = villain)-all the language he uses here is brought back when the ghost appears
Queen Gertrude (1.2.76-86) “Good Hamlet cast thy nightly colour off, and let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. Do not for ever with thy vailed lids seek for thy noble father in the dust. Thou know’st ’tis common–all that lives must die, passing through nature to eternity””If it be, why seems it so particular with thee?”-Claudius then tells Hamlet that it is unmanly and ungodly to mourn for this long-Gertrude thinks he’s mourned too long too-she wants to know why Hamlet isn’t able to let the grief go-Hamlet questions his mother for why she ISN’T mourning any more
Horatio (1.1.108-120) “What art thou that usurp’st this time of night, together with that fair and warlike form in which the majesty of buried Denmark did sometimes march? By heaven, I charge thee speak.””I’ll cross it though it blast me. Stay, illusion. If thou hast any sound or use of voice, speak to me. If there be any good thing to be done that may to thee do ease and grace to me, speak to me. If thou art privy to thy country’s fate which happily foreknowing may avoid, O speak!…”-they don’t know how to categorize his ghost -Horatio is called to speak to the ghost because he speaks latinHoratio calls it an illusion (illusions come from the devil)
Hamlet (1.4.21-26) “Angels and ministers of grace defend us! Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damned, bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell, be thy intents wicked or charitable, thou com’st in such a questionable shape that I will speak to thee. I’ll call thee Hamlet, King, father, royal Dane. O answer me!…”-Ghost only speaks to Hamlet-only Hamlet can understand the ghost-Ghost is recalling a catholic notion of purgatory in his language
Ghost (1.5.39-57) Hamlet: “O my prophetic soul! Mine uncle?”Ghost: “Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast, with witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous gifts–O wicked wit and gifts, that have the power so to seduce!–won his shameful lust the will of my most seeming-virtuous queen.”-Hamlet has been prophetic-mutual infection (demon can perceive what Hamlet wants to hear)
Hamlet (1.5.97-106) “O all you host of heaven! O earth! What else? And shall I couple hell? O fie! Hold, hold, my heart, and you, my sinews, grow not instant old, but bear me stiffly up. Remember thee? Ay, thou poor ghost, while memory holds a seat in this distracted globe. Remember thee? …”-pressures and past gets copied-there’s a tablet of what is in your brain-suggesting the complications of losing their memory-enactment of losing their past-How do you make decisions/interpret the world if you don’t have a solid basis of knowledge-only determined by what the ghost has said-antic disposition-tells Horatio that he is going to put on this antic disposition (he’s gonna pretend to be crazy, but he’s not really)
Hamlet (2.2.287-293) “I have of late–but wherefore I know not–lost all my mirth, forgone all custom of exercise; and indeed it goes so heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame, the earth, seems to me a sterile promontory. …why, it appears no other thing to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapours.”-Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are not actually Hamlet’s friends; they were sent to him from Claudius-What is the relationship between the individual and the environment? -moment in which Hamlet is only able to see through the lens of melancholy-aware of beauty but cannot process it-there’s nothing good or bad but thinking makes it so-how you think about the world determines the positives or negatives
Hamlet (2.2.293-300) “What a piece of work is a man! How noble in reason, how infinite in faculty, in form and moving how express and admirable, in action how like an angel, in apprehension how like a god–the beauty of the world, the paragon of animals! And yet to me what is the quintessence of dust? Man delights not me–no, nor woman neither, thou by your smiling you seem to say so.”-powerful renaissance individual-as close to angels as you might get-cannot embrace notion of man being the height and notion of all things-quintessence: 5th element; ether that was above the terrestrial realm-animal-like and man-like
Hamlet (3.2.58-67) “Dost thou hear?–Since my dear soul was mistress of her choice and could of men distinguish, her election hath sealed thee for herself; for thou hast been as one in suff’ring all that suffers nothing, a man that Fortune’s buffets and rewards hath ta’en with equal thanks; and blest are those whose blood and judgment are so well commingled that they are not a pipe for Fortune’s finger to sound what stop she please. Give me that man that is not passion’s slave, and I will wear him in my heart’s core, ay, in my heart of heart, as I do thee”-talking to Horatio-Hamlet lacks the quality of acting without thought-this is a quality that can gain power-passion can be your downfall/enslave you (subject to the manipulation of others)
Hamlet (3.1.58-70) “To be, or not to be; that is the question: whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, or to take arms against a sea of troubles, and by opposing, end them …to die, to sleep. To sleep, perchance to dream. Ay, there’s the rub, for in that sleep of death what dreams may come when we have shuffled off this mortal coil must give pause.”-fortune throws us around and we can’t control it-is it nobler to suffer those things passively? -nobler to take arms against a sea of troubles-to be = to not act-to not be = to act-consummation: the end/crowing of something-pleasure that he is suggesting that would come from death-after you are purged from your sins, you will have some sort of pleasure-Hamlet would have to continue to think after death
Hamlet (3.1.80-90) “Who would these fardels bear, to grunt and sweat under a weary life, but that the dread of something after death, the undiscovered country from those bourn no traveller returns, puzzles the will, and makes us rather bear those ills we have than fly to others that we know not of? Thus conscience does make cowards of us all, and thus the native hue of resolution is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought, and enterprises of great pith and moment with this regard their currents turn awry, and lose the name of action. Soft you, now, the fair Ophelia!–Nympth, in thy orisons be all my sins remembered.”-better to stick with what you know rather than to invite things that could be even worse-conscience makes cowards of us all-the thing we fear the most is what comes after death (only thing that keeps us going)-to think is to be sick: the more we think about things, the more it puts a sickly cast on whatever our idea of action was to begin with (we lose our hue of resolution)
Hamlet (2.2.527-539) “Now I am alone. O, what a rogue and peasant slave am I! Is it not monstrous that this player here, but in a fiction, in a dream of passion, could force his soul so to his whole conceit that from her working all his visage wanned, tears in his eyes, distraction in ‘s aspect, a broken voice, and his whole function suiting with forms to his conceit? And all for nothing….”-starts to compare himself to the actor of the play-actor understood emotion to be dangerous to the body-Hamlet feels inadequate next to the passion of the actor-what would the actor do in Hamlet’s position?
