English: Romeo and Juliet Act V

What was Romeo’s dream? He dreamed that Juliet came and found him dead but brought him back to life with a kiss.
Who is Balthasar, and what news does he bring to Mantua? Balthasar is Romeo’s servant. He brings news of Juliet’s death.
After Romeo learns of Juliet’s death, what does he say? (Lines 25-27) He angrily challenges fate, which has caused him so much grief.
Why does Balthasar encourage Romeo to slow down? He knows that Romeo has acted with rashness before and wishes to slow down the bad consequences.
What is the significance of Romeo saying “No matter” after Balthasar says that he has no letters from the friar? It DOES matter because there ARE letters coming from the friar that explain that she isn’t really dead.
What is the meaning of Romeo’s lines when he says “Well, Juliet, I will lie with thee tonight”? He is going to travel to Verona and kill himself in the tomb.
What is the apothecary’s shop like? Stuffed tortoises and alligators are hung from the ceiling along with fish skins. Empty boxes, earthen pots, animal bladders (used for storing stuff), musty seeds, remnants of thread, and rose-cakes are spread across the shop to form the illusion that he has more belongings than he actually owns.
What is the apothecary like? He is a meager, poor pharmacist. He is starved to skin and bones, is wearing ragged clothes, and has thick, bushy eyebrows.
What does Romeo want to buy from the apothecary? A strong, deadly poison. (“As will disperse itself through all the veins… as violently as hasty powder [gunpowder] fired doth hurry from a fatal cannon’s womb.”)
Why doesn’t the apothecary want to sell Romeo the poison at first? The law says that the penalty for selling poison like that is death.
How does Romeo convince the apothecary to sell him the poison? The apothecary is very poor and needs the money, or he will die anyways.
How can gold be worse than poison? Gold can corrupt a person until it is all they desire. It can separate people groups, relationships, families. (Maybe a dispute over money started the feud between the Montagues and Capulets.)
What type of poison did Romeo want? Something strong and quick that will kill him with the same quickness as if he were hit by a cannonball. The apothecary tells him that the poison he is giving Romeo would kill him immediately even if he had the strength of 20 men.
What do we find out about Friar Laurence’s letter to Romeo? It didn’t make it to Mantua.
Why didn’t the letter get delivered? It didn’t even leave Verona. The friar who was supposed to take it (Friar John) had been caring for people who supposedly had the plague, so “health officials” (I don’t know if that is really the proper term for that type of person in medieval times) locked him up in a quarantine and wouldn’t allow him to leave Verona for fear of the plague spreading.
Where is friar headed with a crowbar? To break into the Capulet’s tomb to save Juliet when she wakes.
Why has Paris come to the tomb? To pay his last respects to Juliet and strew flowers at the tomb.
Why has Romeo come to the tomb? To kill himself once he is with Juliet.
What did Romeo write in the note to his father? He wrote about the love and marriage between him and Juliet, the tidings of her death, and that he bought a deadly poison from an apothecary so that he could kill himself and lie with Juliet forever.
What threat does Romeo give Balthasar? Romeo will rip Balthasar apart, limb for limb, and scatter his various body parts around the churchyard if Balthasar dares interfere in the course of events that are about to take place.
What does Romeo compare the tomb to? A hateful stomach (in which Juliet is the fairest morsel and Romeo is about to join as more food.)
What happens in the confrontation between Paris and Romeo? Paris believes Romeo has come to cause mischief, despite Romeo’s protestations against this. Paris draws his sword, and they fight until Romeo kills Paris.
What is Paris’ final request, and does Romeo honor it? To be laid beside Juliet. Yes, Romeo honors it.
Why might Romeo have honored Paris’s request? He might have respected Paris’s desire to love and protect Juliet, sympathized in their shared grief and pain, or his knowledge that he was walking to his own death might have made him more compassionate.
