English Macbeth Thingy

1.2.40- Memorize another Golgotha Basically, the battle was so bloody it was another Golgotha (when Christ was crucified)
1.3.47- Witches’ 3 hails Hail Thane of Glamis, then Cawdor, then King hereafter. At the time Macbeth doesn’t know he is than if Cawdor, but he is right after. This is the king prophecy.
1.3.58- Peer into the seeds of time Banquo asks the witches to “peer into the seeds of time” i.e. look into Banquos future for him. He learns that his descendants will be kings.
1.3.144- If chance would have me king Macbeth wants to sit around and maybe Duncan will die and M will get lucky and become king. This is nearly immediately dispelled by Malcolm’s nomination to the Prince of Cumberland.
1.4.12- There’s no art to find the minds construction in the face People are different internally than they are on the surface. This fits into the hypocrisy. He was betrayed by the (former) thane of Cawdor, now dead. Hypocrisy Theme.
1.4.28- I have begun to plant thee Plant Metaphor, Duncan has cared for M to let him grow and prosper.
1.4.50- Stars, hide you fires M wants for it to be so dark when he kills Duncan, that even heaven cannot see what is happening.
1.5.64- Look the innocent flower Lady M tells M to look like a flower, but to be the serpent beneath it. This is a perversion of the planting metaphor that Duncan uses. Hypocrisy Metaphor.
1.7.1- If it were done, when ’tis done Macbeth wants to quickly do the deed, and speaks in lots of metaphors. The angels metaphor comes up, as well as talk of Duncan’s virtues
1.7.30- Lady M and M’s back-and-forth Lady M and M are arguing about whether or not to kill Duncan. Lady M wants M to do it. Macbeth talks about his reluctance to kill Duncan. First and foremost, he fears what happens if he fails. This is repeated at the end of this interaction. He also mentions that Duncan is his guest, and how murdering him would be a perversion of his duties as a host, and Duncan’s virtues.
1.7.46- I dare do all that may become a man Macbeth is willing to do anything as long as it is within the boundaries of being a man. This is NOT saying that he isn’t willing to murder a person, but rather he won’t do anything that puts him to a beast. Lady M quips back, saying that to be truly human is more than Macbeth will ever be.
1.7.82- False face must hide what the false heart doth know Macbeth needs to hide his evil intentions. Hypocrisy metaphor.
2.1.4- Husbandry in Heaven ‘Tis the witching hour. Banquo and Fleance are in the dark, and Banquo comments on the darkness of heaven. (Reference to 1.4.50) and Banquo prays for the angels to protect him. (This doesn’t save him the next time Macbeth asks for darkness, when Banquo gets murderized) Macbeth then comes and introduces himself as a friend (True, but ironic because M kills him later)
2.1.16- M tests Banquo’s loyalty Macbeth says his unreadiness hindered his ability to host Duncan correctly. Banquo says it’s ok and talks about the witches and how they have been partially right in M’s case. M wants to talk to B about the witches, and asks for B’s support “when the time comes” i.e. when Duncan gets killed and everything is chaotic. Banquo replies saying that he will support M as long as it is in clear conscience.
2.1.33- Is this a dagger I see before me? Macbeth is envisioning a dagger orienting itself handle first to M, as if to be used by him (to kill Duncan). He compares it to his own dagger, and says it guides himself to the path of killing Duncan. M compares himself to a wolf, aided by Hecate, silent, “with Tarquin’s ravishing strides” Tarquin was the guy who secretly raped Lucrecia, leading to the rebellion that results in the Roman Republic. Note the double meaning to this. He wants Tarquin’s secrecy, but he really ends up with the rebellion that ends with the death of Macbeth and Malcom as king.
2.2.39- Macbeth doth murder sleep Macbeth has committed the crime. and is crying to Lady M about the murder. There is a double meaning to “Macbeth doth murder sleep”, as Macbeth murdered Duncan in his sleep, as well as murdering his own sleep, as for the rest of the play we hear about Macbeth’s inability to sleep.
