Frankenstein Unit Test

1818, 1822 Frankenstein was published anonymously in what year? What year was Mary Shelley’s name put on it?
scientist Frankenstein is the scientist or the monster in the original book?
science fiction Frankenstein is one of the first novels of this genre, no magic or fantasy, taking modern science a bit further.
53 Born on August 20 (1797) and dying on February 1 (1851), how old was she when she died?
depression What did Mary Shelley deal with throughout much of her early life due to the death of her first child 11 days after its birth?
Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin Who was Shelley’s mother, probably the first feminist author (“Vindication of the Rights of Woman”) but dying when Shelley was very small? Who was Shelley’s father, a famous philosopher and novelist who always had the greatest minds over to discuss ideas? He remarried an “evil” stepmother.
16 At what age did she run away and declare love with the already married Percy Bysshe Shelley? Around time of writing Frankenstein, his wife committed suicide and then they married ASAP.
18 At what age did she write Frankenstein?
Italy Where did Percy and Mary move to after their marriage to avoid public scrutiny?
drowning When Mary was 24, how did Percy die at sea on July 8, 1822 (after someone saw his doppelganger two weeks earlier)? She never remarried despite many offers. Two of her three children with Percy died.
epistolary novel A novel that tells its story through letters written from one character to another.
realism, points Two reasons for using an epistolary style novel:1. To add ___________, as it mimics the workings of real life.2. Offers multiple _________ of view without an omniscient narrator.
ghost In 1816 “year w/o a summer” happened from the explosion of Mount Tambora, she spent must of the summer discussing Erasmus Darwin in Lord Byron’s household. One night, the group decided to write their own _______ stories and shortly afterward she came up with the idea for Frankenstein.
ambition, progress What two thematic tensions are introduced in Walton’s letters as he explores “in the name of science (also to make a name for himself)?” In contrast to the setting of the Arctic, Victor’s story takes place mostly in Germany, Geneva, Scotland, and Ireland.
loneliness, companionship What two other thematic tensions are introduced in the letters as Walton clearly yearns desperately for a friend, an intellectual on his ability?
romanticism A movement in art, literature, and music that reaches its height during the 19th century that values FEELING and INTUITION over reason as a reaction against the rationalism (discover truth purely on science, no emotions) of the Enlightenment. Celebrated individuals and escaped the grimy, real world to a supernatural world.
feeling, imagination, nature, intuition Romantics wanted: __________ over reason, ____________ over science, _________ over civilization, and ____________ over realism. Science is destroying the actual truth.
Industrial Age What was going on at the same time as the Romantic period that influence Romanticism with its decaying morals, corruption, and death?
idyllic Victor’s childhood can be described as _________ because
foreshadowing Because of the epistolary style and Victor telling Walton the story, ________________ always portrays doom on the horizon.
subgenre Gothic literature is a ___________ of Romantic literature.
melodrama A literary form in which events are exaggerated in order to create an extreme emotional response. Used along with horror and a “medieval” mindset in gothic literature.
isolated Victor feels ___________ by his secrets, even with his closest friend Henry Clerval. This makes him a very typical protagonist in a gothic tale as a direct result of his consequences.
anxiety There is constant danger and ____________ as the creature is a constant, omniscient threat to Victor, his loved ones, and the world. For example, he runs into the creature in a different country two years later.
ugly Science has created something opposed to nature – the creature is _______ and unnatural and nature is beautiful (even restoring him to health). Victor’s reaction to the creature is entirely based on its _______________, not his actions.
deaths, testifying The _________ of William and Justine because of the creature becomes a recurring theme introduced in Chapters 5-8. Victor feels responsible for William’s death (which isn’t in his power, but he created the creature). However, Victor does have the power to prevent Justine’s death by ______________ about his creature. Elizabeth doesn’t have any power.
double-goer What does doppelganger translate to in German?
doppelganger an apparition or double of a living person; Mary and Percy are strong believers in this
omen Seeing your own doppelganger was an ________!
miscarriage In mid-June, 1822, Mary has a nearly fatal ______________. I’m pretty sure she is only saved by Percy’s quick thinking and putting her in an ice bath, allowing the doctor’s enough time to get there.
flood A week after her nearly fatal miscarriage, Percy has a dream about their house collapsing in a ________.