Summarize Romeo’s soliloquy before he takes the poison. He discovers that the man he just killed is Paris. He vaguely remembers that Paris was supposed to marry Juliet and brings Paris in to lie beside Juliet. Her beauty lights up the tomb. He reflects on the fact that death has had no effect on her and wonders if Death is keeping her their as its lover. He asks Tybalt for forgiveness and says that the hand that killed him will now kill it’s own body (which will avenge Tybalt.) He says he will not allow death to be Juliet’s husband but will stay with her forever. He calls death down upon himself and drinks the poison before dying quickly.
What does Romeo compare himself to before he takes the poison? The pilot of a ship that crashes on rocks because he is so sick and weary. (This parallels the image of Juliet being a ship in her ocean of tears.)
Who enters the churchyard immediately after Romeo drinks the poison? Friar Laurence
When Juliet awakens, what are three things Friar tells her? – he fears that God or fate has thwarted their plans- both Paris and Romeo lie there dead- he will take her to a convent and she can become a nun
Why is friar anxious to leave the tomb? The watchman is coming, and Juliet is supposed to be dead (seeing her alive could cause quite a stir.) Furthermore, both Romeo and Paris are dead, and it would look suspicious for Friar to be there at that hour of the night in a tomb with a crowbar and standing over two newly dead bodies.
What are Lord and Lady Capulet’s reactions to the events? They are confused, shocked, horrified, and overcome with grief. They say that Romeo’s dagger missed it’s sheath and instead is thrust into Juliet’s heart. They don’t understand how she can be so newly dead and bleeding out.
What do we find out has happened to Lady Montague, and what caused this? She has died of the grief caused by Romeo’s banishment. (She died of a broken heart.)
Friar Lawrence gives an accurate summary of the plot in his account to the Prince. I won’t put it here because I would have carpal tunnel if I typed it all out, but it’s on page 1100 in the lit book and I would probably read it before the test quickly if I were you. It provides a nice summary.
Describe Lord Montague and Lord Capulet’s final conversation. They reconcile fully and promise to make golden statues of each other’s children as monuments to their children’s lives and love and their goodwill.
What is the meaning of the last two lines of Romeo and Juliet? There never a sadder story than the story of Romeo and Juliet. (Be prepared to write about your opinion, whether you think this was true or not. Since it was on the study guide, it’ll probably be on the test in some form.)
“Is it e’en so? Then I defy you, stars!” Romeo; he challenges fate, which has caused him so much grief.
“Well, Juliet, I will lie with thee tonight. Let’s see for means.” Romeo; he has just learned of Juliet’s death. “I will kill myself tonight once I am with Juliet. Now I must only find a way to do so.”
“Let me have a dram of poison, such soon-speeding gear as will disperse itself through all the veins that the life-weary taker may fall dead, and that the trunk may be discarded of breath as violently as hasty powder fired doth hurry from the fatal cannon’s womb.” Romeo; he is asking the apothecary for a fast-acting poison that will kill a man as quickly as a cannon blasts.
“Such mortal drugs I have; but Mantua’s law is death to any he that utters them.” Apothecary; Romeo has just asked for poison. “I have such deadly drugs, but selling them is a crime punishable by death.”
(1) “My poverty but not my will consents.” (2) “I pay thy poverty and not thy will.”(This is two different people, but the quotes are so short and they go together.) (1) Apothecary; “I’ll do this for the money, not because I think it’s right.”(2) Romeo; “I’m not paying your conscience. (I don’t care what you think about it, just give me the poison!)”
“I sell thee poison; thou hast sold me none.” Romeo; the apothecary has just given him poison in return for money. “This money that I am giving you is more like poison than the poison itself because it causes greed.”
Definition: cordial A drink believed to be good for the heart. (Romeo calls the poison this.)
How many is a brace? Two; a pair.
“Now I must go to the monument alone. Within this three hours will fair Juliet wake. She will beshrew me much that Romeo hath had no notice of these accidents;” Friar Laurence; he has just found out that the letter didn’t leave Verona. “Now I have to hurry to Juliet’s side since she’ll be awake in three hours. She will be furious with me when she finds out that Romeo still doesn’t know what has happened.”