2.2.56- The sleeping and the dead are but pictures Lady M is telling M to man up to go frame the drugged guards, but M doesn’t want to see what he has done. She compares both the sleeping and the dead to pictures, showing her limited mindset (Humanity is to be overcome) and M’s greater view of the world. He doesn’t want to see what he has done and regret it.
2.2.60- These hands pluck out mine eyes Someone is knocking on the door. M is panicking, asking “what hands are here?” meaning who is knocking? He is trying to clean his bloodied hands, as he fears that even the greatest ocean (Neptune’s) can’t clean the blood off of his hands, rather it will turn the entire ocean “incarnadine”, that is, crimson, the color of blood. Instead of concealing his crime, the ocean will stand as a testament to his crime.
2.2.76- To know my deed M basically has to function as a robot. He will acknowledge that Duncan is dead, but can’t do both that as well as thinking that he is the one that did it. We get a lot of this for a while after Duncan’s murder, that Macbeth doesn’t want to acknowledge what he did, in this quote he calls it “my deed” and in 1.7.1, he always says “it” instead of anything else. This is M’s sort of way of coping.
2.3.52- Weather after Duncan’s murder, Macduff’s reaction Lennox talks about the night. It was incredibly windy. So windy that it blew over chimneys. Not weak 21st century houses but CASTLE CHIMNEYS. MADE OF STONE. He talks about how laments and screams of death are heard on the wind, which is what you hear when you face into really strong wind. He says it foreshadows a dark event ( Duncan’s currently unknown murder) as well as some talk about the owl. Then Macbeth says “It was a rough night.” Like that encapsulates it. Macduff then comes in rambling about the kings death. We get part of the temple symbolism in 2.3.66.
2.3.89- Had I but died an hour before this chance Almost immediately after the murder, Macbeth is already regretting it. He says he would have lived a perfectly happy life if he had died before the murder. Then he gets super edgy and talks about how worthless life is and how the greatest virtues, (renown and grace) are dead.
2.3.106- Who can be wise, amazed, temp’rate and furious Macbeth talks about why he killed the guards. Basically, he says, “Who could have NOT killed them in my situation. Nobody could remain neutral in this situation before reason stopped him from killing them. We get the comparison here of Duncan’s silver skin laced with golden blood ( remember red gold) and the murderers are in the same color.
2.3.139- There’s daggers in men’s smiles. The nearer in blood, the nearer bloody. Donalbain is really reluctant to stay in Inverness (Macbeth’s castle, know this!) because everyone is treacherous, and since Donalbain and Malcolm (who he’s talking to) are not only related to Duncan, but his heirs, they could very likely also end up dead.
2.4.5- More weather after Duncan’s death Ross is talking to the Old Man who says, things are really weird this night and some really bad stuff happened that makes other bad stuff seem trivial. And then Ross says that it is quite literally the middle of the day but it is PITCH BLACK out. There’s some really crazy stuff going on, and that nature itself is messed up ( Duncan’s murder by his ally really messes up the natural order, It’s like midnight in the middle of the day and Duncan’s horses who have been tamed broke out and started eating each other. These are REALLY clear signs that there is some SPOOKY stuff going on.
3.1.1- Banquo’s speech and Macbeth’s hypocrisy Banquo is talking to himself about Macbeth and how he got everything the witches said he got, and he thinks that M did some shenanigans to get the title of King (“… and I fear Thou played’st most foully for ‘t”) but Banquo still inwardly hopes that since M’s fate came true, then Banquo’s will also. We see that Banquo is not quite totally innocent of ambition.Macbeth tells Banquo about the feast (3.1.13) and wants Banquo to be there. However we know Banquo gets killed before he gets to the feast and Macbeth intends for that to happen as he invites Banquo to the feast, note the hypocrisy. There is some tension between Banquo and M, as M explicitly requests Banquo’s presence, and Banquo says that M has commanded him. The cherry on top of the hypocrisy is when he says “Fail not our feast” when he KNOWS Banquo will fail the feast because he’ll be dead by Macbeth’s planning. M even goes so far as to say God be with you on his journey back. This entire passage is just riddled with M’s hypocrisy and his sinister intentions. There’s a lot of stuff you can draw on here for the theme of hypocrisy.