Hamlet (2.2.539-548) “He would drown the stage with tears, and cleave the general ear with horrid speech, make mad the guilty and appal the free, confound the ignorant, and amaze indeed the very faculty of eyes and ear. Yet I, a dull and muddy-mettled rascal, peak like John-a-dreams, unpregnant of my cause, and can say nothing–no, not for a king upon whose property and most dear life a damned defeat was made.”-the actor would overwhelm the audience with how passionate he would be if the actor had Hamlet’s life
Hamlet (2.2.548-557) “Am I a coward? Who calls me villain, breaks my pate across, plucks off my beard and blows it in my face, tweaks me by th’ nose, gives me the lie i’th’ throat as deep as to the lungs? Who does me this? Ha? ‘Swounds, I should take it; for it cannot be but I am pigeon-livered and lack gall to make oppression bitter, or ere this I should ‘a’ fatted all the region kites with this slave’s offal.”-some obnoxious guy that would come up and provoke you-even if the physical harrassment were to happen to him, he still would not act because he’s a coward (doesn’t have the stuff to make him act)-makes him angry that he cannot make himself act
Hamlet (2.2.557-565) “Blood, bawdy villain! O, vengeance!– Why, what an ass am I? Ay, sure, this is most brave, that I, the son of the dear murdered, prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell, must, like a *****, unpack my heart with words and fall a -cursing like a very drab, a scullion! Fie upon’t, foh!–About, my brain.”-trying to get himself worked up-like a woman who won’t shut up-effeminizing state to be only with words and no action-no different than a *****-comes up with his plan here
Hamlet (2.2.566-582) “I have heard that guilty creatures sitting at a play have by the very cunning of the scene been struck so to the soul that presently they have proclaimed their malefactions; for murder, though it have no tongue, will speak with most miraculous organ. I’ll have these players play something like the murder of my father before mine uncle. … The play’s the thing wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the King.”-when they see it staged, they can’t help but confess their guilt-stages a play so that Claudius will confess that he killed King Hamlet-can’t keep murder quiet-stages a scene where the nephew murders an uncle (confusion in translation)-Claudius reacts only when the speaking part comes because the murder and staged murder are different
Hamlet and Gertrude (3.4.70-81) “What devil was’t that thus hath cozened you at hood-man blind? O shame, where is thy blush? Rebellious hell, if thou canst mutine in a matron’s bone’s, to flaming youth let virtue be as wax and melt in her own fire. Proclaim no shame when the compulsive ardour gives the charge, since frost itself as actively doth burn, and reason panders will.” G: “O Hamlet, speak no more! Thou turn’st mine eyes into my very soul, and there I see such black and grained spots as will not leave their tinct.”-awry and unnatural that a woman would feel sexual passion at all because her husband died-her senses must be dysfunctional-was this a case of adultery?-she feels guilt, shame, and sin-how she can change and amend her way
Hamlet ( “That monster custom, who all sense doth eat, of habits devilish, is angel yet in this: that to the use of actions fair and good he likewise gives a frock or livery that aptly is put on. Refrain tonight, and that shall lend a kind of easiness to the next abstinence, the next more easy–for use almost can change the stamp of nature–and either in the devil, or throw him out with wondrous potency”-artificial changes in one’s behavior or “habit” to produce natural changes-how we act on the outside is so powerful that it can produce good things within-take the action/behavior and change what is corrupt within
Hamlet (3.1.122-130) “Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest, but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me. I am very proud, revengeful, ambitious, with more offences at my beck than I have thoughts to put them in, imagination to give them shape, or time to act them in. What should such fellows as I do crawling between heaven and earth? We are arrant knaves, all. Believe none of us. Go thy ways to a nunnery. Where’s your father?”-staging this for people who could be spying-Ophelia–> most innocent in the play-Hamlet seems to want to save her from this poisoning and corrupt environment-he says that all men have faults and are sinners-he wants her to go be with other sinners
Hamlet (3.1.142-148) “I have heard of your paintings, too, well enough. God hath given you one face, and you make yourselves another. You jig, you amble, you lisp, and nickname God’s creatures, and make your wantonness your ignorance. Go to, I’ll no more on’t. It hath made me mad. I say we will have no more marriages. Those that are married already–all but one–shall live. The rest shall keep as they are. To a nunnery, go.”-implicit threat to Claudius and Gertrude-effort to save her-naturally corrupt by being a woman-being weak-willed and effeminate-wonder here to which Hamlet may be crazy-Ophelia mirrors Hamlet’s tragedy (dies, loses a father, goes mad)
