English Romeo and Juliet Final Words to Know

Sonnet Fourteen-line lyric poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter and that has one of several rhyming schemes. It has three four-line units or quatrains, followed by a concluding two-line unit, or couplet. The most common rhyme scheme for it is abab cdcd efef gg.
Quatrain 4 line stanza
Couplet Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme. It works nicely for humor and satire because the punch line comes so quickly. However, they are most often used to express a completed thought. In Shakespeare’s plays an important speech or scene often ends with this.
Blank Verse The poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter that is not rhymed. It is the major verse form in Shakespeare’s plays.
Iambic Pentameter Each line contains five iambs, or metrical feel that consist of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable (- ‘ ).EX: “But soft, What light through yonder window breaks?”
Soliloquy A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener. Examples of this in Romeo and Juliet include Friar Laurence’s this at the opening of Act II, Scene 3, Juliet’s at the end of Act IV, Scene 3, and Romeo’s in Act V, Scene 3.
Dramatic Monologue A literary (usually verse) composition in which a speaker reveals his or her thoughts, often in relation to a critical situation or event, in a speech addressed to the reader or to a presumed listener.
Dramatic Foil In a play, the personalities of characters are often revealed through their interactions with other characters who possess contrasting traits. Such characters, who highlight or bring out the personality traits of another character.
Motif a recurring object, concept, or structure in a work of literature; may also be two contrasting elements in a work, such as good and evil or light and darkness.
Pun the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings. Also, use of words which have the same sound, but with different meanings – used for a humorous effect.
Footnotes Important words and ideas from the text are explained at the bottom of each page
Dialogue The speaking parts in a play. Each character’s part is clearly labeled so you can tell who is speaking.
Prologue an introduction. It gives the reader important background information. It can also set the tone or mood of a drama. A play can have several prologues. Usually they are at the beginning of an act. In Romeo and Juliet, they are (spoken by the chorus) at the beginnings of Acts I & II.
Chorus a person or group of people who act as a narrator, commentator, or general audience to the action of the play
Acts and Scenes A play is divided into acts, and acts are usually divided into scenes. There are five acts in Romeo and Juliet. The acts have between three and six scenes. Each scene has an introduction which is in italicized type. It tells which characters are on stage when the scene begins. The introduction can give the place and the time of the action, too. It sometimes tells about such things as props the characters are carrying, weather conditions, or background sounds.
Stage Directions instructions for the actors. These instructions are written in italicized type throughout the play. The stage directions tell who is entering or exiting during a scene. They also describe the actors’ gestures, movements, or tone of voice.

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