Final Exam Review English: Romeo and Juliet & The Odyssey

Prince Esculus Prince of VeronaMakes a decree that whoever disturbes the streets again, will die
Romeo Son of Montague
Juliet daughter of capulet
Montague Romeos father
Capulet Juliet’s father
Lady Montague Romeos mother
Lady Capulet Mother/wife not very close with her daughter
Benvolio Romeos cousin very honest/trustworthy
Mercutio Romeos best friend related to prince esculus
Tybalt Hot headed likes to fight/Juliet’s cousin
Friar Lawrence Priest/neutral makes potions
Apothecary Person/place to make potions
Balthasar Romeos servant
Nurse Works for capulet/raised Juliet name is Angelica
Paris Man who Capulet wants Juliet to marry comical can ramble
Friar John Fails to deliver letter to Romeo
Aeaea Island where Circe lives Odysseus stays here for a year
Aeolus Gave Odysseus a bag of wind that blew them back to the island
Argos Odysseus’s dog very weak
Alcinous King of Phaeacians (island of Scheria) offers Odysseus hospitalityOdysseus tells him his story and he provides Odysseus wig savage travels back to Ithica
Antinous Most arrogant/dangerous suitor Dies with a bow under his chinFirst to die
Athena Helps Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus. She often appears in disguise as Mentor, an old friend of Odysseus.
Chrybdis an enormous whirlpool that threatens to swallow the entire ship. As instructed by Circe, Odysseus holds his course tight against the cliffs of Scylla’s lair. As he and his men stare at the whirlpool on the other side of the strait, the heads of Scylla swoop down and gobble up six of the sailors.
Eurylochus One of the Ithakans traveling with Odysseus on the way back from Troy. He is a cautious man, refusing to enter Circe’s hall even when accompanied by armed men. He’s also the brilliant mind who convinces everyone to stay a night at Thrinakia – land of Helios’s cattle – which results in the death of everyone except Odysseus.
Laertes Odysseus’s aging father, who resides on a farm in Ithaca. In despair and physical decline, he regains his spirit when Odysseus returns and eventually kills Antinous’s father.
Phaeacia Odysseus sails from Calypso’s island to this island and was clothed and fed and he tells the king and queen there about his travels and Odysseus stays there for three days. Once his identity is revealed, King Alcinous sends him off on one of the islands magically swift boats.
Teiresias Prophet who inhabits the underworld. He meets Odysseus when Odysseus journeys to the underworld. He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades.
Circe The beautiful witch-goddess who transforms Odysseus’s crew into swine when he lands on her island. With Hermes’ help, Odysseus resists her powers and then becomes her lover, living in luxury at her side for a year.
Eurymachus A manipulative, deceitful suitor. He has some influence over the other suitors.
Nohbdy The name Odysseus gives Polyphemus to outsmart him
Poseidon Works against Odysseus Polyphemus’ father
Telemachus Odysseus’s son. An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, he is about twenty at the beginning of the story. Travels to Pylos and Sparta. Athena often assists him.
Cyclops/Polyphemus One of the Cyclopes (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. He imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape. In doing so, however, Odysseus angers his father, Poseidon.
Helios Sun God that has the magical herd of cattle that Odysseus and his men are not to touch or kill
Odysseus The protagonist of the Odyssey. He fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and now struggles to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. He is the husband of Queen Penelope and the father of Prince Telemachus. Though a strong and courageous warrior, he is most renowned for his cunning. He is a favorite of the goddess Athena, who often sends him divine aid, but a bitter enemy of Poseidon, who frustrates his journey at every turn.
Scylla a six-headed monster who, when ships pass, swallows one sailor for each head.
Zeus Weighs Odysseus’ fate in his scales. He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same.
Anticlea Odysseus’ mother
Calypso Holds Odysseus captive wants to marry him
Eumaeus The loyal shepherd who, along with the cowherd Philoetius, helps Odysseus reclaim his throne after his return to Ithaca. He gives Odysseus food and shelter even when Odysseus is disguised as a beggar.
Ithaca Odysseus’ home town
Penelope Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus. She spends her days in the palace pining for the husband who left for Troy twenty years earlier and never returned. Homer portrays her as sometimes flighty and excitable but also clever and steadfastly true to her husband.
The sirens Flower that enchants all that come near them, when traveling near these Odysseus covers his men’s ears with beeswax to prevent them from getting mesmerized by the beautiful sound

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