3.1.48- To be thus is nothing Macbeth is worried about Banquo making a move on the throne and will not feel safe until he is dealt with… Ironically, Macbeth compares himself to Marc Antony, under Caesar who he compares to Banquo. The irony is that Caesar was in power until he was killed, but not by Marc Antony. Macbeth is playing the victim as well planning to murder Banquo at the same time, so some justification is going on here. Not quite hypocrisy like it is in other places, but almost self-hypocrisy.
3.1.93- In the catalogue you go for men Macbeth is talking to the murderers. The whole purpose of this speech is to trick the murderers into thinking that Banquo is the cause of their problems and by killing him, their problems will be solved. He goads them by saying ” Yeah you guys are technically men, just like both chihuahuas and half-wolves are dogs.” He is not only basically calling them dogs, but also really meek dogs. He gives them the choice of either being like the chihuahua, a weak dog, or the half-wolf, which is the predatory dog, the apex of what it means to be a dog.
3.1.135- Leave no botches M tells the murderers to not leave any botches, i.e. don’t mess this up. He is specifically talking about Fleance, Banquo’s son, who is really the important person in the assassination, as Banquo’s descendants, not Banquo himself, will become king. We can really see the depth of Macbeth’s cruelty as he calls a young boy (Fleance, who is 8 or so) a botch, or a stain, a roadbump.
3.2.9- Lady M’s growing isolation Lady M is further and further away from M, both in location (he is often not home with his wife, but away, probably scheming and killing puppies and all sorts of evil things), but also in mentality. As M grows crazier, Lady M feels further from him, and even in the time they spend together, M is a little stir crazy. He also lies straight to her face about Banquo, telling Lady M to greet him kindly, and make our faces masks to our hearts. (Hypocrisy) He also says that Duncan is dead and that he sleeps well. Note the contrast between Duncan, who now sleeps well, and Macbeth, who has murdered his sleep. There is some verbal irony, as by murdering Duncan, Duncan now sleeps well, and Macbeth doesn’t.
3.2.45- Be innocent of knowledge Macbeth tells lady M to pretend she knows nothing, as the dinner is the first big event M and Lady M have with the nobles, and Duncan’s death will still be under scrutiny. He tells her to pretend she knows nothing of the death, and lots of stuff about how good turns to evil.
3.4- The Banquet This scene is one of the funniest in the book. You should go read it. There’s a lot of stuff going on here, and I’ll just point out some things to look for.Look at Macbeth bemoaning Banquo’s absence, and how badly he is punished for it by Banquo’s ghost appearing. Note how Banquo was killed, that he has gashes in his head, almost forming a crown (of thorns). We got some Golgotha references early on, and this shows Banquo to be a sort of Christ, even getting his ghost. However it is more of a perversion of Christ’s story,. Every time M is being hypocritical, Banquo’s ghost appears and makes M go crazy. Lady M tries to reign in M a bunch of times but fails miserably. M talks about needing to act before thinking (specifically Macduff’s murder. See the downward spiral Macbeth is locked into, as each of his murders is more brutal than the last and less thought out and more desperate.) After this scene, there is no doubt that Macbeth was involved in Duncan’s death and Banquo’s death when it arises.
3.6- Lennox and Lord We get Lennox and generic noble talking about how messed up life is under Macbeth. They both are hinting at treachery, not wanting to say it explicitly, in case the other is a spy. Macbeth’s rule has corrupted nature so much everyone has to talk in veiled speech in case the other person is a spy so they don’t get executed. At the end of Lennox’s speech he straight up calls Macbeth a traitor, showing that he trusts the noble. The noble agrees and says that Macduff and Malcom are talking to King Edward about getting troops to usurp Macbeth.
That’s it for now. Sorry I didn’t finish guys, I am super tired and the quality would go straight down after this. I am 100% willing to answer any questions you have about any of Macbeth tomorrow whenever you want.

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