English-Macbeth Test

character -one of the persons of a drama or novel-person, animal, creature, being or thing in a story
ambition an ardent desire for rank, fame, or power; desire to achieve a particular end
conflict literary element involves a struggle between 2 opposing forces; protagonist and antagonist
mood literary element that evokes certain feelings/vibes in readers
foreshadowing show or indicate beforehand
relationships most stories have multiple characters interacting which may cause a conflict; furthers the plot
duplicity deceitfulness; double-dealing
equivocation the use of ambiguous expressions, especially in order to mislead or hedge; prevarication
tone the general character or attitude of a place, piece of writing
imagery use of figurative language to represent objects, actions, and ideas; appeals to our physical ideas
theme overall meaning or central message of a literary work
nature in Macbeth is the vehicle for how the theme is emphasized
archetypal -relating to the ideas and emotions expressed by people in many cultures-example:”image of fallen world”
Shakespeare tragedy usually contains these elements:-central character of high rank and tragic flawor weakness-casually related events that lead this character to disaster, partly with his/her flaw-lively action that creates a vivid spectacle-use of comic scenes to temper and offset the mood of sadness
tragic impulse shows the tragic hero controlling his/her limits in a noble way
internal conflict psychological struggle within the mind of a literary or dramatic character, the resolution of which creates the plots suspense; mental struggle arising from opposing demands or impulse
regicide killing or take part in killing a king
King Duncan “Give me your hand;/Conduct me to mine host. We love him highly/And shall continue our graces toward him./By your leave, hostess.”
Lady Macbeth “Infirm of purpose!/Give me the daggers. The sleeping and the dead/Are but as pictures . . . If he do bleed,/ I’ll gild the faces of the grooms withal,/For it must seem their guilt.”
Banquo “Thou hast it now: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all,/As the weird women promised, and I fear/Thou play’dst most foully for ‘t.”
three weird sisters “By the prickling of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes/Open locks, Whoever knocks.”
Macbeth “Life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player,/That struts and frets his hour upon the stage/And then is heard no more.”
Macduff “Turn, hellhound, turn! . . .I have no words;/My voice is in my sword, thou bloodier villain/Than terms can give thee out.”
soliloquy talk to themselves (voice over)
comic relief a humorous break from a tense mood
dramatic irony occurs when the words or actions of a character take on a meaning for the audience or readers different from the one the character intends
verbal irony an intentional clash between the words chosen to talk about a thing and its reality-example: calling a tall person “shorty”
resolution solution to the conflict of a story
rising action a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest
falling action the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved
tragic flaw the character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy; hamartia
external conflict struggle between a literary or dramatic character and an outside force such as nature or another character, which drives the dramatic action of the plot:external conflict between Macbeth and Macduff
tragic hero a great or virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy who is destined for downfall, suffering, or defeat
tactic a plan, procedure, or expedient for promoting a desired end or result
objective something that one’s efforts or actions are intended to attain or accomplish; purpose; goal; target
aside away from one’s thoughts or consideration

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