“Thou detestable maw, thou womb of death, gorged with the dearest morsel of the earth, thus I enforce they rotten jaws to open, and in despite I’ll cram thee with more food.” Romeo; he addresses the tomb as if it were devouring people and were a ‘hateful stomach’ that is filled with the dearest morsel of the earth, Juliet. (That may be poetic, but I don’t think any girl wants to be called a ‘dear morsel’… imagine that on a Valentine.) He uses his crowbar to open its rotten jaws and feeds himself to it.
“Good gentle youth, tempt not a desp’rate man. Fly hence and leave me. Think upon these gone; let them affright thee. I beseech thee, youth, put not another sin upon my head by urging me to fury. O, be gone!” Romeo; he rejects Paris’s challenge to fight and tells Paris to think about all of those who have already been killed and leave quickly before he (Romeo) has to kill one more, too. (Does anyone else find this kind of high-and-mighty of Romeo to be speaking of someone who must be nearly his own age or older – which one could still tell if it was dark out – as a ‘youth’? It seems a bit condescending, especially when Romeo is perpetually the foolish one.)
“O, I am slain! If thou be merciful, Open the tomb, lay me with Juliet.” Paris; after the fight with Romeo. “I have been killed! If you have mercy, put my body with Juliet’s in the tomb.”
You could probably read Romeo’s soliloquy. It’s too much to put it all here. Page 1094
“Thou desperate pilot, now at once run on the dashing rocks they seasick weary bark!” Romeo; at the end of his soliloquy, he compares himself to a pilot that is going to crash on the rocks because he is so weary and sick.
“I dare not, sir. My master knows not but I am gone hence, and fearfully did menace me with death if I did stay to look on his intents.” Balthasar; he speaks this to friar after friar tells him to come along with to the tomb. “I can’t dare to go back to the tomb, for Romeo thinks that I have gone away completely and threatened to kill me if I stayed here to watch him.”
“O comfortable Friar! Where is my lord? I do remember well where I should be, and there I am. Where is my Romeo?” Juliet; she has just woken up. “O comforting friar! Where is my husband? I remember that I am supposed to be in the tomb, and here I am, but where is Romeo?”
“What’s here? A cup, closed in my true love’s hand? Poison, I see, hath been his timeless end. O churl! Drunk all, and left no friendly drop to help me after? I will kiss thy lips. Haply some poison yet doth hang on them to make me die with a restorative. Thy lips are warm!” Juliet; Friar has just exited. “What is this? A bottle in Romeo’s hand? Poison has killed him before his time. You miser! You have drunk all the poison and left none that I may follow you into death. I’ll kiss your lips. Maybe some of the poison is still on them and it will kill me too. Your lips are still warm!” (This is earth shattering because it implies that he has only just died recently – they were so close and now they are torn forever from the life they had imagined.)
“Yea, noise? Then I’ll be brief. O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die.” Juliet; upon hearing the watchman, she doesn’t want to get caught, so she stabs herself with Romeo’s dagger, saying that she is the sheath (covering used to protect swords/daggers) and it can rust there.
“O heavens! O wife, look how our daughter bleeds! This dagger hath mista’en, for, lo, his house is empty on the back of Montague, and it missheathed in my daughter’s bosom!” Lord Capulet; he sees Juliet bleeding out in the tomb. “Oh heavens! Wife, look at how much our daughter bleeds [this was strange because she had supposedly been dead for so long]. The dagger has missed its mark, for it should be in the sheath of the Montague boy, but it is lodged in Juliet’s chest.”
“O me! This sight of death is as a bell that warns my old age to a sepulcher.” Lady Capulet; she is looking over the carnage in the tomb with horror. “If my daughter is dead so young, and these with her, I might as well be in a tomb.”
“Alas, my liege, my wife is dead tonight! Grief of my son’s exile hath stopped her breath. What further woe conspires against mine age?” Lord Montague; this is before he sees what has happened at the tomb. “My son’s exile has caused my wife to die. What other sadness plots against me in my old age?”
“O thou untaught! What manners is in this, to press before thy father to a grave?” Lord Montague; he sees Romeo dead. “What kind of behavior is this, for a son to die before his father?/ why should a son die before his father?”