Jane Mary Shelley wrote a letter about Percy’s visions. Apparently, a woman of sensibility named ________ saw Percy walk by her TERRACE window twice in the same direction on June 15. Speaking to Trelawny, Trelawny said “No Shelley has past – what do you mean?” confirming Shelley had never been on the terrace and was far off at the time.
double a type of doppelganger, an alternative version of a person “what they could’ve been”
complement a type of doppelganger, has different (maybe opposite) characteristics that if those two people were together would complete the personality as a “whole person”
opposite a type of doppelganger, has characteristics that the person lacks or despises
othering the process of viewing things as belonging or not belonging to a category or group; the person that doesn’t belong and is the problem is the “other” because they are fundamentally different from me/us (like immigrants)People think they benefit from oterhing and think they are superior.
other Characters in Frankenstein view the creature as the ________ because of his unattractive appearance, different voice, inhuman, physically different (speed, subsistence on berries, resistance to cold), and at first since he doesn’t speak language. The creature symbolizes foreigner, immigrants, minorities, etc.
eliminate When Victor is confronted with the creature, he is shocked, appalled, horrified, disgusted, and wants to _______________ it.
listen, softens Victor needs to understand the other so Shelley has him _________ to the creature’s story. Temporarily, Victor ____________ and somewhat understands and sympathizes the creature.
revenge By Chapter 24, all of Victor’s loved ones have died and his sole purpose in life is the murder and _________ of the creature. SIMILAR to the creature, he has gone off the cliff and even prays to evil spirits to guide him in a graveyard. He cries tears of happiness when he sees him in the distance.
doppelgangers, isolated, misery Victor and the creature, in an attempt to separate themselves from each other, actually become more similar in nature becoming almost _________________. They mirror each others actions, words, and even looks (dumping body in sea). Both are ____________ from being “different” from others, both are monstrous from desiring or actually murdering (or playing God), and both see each other as an aberration and their cause of their __________.
allusion A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an event, book, myth, place, or work of art. They can be historical, literary, religious, topical, or mythical.
ideas Authors use allusions to conjure the ________ (thoughts and emotions) of another work – essentially a TIME SAVER.
John Milton THE MAN (so good that others burned their own works) and single-handedly legitimized the ___________ language (writing in this was scandalous at time as it was a “common,” low language). As a ___________ speaking all the European languages, he was well-read, blind, and brilliant as the author of Paradise Lost.
4 As an extremely uncanny hard worker, he slept how many hours a day from 1-5am? He read, wrote, and studied the rest of the time learning all the Euro languages in Cambridge and memorized Virgil, Homer, and the Bible (in his book he assumes people know these stories then).
Homer Being blind, John Milton saw this as an omen that he was a divinely appointed __________. Therefore, he had confidence bordering on arrogance and was very rebellious getting kicked out of Cambridge with a fistfight and saying “there was nothing left to learn.” In addition, he had socially unacceptable long hair and divorced 1 or 2 times.
perfectionist Milton was an absolute ______________ taking
Paradise Lost Published in 1667 by Milton, it was written entirely by dictation to his sister (?) blending Classical and Biblical references (and SO MANY others). It is the story of Lucifer and the fallen angels and the story of Adam and Eve. He opens with the “villain” Satan and makes him attractive, appealing, formidable opponent, and almost too strong, likable, and sympathesizeable.
enjambment A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next. Makes it hard/uncomfortable to stop reading as ideas are carried over to the next line. Continuation of a sentence w/o a pause beyond the end of a line.1. Try things unattempted yet in writing.2. Enjambment3. Reading for wordplay/details, not the story.
metanarration the act of talking about telling a story which foreshadows doom
perceive, heaven, good Satan’s philosophy: whatever you think, is what you __________. It’s better to reign in live than serve in _________. He exhibited the true nature of evil: convincing people that they were truly doing ______ things.
nothing By the end, Victor has learned _________ from his experiences calling Walton’s crew cowards when they wanted to turn back.

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