English: Macbeth Test

valor bravery
treasons betrayals of one’s country
imperial having supreme authority
surmise imaginings; speculaiton
sovereign supreme in power or authority
tragedy a play in which disaster befalls a character
soliloquy a long speech usually made by a character who is alone
Elizabethan drama came of age during the era of Elizabeth 1. drama developed into a sophisticated and popular art form
analyzing information from text features by analyzing introductory background notes, stage directions in brackets, illustrations, and footnotes on the side of the text, you can picture the action in your mind
Where, when, and with whom will the witches next meet? upon the heath, when the battle’s over, with Macbeth
What role has Macbeth played in the battle? hero
What has Macbeth earned through his exploits? the title Thane of Cawdor
What do the witches promise Macbeth and Banquo? the witches promise Macbeth that he will be Thane of Cawdor, and King. they promise Banquo that his descendants shall be kings
As Macbeth thinks about what the witches have promised, what “horrid image” frightens him? Macbeth is frightened by the image of him murdering Duncan
What action of Duncan’s upsets Macbeth? Duncan names his son, Malcolm, as heir to his throne
What does Lady Macbeth feel is Macbeth’s weakness? Macbeth’s kindness
What deed does Lady Macbeth urge her husband to perform? she urges her husband to look innocent and leave the murder plot to her
denotation what it means, free associations it might call to mind
connotation set of associations and feelings that it stirs up
blank verse unrhymed iambic pentameter
iamb consists of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
prose writing that is not divided into poetic lines and lacks definite rhythm
comic relief a humorous break from a tense mood
augment make greater; enlarge
palpable capable of being touched or felt
stealthy sly
multitudinous existing in great numbers
equivocate to use terms that have two or more meanings to mislead purposely or deceive
predomincance superiority
Where and when do Macbeth and Banquo meet? they meet after midnight in a court of Inverness
What deed have Macbeth and Lady Macbeth performed? murdered Duncan
To what gate does the porter compare the gate of Macbeth’s castle? to the gate of hell
According to Lennox, what evidence proves that the guards killed Duncan? the guards were covered in blood and they found the daggers that killed Duncan on them
What do Malcolm and Donalbain decide to do? flee the scene
conflict the struggle between two forces
external conflict a struggle between two characters or groups
internal conflicts a struggle within a character
climax the point at which the internal and external conflicts are greatest
dramatic irony occurs when the words or actions of a character take on a meaning for the audience or readers different from the one the character intends
identify cause-and-effect relationship to show how an earlier event or remark leads to a later on
indissoluble not able to be undone
dauntless fearless; cannot be intimidated
predominant foremost; powerful
infirmity physical or mental defect; illness
malevolence ill will; spitefulness
What does Banquo suspect about Macbeth? he suspects that Macbeth was involved in foul play to bring about that the witches prophesied
What has caused Macbeth to hire these murderers? because Banquo knows about the prophecies and might be suspicious. also, if it is prophesied that Banquo’s descendants will be kings, then he must get rid of them to protect the crown
What does Macbeth ask the murderers to do? asks them to kill Banquo and his son, Fleance
What does Macbeth tell Lady Macbeth and what does he hold back from her? he tells her that something will happen to Fleance and Banquo, but he doesn’t reveal that he has plotted with murderers to have them killed
What do the murderers fail to do? they fail to kill Fleance
Why is Macbeth startled at the feast? because he sees the ghost of Banquo
Why will Macbeth visit the “weird sisters” again? to demand that they tell him more about his future, now that he has done so much
imagery the language that writers use to re-create sensory experiences and stir emotions
archetypal they relate to ideas and emotions expressed by people in many cultures
images of banishment from an ideal world shrieking, groaning, and bleeding
analyze text structures the way it is put together
pernicious fatal; deadly
judicious showing good judgement
sundry various; miscellaneous
intemperance lack of restraint
avarice greed
credulous tending to believe too readily
What are the witches doing as the act begins? the witches are making a witches’ brew
What does Macbeth demand of the witches? he demands that the witches answer whatever he asks
What do the three apparitions tell Macbeth, and what further vision does he see? they tell Macbeth to beware Macduff, that no one born of woman will harm him, that he will not be conquered until Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane Hall. Macbeth sees a line of eight kings and Banquo
Where has Macduff gone, and how will Macbeth revenge himself against Macduff? Macduff has fled to England, and Macbeth will revenge himself by killing Macduff’s wife and children
Whom do Macbeth’s men kill? they kill Macduff’s son, wife, and other children
How does Malcolm describe himself to Macduff? he describes himself as having so many vices that Macbeth will seem “pure as snow”
What response by Macduff convinces Malcolm that Macduff is being honest? Macduff laments that Malcolm is not fit to govern or to live, that he cannot compare to his father Duncan, and he banishes himself from Scotland because he despairs of its ever righting itself with Malcolm in power
What report from Scotland does Ross bring? brings a report that the country suffers greatly
Shakespearean tragedy contains *a central character of high rank and personal quality, yet with a tragic flaw or weakness*casually related events that lead this character to disaster, at least partly through his or her flaw*an experience of pity, fear, and awe for the audience*lively action that creates a vivid spectacle and the use of comic scenes to temper and offset the mood of sadness
tragic impulse shows the tragic hero acting nobly
perturbation disturbance
recoil to draw back in fear, surprise, or disgust
antidote remedy
pristine original; unspoiled
clamorous noisy
harbingers forerunners
vulnerable exposed to attack or harm
Why has the gentlewoman summoned the doctor? because she has seen Lady Macbeth sleepwalking and she wants another witness
What does Lady Macbeth do and say as she sleepwalks? she rubs her hands, as if to wash them, and speaks of blood, the deaths for which she and Macbeth are responsible
Why is Macbeth unafraid even though Malcolm’s army is marching against him? because the apparitions told him that he need not fear harm from any man born of woman and Malcolm was born of a woman
How will Malcolm’s men disguise themselves? they will disguise themselves with branches of trees from the Wood of Birnam
To what two things does Macbeth compare life when he hears Lady Macbeth is dead? an actor and a senseless story
What is the outcome of the hand-to-hand combat between Macbeth and Young Siward? Macbeth kills Young Siward
Who finally slays Macbeth? Macduff

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