Again, i encourage you to read Friar Laurence’s summary. I won’t put it all here. Page 1100-1101
“I brought my master news of Juliet’s death; and then in post he came from Mantua to this same place, to this same monument. This letter he early bid me give his father, and threatened my with death, going in the vault, if I departed not and left him there.” Balthasar; he is explaining his presence at the “crime scene” of their deaths. “I brought news of Juliet’s death to Romeo and he came at full speed to the tomb from Mantua. He gave me this letter and told me to give it to his father and then threatened me with death if I didn’t leave him there alone.”
“He came with flowers to strew his lady’s grave; and bid me stand aloof, and so I did. Anon comes one with light to ope the tomb; and by-and-by my master drew on him, and then I ran away to call the watch.” Page; this is the alibi of Paris’s servant. “Paris came here to put flowers on Juliet’s grave and told me to stand watch. Soon came along a person with a light that opened the tomb. Paris drew his sword, and I ran to call the guards.”
“This letter doth make good the friar’s words, their course of love, the tidings of her death; and here he writes that he did buy a poison of a poor ‘pothecary, and therewithal came to this vault to die and lie with Juliet. Where be these enemies? Capulet, Montague, see what a scourge is laid upon your hate, that heaven finds means to kill your joys with love! And I, for winking at your discords too have lost a brace of kinsmen. All are punished.” Prince; he has just read Romeo’s suicide note that was addressed to his father. “This letter shows that friar spoke the truth. It tells about the romance between the two, the news of her death, and Romeo writes that he bought a poison from a poor apothecary before coming to the tomb to lie with Juliet in death. Where are the two enemies whose feud started all this trouble? Capulet! Montague! Look at the punishment your hatred has brought on you. Heaven has killed your children with love. Because I turned a blind eye to your arguments, I have lost two relatives. We have all been punished.”
“O brother Montague, give me thy hand. This is my daughter’s jointure, for no more can I demand.” Lord Capulet; the Prince has just lectured them on the punishment they have all received. “My friend [brother], Montague, give me your hand. This is my daughter’s dowry. No one could demand more from a bride’s father than I have already paid.”
“But I can give thee more; for I will raise her statue in pure gold, that whiles Verona by that name is known,there shall no figure at such rate be set as that of true and faithful Juliet.” Lord Montague; speaking kindly to Capulet. “I will give you more, for I will have a statue of Juliet be set in pure gold in the city. As long as Verona is called Verona, there will be no statue worth more than hers.”
“As rich shall Romeo’s by his lady’s lie–Poor sacrifices to our enmity!” Lord Capulet; this is his response to Montague’s promise of a statue of Juliet. “The statue I create of Romeo will be worth just as much. It will lay by the side of the statue of Juliet. They are such poor sacrifices to our hatred!”
“A glooming peace this morning with it brings. The sun for sorrow will not show his head. Go hence, to have more talk of these sad things; some shall be pardoned, and some punished; For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo.” Prince; this is the very last speech of the play. “The morning is gloomily quiet. It’s cloudy; the sun is too sad to shine. Go and talk about these sad events. Some shall be forgiven and some punished, for there never was a sadder tale than that of Romeo and Juliet.”It is as if the Prince is not only talking to the characters inside the play here, he is also talking directly to the audience. He is telling them to leave and talk with each other about the play, to learn from it, from other’s perspectives, and let it soak into their lives. Perhaps just talking about something speculative and sharing differing opinions is a way to prevent such sad feuds as tore the Montague and Capulet families to shreds. The last lines are, I think, sad because they reflect back into the sadness that the characters now have to live in every day and then they shut the door of the story in our faces, cutting us off from 14th century Verona without letting us see the statues built or the joy that could possibly come to the families in the future. It may not be THE saddest story, to us, but it is the saddest story to the characters at that moment because it’s happening, it’s real. Even though it seems to be the end of the world for them at that point, we assume that things will get better because people in Verona, Italy today don’t live out their days weeping over Romeo and Juliet.

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