Ophelia (3.1.149-160) “O what a noble mind is here o’erthrown! The courtier’s, soldier’s, scholar’s eye, tongue, sword, th’expectancy and rose of the fair state, the glass of fashion and the mould of form, the’observed of all observers, quite, quite, down! …O woe is me, t’have seen what I have seen, see what I see!”-Ophelia feels bad for Hamlet even though he has insulted her-reminding us that Hamlet has responsibilities that he has been neglecting-Ophelia is a foil to Hamlet
Gertrude (4.7.146-154) “Her clothes spread wide, and mermaid-like a while they bore her up; which time she chanted snatches of old tunes, as one incapable of her own distress, or like a creature native and endued unto that element. But long it could not be till that her garments, heavy with their drink, pulled the poor wretch from her melodious lay to muddy death”-she has become absorbed into the environment-melting/gibing in to the environment-not an act of will-death is treated like a suicide and is questioned
First Clown (5.1.10-12) “for here lies the point: if I drown myself wittingly, it argues an act; and an act hath three branches: it is to act, to do, and to perform. Argal she drowned herself wittingly.”-if you act unwittingly without intent, is it an action? -is intention necessary for the action to be an act? -poses question if man is ever able to choose his will-how much can we really exercise our will wittingly or unwittingly
Hamlet (3.3.84-95) “Up, sword, and know thou a more horrid hint. When he is drunk asleep, or in his rage, or in th’incestuous pleasure of his bed, at gaming, swearing, or about some act that has no relish of salvation in’t, then trip him that his heels may kick at heaven, and that his soul may be as damned and black as hell whereto it goes. My mother stays. This physic but prolongs thy sickly days.” -critics fault Hamlet that he has this evil intent-he doesn’t just want to kill Claudius, he wants to damn him-Claudius can’t repent in prayer
King Claudius (3.1.170-174) “Haply the seas and countries different, with variable objects, shall expel this something-settled matter in his heart, whereon his brains still beating puts him thus from fashion of himself. What think you on’t?”-if you had melancholy that was eating away at you, a cure may be the sea air/a change in physical environment
Hamlet (5.2.7-11) “Rashly–and praised be rashness for it: let us know our indiscretion sometime serves us well when our dear plots do pall, and that should teach us there’s a divinity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how we will–“-divinity is directing where we’re going-rash emotions that try to direct fate and fate of others
Hamlet (5.1.157-161) “Not a whit. We defy augury. There’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, ’tis not to come. If it be not to come, it will be now. If it be not now, yet it will come. The readiness is all. Since no man has aught of what he leaves, what is’t to leave betimes?”-in every moment, there is a providence-can’t take anything with us so what does it matter if we leave life early (giving up on life)-does not see him as detached or alienated-attempting to be reintegrated-doesn’t view death the same way-long view of death-Gertrude suggested that death was common in the opening scene
Hamlet (5.1.191-199) “No, faith, not a job; but to follow him thither with modesty enough, and likelihood to lead it, as thus: Alexander died, Alexander was buried, Alexander returneth into dust, the dust is earth, of earth we make loam, and why of that loam whereto he was converted might they not stop a beer-barrel? Imperial Caesar, dead and turned to clay, might stop a hole to keep the wind away. O, that that earth which kept the world in awe should patch a wall t’expel the winter’s flaw! But soft, but soft; side.”-reduced to dust; nothing special in their lives-quintessence of dust brought back-calmness comes with this quintessence-dust could be used as stoppage of a beer barrel-jumps out at Ophelia’s funeral to let everyone know he’s back -Hamlet says “I loved Ophelia”
Hamlet (5.1.259-269) ” ‘Swounds, show me what thou’lt do. Woot weep, woot fight, woot fast, woot tear thyself, woo drink up eisel, eat a crocodile? I’ll do’t. …And if though prate of mountains, let them throw millions of acres on us, till our ground, singeing his pate against the burning zone, make Ossa like a wart. Nay, an thou’lt mouth, I’ll rant as well as thou.”-Hamlet turns mourning into a competition-Laertes jumps into Ophelia’s grave (not knowing Hamlet was already in there)-Hamlet used to be the one that was most grieved and mourned most tragically-offended that Laertes could love Ophelia and truly be mourning and grieving-doesn’t recognize the role he played in Ophelia’s death-over-compensating for his guilt

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