Great Gatsby Vocab

mar p.2 (v) to damage, ruin, or deface; to make imperfect
wistful p.6 (adv/adj) full of wishful yearning or longing, usually with sadness
supercilious p.7 (adj) showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy; cocky
compulsion p.9 (n) 1. a strong, usually irresistible impulse to perform an act, especially one that is irrational or contrary to one’s will/ in other words, that urge to do something you know you shouldn’t do. 2. using force to cause something to occur
deft p.10 (adj) quick and skillful
contemptuous p.11 (adv/adj) showing or feeling disapproval or disdain towards something a person considers mean, vile, or worthless
infinitesimal p.13 (adj) immeasurably small; so small it can’t be measured
cynical p.16 (adj) believing the worst about human nature; distrusting, criticizing, or mocking the motives of others; pessimistic; glass is half-empty mentality
solemn p.24 (adj) formal, serious, and dignified; lacking humor
saunter p.24 (v) to walk or stroll with leisure
anemic p.25 (adj) weak; lacking power, vigor, or vitality; wishy-washy
vitality p.25 (n) liveliness; energy (physical and/or mental); full of spirit; vigor
discreet p.26 (adj/adv) marked by caution, carefulness, or modesty and wise self-restraint; subtle; under the radar
defer p.26 (v) to yield respectfully in judgement or opinion to another
incessant p.30 (adj) never-ending; ceaseless; continuing without interruption/ has a negative connotation
hauteur p.30 (n) obnoxious display of overwhelming pride evidenced by acting in a superior manner towards those perceived as inferior;cockiness
strident p.35 (adj) unpleasantly loud, harsh, grating, or shrill
permeate p.40 (v) to pass through; seep into; to saturate; to spread
innuendo p.40 (n) an indirect hint or suggestion about a person or thing, usually of an insulting or offensive natuure
erroneous p.41 (adj) incorrect; wrong; containing errors
ascertain p.45 (v) to determine; to make certain or clear; to find out something using calculations. an investigation, experiment or study
vacuous p.46 (adj) empty; lacking ideas or intelligence; devoid of matter or significance
implore p.51 (v) to beg urgently
inept p.51 (adv/adj) 1. lacking skill; incompetent; 2. clumsy; bumbling; without elegance or grace
dissension p.51 (n) disagreement among those expected to cooperate; difference of opinion
sporadic p.64 (adj) recurring at irregular, random, or unpredictable interval
punctilious p.64 (adj) painstakingly meticulous; strict attention to minute details
disconcerting p.64 (adj) something that makes you uneasy or unsettles you; causing emotional disturbance or confusion
retribution p.65 (n) something justly deserved; taking revenge or correcting a wrong
juxtaposition p.71 (n) two or more things placed side-by-side to emphasize the link or contrast
succulent p.71 (adj) 1. juicy; 2. rich in desirable qualities
jaunty p.79 (adj/n) 1. having cheerful, lively, self-confident air; 2.. marked by up-to-dateness in dress and manners
facade p.80 (n) the face or front of a building; 2. a showy misrepresentation intended to conceal something unpleasant; a front
obliged p.83 (v) to place under a debt of gratitude for some benefit, favor or service
defunct p.86 (adj) no longer in use; not operating or functioning
obstinate p.88 (adj) stubbornly adhering to an attitude, opinion, or course of action; hard-headed
vestige p.89 (n) a mark, trace, or visible evidence of something that is no longer present or in existence
garnish p.91 (v) to adorn or decorate; to provide or supply with something ornamental
disarray p.92 (n) disorder; confusion
scanty p.92 (adj/adv) lacking in amount, quantity; meager; not adequate
nebulous p.94 (adj) hazy, vague, indistinct, or cloudy; lacking definite form or limits
transpire p.97 (v) to occur; to happen; to take place
laudable p.97 (adj) deserving or worthy of high praise; commendable
insidious p.98 (adj) 1. attractive or enticing but harmful; intended to entrap; 2. working or spreading in a hidden and harmful way
ineffable p.99 (adj) incapable of being expressed; indescribable or unutterrable
repose p.100 (v) to lie or be at rest, as from work, activity, etc.; lean in a comfortable resting position
lethargic p.106 (adj) lacking energy or sluggish; deficient in alertness or activity
euphemism p.107 (n) an inoffensive or indirect expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive or too harsh
menagerie p.107 (n) a collection of wild or unusual animals, or an unusual and varied group of people
affront p.115 (n) a deliberately offensive act or word or display of disrespect; an insult
genial p.118 (adj/adv) warmly and pleasaantly cheerful; being warmly friendly
refuse p.118 (n) something that is discarded as worthless or useless; trash; rubbish; garbage
portentous p.127,135 (adj) of momentous or ominous significance; ominously prophetic; threatening
rancor p.132 (n) a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
magnanimous p.135 (adj) 1. noble and generous in spirit; 2. generous in forgiving an insult or injury; free from petty resentfulness or the need to seek retribution
presumptuous p.135 (adj) excessively forward; taking liberties and doing something too boldly; assuming too much
truculent p.140 (adj) defiantly aggressive; savagely brutal; fierce
redolent p.148 (adj) 1. having a strong pleasant scent; 2. suggestive or reminiscent of something; serving tto bring to mind
unscrupulous p.149 (adj/adv) not restrained by moral or ethical principles; dishonest; corrupt
stratum p.149 (n) people having the same similar social, economic, or educational status
whim p.149 (n) a sudden thought, idea, or desire (often one that’s odd or fanciful)-especially one based on impulse rather than reason
corroborate p.153 (v) to give evidence for; to confirm, substantiate, or strengthen by backing someone’s story
garrulous p.156 (adj) 1. excessively or pointlessly talkative; 2. using too many words
fortuitous p.161 (adj/adv) happening by a happy or lucky accident or chance
surmise p.172 (v) to think or infer without certain or strong evidence; conjecture; guess
sparse p.175 (adj) not thick or dense; thin
sullen p.185 (adj) showing gloomy irritation or ill humor usually manifested by a glum silence
pander p.189 (v) to yield or to give satisfaction to or gratify-often in a negative, self-serving way; to cater to the lower tastes and desires of others or to exploit their weaknesses for one’s own personal gain
aesthetic p.189 (adj) concerning the appreciation of beauty or good taste / from the Greek word meaning perception
commensurate p.189 (adj) corresponding in amount, size, degree, or extent; proportionate
elude p.189 (v) to avoid or escape by speed, cleverness, trickery, etc.; to evade

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